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MASON, GEORGE-Continued.

a delegate to the Federal Convention.....
attends the Federal Convention.....
objects to yeas and nays...

.....

objects to a mere Confederation.....

opposes unnecessary encroachment on the States...
compares a National with a Federal Government.......

approves of the plan of compromise between the large and small
States.....
.....1033, 1042, 1266
objects to discriminations between the new and old States...1035, 1065,

1457

opposed to the aristocratic notions that had been thrown out....... 1042
...766
for seven years as the Executive term.....
..767

against the re-eligibility of the President...

views on the election of the President.....768, 1122, 1202, 1207, 1490,
1498, 1502, 1503, 1511
.776, 811
.776, 1154

......

.643

722

.724

........

objects to a dependence of the President on Congress.
advocates a power to remove the President.......
thinks Judiciary should be united with Executive in a council
of revision......

....811, 1163, 1168
.1352
is unwilling to entrust the President with the power to make war..
.....1127
opposes an Executive during good behaviour...........................
1154, 1528
views on the impeachment of the President...
..1517

is in favor of an Executive council........

thinks the power of the Senate in regard to treaties very danger-

ous..

wishes the Senate appointed by the State Legislatures.
suggests property qualification for Senators .....
thinks three Senators from each State too many..

..747

...820

...912

.1331, 1332

...959

...971

...1185

903, 926 -
.849
..930

urges the election of the Representatives by the people...754,
in favor of fixing the compensation of Representatives..
prefers biennial elections of the Representatives....
proposes that the Representatives be twenty-five years of age......936
urges the ineligibility of Representatives to office................938, 940, 944,
945, 1317, 1483
opposes a freehold qualification for electors of Representatives......1250
thinks previous residence of the Representative in his district

should be required, but not for too long a term.....
views as to the exclusive right of the Representatives over money-
bills.....
.......1271, 1272, 1806, 1331, 1380
wishes the term of citizenship for members of Congress extended..1273,

...1259

contends that a quorum in Congress shall not be less than a ma-
jority.......

approves of the yeas and nays in Congress being required by

one-fifth.....

objects to members of Congress being paid by the States..

1304

...1287

..1292
..1327

MASON, GEORGE-Continned.

thinks the journal of Congress should be published............... 1294
does not wish the number of the House of Representatives to be
very small.......

.....1064

desires the proportion of representation to be fixed from time to
time according to a census...
thinks the number of inhabitants the best rule of representation...1066
thinks that blacks should, in justice, be counted equally in pro-
portioning representation, but will not insist on it......
doubts whether the rule of taxation should be fixed before a cen-
sus....

....

...

.1061

.1080

...1089
.1211

proposes a property qualification for members of Congress.....
thinks that persons having unsettled accounts should be disquali-
fied as members of Congress.....

his remarks on the negative of each House on the other.............
objects to fixing the exact time for the meeting of Congress..
urges a prohibition of a tax on exports........
does not wish absolutely to prohibit Congress from emitting bills

of credit.......

..1344, 1345
thinks Congress should appoint a Treasurer..
.1347
views as to a power in Congress to regulate the militia... .1355, 1361,
1362, 1579
desires a provision against a perpetual revenue.....
..1356
proposes a power in Congress to enact sumptuary laws...........
..1369
doubts the practicability of a negative in Congress on State laws..1410
his views as to the payment of the debts of the Confederation.....1424
approves of a provision for the General Government to suppress
insurrection.....

objects to the prohibition on the States in regard to laws affecting

contracts.....

......1443
thinks the States should not be prohibited from laying embargoes..1444
views as to navigation and trade between the States. 1453, 1566, 1568, 1593
wishes the regulation relative to the effect of public acts of the

States in each other, to be confined to judicial proceedings......1480
dislikes the appointment of the judges by the President....1131, 1174,
1517

...1211

......... 1244

....1246

.1339, 1386

...

.1139

approves of the right of Congress to establish inferior national
courts......

opposes an increase or diminution of the compensation of the
Judges during their term......

.1437
.1371

prefers the definition of treason in the British statute..

his views relative to slaves.......

.............1390, 1428, 1429, 1430
advocates amendment of the Constitution without the assent of

.......844, 1591

Congress.....
objects to the seat of Government being at any State Capital.....1218
thinks the Constitution should be ratified by the people in Con-

ventions.......

......1137

.1177

MASON, GEORGE-Continued.

dissatisfied with the general character of the Constitution...1475, 1594
667
criticism on his objections to the Constitution.............
opinions on the ratification of the Constitution by Virginia........652,

657, 659

MASSACHUSETTS

votes for independence.....

.17

wishes the number of inhabitants to be the rule of taxation.... ..32
withdraws her objections to Vermont.....

..96

.123
...207

opposes the claims of Virginia to the western lands.
redeems paper money beyond her quota....
opposes a commutation of half-pay....
views on a system of general revenue.

.557, 562, 563

political changes there.....

.563
...638
..642

views as to Spain and the Mississippi.....

..712

...699

keeps troops without the consent of Congress....
insurrection there in 1787........581, 598, 615, 617, 620, 625, 710, 729
appoints delegates to the Convention at Annapolis......
sends delegates to the Federal Convention.....
.721, 723, 727
proportion of electors of President............1149, 1152, 1552, 1614
proportion of representation in the Senate before a census.........737
proportion of representation in the House of Representatives

before a census........... .736, 1052, 1057, 1107, 1222, 1227, 1544, 1606
opinions on the Federal Constitution......647, 653, 665, 667, 669, 669
proceedings in regard to the Constitution..
MASSACHUSETTS LINE

653, 666

sends deputation to Congress.....
MEASURES

standard of, may be fixed by Congress..

MEETING

of Congress to be annual....
of Congress to be fixed.

MEMBERS-See

BRANCH,
CONGRESS,

REPRESENTATIVES,

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.....

...266

740 1232, 1343,
1549, 1611

.736, 1227, 1245, 1546, 1608
.1227, 1245, 1295, 1546, 1608

SENATE.

of the Federal Convention.......

................721, 722, 727, 746

of Congress, their age, qualifications, and compensation......731, 732,
736, 738, 739, 848, 851, 858, 859, 890, 900, 931, 936, 939, 960, 970,
1020, 1211, 1220, 1221, 1227, 1229, 1230, 1257, 1273, 1282, 1299,
1544, 1545, 1607
their disabilities......731, 732, 733, 739, 850, 858, 859, 939, 972, 1160,
1211, 1221, 1227, 1229, 1230, 1317, 1479, 1481
their election and qualification to be judged by each House....... .738,
1230, 1279, 1546, 1608

MEMBERS-Continued.

their privileges...
their attendance.
their behaviour....
MERCER, JOHN F.

.....

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objects to impost......

objects to States making valuation of lands.....
discusses retrospective effect of valuation......

remarks on export of tobacco under authority of Congress.........328
objects to general system of revenue............. ..334, 347, 356, 367, 512
urges calling on Pennsylvania to restore goods, seized while

under passport... . . . . .

.....336, 349
339, 344
proposes to appropriate impost to pay army first.
advocates new scale of depreciation.............
.348, 356, 511
opposes commutation of half-pay, and funding the public debt.....365
remarks on conduct of American Commissioners at Paris.....389,392,
407, 410

.427
.438

...506
.326

.327

disapproves proposed Convention of Eastern States....

objects to proclamation relative to peace......
moves to erase application to France for loan of three millions.....449
remarks on disbanding army...
.453, 455
remarks on conduct of Executive of Pennsylvania on the mutiny

of the troops........

remarks on cession by Virginia of public lands..

his views on permanent seat of Congress...
attends the Federal Convention.....

advocates a freehold qualification for electors of Representa-

....

..462
...464
578

.1226

1256

tives........

objects to residence as a necessary qualification of Representa-
tives.........

his views on the exclusive power of the Representatives on
money-bills..... . . ...

..1267

thinks a quorum in Congress should be less than a majority..1287, 1289
objects to the Senate having any but legislative powers...........1293, 1331
objects to the exclusion of foreigners from Congress being re-

trospective............

..1258

......1302, 1305
thinks the appointment to office necessary to sustain a due
Executive influence........

.1318, 1324
..1333

objects to the Judiciary declaring laws void.....
wishes the Judiciary to have a revisionary power over the laws...1333
is strenuous for prohibiting a tax on exports.......
approves of Congress establishing post-roads................
opposes an exclusion of the power of Congress to emit bills

of credit........

.13-12

1343

.1344
.1347

thinks a Treasurer should be appointed like other officers...
objects to military force being introduced into a State by Con-

gress, to subdue rebellion, without its previous application.....1350

MIFFLIN, THOMAS

delegate from Pennsylvania in Congress.
sent to Rhode Island to urge impost....

proposes publication of Carleton's letters refusing to suspend hos-
tilities.....

attends the Federal Convention.....

desires to confine the ineligibility of members of Congress to
offices created or increased in value during their term.....
signs the Constitution..

MIGRATION

of slaves..

MILITIA

MITCHELL, NATHANIEL

MILITARY

force when to be used...............
..732, 1160, 1233, 1350
force may be raised by Congress.740, 1233, 1359, 1494, 1550, 1595, 1612
roads may be established by Congress..

.740

operations not to be published in the Journal of Congress..
its subordination.....

regulations in regard to it..

....483
.226, 489

MONARCHY

..428

.723

...1234, 1388, 1415, 1427, 1551, 1613

views of the operation of treaties on the States..

views as to salaries......

views as to Spain and the Mississippi.

...1317
..1623

inefficient under the Confederation.....

..730

power of Congress in regard to its regulation....740, 1355, 1361, 1378,
1402, 1550, 1612
may be called out by Congress on certain occasions....741, 1233, 1409,
1550, 1612
command of, by the President...743, 892, 1160, 1237, 1434, 1555, 1617
ought to be regulated by the States..
.823

MINISTERS-See AMBASSADORS.

MISDEMEANOUR..

MISSISSIPPI

navigation of....6, 529, 530, 592, 599, 603, 606, 614, 622, 623, 624, 627,
637, 641, 677, 1446, 1525

.....60
.68

too much power in the Executive will make one......
the best model for an Executive....

...1293
..1365
.1365, 1366

instructions to Commissioners relative to it..

British intrigue about it with Spain....................
the importance of it represented to the Legislature of Virginia......74
provided for in treaty with British...

.....

1240, 1447, 1528

...516

...595
...597
....608

..762, 777, 781
....887
.763, 764, 732, 785, 953, 1165
inclination towards it......775, 778, 780, 788, 789, 848, 885, 1128, 1500
hopes of those friendly to...

British....

..713

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