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THE

PAPERS

OF

JAMES MADISON

PURCHASED BY ORDER OF CONGRESS;

BEING

HIS CORRESPONDENCE AND REPORTS OF DEBATES DURING

THE CONGRESS OF THE CONFEDERATION

AND

HIS REPORTS OF DEBATES

IN THE

FEDERAL CONVENTION;

NOW PUBLISHED FROM THE ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPTS, DEPOS-
ITED IN THE DEPARTMENT OF STATE, BY DIRECTION OF
THE JOINT LIBRARY COMMITTEE OF CONGRESS,

UNDER THE SUPERINTENDENCE

OF

HENRY D. GILPIN.

VOLUME III.

WASHINGTON:

LANG TREE & O'SULLIVAN.

1840.

us 4604.5 B

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

GIFT OF
EDMUND MORLEY PARKER

OST 26 1927

Entered, according to Act of Congress, by Langtree & O'Sullivan, in the

Clerk's Office of the District of Columbia.

CONTENTS

OF THE THIRD VOLUME.

TUESDAY, August 7th

1243

The Constitution as reported by the Committee of Detail, con-

sidered.

The preamble, article first, designating the style of the govern.

ment; and article second, dividing into a Supreme Legislative, Ex-
ecutive, and Judiciary, agreed to.

Article third, dividing the Legislature into two distinct bodies,
a House of Representatives, and Senate, with a mutual negative in
all cases, and to meet on a fixed day—Motion to confine the nega-
tive to Legislative acts-Disagreed to-Motion to strike out the
clauses giving a mutual negative-Agreed to-Motion to add that
a different day of meeting may be appointed by law-Agreed to-
Motion to give the Executive an absolute negative on the Legisla-
ture--Disagreed to.

Article fourth, relative to the House of Representatives—Motion

to confine the rights of Electors to freeholders--Disagreed to.

WEDNESDAY, August 8th

1256

Article fourth, relative to the House of Representatives, resumed

- Motion to require seven years citizenship in members Agreed
to-Motion to require the members to be inhabitants of the States
they represent-Agreed to-Motion to require the inhabitancy for
a specified period—Disagreed to - Motion to require that after a
census the number of members shall be proportioned to direct tax-
ation-Agreed to-Motion to fix the ratio of representation by the
number of free inhabitants-Disagreed to-Motion to give every
State one representative at least--Agreed to-Motion to strike out

the exclusive power over money bills-Agreed to.

THURSDAY, August 9th

1268

Article fourth, relative to the House of Representatives, resumed-

Agreed 10 as an ended.

Article fifth, relative to the Senate-Motion to strike out the

right of State Executives to supply vacancies—Disagreed to-Mo

tion to supply vacancies by the State Legislatures, or by the Exe

cutive till its next meeting—Agreed to-Motion to postpone the

clauses giving each member one vote--Disagreed to—Motion to

require fourteen years citizenship in Senators—Disagreed to-Mo-

tion to require nine years citizenship in Senators--Agreed to-Mo-

tion to require Senators to be inhabitants of the States they repre-

sent-Agreed to.

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and pro

ceedings of the Legislature-Motion to strike out the right of the
Legislature to alter the provisions concerning the election of its

members—Disagreed to.

Friday, August 10th

1282

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and proceed-

ings of the Legislature, resumed-Motion to require the Executive,

Judiciary and Legislature, to possess a certain amount of property

- Disagreed 10—Motion to strike out the right of the Legislature

to establish a qualification of its members—Agreed to-Motion to
reduce a quorum of each House below a majority-Disagreed to --
Motion to authorize the compulsory attendance of members—
Agreed to-Motion to require a vote of two thirds to expel a mem-
ber-Agreed to-Motion to allow a single member to call the yeas
and nays-Disagreed to-Motion to allow Senators to enter their
dissent on the journals—Disagreed to-Motion to strike out the
clause which confines the keeping and publication of the journal

of the Senate to its Legislative business—Agreed to.

SATURDAY, August 11th

1293

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and proceed

ings of the Legislature, resumed-Motion to except from publica-
tion of such parts of the Senate journal, not Legislative, as it may
judge to require secrecy—Disagreed to-Motion to except from
publication such parts of the Senate journal as relate to treaties
and military operations-Disagreed to-Motion to omit the publi-
cation of such parts of the journals as either House may judge to

require secrecy-Agreed to.

Monday, August 13th

1299

Article fourth, relative to the House of Representatives, resumed

-Motion to require only citizenship and inhabitancy in members

-Disagreed to-Motion to require nine years' citizenship-Disa-

greed to-Motion to require four and five years' citizenship instead

of seven-Disagreed to-Motion to provide that the seven years'

citizenship should not affect the rights of persons now citizens

Disagreed to.

Article fifth, relative to the Senate, resumed—Motion to require

seven years' citizenship in Senators instead of nine-Disagreed to.

Article fourth, relative to the House of Representatives, resumed
-Motion to restore the clause relative to money bills—Disa-

greed to.

TUESDAY, August 14th

1317

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and proceed-

ings of the Legislature, resumed-Motion to permit members to be

appointed to office during their term, but to vacate their seats

-Disagreed to-Motion to permit members to be appointed during

their term to offices in the Army or Navy, but to vacate their

seats—PostponedMotion to pay the members out of the National

Treasury, a sum to be fixed by law-Agreed to.

WeDNESDAY, August 15th

1330

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and proceed-

ings of the Legislature, resumed--Motion to unite the judges of the

supreme court with the President, in his revisory power over acts

of the Legislature—Disagreed to-Motion to require three fourths

instead of two thirds to pass bills negatived by the Executive

- Agreed to-Motion to extend the negative of the Executive to

resolves as well as bills—Disagreed 10—Motion to allow the Exe-

cutive ten days to revise bills–Agreed to-Article sixth, as amend-

ed, agreed to.

THURSDAY, August 16th

1339

Article sixth, relative to the elections, qualifications, and proceed-

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