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KING, RUFUS—Continued.
remarks on the settlement of public accounts..

.598
remarks on the negotiations with Spain..... ....604, 607, 608, 610
discusses the vote of the States required to suspend the use of the
Mississippi.....

.610
a delegate to the Federal Convention from Massachusetts.. .621
attends the Federal Convention......
objects to the yeas and nays....
remarks on the nature of State sovereignty, under the Constitu-
tion.......

.905
wishes the State Governments preserved, but made subordi-
nate.......

1014
bis great anxiety for an harmonious adoption of a Constitution.... 1010
views on the compromise between the large and small States.....1601
views as to an election of President..... ....1146, 1196, 1503, 1504
views as to re-eligibility and tenure of the President... 1146, 1157
is opposed to the impeachment of the President by the Legisla-
ture....

1156
objects to an Executive Council....

...1519
contends for a proportionate representation in the Senate.....758, 1010,

1099
objects to contribution being the sole rule of representation . . .750, 837
opposes the representation being fixed by the Constitution....... 1037
admits that slaves should be considered in apportioning repre-

sentation, as well as taxation........
thinks the question, as to representation, is more between the

Northern and Southern than the small and large States.........1057
does not like numbers alone to be the rule of representation,
especially if the blacks are included....

....1076, 1084
opposes the rule of representation being absolutely fixed by the
Constitution.......

. 1084
thinks exports should be taxed, if slaves are represented...
opposes the exclusive right of the House in regard to money-
bills....

.856
objects to an election of Representatives by the State Legisla-
tures.....

.927
objects to the payment of the Representatives by the States.......933
views as to the ineligibility of members of Congress..... .937, 940,

1482, 1434
objects to a landed qualification for members of Congress........ 1213
does not think annual meetings of Congress will be necessary. 1246
thinks Congress should have the right to alter the State regula-
tions, relative to members of Congress.......

.1281
prefers allowing a quorum in Congress to be fixed by law........ 1288,

1289, 1290
thinks the States should not tax exports without the assent of
Congress........

.1446

. 1056

.......1262

KING, RUFUS-Continued.

thinks the States should not be prevented from encouraging their
manufactures.......

..1447
objects to union of Judiciary with the Executive in revising the
laws...

.783, 811
favors the establishment of inferior national tribunals.. ......700
views in regard to punishment of treason..... ...1374, 1375, 1587
proposes a prohibition on the States, in regard to laws affecting
contracts.......

...1443
views as to treaties..

1521, 1524, 1525
remarks on the provision, in regard to the militia....... 1403, 1404
desires a permanent seat of government....

1295
remarks on the assumption of the State debts...

1357, 1358
objects to an exemption of slaves from duty....

.1395, 1429
his remarks on slavery......

.....1261
proposes the assent as the States to purchases of places therein... 1496
thinks a power in Congress to create corporations unnecessary....1576
views on the mode of ratification of the Constitution.......797, 1182,

1470, 1471, 1472
prefers to submit the Constitution to the Congress of the Con-

sederation, but not to require their assent to it...........1538, 1540
signs the Constitution.....

.1623
course in the Convention of Massachusetts, called to ratify the
Constitution......

.668
KNOWLTON, LUKE

charged with intrigues with British about Vermont..........206, 209
his arrest directed by Congress....

.209, 281
KNOX, GENERAL........

.513
KNYPHAUSEN, GENERAL
joined by Clinton.....

.49
LABOR

fugitives from, to be delivered up........1447, 1456, 1558, 1589, 1620
LAFAYETTE
his services to Virginia.....

...101
expected with a fleet......

.131
promotes exchange of Cornwallis for Col. H. Laurens.

..204
sends news of peace..

.408, 523
LAND
ought to be the basis of taxation........

...32
tax upon discussed...

.289, 298, 306, 336, 501
mode of valuation discussed in Congress..112, 250, 260, 316, 321, 417,

421, 499, 501, 503
qualification in, proposed for members of Congress.....

1211
qualifications in, proposed for electors of Representatives........1249
LANDS, PUBLIC
their cession demanded by the Confederation.....

..50
Congress passes Mr. Jones's resolutions in regard to them..........52

LANDS, PUBLIC-Continued.

refuses to adopt those providing for the expense of Government,
and annulling purchases from Indians....

.......51, 53
the States may annex conditions to their cessions...

.52, 54, 63
Connecticut cedes her lands, with conditions....

.69
Virginia urges Congress to decide on the cession made by her......91
her delegates complain of the conduct of the committee of Con-
gress......

100
Congress hesitates to accept the cession of Virginia, with the
annexed conditions......

101
committee report unfavorably to its acceptance........

102
cession by New York approved of ..

. 102
general statement of the cessions of Connecticut, New York,
and Virginia......

. 107
title of Virginia should be thoroughly examined.

119
acts of the British Crown in regard to them.....

119
the influence of the question, of ceding the public lands, on the
politics of the Confederation...

.122, 691
increased difficulties on the question.....

.126
discussion on, adjourned by Congress...

128, 130
proposal to derive a revenue from them....159, 162, 166, 304, 362, 375
proceedings relative to the cession of New York.....

.156, 469
proposal to adopt a system in regard to....

.435
proposal to give army certificates for.....

.457
discussion, on the cession of them, renewed..... 446, 459, 463, 639, 543

572, 574
Virginia issues warrants....

..570
Col. Mason's views in regard to cession of

.579
surveys and sales of, by order of Congress... .627, 638, 640, 651
jobbers on, in Illinois......

.638
sale of one hundred thousand acres to a New England company....651
power of Congress in regard to, under the Constitution....1353, 1358

1459, 1464
LANGDON, JOHN
attends the Federal Convention......

....1175
thinks the ballot in Congress for the President should be joint....1419
thinks members of Congress should be paid out of the National
Treasury..........

1326
objects to a constitutional provision, requiring a property qualifi-
cation for members of Congress.........

..1217
objects to the seat of government being at any state capital. ..1219
opposes the power in Congress, to emit bills of credit...... ..1346
approves of the power vested in Congress, to subdue rebellions... 1350
does not distrust Congress on the subject of standing armies...... 1360
does not distrust Congress on the subject of the militia.....1362, 1404
objects to taxation being proportioned to representation before a
census...

..1377,1381

LANGDON JOHN—Continued.

wishes the States prohibited from taxing exports....... .1382, 1394
thinks Congress should have the right to tax slaves. .1395, 1429
approves of a negative in Congress on State laws...

...1411
views as to regulating commerce between the States.......1477, 1586
views as to imposing conditions when admitting new States. 1457, 1459
signs the Constitution....

...1623
LANSING, JOHN
attends the Federal Convention.....

.621, 770
opposés going into a Committee of the Whole...

.862
objects to the propositions of Mr. Randolph as amended and
adopted.......

.867
thinks the Convention limited to the amendment of the Con.
federation........

......868, 910
proposes that the power of legislation be vested in the Congress...909
opposes the negative of Congress on the State laws.......... ..911
proposes an equal vote of the States in the House of Represen.
tatives.......

..977
wishes some plan for compromise on the question of represen-
tation......

...1022
LAWS-See Acts.
LAW OF NATIONS

not sufficiently protected under the Confederation..... .......730

Congress to legislate on offences against.........740, 1232, 1550, 1612
LAURENS, HENRY
his imprisonment...

..73
declines the appointment as Minister for Peace.

..169
addresses Parliament.....

.175, 177
notifies his intention to return.....

.188, 473
discussion in Congress on the proposal to exchange him for
Cornwallis......

.479
letters relative to the definitive treaty and commercial arrange-
ments with the British....

.544, 565
LAURENS, JOHN
appointed envoy to France...

.72
returns.

1.97
LEE, ARTHUR
attends Congress.....

.58
applies to Congress about Mr. Deane's allegations..

.58
censures Dr. Franklin.......
urges Congress to act on cession of public lands by Virginia... .91
opposes the admission of Vermont..

.93
opposition to Robert Morris.......

..111, 371, 425
his course not approved by Mr. Madison.....

...141
moves a reference of the application of Kentucky for admission... 164
returns to Virginia.....

.171

..58

.425

LEE, ARTHUR-Continued.
opposes a repeal of the impost......

.....501
states his objections to a general system of taxation......290, 301, 355
suggests that a general revenue system should be framed by the
States...

..301
views on a system of permanent revenue...

.309, 312
communicates a letter, relative to an overture from Canada........321
remarks on the export of tobacco by authority of Congress.. .329
his views on a mode of valuation of lands..

.330
urges a liinitation of the impost..........

.333
proposes to take, by military force, goods seized while under
passport......

.335
proposes to appropriate the impost to pay the army first....... 343, 345
remarks on the original and subsequent holders of loan certifi-
cates....

- 348, 511
proposes measures against the refugees......

.360
opposes an abatement in the proportion of certain States..... ..361
reinarks on the conduct of the Commissioners at Paris... .393, 406,

408, 411
remarks on the proportion of freemen to slaves in fixing the con-
tributions of the States......

.424
calls for a report from the Superintendant of Finance...
advocates a suspension of hostilities.....

.427
proposes an indemnity to the officers of the army..

.449, 450
proposes a statue of General Washington.....

.449
spoken of as Secretary of Foreign Affairs..

.546, 550
in favor of Annapolis as the seat of Congress...

..578
LEE, RICHARD H.
advocates Declaration of Independence....

.12
his course not approved by Mr. Madison.....
chosen a delegate to the Federal Convention from Virginia..... ..643

views in regard to the Federal Constitution.....643, 650, 657, 659, 707
LEE, WILLIAM
sends proposal of Austria, for commercial treaty......

.341
LEGISLATURE-See CONGRESS OF THE CONSTITUTION; STATES.
LEVYING WAR

evidence of, in cases of treason... .741, 1233, 1372, 1557, 1619
LIGHTHOUSES
States to levy duties to erect them......

.1585
LIMITATION
relative to the continuance of the revenue laws......

.1398
on the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus. .1441, 1551, 1613
LINCOLN, GENERAL
visits the army, to allay discontents.....

.. 183, 185
operations during the insurrection in Massachusetts......615, 620, 625
course in Convention of Massachusetts, to ratify Federal Consti-
tution ..

.669

..141

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