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TERRITORIES OF THE UNITED STATES.
Organized September 9, 1850.
Organized November 2, 1853.
Organized May 30, 1854.
Established May 30, 1854.
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
Established under the first Article of the Constitution of the United States:“Congress shall have power to exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, by cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the Government of the United States,” etc. In pursuance of which provision the State of Maryland, December 23, 1788, passed “An act to cede to Congress a district of ten miles square in this State, for the seat of the Government of the United States."
And the State of Virginia, December 3, 1789, passed "An act for the cession of ten miles square, or any lesser quantity of territory within this State, to the United States in Congress assembled, for the permanent seat of the General Government.”
These cessions were accepted by Congress, as required by the Constitution, and the permanent seat of government established by the “ Act for establishing the temporary and permanent seat of the Government of the United States," approved July 16, 1790; and the act to amend the same, approved March 3, 1791.
The district of ten miles square was accordingly located, and its lines and boundaries particularly established by a proclamation of George Washington, President of the United States, March 30, 1791, and by the “Act concerning the District of Columbia,” approved February 27, 1801, Congress assumed complete jurisdiction over the said District, as contemplated by the framers of the Constitution.
Area, 50 square miles. Population in 1850, 51,687.
POPULATION OF THE SEVERAL STATES, THE RATIO OF REPRESENTATION, AND THE NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES
ALLOWED TO EACH AT THE TIME OF THEIR ADMISSION, RESPECTIVELY.
Ratio of rep- Representaresentation tives before at time of
next apporadmission. tionment.
New Hampshire... Ratified Constitution, June 21, 1788
First census, taken in August, 1790.
Census of 1790. No census of Territory pre
vious to admission. Territorial census. See American State Pa
pers, Mis., vol. i, p. 147.
vious to admission.
pers, Mis., vol. ii. p. 277.
pers, Mis., vol. ii. p. 407. Territorial census, See Niles's Register, vol.
xiv. p. 359. Census of 1820.
Census of 1820.