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mance of other Rites of the Church. He also sent for his Council, to advise with them, whether he had not better leave his Dominions in Spain to his Grandson, Ferdinand, instead of Charles, who, he said, perhaps could not come over to govern himself.

The Council unanimously begged him not to alter the Succesfion, which might occasion Wars and other Calamities. This Representation had the desired Effect, and Ferdinand, when his Council were retired, admitted Adrian to his Presence, and made his Will. On the 23d of January he died of the Death of King.

Ferdinand of Dropsy, at a poor Inn at Madrigalego, in

Spain. the 64th Year of his Age and 42d of his Reign. Many believe the Potion, that his Queen gave him in hopes of having Children by him, contributed greatly to destroy his Constitution.

Ferdinand ordered his Body to be buried at Granada. An Astrologer having told him he should die at Madrigalo, he would never go to that Town.

Guicciardin relates, “ That Ferdinand was a King ext cellent in Council, and so furnished with all Virtues, is that he deserved no Reproof, if he had been con“ ftant in keeping his Promises ; for, touching the

Charge of Niggardliness, it was not true, as appeared

on the Survey of his Eftate after his Death." This Author further remarks, " That, to the excellent “ Virtues of this Prince, was joined a most rare and

perpetual Felicity during the whole Course of his “ Life, excepting the Death of his only Son : as to the Death of his Son-in-law, that added to his Greatness, the Kingdom of Castile reverting to him again thereon. Besides, feveral other Incidents contributed towards making him great; he being Second Son to John, King of Arragon, he came to the Crown by the Death of his eldest Brother, and gained the Kingdom of Castile in Right of his Wife ; after subduing the other Competitors to the same, he annexed the KingRr 2


" For, dom of Granada to his Empire, as before observed ; (which the Enemies of the Christian Faith had usurped almost Eight hundred Years) Naples, and the great Dif coveries in the West-Indies, with the Conquest of Navarre, the Principality of Oran, and many other Places of Importance upon the Coast of Africa still added to his Grandeur." "He kept always the upper Hand of his Enemies, and cloaked his Ambition and Covetousness of other Princes Kingdoms and States under Pretence of Zeal to Religion, and an holy Affection to the Common-wealth.

By this Monarch's Death a Pope and Three great Kings, in about seven Years, went to their last Account, Julius the IId, Henry the VIIth, Lewis. the XIIth, and Ferdinand. The second and fourth were not unlike in Temper, each having every thing as far as he could for his own Benefit. Henry, during his Life, made Ferdinand Dupe to carry the Points he had then depending, whilft Ferdinand thought he was made use of in Matters that were greatly for his own Interest; and He at last perceiving the Use Henry made of him, in return made the same Use of his Son, Henry the VIIIth, as his Father had made of him. But when the great Wolfey came to be first Minister, he quickly discovered all old Ferdinand's Drifts, other Measures were taken, and young Henry, by pursuing his Primier's Advice, foon turned the Tables upon his Father-in-law. Witness the Treaty, in the Year 1514, between Henry and Lewis, concluded without the Privity either of him or Maximilian ; and Henry at last learned to take as little Notice of the Spanish Ambassador as King Ferdinand and Julius the IId had before of his, when they thought they had served their own Turns, by obtaining the Retreat of Lewis the XIIth out of Italy in the Year 1512.

Though Ferdinand was counted as saving as Henry the VIIth, yet the Cafe was vastly different at their Death, the first leaving his Succeffor, though he had


no Indies to be supplied from, an almost immense Sum in ready Money: Whereas the other, who had the Indies at command, died so poor as to leave scarce sufficient to bury him: But then it may be observed, that Henry the VIIth kept himself single, after the Death of his Queen; whereas Ferdinand married an artful Wife in his old Age, who was a Woman of great Activity, and very likely was the Means of exhausting both his Wealth and his Strength.

After the Death of Ferdinand the whole Kingdom of Spain caine of Charles of Austria course to Johanna his eldest Daughter; Spain.

proclaimed King of but, by Reason of her Defect of Understanding, Charles of Austria, her eldest Son, then in the Low Countries, was proclaimed King of Spain. Whereupon Adrian, then upon the Spot, produced to the Council Letters Patent, whereby he was constituted Regent in his Master's Absence : But Ximenes refused to acknowledge him as such on Pretence, that Charles had no Authority to appoint a Regent, before he was received as King. However, to prevent Difturbances on that Head, it was soon agreed, that the Affairs of the Government should be conducted by Ximenes and Adrian, as Joint-regents, and all Dispatches to be signed by both Parties : But, notwithstanding this Agreement, Ximenes left Adrian only the bare Title of Joint-regent, for he discharged all the Functions of a sole Governor.

When King Charles heard what had been transacting in Spain, he wrote to the Council of Castile, assuring them, that he would come over with all Speed; to Cardinal Ximenes, recommending to him the Care of the Government; to Queen Germane, comforting and affuring her of all Honour and Respect ; and to Prince Ferdinand, assuring him, that he would be both a Brother and a Father to him. But there were not wanting Persons, who endeavoured to set Charles against Ximenes, in which they succeeded ; though Charles

did not for the present think proper to fhew his Displeasure. On the other Hand, though the Queen his Mother, was distracted, several Persons resorted to her, and inculcated so much Ill into her against the King, her Son, that she would never call him any thing but Prince. Rebellion in Upon the Death of King Ferdinand, Sicily. d'Hugo de Moncada was Viceroy of Sicily, and resided at Palermo, where the two Earls of Camcrofa and Golifano had so far incensed the Rabble against the Viceroy, that they took Arms and be sieged him in his Palace, from whence with much Difficulty he escaped to Mefina. In the mean time they broke into his Palace, plundered it, and fet feveral Prisoners åt Liberty. King Charles, upon hearing this News, fent the Earl of Monteleon, his Viceroy over to that Ifand, with a Body of Troops. These Forces, with the Assistance of some of the Prime Nobility, foon broke the Band of the Mutineers, and, after taking several Prisoners, fome were immediately executed, and others were imprisoned, insomuch that, before the Year expired, the Peace of the Island was restored. The Opposition of The next Difficulty King Charles had John d'Albert

to encounter, on his succeeding to the Crown of Spain, was this, John d'Albert, the deprived King of Navarre, got a Body of Troops together, consisting of 1000 Foot and some Horse, and put at their Head the famous Marshal Peter de Navarro, who he had prevailed with to enter into his Service. These Forces marched into that Kingdom, and King John's Affairs at first seemed to bear a favourable Aspect, which gave great Uneafiness to Cardinal Ximenes, the Kingdom being then in a defenceless Condition. However, no time was lost in raising Forces, in order to oppose King John's Projects, and the Troops were no sooner raised, but they marched to meet the Enemy, under the Com


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