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TERRITORIES OF THE UNITED STATES.

OREGON.
Organized August 14, 1848.
Area, 185,030 square miles. Population in 1850, 13,294.

UTAH.

Organized September 9, 1850.
Area, 259,170 square miles. Population in 1850, 11,380.

NEW MEXICO.
Organized September 9, 1850.
Area, 207,007 square miles. Population in 1850, 61,547.

WASHINGTON.

Organized November 2, 1853.
Area, 123,022 square miles. No census.

NEBRASKA.

Organized May 30, 1854.
Area, 335,882 square miles. No census.

KANSAS.

Established May 30, 1854.
Area, 114,798 square miles. No census.

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.

Established under the first Article of the Constitution of the United States:“Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States,” etc. In pursuance of which provision the State of Maryland, December 23, 1788, passed “An act to cede to Congress a district of ten miles square in this State, for the seat of the Government of the United States."

And the State of Virginia, December 3, 1789, passed "An act for the cession of ten miles square, or any lesser quantity of territory within this State, to the United States in Congress assembled, for the permanent seat of the General Government.”

These cessions were accepted by Congress, as required by the Constitution, and the permanent seat of government established by the “ Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States," approved July 16, 1790; and the act to amend the same, approved March 3, 1791.

The district of ten miles square was accordingly located, and its lines and boundaries particularly established by a proclamation of George Washington, President of the United States, March 30, 1791, and by the “Act concerning the District of Columbia,” approved February 27, 1801, Congress assumed complete jurisdiction over the said District, as contemplated by the framers of the Constitution.

Area, 50 square miles. Population in 1850, 51,687.

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POPULATION OF THE SEVERAL STATES, THE RATIO OF REPRESENTATION, AND THE NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES

ALLOWED TO EACH AT THE TIME OF THEIR ADMISSION, RESPECTIVELY.

STATES.

WHEN ADMITTED.

Population.

Ratio of rep- Representaresentation tives before at time of

next apporadmission. tionment.

REMARKS.

New Hampshire... Ratified Constitution, June 21, 1788

141,899

3

First census, taken in August, 1790.

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Census of 1790. No census of Territory pre

vious to admission. Territorial census. See American State Pa

pers, Mis., vol. i, p. 147.
See American State Papers, Mis., vol. i. p.

325.
Census of 1810. No census of Territory pre-

vious to admission.
Territorial census. See American State Pa-

pers, Mis., vol. ii. p. 277.
Territorial census. See American State Pa-

pers, Mis., vol. ii. p. 407. Territorial census, See Niles's Register, vol.

xiv. p. 359. Census of 1820.

63,897

85,000

1

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Census of 1820.

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