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CXCIII. To CRUMWELL. My very special good Lord, in my right hearty wise I MSS. commend me unto you. Likewise thanking you for your House,

Chapter loving and kind answer which you sent me by my

servant Westmin

ster; Nevell, and especially for your good mind towards me con- Crumcerning my debtso to the King's Highness, which of all other well's

Corresthings lieth most nigh unto my stomach ; trusting for the pondence.

Original. declaration of this your gentle heart towards me, not to be forgotten on my behalf hereafter, as it shall lie in my power. And as concerning such lands of mine as the King's Highness is minded to have by exchange at Maydestone and Otteforde P; forsomuch as I am the man that hath small experience in such causes, and have no mistrust at all in my prince in that behalf, I wholly commit unto you to do therein for me as by you shall be thought expedient, not doubting but that you foresee as much for my commodity, as you would that I should do for you in such a like matter.

As touching the Prior of the Black Friars in Canterburyo, I have written nothing to you of him but that I will justify. And whereas I understand, that the Custos Rotulorum within Nottynghamshire is depart this miserable life, this shall

o See Letters LXXIX. CLXXXIV. P[The indenture by which this exchange was made, is dated the 30th of Nov. 29 Hen. VIII. i. e. 1537. Hasted, Hist. of Kent, vol. i. p. 322. Morice, the Archbishop's secretary, who was present at the conversation, gives a curious account of the failure of Cravmer's attempt to preserve Knoll, which was included in the same exchange.“ My lord, minded “ to have retained Knole unto himself, said, “ That it was too small a «« house for his Majesty.'"Marry,' said the King, 'I had rather have it « « than this house,' meaning Otford, ‘for it standeth on a better soil. “This house standeth low and is rheumatic, like unto Croydon, where " I could never be without sickness. And as for Knole, it standeth

on a sound, perfect, wholesome ground : and if I should make “ abode here, as I do surely mind to do now and then, I will live at « • Knole and most of my house shall live at Otford.' And so by this “ means both those houses were delivered up to the King's hands.” Strype, Cranmer, p. 436. For a history and description of the Archiepiscopal residences at these places and at Ford, see Hasted, Hist. of Kent, vol. i. pp. 323. 338. and vol. iii. p. 624.]

9 [See Letter clxxi.

be to desire and pray you, that you will write your favourable letters unto my Lord Chancellor for the preferment of a friend of mine there, named Antony Nevell, who is a man of right good wisdom, experience, and discretion, and useth himself very indifferently in the country.

Over this you shall understand that I have received from the King's Highness three letters concerning the collection of the subsidyr; one for Canterbury, and one for the shire, and the third for Rochester; with the which I have received but one commission, which is alonely for Canterbury town. Wherefore I pray you that the other two commissions may be sent, or else to signify unto me to whom they are delivered. I have sent unto my Commissarys at Calice to withdraw his process against Mr. Chamberleyn, and therefore he not to doubt in that matter. Thus, my lord, right heartily fare you well. At Forde, the xxxi. day of August. [1537.]

Your own ever assured,

T. Cantuarien. To my very singular good lord,

my Lord Privy Seal.


Wilkins, I commend me unto you. And whereas I have received Concilia, vol. iji.

the King's most honourable letterst concerning the speedy p. 827, declaration of his Grace's pleasure, for the abolishing of cerfrom Heylyn, Ex

tain holidays named in the late Act of Convocation, whereof cerpt. the transumpt I send you here withal; my mind is thereActor. Convocat. fore, that you cause, with all expedition, the King's pleasure

*[See Letters cxli. CLXXXI.] si John Butler.]

' (This Letter has been inserted here on the authority of Wilkins : but it seems rather to belong to the preceding year; for the King's letter, which gave occasion to it, is probably that of the 11th of August, 1536. See Letter cxcii. p. 201 ; Wilkins, Concilia, vol. iii. p. 824.]

in this behalf to be published unto all the clergy within the deaneries of my peculiars, to the intent that the said Act of Convocation may from henceforth be put in due exercise, according to the purport and effect of the same. Thus fare you well. At Ford, the 16th day of September.

T. Cantuarien.

CXCV. To CRUMWELL. My very singular and especial good Lord, in my most mss. hearty wise I commend me to your lordship. These shall be Chapter to give to your lordship right hearty thanks for this bearer, WestminThomas Wakefeld my servant, for as I understand, you Crumwell's have been many ways his special good lord, beseeching Corresyou of continuance towards him. And albeit

And albeit your lord - Original. ship wrote unto me of late to stay such suit as should be made to me concerning the institution of the parsonage

of St. Quintyne of Spellackeu within the marches of Calice, which I have hitherto accomplished accordingly, yet I shall nevertheless beseech your lordship, forsomuch as I perceive that this my said servant is, by virtue of the King's advowson, presented thereunto, to be no less his good lord in this his suit than you have hitherto been, and that the rather at this mine instant request; so that having right thereunto, he may enjoy the same with your favour: and that upon your lordship’s pleasure known in this behalf, he may have a token from you unto my Chancellor for his institutionx; for the which you shall bind him to do unto your lordship his both daily prayer and service, and me to requite the same if it lie in my power. Thus, my lord,

u [See Letter cLxxxIx.]

* (The institution of Wakefeld seems not to have taken place, for on the 2nd of October 1537, the Archbishop admitted Robert Palmere to the church of the parish Sti. Quintini de Spellache within the marches of Calais, vacant by the death of John Hayburne. Cranmer's Register, fol. 362, b.]

right heartily fare you well. At Forde, the xx. day of September.

Your own assured,

T. Cantuarien.
To the Right Honourable and my

singular good lord, my Lord
Privy Seal.



MSS. In my right hearty wise I commend me to you. And

whereas divers times heretofore, of mere love and favour, Westmin- which in my heart I bear to you unfeignedly, I have moved, Theol. exhorted, and inasmuch as in me was, allured you to alter Tracts,

your judgment, minding to bring you to favour the word of God and the knowledge thereof, to the intent that by your good ensample the King's subjects within my diocese might the rather be obedient and willing to conceive and apply themselves to the observation of such ordinances, as by the King's Majesty and his learned counsel in the laws of God, should from time to time be set forth and published, as well concerning the abolishment and extirpation of superstition, as also of the Bishop of Rome's erroneous doctrine, which in many points within this realm still sticketh in men's hearts; this notwithstanding, (as far as I many ways perceive) my said exhortation and good intent towards you taketh little effect; which thing I assure you is no little grief to me. But inasmuch as it is better for me in time, after a friendly

vol. xii.

p. 86.

y [The following correspondence between Cranmer and a Kentish justice is printed from copies in the handwriting of one of the Archbishop's secretaries, which may be conjectured, from the place where they are found, to have been prepared for the information of Crumwell. An endorsement by a later hand, expresses an opinion that Bishop Fisher was one of the parties in the dispute; but that prelate was executed more than two years before, on the 22nd of June 1535. It is however easier to object to the name of Fisher, than to substitute another in its place. But it may be observed, that Cranmer's secretary Morice, in a letter printed by Foxe, mentions Sir John Baker, Sir Christopher Hales, and Sir Thomas Moile, as Kentish “ Justices who favour“ed the cause and faction of the papists, and who were no small fools." Foxe, Acts, &c. vol. iii. p. 645.]


fashion, to be plain with you, than so long to forbear, that both you

and I may repent our dallying, if the King, or rather God, shall by opportunity see just cause to punish our overmuch untowardness; I will at this time open fully my mind to you, and eftsoons exhort you either to be in such opinion and faith as is by the word of God and the King's ordinances prescribed and set forth to his people without colour; or else I cannot see the contrary, but of necessity I must be constrained to complain to the King's Majesty of you in that behalf, which I were very loth to do, and it is contrary to my mind and usage hitherto; nevertheless, if

you overmuch constrain I will not fail to do it.

For I am fully persuaded that it will little avail me, either by myself or by such as I shall substitute, to preach within my diocese the word of God or the King's ordinance, you and yours being reputed and known, both of the commons and gentlemen of the shire, of a contrary opinion to me. In some thing myself (besides the common fame that I hear of you) I have experience of your judgment, that you take not indifferently such things as of late years hath been set forth by the authority of the word of God; and besides this, it is known to many, that you let, inasmuch as in you is, the people in my diocese to exercise themselves in the knowledge of God's laws; but that from time to time you promote them to all trouble and vexations, without any discerning good knowledge from manifest error, so that (as it is thought) you rather thereby intend to extinguish the whole knowledge of God, than to have Him by his word known and glorified. I pray you what other ways was there at any time invented better to maintain, continue, or uphold the Bishop of Rome's usurped authority, and other superstitiousness, than to banish and suppress the word of God and the knowledge thereof specially from the simple and common people, and to restrain the same to the knowledge of a certain few persons ; yea this thing hath been universally the only decay of our faith. And why then may not men think (you] to

z (See Letter ccxvu.)

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