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ABERCROMBIE, JAMES. BORN at Andover, Massachu- He was born in Georgia, and, resetts, September 10, 1786. He was moving to Alabama, was a Repreeducated at a district school, but sentative in Congress, from that spent the most of his life as a trader State, from 1851 to 1855. and mercbant. He represented his native State in Congress, from 1843

ADAIR, JOHN. to 1849, and was a member of the He was born in 1758; was a SeCommittees on the Militia, and on nator of the United States, from Manufactures.

Kentucky, during the years 1805

and 1806; commanded the KenABBOTT, JOEL.

tucky troops at the battle of New Was born in Fairfield, Connnecti- Orleans, under General Jackson; cat, emigrated to Georgia, and was and was appointed a general in the elected a Representative in Con- army. He was elected a Represen.. gress, from Wilkes County, in that tative in Congress, from Kentucky, State, from 1817 to 1825, serving from 1831 to 1833, and was a memas a member of the Committees on ber of the Committee on Military Commerce and the Slave-Trade. Affairs. He died at Harrodsburg,

May 19, 1840.
Born in Sidney, Maine, March

ADAMS, BENJAMIN. 29, 1806. He is a lawyer by pro- Born at Worcester, Massachufession; was a member of the House setts; was a Representative in Conof Representatives, in the Maine gress, from 1816 to 1826, and was a Legislature, in 1842 and 1843, and member of the Committees on Rewas elected to the Thirty-fifth Con- volutionary Pensions and Public Exgress. He is a member of the Com- penditures. He died at Uxbridge, mittee on Revolutionary Pensions. Massachusetts, in April, 1837.


he was appointed Ambassador to He was a Senator in Congress, Holland; and, in 1782, he went to from Adams County, Mississippi, Paris to engage in the negotiation from 1829 to 1830.

for peace, having previously ob

tained assurance that Great Britain ADAMS, GREEN.

would recognize the independence Born in Barborville, Knox Coun- of the United States. After servty, Kentucky, August 20, 1812 ; ing on two or three commissions to was bred a farmer, but read law and form treaties of amity and comadopted that profession; in 1839, merce with foreign powers, in 1785 he was elected to the State Legis- he was appointed first Minister to lature, and re-elected; he was a London; and, in 1788, having been Representative in Congress, from absent nine years, he returned to Kentucky, from 1847 to 1849, and America. In March, 1789, the new was a member of the Committee on Constitution of the United States Engraving. He was also a Presi- went into operation, and he became dential Elector in 1844, and since the first Vice-President, which office he left Congress, has been a Judge he held during the whole of Washof the Circuit Court.

ington's administration. On the

resignation of Washington, he beADAMS, JOHN.

came, March 4, 1797, President of Born at Braintree, Massachusetts, the United States. This was the October 30, 1735; graduated at termination of his public functions; Harvard University in 1755; in- and he spent the remainder of his structed a class of scholars in Latin days upon bis farm in Quincy, occuand Greek for a subsistence; studied pying himself with agriculture, and law, and having been admitted to obtaining amusement from the litethe bar, settled at Quincy to prac- rature and politics of the day. He tice his profession. As a member died on the fourth of July, 1826, of the Old Congress, he was among

with the same words on his lips the foremost in recommending an which, fifty years before, on that day, independent government. In 1777, he had uttered on the floor of Conhe was chosen Commissioner to the gress :— "Independence forever!" Court of Versailles. On his return His principal publications are— he was chosen a member of the Letters on the American RevoluConvention called to prepare a form tion,” “Defence of the American of government for Massachusetts. Constitution," an “Essay on Canon In September, 1779, he was ap- and Federal Laws," a series of letpointed Minister Plenipotentiary to ters under the signature of Novannegotiate a peace, and had autho- glus, and Discourses on Davila. It rity to form a commercial treaty was as Vice-President that he had with Great Britain. In June, 1780, a seat in the Senate.

the I

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