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This Proclamation so much enComplaints brought gaged the Hearts of the People toagainst Empson, wards the young King, that his CleDudley, &C.

mency was the Subject of all Conver

sations. Peçitions were soon brought from all Parts of the Kingdom, not only against Empson and Dudley, but also against their Under-strappers, called Promoters, filled with Complaints of the Extortions they had been guilty of in the Execution of their Offices; among the latter were Joseph Derby, Joseph Smith, and John Simfon, with whom the Government made short Work, instantly trying, convicting, and sentencing them severally according to their Deserts ; and then they were conveyed thro' the City on Horseback, with their Faces to the Horses Tails, and Papers pinned to their Breasts, denoting the Offences they had been guilty of; at which Time the Populace were not wanting in their Beneficence. This Treatment had such an Effect on these Miscreants,

that The SECRET History of the CARDINAL, • Path-way to Promotion, be his Person; and the rather, • hayed himself to politickly, • because he was ready to ad" that he was made one of the vance the King's own Will

King's Privy Council, and in- • and Pleasure, having no respect

created in Fayour daily ; to to the Case. • whom he gave a House at Now the King being young,

Bridewell near Fleet - ftreet, and much given to his Pleasure,

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where he kept his House for « his old Counsellors advised him • his Family, and so he daily at- to have Recourse sometimes § tended upon the King, being to the Council about his weigh. in special Favour.

ty Affairs; but the Almoner, on • His Sentences in the Star- the contrary, persuaded him to. • Chamber were ever so pithy • mind his Pleasure, and he • and witty, that, upon all Oc- ( would take his Care and Charge • cafions, they affigned him, for upon himself, (if his Majesty • the fluent Eloquence of his § would Countenance him with • Tongue, to be the Expositor • his Authority) which the King ! to the King in all their Pro- liked well. And thus none

ceçdings. In whom the King was like to the Almoner in Fareceived so great Content, that vour with the King he called him ftill nearer to

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that divers of them shortly after died in Newgate. A Warning, one would think, sufficient to deter Persons from enriching themselves by stirring up Suits on Inquisitions, and obsolete Recognizances,

But Mr. Salmon remarks -" Thus we find the

Ministry making a Sacrifice of their inferior Agents “ and Under-strappers at the beginning of this Reign,

to remove the Odium of the late Extortions from " themselves; for it is not to be supposed, that those “ unhappy Men durft have distressed the Nation in “ the manner they did, if they had not been support“ ed and encouraged in it by their Superiors : But " this has ever been the Policy of the great Men at “ the Helm, when they have ventured upon any “ destructive Schemes, to give up their Instruments, « in order to turn the Fury of the People from them“ selves, expecting to be looked upon as Patriots, " perhaps for punishing those very Facts which they so themselves advised."

ЕтрBy GEORGE CAVENDISH, Eggs

CH A P. III.' Of King Henry's Invading France in his own Person, with the Cars

dinal's Afiftance. HUS the Almoner conti- of she carries an envious Gall; :T

nuing in high Favour, for, when she seeth her Servant • till at last many Presents, in higheft Authority, she turn

Gifts, and Rewards, came in eth her Favour and pleasant • so plentifully, that, I dare fay, « Countenance into Frowns, • he wanted nothing, for he had • This Almoner climbing up • all Things in Abundance, that • Fortune's Wheel, that no Man

might either please his Fancy, in Estimation with the

or enrich his Coffers; for the King, but only he, for his • Times so favourably smiled up- ' witty Qualities and Wisdom.

on him, but to what End you • He had an especial Gift of < fhall hereafter hear: Therefore '' natural Eloquence, and a filed

let all Men, to whom Fortune Tongue to pronounce the same, $ extendeth her Favour and • that he was able therewith, to • Grace, take heed they trust • persuade and allure all Men to

not her subtil and fair Pro- • his purposes, in the time of his mises, for under Colour there- continuance in Fortune's Favour.

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Empson and Dudley, the two principal Contrivers of all this Calamity, were cited before the Council, where the principal Articles against them were briefly

exhibited. Empson answered for them Empson's both, “ That he could not but take it Speecb. as a Favour that he was allowed to

speak for himself and Mr. Dudley, “ when he considered with what Violence they had “ been pursued; and observed, that the Accusation

was of a very new and strange Nature; that usually “ Men were prosecuted for acting against the Laws,

or disobeying their Sovereign's Commands ; but

they were charged for executing the Laws, of “ which the People were the Authors. That he “ knew it was to little purpose for him to speak, when " the King, to whom they should appeal as their

fupreme Judge and Protector, had abandoned them

to the Fury of their Enemies, for no other Cause “ than obeying his Father's Orders, and maintaining

66 his

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The Secret HISTORY of the CARDINAL, • In the fifth Year of the therein: And he being nothing Reign of King Henry the • fcrupulous in any Thing that

Eighth it chanced, that the the King would command, • Realm

of England and France although it seemed very diffi

at Variance, but upon what • cult, took upon him the whole « Ground or Occafion I know Charge of the Business, and • not; insomuch, that the King • proceeded so therein, that he

was fully resolved in his own • brought all Things to good • Person to invade France with a • Effect in direct Order, for all • puiffant Army : It was there

manner of Victuals and Pro• fore thought very neceffary, vision convenient for fo noble a • that his Royal Enterprizes Voyage and Army. • should be speedily provided and • All Things being thus pre• furnished in every degree, in pared by him in Order, the

Things apt and convenient for King not intending to neglect • the same. For Expedition the or delay any Time, but with

King thought no Man's Wit • noble and valiant Courage to • fo meet for Policy and pain- .! advance his Royal Enterprize,

ful Travel as the Almoner, • passed the Seas between Dover

to whom he committed his and Calis, where he prospe* whole Affiance, and Trust roudy arrived ; and, after he

had

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« his Authority. How could they expect Justice " from the People, or have an equal Tryal from “ them, who fought their Destruction before they were “ heard ? If any of the Statutes, that had been put “ in Force, were disagreeable to the Kingdom, why “ were they not repealed ? Was it ever known before, " that an Attempt should be made for condemning " Men for doing Justice, especially when the King, “ the chief Dispenser thereof, had confirmed and “ warranted every part of their Proceedings, which

they were able to shew. An Attempt (says he) “ before unheard of! and if what we have thus done “ be now construed as Crimes, and we suffer thereby,

desire it may not be divulged to Foreign Nations, " left they should infer the final Dissolution of the En

glish Government was approaching”. To this one of the Council answer

One of the Coun. ed, “ That, tho' Empson had spoken cil answers Emp“ with Boldness, yet he had not

fon.

thereby By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Esq; • had there made his Arrival, • tion thereof to his Majesty's " and landed all his Provision • Use, then he retired from thence • and Munition, and fate in Con- • and marched towards Turney, • sultation about his weighty • and there lay'd Siege in like • Affairs, marched forth in good • manner; to which he gave so • Order of Battle, till he came to • fierce Assault, that the Ene• the strong Town of Turwine, 6 mies were constrained to render • to the which he laid strong • the Town to his Majesty. At • Siege, and made a sharp Al- 6 which Time, the King gave • fault, so that in a short space unto the Almoner the Bisho• it was yielded unto him, unto • prick of the fame See towards • which Place the Emperor Max- • his Pains and Diligence sustain• imilian resorted unto him with • ed in that Journey.

And a great Army like a mighty when he had established all • Prince, taking of the King's Things according to his Prince

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ly Mind and Pleasure, and furThus, after the King had o nished the same with Men and taken this strong Town, and Captains of War for the Safe* taken Possession thereof, and guard of the Town, he pre.

set all Things in good Order, pared for his Return to Enfor the Defence and Preserva. gland,

• But

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" thereby cleared himself and Dudley of the Charge “ brought against them; for that they were not

executing the Laws, or obeying “ the lawful Commands of the late King, but for

stretching the Laws beyond their due Bounds, and

exceeding their Sovereign's Authority, which Ac“ cusation the Council had Reason to believe was « too well ground

grouws.d; and therefore it was his Majefty's Pleasure, that they should be committed to the “ Tower, till an Enquiry could be made into the Charge « that had been brought against them.” And upon breaking up of the Council they were accordingly committed.

" In any other Country (says Rapin) Rapin's Remarks on their

an Act of Sovereignty to send these Cafe.

two Men to the Gallows would

“ have been seen with Joy; but it's e not the same in England, because no Man can be « condemned unheard, of which Privilege the “ greatest Criminals are not debarred. It was neces“ lary therefore to find out some express Law to

c condemn The SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL, • But now you shall understand By this time the King reby the way, that, whilst the • turned into England, and took • King was absent with a great with him divers noble Perfo. • Power in France, the Scottish 'nages of France, being Prifo

King invaded England, against ners; as the Duke of Longuió • whom the Queen sent a great do, Viscount Clerimond, with Army, the Earl of Surry be- • divers others that were taken in • ing General, where he over- a Skirmish. • threw the Scots at Balmston,

• And thus God gave him • called Hoddenficld, where the Victory at Home, and Victo

King of Scots was slain, with ry Abroad, being in the fifth divers of his Nobility, and Year of his Reign, Anno Dom. eighteen thousand Men, and One Thousand Five Hundred they took all his Munition for

and Thirteen. • War.

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CH A P.

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