Prejudiced Communication: A Social Psychological Perspective

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Guilford Press, Apr 1, 2001 - Psychology - 240 pages
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This volume offers a social psychological perspective on many different forms of prejudiced communication, including derogatory group labels, condescending verbal and nonverbal behavior, hostile humor, and skewed portrayals of outgroup members in the news and entertainment media. The author illuminates the functions that these behaviors serve for individuals, groups, and entire cultures, and examines how they contribute to the perpetuation of stereotypes, discrimination, and status differences. Also discussed are the strengths and limitations of various approaches to reducing prejudiced communication in its subtle and not-so-subtle forms. The book is filled with thought-provoking examples drawn from everyday life.
 

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Contents

The What and Why
1
Language That Divides
15
Developing and Using Shared Stereotypes
44
Talking Down to Outgroup Members
80
Preferred Cultural Patterns and Nonverbal Behavior
105
The News Media
137
The Culture of Prejudice
173
What Is Known and What Is Unknown
202
References
211
Index
237
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Page 212 - Biernat, M., & Kobrynowicz, D. (1997). Gender- and race-based standards of competence: Lower minimum standards but higher ability standards for devalued groups.
Page 219 - Stereotypes as consensual beliefs. In MP Zanna & JM Olson (Eds.), The psychology of prejudice: The Ontario symposium (Vol. 7, pp. 1-31). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Gardner, WL, Gabriel, S., & Lee, AY (1999). T value freedom, but "we" value relationships: Self-construal priming mirrors cultural differences in judgment.
Page 211 - Andersen, SM, Reznik, I. & Manzella, LM (1996). Eliciting facial affect, motivation, and expectancies in transference: Significant-other representations in social relations.
Page 222 - Physiognomic cues to age and the activation of stereotypes of the elderly in interaction. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 39, 5-20. Hummert, ML (1994b).
Page 227 - Miller, CT, Rothblum, ED, Felicio, D., & Brand, P. (1995). Compensating for stigma: Obese and nonobese women's reactions to being visible. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 21, 1093-1106.
Page 212 - Jr., (1985). Expectation states theory: Review and assessment. In J. Berger & M. Zelditch, Jr. (Eds)., Status, rewards. and influence (pp. 1-72). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

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About the author (2001)

Janet B. Ruscher, PhD, is an Associate Professor in the Department of Psychology at Tulane University. She earned both an MS degree and a PhD in social psychology at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, where she also received the student publication award from Division 8 of the American Psychological Association. Her work at the University of Massachusetts, with Susan Fiske, initially focused on the relation between stereotyping and competitive interdependence, while later work focused on stigma and decisions about discontinuing interdependence. Her current research interests lie primarily with stereotyping and prejudice in everyday communication. Dr. Ruscher's recent empirical work has been published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and the Journal of Language and Social Psychology. An integrative review of her research on prejudiced communication appeared in the 1998 volume of Advances in Experimental Social Psychology.

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