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THE

SEVERAL STATES AND TERRITORIES

OF THE

AMERICAN UNION.

THE THIRTEEN ORIGINAL STATES THAT FORMED AND CONFIRMED THE UNION, BY THE ADOPTION OF THE CONSTITUTION, ARE AS FOLLOWS:

NEW HAMPSHIRE.

First settled at Dover and Portsmouth, in 1623.

Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until September 18, 1679, when a separate charter and government was granted. A Constitution was formed January 5, 1776, which was altered in 1784, and was further altered and amended February 13, 1792.

This State ratified the Constitution of the United States, June 21, 1788.
Area, 9280 square miles. Population in 1850, 317,976.

MASSACHUSETTS. First settled at Plymouth, by English Puritans from Holland, who landed December 22, 1620.

Chartered March 4, 1629; also chartered January 13, 1630; an explanatory charter granted August 20, 1726; and more completely chartered October 7, 1731. Formed a Constitution March 2, 1780, which was altered and amended November 3, 1820.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, February 6, 1788.
Area, 7500 square miles. Population in 1850, 994,514.

RHODE ISLAND. Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until July 8, 1662, when a separate charter was granted, which continued in force until a Constitution was formed, September, 1842.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, May 29, 1790.
Area, 1360 square miles. Population in 1850, 147,545.

CONNECTICUT.

Embraced under the charters of Massachusetts, and continued under the same jurisdiction until April 23, 1662, when a separate charter was granted, which continued in force until a Constitution was formed, September 15, 1818.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, January 9, 1788.
Area, 4674 square miles. Population in 1850, 370,792.

NEW YORK.

Granted to Duke of York, March 20, 1664, April 26, 1664, and June 24, 1664. Newly patented February 9, 1674; formed a Constitution April 20, 1777, which was amended October 27, 1801, and further amended November 10, 1821. A new Constitution was formed in 1846.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, July 26, 1788.
Area, 47,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 3,097,394.

NEW JERSEY.

Held under same grants as New York; separated into East and West Jersey March 3, 1677. The government surrendered to the Crown in 1702, and so continued until the formation of a Constitution, July 2, 1776.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 18, 1787.
Area, 8320 square miles. Population in 1850, 489,555.

PENNSYLVANIA. Chartered February 28, 1681 ; formed a Constitution September 28, 1776 ; amended, September 2, 1790.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 12, 1787.
Area, 46,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 2,311,786.

DELAWARE.
Embraced in the charter, and continued under the government of Pennsylvania
until the formation of a Constitution, September 20, 1776; a new Constitution formed
June 12, 1792.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, December 7, 1787.
Area, 2120 square miles. Population in 1850, 91,532.

MARYLAND.

Chartered June 20, 1632; formed a Constitution August 14, 1776, which was amended in 1795 and 1799, and further amended in November, 1812.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, April 28, 1788.
Area, 9356 square miles. Population in 1850, 583,034.

VIRGINIA.

Chartered April 10, 1606, May 23, 1609, and March 12, 1612; formed a Constitution July 5, 1776; amended, January 15, 1830.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, June 26, 1788.
Area, 61,352 square miles. Population in 1850, 1,421,661.

NORTH CAROLINA.

Chartered March 20, 1663, and June 30, 1665; formed a Constitution December 18, 1776, which was amended in 1835.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, November 21, 1789.
Area, 50,704 square miles. Population in 1850, 869,039.

SOUTH CAROLINA.

Embraced in the charters of Carolina or North Carolina, from which it was separated in 1729; formed a Constitution March 26, 1776, which was amended March 19, 1778, and June 3, 1790.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, May 23, 1788.
Area, 29,585 square miles. Population in 1850, 668,507.

GEORGIA.

Chartered June 9, 1732; formed a Constitution February 5, 1777, a second in 1785, and a third May 30, 1798.

Ratified the Constitution of the United States, January 2, 1788.
Area, 58,000 square miles. Population in 1850, 906,185.

THE STATES ADMITTED INTO THE UNION, SINCE THE ADOPTION OF THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION, ARE AS FOLLOWS:

VERMONT

Formed from territory of New York.
Admitted March 4, 1791.
A Constitution adopted July 9, 1793.
Area, 10,212 square miles. Population in 1850, 314,120.

KENTUCKY.
Formed from territory of Virginia.
Admitted June 1, 1792.
A Constitution laid before Congress November 7, 1792.
A new Constitution adopted August 17, 1799.
Area, 37,680 square miles. Population in 1850, 982,405.

TENNESSEE.

Formed from territory of North Carolina.
Adopted a Constitution February 6, 1796.
Admitted June 1, 1796.
Area, 45,600 square miles. Population in 1850, 1,002,717.

OHIO.

. Formed from Northwest territory. Adopted a Constitution November 1, 1802. Admitted November 29, 1802. Area, 39,964 square miles. Population in 1850, 1,980,329.

LOUISIANA, Formed from French territory. Adopted a Constitution January 22, 1812. Admitted April 8, 1812. Area, 41,225 square miles. Population in 1850, 517,762.

INDIANA. Formed from Northwest territory. Adopted a Constitution June 29, 1816. Admitted December 11, 1816. Area, 33,809 square miles. Population in 1850, 988,416.

MISSISSIPPI.

Formed from territory of South Carolina and Georgia.
Adopted a Constitution March 1, 1817.
Admitted December 10, 1817.
Area, 47,156 square miles. Population in 1850, 606,526.

ILLINOIS. Formed from Northwest territory. Adopted a Constitution August 26, 1818. Admitted December 3, 1818. Area, 55,409 square miles. Population in 1850, 851,470.

ALABAMA.

Formed from territory of South Carolina and orgia.
Adopted a Constitution August 2, 1819.
Admitted December 14, 1819.
Area, 50,722 square miles. Population in 1850, 771,623.

MAINE. Formed from territory of Massachusetts. Adopted a Constitution October 29, 1819. Admitted March 15, 1820. Area, 31,766 square miles. Population in 1850, 583,169.

MISSOURI. formed from French territory. Adopted a Constitution July 19, 1820. Admitted August 10, 1821. Area, 67,380 square miles. Population in 1850, 682,044.

ARKANSAS.

Formed from French territory.
Presented a Constitution March 1, 1836.
Admitted June 15, 1836.
Area, 52,198 square miles. Population in 1850, 209,897.

MICHIGAN.

Formed from territory originally belonging to Virginia.
Presented a memorial for admission January 25, 1833.
Admitted January 26, 1837.
Area, 56,243 square miles. Population in 1850, 397,654.

FLORIDA.

Formed from Spanish territory.
Presented a Constitution February 20, 1839.
Admitted March 3, 1845.
Area, 59,268 square miles. Population in 1850, 87,445.

TEXAS.

Was an Independent Republic.
Admitted December 29, 1845.
Area, 237,504 square miles. Population in 1850, 212,592.

WISCONSIN.

Formed from Indian territory.
Adopted a Constitution January 21, 1847.
Admitted May 29, 1848.
Area 53,924 square miles. Population in 1850, 305,391.

IOWA.

Formed from Indian territory.
Presented a Constitution December 9, 1844.
Admitted December 28, 1846.
Area, 50,914 square miles. Population in 1850, 192,214.

CALIFORNIA. Formed from Mexican territory. Admitted September 9, 1850. Area, 188,982 square miles. Population in 1850, 92,597.

MINNESOTA.

Formed from Indian territory.
Admitted May 11, 1858.
Area, 166,025 square miles. Population in 1850, 6077.

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