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INSURRECTION_Continued.
Congress may subdue.....740, 745, 1139, 1232, 1233, 1349, 1409, 1467,

1541, 1550, 1612
to be guarded against by the Constitution...899, 1139, 1241, 1559, 1621
INTERCEPTED
letter of Marbois..

. 235, 531
INTEREST
on the public debt to be provided for...

.304, 434, 493, 1398
amount of, in 1783.....

305
on debts to British citizens.

..546, 622
INTERFERENCE
of Congress with the police of the States...

.1115, 1398
INTRODUCTION

to the correspondence and debates during the Confederation.......
INVASION
to be guarded against....729, 730, 1139, 1233, 1241, 1409, 1466, 1550,

1559, 1612, 1621
habeas corpus may be suspended during. .741, 1441, 1551, 1613
States may defend themselves against..

..744
IRELAND.....

....146
favorably treated by British..

..154
IRISH, CAPTAIN...

..108
IRON......

....454
IRWIN, GENERAL.

..475
IZARD, RALPH
censures Dr. Franklin......

..58
disapproves of the course of the Lees..

.141
represents South Carolina in Congress..

.187
advocates a reduction of salaries of the ministers...

..200
against disbanding army..

..455
remarks on the conduct of the Executive of Pennsylvania, rela-
tive to the mutinous conduct of the troops..

462, 466
in favor of Philadelphia as the seat of Congress..
JACKSON, WILLIAM
elected Secretary of the Convention....

.723
JAY, JOHN
instructions about a treaty with Spain.........

.....64
letters from him relative to his negotiations in Spain....... ..70, 125
Congress reply to him......

.129
spoken of as Secretary of Foreign Affairs.

..212, 435
sends an intercepted letter of Marbois..

.235, 236, 531
distrusts the French Ministers..... ....235, 236, 240, 381, 491, 518
his conduct towards France during the negotiations discussed..381, 390,

392, 396, 405, 408, 518
amount borrowed by, in Spain......

.577

..433

JAY, JOHN-Continued.

reports on the operation of treaties on the States of the Confeder-
ation.....

......595, 616, 635
negotiations with Gardoqui as Secretary of Foreign Affairs...606, 609,

622, 623, 627, 635, 641, 678
reports on infractions of the British treaty by the States......616, 622,

628, 639
reports on the Dutch treaty........

.625
approves of the Federal Constitution..

..659
forged letter in regard to......

.659
JEALOUSY
of the States towards each other........

..730
JEFFERSON, THOMAS

reports of the Debates on the Declaration of Independence..... .4
reports Declaration to Congress....

.16
Mr. Madison writes to him on public affairs.....43, 45, 48, 84, 86, 102,

106, 114, 116, 119, 503, 504, 508, 527, 530, 544, 555, 560, 622, 650
recommends Colonel Morgan's promotion....

.54
letter to him on the defects of the Confederation....

..81
receives a report from delegates of Virginia in Congress, rela-
tive to the public lands......

. 102
is attacked for his administration of the State government. ....106
urged by Mr. Madison to examine the land claims of Virginia. 108, 114,

160
sends papers to Congress relative to the Cherokees...... ..116
is burt by the proceedings of the Legislature of Virginia...... ..141
writes his notes on Virginia for Marbois..

.482, 496, 507
appointed minister to negotiate peace....

, 196, 475, 486
spoken of as Secretary of Foreign Affairs. .212, 460, 485, 550
his departure suspended by Congress.. ..337, 495, 505, 508, 524
his opinion of Nathan's affair.....

..554
proposal to send him to Madrid, relative to the Mississippi.606, 609, 637
reappointed Minister to France....

....651
proposes to exchange the French for a Dutch loan.....

.651
receives from Mr. Madison his plan of a National Government.....714
his opinions on the Federal Constitution.....

....671
JENIFER, DANIEL, OF ST. THOMAS
attends the Federal Convention.....

..770
proposes triennial elections of Representatives..

..847
in favor of ineligibility of Representatives to office.

.944
desires a provision for regulating trade between the States........1478
signs the Constitution.....

...1623
JOHNSON, DR. WILLIAM S.
attends the Federal Convention.....

....770
does not wish the sovereignty of the States to be destroyed by the
Constitution....

..920, 958

119,

JOHNSON, DR. WILLIAM S-Continued.

advocates a representation of the States in one branch, and the
people in the other. ...

.987
thinks population the true rule of wealth and of representation,

and that blacks as well as whites should be considered in it.....1081
thinks there can be no treason against an individual State... 1372, 1373
thinks a prohibition as to attainders and ex post facto laws unne-
cessary...

..1401
objects to the provision for the ratification of treaties by law......1414
thinks controversies between the States should be left to the Ju-
diciary....

.....1416
considers the debts of the Confederation equally binding under
the Constitution.....

1426
proposes that the Judiciary shall embrace cases in equity.........1435
desires to exclude Vermont from the proposed conditions in re-
gard to the admission of new States......

1462
views on the provision for giving effect to legislative and judicial
proceedings of the States..

1480
signs the Constitution...

.1623
JOHNSTON, SAMUEL

deputy from Connecticut in the trial with Pennsylvania........ .476
JONES, JOSEPH
Mr. Madison writes to him on public affairs..51, 53, 55, 60, 61, 62, 64,

68, 69, 72, 76
his resolutions relative to the cession of the public lands partly

adopted.....
he leaves the Virginia Legislature from ill health..
copy of a paper in his handwriting relative to the defects of the
Confederation.....

.......81
has given much attention to Virginia land claims..

..109
he returns from Virginia......

..163
opposes the present of a ship to the King of France.

.166
disapproves of the conduct of Mr. H. Laurens...

.175
his illness....

.474
appointed a judge in trial between Pennsylvania and Connecticut...476
JONES, PAUL....

.73, 216
JONES, WALTER

appointed a delegate to the Convention at Annapolis..... .695
JOURNAL

to be kept by both Houses of Congress. 739, 1230, 1292, 1293, 1547, 1608
to be published except on secret occasions....6'739, 1230, 1292, 1294,

1547, 1608
dissent of Senators to be entered on it..
JUDGES

to be appointed by the legislature...... .733, 792, 855, 1224, 1238
their tenure during good behavior.... ..733, 743, 865, 891, 1135, 1224,

1238, 1436, 1556, 1618

..52
. 72

. 1292

..866

JUDGES--Continued.

their salaries.....733, 743, 794, 865, 1135, 1224, 1238, 1437, 1556, 1618
the increase or diminution of their salary....733, 794, 865, 1135, 1224,

1233, 1437
to be appointed by the Senate ....742, 793, 860, 1130, 1171, 1224, 1234,

1409, 14 12
ought not to be appointed by the people....

755
to be appointed by the President......

..792, 865, 1173
to be appointed by the President and Senate. ..891, 1131, 1171, 1488,

1520, 1555, 1617
not to hold any other office.....
property qualification of..

. 1213
to give opinions to the President and Congress..

.1365
impeachment of..

1969, 1999
JUDGMENT

extent of, in cases of impeachment... ...... 1239, 1530, 1546, 1607

effect of those of one State in another.....1418, 1479, 1480, 1557, 1620
JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS
the States to give faith to those of each other....745, 1240, 1448, 1479,

1480, 1557, 1620
JUDICIARY
to form one of the supreme powers of the Government...733, 736, 747,

1220, 1226, 1243
to consist of supreme and inferior tribunals...733, 791, 860, 1224, 1238,

1556, 1618
to be constituted by the legislature.....733, 792, 860, 1224, 1232, 1238,

1347, 1550, 1611
to be appointed by the President......

.792, 865, 1131, 1173
to be appointed by the Senate.742, 793, 860, 1130, 1171, 1224, 1234, 1412
to be nominated by the Senate, subject to the approval of the
President....

. 1173
to be appointed by the President and Senate .....891, 1131, 1135, 1171,

1488, 1520, 1555, 1617
tenure of their offices during good behavior...733, 743, 860, 865, 1135,

1210, 1224, 1238, 1436, 1656, 1618
their compensation.....733, 743, 794, 860, 865, 1135, 1224, 1238, 1437,

1556, 1618
the increase or diminution of their compensation...733, 794, 860, 865,

1135, 1224, 1238, 1437, 1556, 1618
the supreme tribunal to hear cases in the dernier resort. .733, 891, 1238
its jurisdiction ....734, 854, 855, 861, 866, 892, 1137, 1224, 1238, 1438,

1556, 1618
to embrace courts of admiralty.....

.743, 1238, 1556, 1618
ought to be limited to cases brought by appeal from State courts....798
to possess only appellate jurisdiction from the State courts.........864
to embrace courts of equity......

.743, 1435, 1556, 1619

JUDICIARY-Continued.

to extend to controversies between the States....1416, 1438, 1556, 1613
to constitute, with the Executive, a council of revision....733, 783, 791,

809, 1161, 1332
objections to its having a right to revise legislative acts...........810
how far it should possess legislative functions......

.1165
the danger of allowing them to declare the laws void..... .1333, 1334
inferior tribunals may be constituted by Congress... .740, 743, 799, 860,

1136, 1224, 1232, 1238, 1550, 1611
to be bound by acts of Congress and treaties......741, 1119, 1234, 1439
ought not to be chosen immediately by the people..

.755
objections to the National Judiciary......

792,798
protection of it against encroachment of the other branches.......1161
property qualification of............

.1213, 1283
that of the States to adjudge on offences under the Constitution. .864,

1136
JUNCTION

of two or more States to be provided for..734, 794, 843, 861, 1240, 1464
JURISDICTION
of Judiciary......734, 854, 855, 865, 892, 1137, 1224, 1238, 1366, 1399,

1435, 1438, 1440, 1541, 1556, 1618
of the Supreme Court......

.743, 1224, 1238, 1556, 1618
that of the National Judiciary to be merely appellate from the
State courts.....

...864
of Congress in arsenals, dockyards, and fortifications...740, 1494, 1496,

1550, 1612
of Congress, at the seat of Government.....740, 1218, 1494, 1550, 1612
controversies about, between the States..

.742, 1234
over controversies between the States.742, 1234, 1416, 1433, 1530, 1612
over controversies in regard to territory and public lands....1416, 1459,

1466
of the State courts to extend to cases under the Constitution.......864
JURY
cases to be tried by........

..1239, 1441, 1557, 1589, 1619
JUSTICE_See Chief JUSTICE.
fugitives from....

..1240, 1447, 1558, 1620
KENTUCKY
its admission as a State......

. 164, 1185
Mr. Madison thinks it not distant...

...167
emigrants to Canada sent back......

.478
remarks of Gardoqui in relation to...

.592, 599
KING-See MONARCHY.
KING, RUFUS

remarks on the insurrection in Massachusetts.................581, 598
views of the operation of treaties on the States under the Con-
federat on....

.596
views as to salaries..

...597

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