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Libi

1726 13998

THE

PRE FACE

E cannot but think ourselves under

the Obligation of acknowledging, W

first, the Good-will of our Friends in particular, and next, the Cle

mency of the Publick in general, for the kind Encouragement they have given to our first Publication, and hope we Thall equally merit their Favour in this, and the two others that are to follow with as much Dispatch as can be conveniently made.

In our first Volume we traced the CARDINAL from his Birth, through his Education, Advancement in Learning and first Preferments, to his Entrance and growing in Favour at Court. In this we have attended him, from his first Rise at Court, through the various Steps of Dignity that conveyed him to be Archbishop, Lord High Chancellor, Cardinal, and Legate a Latere, all which he enjoyed at once ; but how well he acquitted himself in those high Trusts, we shall leave our READERS to see for themselves, which, we hope, they will not be discouraged

from

from the Pursuit of, notwithstanding a Reverend Gentleman's jejune, trite, and ungenerous Summary of his Life, (in his Lives and Characters, accompanying the Heads * of Eighty Illuftrious Persons of Great Britain) which is so far from answering the Title, or the grand Picture of the Cardinal, that he has rather made him a fitter Companion for a Nero or a CALIGULA, than any thing that can be called truly Illustrious.

One thing more may not be amiss to mention, that it has occasionally fell in our Way to touch on the Pedigree or Descent of a great Number of our noble, antient, and worthy Families, both of Great Britain and Ireland, apprehending that they could not be of any Differvice, if of no real Advantage to many of their present Succefsors. And we must here observe, that we have omitted to relate that the Right Hon. Sir Wit liam Yonge is descended from the elder Brother of Dr. Yonge, who was Master of the Rolls in Henry the VIIIth's Time, and a great Favourite of the Cardinal's. See Fol. 331, of this Volumé.

* Engraved by the ingenious Mef. HOUBRAKEN, and VERTUE.

THE

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E concluded our First Vo- Hen.VIII
lume of this History with the afcends the

Throne,
Death of Henry the VIIth.
W

1509.
who was succeeded in the
Throne by his only Son, Henry the
VIIIth, then about Eighteen Years of

Age, April the 22d. Great Care had been taken of this King's His EduEducation, by instructing him in all Parts of cation. Learning necessary for a Prince design'd for an Ecclesiastick, if his Brother Prince Arthur had lived. Having in his Youth, as Lord Herbert asserts, applied himself much to Learning, so that he made a good Vol. II, B

Pro

Progress in the Sciences; and herein he was greatly forwarded by Mr. Wolsey, Dean of Lincoln ; infomuch, that, as Historians agree, for several Years in the beginning of his Reign, no Affairs diverted him from conversing with learned Men, and encouraging Learning, which seems to appear by the Choice of his Counsellors.

The Day the King ascended the Lord Stafford ar

Throne, the Lord Stafford, Brother to refted, but foon the Duke of Buckingham, was comdischarged. mitted to the Tower, but was foon

after discharged. Lord Herbert seems to think there was no Colour for his Commitment, because he was immediately created Earl of Wiltshire, made one of the Knights of the Garter, and continued to his Death in great Favour with his Majesty, which happened about fourteen Years after his Confinement, when he died without Iffue.

His Majesty early took Care to settle His Majesty set- his Privy Council; the Chief of which tles his Privy Council.

were,

1. William Warham, Archbishop of Canterbury, and Lord High Chancellor.

2. Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and Lord Privy Seal.

3. Thomas Howard, Earl of Surry, Lord High Treasurer.

4. Gerrgé Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord High Steward of the King's Houshold.

5. Thomas Ruthal, soon after made Bishop of Durbam.

6. Lord Herbert, of Gower, &c. Lord Chamberlain.

7. Sir Edward Poynings, Knight of the most noble Order of the Garter, Comptroller of the King's Houshold.

8. Sir Thomas Lovell, Master of the Wards, and Constable of the Tower,

Dean

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Dean Wolsey was appointed the King's Almoner, and, as soon as he appeared at

Shews Wol.

sey great FuCourt, his Majesty received him with great Marks of Favour, singling him out from his other Attendants, and conversed with him in so much Freedom, that the Courtiers paid the Respect to him, as to one looked upon in the high Road to Preferment. The King, after settling his Council, And iffues a

Proclamation, iffueď a Proclamation, wherein is set forth, “ That his Majesty, being in“ formed his good Subjects had been oppref“ ed under the specious Pretence of preserving " the Prerogative of the Crown, gave them Leave

to bring in their Complaints, and promised them “ Satisfaction:" And withał the King confirm’d his Father's general Pardon, granted before his Death, excepting, as Stow says, all Persons guilty of Murder, Felony, or Treason.

This

The SECRET History of the CARDINAL,

by George CAVENDISH, Esq; his GentlemanUsher.

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Of King HENRY the VIIIth’s Ascending the Throne, and the

CARDINAL's Favour with him.

LOFTER the Solem- Diadem of this fertile Nation;

nizations,and cost- • the two and twentieth of April, · A ly Triumphs, our Anno Dom. 1509, which at natural, young,

" that Time flourished with all couragious, luf- • Abundance of Riches, wherety Prince, and Sovereign Lord, of the King was moft inestiKing Henry the Eighth, en- mably furnished, called then tering into his Flower and lusty • the golden World.

Youth, took upon him the • Now shortly after, the Al. Royal Sceptre, and Imperial moner seeing he had a plain

Pache

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