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to the trial of my right; wherein you shall bind me to show unto you such pleasure as lieth in me to do accordingly. Thus our Lord have you in his tuition.

in his tuition. At Forde, the 17. day of October. [1535.]

Your assured ever,

T. Cantuarien.
To the Right Worshipful and my

singular good friend Master Se-
cretary.

ence. Ori.

CLVIII. TO CRUMWELL. MSS. Right Worshipful Master Secretary, in my right hearty Chapter House,

wise I commend me unto you: even so praying you to be Westmin- good master for my sake unto Doctor Thornidon, Warwell's Cor- den of the manors of Christ Church in Canterbury, and to respond

the Cellerar of the same. And first, as touching my suit for ginal. the said Warden of the manors; I beseech you heartily

that he may continue in the said office, like as you have granted unto the Warden of the manors of St. Swythine in Winchester.

And as concerning the said Cellerar, which I assure you is a right honest man, and of such dexterity and wisdom, as none is like unto him in that house, to whom at your request I gave the office of Cellerarship; I beseech you therefore, at my request, to grant him some libertyd to be taken at some times in the said office for continuance of his health ; for surely he is corpulent, full of gross humours, and much sickly; and if he should still continue within the house, where is no manner walk at all or good air, his life should not only be abridged, but the said monastery should also lack many commodities, which daily do grow and increase by his policy and wisdom by his provision abroad;

с

[See Letter ccxmı.] d [It was one of Crumwell's Injunctions given in 1535, “ that no “ monk or brother of the monastery by any means go forth of the pre“cinct of the same.” Burn. Ref. App. vol. 1. b. ii. No. 2.]

for he is the only jewel and housewife of that house e. Wherefore, good Mr. Secretary, I beseech you to tender my suit, as well concerning the Doctor as the said Cellerar, as I may deserve it unto you. And thus fare ye heartily well. At Forde, the 26th day of October.

Your own assured ever,

T. Cantuarien. To the Right Worshipful and my sin

gular friend Master Crumwell.

CLIX. To CRUMWELL.
Right Worshipful, in my right hearty wise I commend Mss.

Chapter me unto you. These shall be to desire you to be good

House, master unto this bearer, Henry Turney f. For notwith-Westminstanding your other two favourable letters in his behalf, he well's Coris never the better regarded; wherefore if you be not other- respond

Oriwise his only aid and help, so that he may by your means ginal. obtain the King's Grace's letters according to the tenor herein enclosed, or in such like manner, he is like to be utterly cast away; which for many considerations in mine opi

ence.

€ [“ Of the Hall and the provision for the same, and the ordering “thereof, the chief care and oversight was entrusted to the Cellerar, “ one of the four great Obedientiarii or officers of the monastery; the “Sacrista, Camerarius, and Thesaurarius being the other three. “ The Cellerar, no doubt, was a great man in the college. . The “ office was indeed so exceeding great and troublesome, that, like as the “ Prior had bis Sub-prior, .....so bad the Cellerar bis Sub-cellera“ rius to assist him and bear a share with him, (and surely need “ enough,) in the managing of this burthensome office and weighty pro“ vince. He had a large part of principal housing allotted him, all “ contiguous to the Convent-ball and kitchen, (the sphere wherein “ be chiefly moved,) namely, his hall and lodgings as they were called. “ His hall, that which is now the Archbishop's for the keeping of his “ temporal courts. His lodgings lay on the west side of the cloister, “ into which it had a double door, having in the windows the name, “ coat of arms, and Rebus or name device of Rich. Dering the Monk, one of them that conspired with the Holy Maid of Kent in Henry “ VIII's days, and saluted Tyburn for his pains, who in his time was “ Cellerar to the Church.” Somner, Antiq. of Canterbury. John Cross was Cellerar at the dissolution.)

[See Letter clv. p. 145.)

nion would (specially in this corrupt world) be no good precedent in setting forth of the truth. I therefore pray you to continue good master unto him as you have hitherto done, wherein you shall do a charitable deed worthy to be rewarded of God; who preserve you in long health. At Dover, the 27 day of October.

Your assured ever,

T. Cantuarien. To the Right Worshipful and my sin

gular good friend Mr. Secretary.

CLX. To CRUMWELL.

MSS. After most hearty commendations: this shall be to adChapter

vertise you, that lately I received a letter from you, whereHouse, Westmin. by I understand that you have been advertised, that I, prewelli's Cortending title to certain woods in Okenfold and to certain respond... lands in Denham lately belonging to the house of & Davyngence. Oric ginal.

ton,
and
my

h brother in like manner to the benefice sometime impropried to the same, have lately by our friends and servants stayed the verdict that should have been given by the inquest charged for the King upon the same.

First as touching my brother ; of whomsoever you had the same information, it is utterly untrue; for he stayed no verdict that shouldi [have been] given for the King by the inquest, nor yet made (claim) unto any tithes to the. inquest ; but he said to Antony Ager your servant privately, that he thought it was his right to have the tithes, and desired him to inform you of the truth. Nevertheless, Antony Ager carried the tithes away, without any let or interruption on my brother's behalf. Notwithstanding, my brother trusteth that you will be so good unto him as to suffer him to have the tithes, if it be his right, according to the tenor of

: [Davington or Daunton, a Benedictine nunnery near Feversham, was deserted from the poverty of the house, and escheated to the crown

tanquam locus profanus et dissolutus,” 27 Hen. VIII. i. e. between April 1535 and April 1536. This Letter therefore was written in Nov. 1535. The priory with its property was granted 35 Hen. VIII. to Sir Thomas Cheney. Hasted, History of Kent, vol. ii. p. 726. See Letter CLVII.]

h [Edmund Cranmer, Archdeacon of Canterbury and Provost of Wingham. Strype, Cranmer, p. 24.)

[This and some other parts of the Letter are torn.]

your

letter. And as touching mine own self, I never went about to stay the verdict, but would have been as glad that the quest should have passed according to their consciences, as they would themselves. Only, being informed by every man that I heard speak, which were of learning and experience, that I had a just title, I made my claim, and caused the quest to be informed of my title, neither staying the true verdict, (as you were informed,) nor by any means procuring that the quest should otherwise do than their consciences should judge right. And where you do write unto me very friendly, that you would be sorry it should come to the King's Highness's knowledge that I should weigh in any matter against him, I would you saw the very bottom of my heart herein; for I trust that I have so conceived justice into my heart, that I shall not for so small a matter, nor yet for any other worldly thing, be it never so great, weigh in any wise contrary to right against the poorest subject within the King's Highness's realm. And I am assured the King's Grace's mind is, not to do wrong unto any subject he hath; and if I knew that it were his Grace's pleasure to have my title in the said lands, I would be more desirous to give it unto his Highness, than he can be to have it. But for so much as I know not but his Grace would that I should have it, if my title be good, I must needs make my claim and declare my title ; else I must lose it, be it never so just.

The i Bishop of Worcester lately wrote unto me in your name, that I looked upon the King's business through my fingers, doing nothing in that matter wherefore we were sent for unto k Winchester; and I marvel not that you do so

į (Hugh Latymer, consecrated in Sept. 1535.]

k " The King resolving to vindicate his own right of supremacy “ against the encroachments of popes in his dominions, (especially now

think, which knoweth not what I have done. For first, the day before we took our leave of the King's Highness to depart home, I drew certain articles touching the Bishop of Rome, to give only occasion unto preachers that had no great exercise in that matter, what they might say, and what titles they might study for to declare. They that have excellent learning cannot lack matter abundant of their own inventions; but such as be of mean learning, have need of some matter to be ministered unto them, whereof they may take occasion to search their books. There is not one article of those which I have drawn [but would supp]editate sufficient occasion for a whole sermon, and some of them .... will minister matter sufficient for four or five sermons, if that [they] be searched to the bottom. Moreover at the same day I wrote certain doubts to be moved in the Council; and because the Council sat no more before our departure, my labour therein came to none effect, saving that I delivered a copy of my articles to certain of the bishops that were then present, thinking it good that they should procure them to be preached within their dioceses; which I, with all my chaplains, be doing here in my diocese with all diligence: a copy of the which, as well articles as doubts, I have herewith sent unto you, to the intent that if you think it good, you may add other and take away what you please, or else make other articles all new, so that when they shall be devised exactly and with all diligence, you may cause them to be sent into every diocese, to be preached throughout all the whole realm. And when the articles shall be with all deliberation absolved, if they were then read once or more every quarter

in

every parish church throughout the realm by the bishop's authority, I think it should do as much good to persuade the people as many sermons. “ the Parliament had restored it to him,) being at Winchester, sent for “ bis bishops thither about Michaelmas, ordering them to go down to “ their respective dioceses, and there in their own persons to preach “ up the regal authority, and to explain to the people the reason of ex“cluding the Pope from all jurisdiction in these realms.” Strype, Cranmer, p. 30. Cranmer gives an account of his own preaching on this subject, in Letter clxxr.]

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