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KING, RUFUS-Continued.

.....598

remarks on the settlement of public accounts...
remarks on the negotiations with Spain....... ...604, 607, 608, 610
discusses the vote of the States required to suspend the use of the

Mississippi..........

a delegate to the Federal Convention from Massachusetts......
attends the Federal Convention......

objects to the yeas and nays...............

remarks on the nature of State sovereignty, under the Constitu-
tion........

wishes the State Governments preserved, but made subordi-
nate.......

...610

..621

...721

.724

........

...905

...1014

his great anxiety for an harmonious adoption of a Constitution....1010
views on the compromise between the large and small States.....1501
views as to an election of President............1146, 1196, 1503, 1504
views as to re-eligibility and tenure of the President.......1146, 1157
is opposed to the impeachment of the President by the Legisla-
ture..

..1156
..1519

objects to an Executive Council..
contends for a proportionate representation in the Senate.....758, 1010,
1099
objects to contribution being the sole rule of representation...750, 837
opposes the representation being fixed by the Constitution.......1037
admits that slaves should be considered in apportioning repre-

sentation, as well as taxation.....

....

..1056

thinks the question, as to representation, is more between the
Northern and Southern than the small and large States.........1057
does not like numbers alone to be the rule of representation,

especially if the blacks are included.....

.....1076, 1084
opposes the rule of representation being absolutely fixed by the
Constitution......
thinks exports should be taxed, if slaves are represented.........1262
opposes the exclusive right of the House in regard to money-
bills........

objects to an election of Representatives by the State Legisla-
tures......
objects to the payment of the Representatives by the States.......933
views as to the ineligibility of members of Congress... .937, 940,
1482, 1494
objects to a landed qualification for members of Congress........1213
does not think annual meetings of Congress will be necessary.
thinks Congress should have the right to alter the State regula-
tions, relative to members of Congress.........
prefers allowing a quorum in Congress to be fixed by law...

thinks the States should not tax exports without the assent of

Congress......

.1084

....

...856

...927

....1246

.1281
.1288,

1289, 1290

..1446

KING, RUFUS-Continued.

thinks the States should not be prevented from encouraging their
manufactures......

objects to union of Judiciary with the Executive in revising the
laws.....

.783, 811
favors the establishment of inferior national tribunals...... ...700
views in regard to punishment of treason..... ..........1374, 1375, 1587
proposes a prohibition on the States, in regard to laws affecting

contracts.......

..1443

views as to treaties..

.1521, 1524, 1525

remarks on the provision, in regard to the militia..........1403, 1404
desires a permanent seat of government....

..1295

remarks on the assumption of the State debts...

1357, 1358
..1395, 1429
..1261

objects to an exemption of slaves from duty.....
his remarks on slavery............
proposes the assent of the States to purchases of places therein...1496
thinks a power in Congress to create corporations unnecessary....1576
views on the mode of ratification of the Constitution.......797, 1182,
1470, 1471, 1472

KNOWLTON, LUKE

prefers to submit the Constitution to the Congress of the Con-
federation, but not to require their assent to it...

signs the Constitution.....

.1538, 1540
.1623

course in the Convention of Massachusetts, called to ratify the
Constitution.......

...668

charged with intrigues with British about Vermont...
his arrest directed by Congress....

KNOX, GENERAL........

KNYPHAUSEN, GENERAL

joined by Clinton...

LABOR

..1447

LAND

ought to be the basis of taxation......

tax upon discussed.......

fugitives from, to be delivered up........1447, 1456, 1558, 1589, 1620
LAFAYETTE

his services to Virginia................

expected with a fleet......

promotes exchange of Cornwallis for Col. H. Laurens...

sends news of peace.......

.206, 209
.209, 281
...513

qualification in, proposed for members of Congress.....

qualifications in, proposed for electors of Representatives.
LANDS, PUBLIC

.49

...101

...131
...204

.408, 523

....32
.289, 298, 306, 386, 501

mode of valuation discussed in Congress..112, 250, 260, 316, 321, 417,

421, 498, 501, 503

..1211
.1249

their cession demanded by the Confederation.......

Congress passes Mr. Jones's resolutions in regard to them..........52

....50

LANDS, PUBLIC-Continued.

refuses to adopt those providing for the expense of Government,

and annulling purchases from Indians........

the States may annex conditions to their cessions...
Connecticut cedes her lands, with conditions....
Virginia urges Congress to decide on the cession made by her..
her delegates complain of the conduct of the committee of Con-
gress......

Congress hesitates to accept the cession of Virginia, with the
annexed conditions..........

committee report unfavorably to its acceptance.....
cession by New York approved of......

......51, 53
52, 54, 63
.69

......91

general statement of the cessions of Connecticut, New York,
and Virginia..................

title of Virginia should be thoroughly examined..

acts of the British Crown in regard to them..............

100

..101

.102

..102

Treasury.......

objects to a constitutional provision, requiring a property qualifi-
cation for members of Congress........

.107
.119
.119

the influence of the question, of ceding the public lands, on the
politics of the Confederation.....

increased difficulties on the question.....
discussion on, adjourned by Congress.

.122, 691
126
128, 130

proposal to derive a revenue from them....159, 162, 166, 304, 362, 375
proceedings relative to the cession of New York.................

.186, 469

proposal to adopt a system in regard to....

435
..457

proposal to give army certificates for.....
discussion, on the cession of them, renewed.....446, 459, 463, 539, 543

572, 574
.570
.579

..627, 638, 640, 651

..638

Virginia issues warrants..

Col. Mason's views in regard to cession of.......

surveys and sales of, by order of Congress...
jobbers on, in Illinois........

sale of one hundred thousand acres to a New England company....651
power of Congress in regard to, under the Constitution....1353, 1358
1459, 1464

LANGDON, JOHN

..1175

attends the Federal Convention.......
thinks the ballot in Congress for the President should be joint....1419
thinks members of Congress should be paid out of the National

.1326

...1217

..1219
.1346

objects to the seat of government being at any State capital..
opposes the power in Congress, to emit bills of credit......
approves of the power vested in Congress, to subdue rebellions...1350
does not distrust Congress on the subject of standing armies......1360
does not distrust Congress on the subject of the militia.....1362, 1404
objects to taxation being proportioned to representation before a

census...

.1377,1381

LANGDON JOHN-Continued.

.1411

wishes the States prohibited from taxing exports..........1382, 1384
thinks Congress should have the right to tax slaves.. .1395, 1429
approves of a negative in Congress on State laws..
views as to regulating commerce between the States.......1477, 1586
views as to imposing conditions when admitting new States. 1457, 1459
signs the Constitution....

.1623

LANSING, JOHN

attends the Federal Convention.....

2

opposes going into a Committee of the Whole...

objects to the propositions of Mr. Randolph as amended and

adopted........

thinks the Convention limited to the amendment of the Con-

...

.621, 770
.862

...

federation.......
........868, 910
proposes that the power of legislation be vested in the Congress...909
opposes the negative of Congress on the State laws......
proposes an equal vote of the States in the House of Represen-

tatives.......

his imprisonment...

declines the appointment as Minister for Peace..

addresses Parliament.......

LAURENS, JOHN

wishes some plan for compromise on the question of represen-
tation......

........

appointed envoy to France.....

returns..

LEE, ARTHUR

....

..867

LAWS See ACTS.
LAW OF NATIONS

....730

not sufficiently protected under the Confederation.....
Congress to legislate on offences against... .740, 1232, 1550, 1612
LAURENS, HENRY

..911

....977

..73
..169
.175, 177
..188, 473

notifies his intention to return.....

discussion in Congress on the proposal to exchange him for

attends Congress.....

applies to Congress about Mr. Deane's allegations..

censures Dr. Franklin.....

urges Congress to act on cession of public lands by Virginia....

opposes the admission of Vermont...

...1022

Cornwallis.....

letters relative to the definitive treaty and commercial arrange-
ments with the British......

.544, 565

.479

..72
.97

...58

..58

..58

...91

..93
.111, 371, 425

.....141

opposition to Robert Morris......

his course not approved by Mr. Madison.....
mòves a reference of the application of Kentucky for admission...164
returns to Virginia.....

..171

LEE, ARTHUR-Continued.

...

opposes a repeal of the impost..
..501
states his objections to a general system of taxation......290, 301, 355
suggests that a general revenue system should be framed by the

States......

views on a system of permanent revenue.......
communicates a letter, relative to an overture from Canada...
remarks on the export of tobacco by authority of Congress...
his views on a mode of valuation of lands.....

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urges a limitation of the impost..................

.....335

proposes to take, by military force, goods seized while under
passport...
proposes to appropriate the impost to pay the army first.......343, 345
remarks on the original and subsequent holders of loan certifi-

cates.......

..301

.309, 312
..321

..329

.330

..333

proposes measures against the refugees......
opposes an abatement in the proportion of certain States....
remarks on the conduct of the Commissioners at Paris.......393, 406,

..348, 511
..360
..361

408, 411

remarks on the proportion of freemen to slaves in fixing the con-

tributions of the States......

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calls for a report from the Superintendant of Finance...
advocates a suspension of hostilities.....
proposes an indemnity to the officers of the army..
proposes a statue of General Washington.....
spoken of as Secretary of Foreign Affairs.
in favor of Annapolis as the seat of Congress...
LEE, RICHARD H.

advocates Declaration of Independence....
his course not approved by Mr. Madison....
chosen a delegate to the Federal Convention from Virginia........643
views in regard to the Federal Constitution.....643, 650, 657, 659, 707
LEE, WILLIAM

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424
.425
..427

.449, 450
.449
.546, 550
.578

sends proposal of Austria, for commercial treaty.......
LEGISLATURE-See CONGress of the CONSTITUTION; STATES.
LEVYING WAR

evidence of, in cases of treason.....
LIGHTHOUSES

States to levy duties to erect them......
LIMITATION

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.12

141

.341

.741, 1233, 1372, 1557, 1619

....1585

relative to the continuance of the revenue laws....

......1398

on the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus.......1441, 1551, 1613
LINCOLN, GENERAL

visits the army, to allay discontents.....
..183, 185
operations during the insurrection in Massachusetts......615, 620, 625
course in Convention of Massachusetts, to ratify Federal Consti-
tution...

.669

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