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den of the Exchange at Calais ; and appointed fifty Gentlemen to be Spear-men, each of them to have an Archer, a Demy Lance, and a Chrystal ; and every Spear-man to have three great Horse-inen Attendants on his Person, of which Band the Earl of Essex was constituted Lieutenant, and Sir John Pechie Captain : But this Band did not hold long, being, somewhat like the late King of Prussia's tall Grenidiers, very expensive to maintain, and of little or no Use. Some time after the King's Coronation, Countess of

Richmond's Margaret, Countess of Richmond and Der

Death and by, the King's Grandmother, died, much

Character. lamented by the King and the whole Court. This Princess was so remarkable for her extensive Charity, that the Publick, by her Death, suftained a very great Loss.

Cambridge, in particular, will for ever honour her Memory, where she founded two Colleges for that

UniBy George CAVENDISH, Esq; came to fetch

their Stuff,

much more, for he increased they would account for the daily in the King's Favour, by • Gentlemen's Colts the Day be- r reason of his Wit and Readi6 fore.

• ness to do the King Pleasure in • Thus the Emperor enter

• all Things. 6 tained the Cardinal and his • In the one and twentieth Train, during the Time of his • Year of King Henry the

Embaffy. And, that done, he • VIIIth's Reign, Anno Dom. ' returned into England with • 1529, this Emperor, Charles

great Triumph, being no less the Vth, came into England, in Estimation with the King who was nobly entertained. sthan he was before, but rather

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CHA P. VII. of the Manner of his Going to Westminster-Hall. OW must I declare the ber, he most commonly heard

Manner of his going • two Masses in his Chapel or ' to Westminfter-Hall in the ( Chamber. And I heard one • Term Time.

First, when he • of his Chaplains fay since, Ithat came out of his Privy Cham- was a Man of Credi:,

and exD 2

o cellent

University; the one dedicated to our Saviour Christ, and the other to St. John, and endowed them both with large Revenues. Besides Officers and Servants, there are 200 Students maintained in them. She left likewise Lands to both Universities, out of the Rents whereof, two Doctors, Professors of Divinity, annually receive Allowances. She was buried near her Son Henry the VIIth, according to the Dignity of so great a Person, in a fair Tomb of Touchstone, whereon lies her Image of gilt Brass. She had no Issue by the Earl of Derby, her second Husband, who died in the Year 1504.

Fisher, Bishop of Rochester, preached her Funeral Sermon, and threw these Flowers upon her Grave.

Concerning her Birth, that she was the Daughter of John Duke of Somerset, lineally descended from the most noble Prince Edward the IIId, King of England. That she was a fecond Martha, both for her Hospitality and Readiness to do Good; would

often The Secret History of the CARDINAL, cellent Learning) that, what ! grained, his Pillion of Scarlet, • Business foever the Cardinal • with a black Velvet Tippet of

had in the Day-time, he Sables about his Neck, hold. never went to-bed with any ing in his Hand an Orange, the

part of his Service unfaid ; no, Meat or Subitance thereof being o not so much as one Collect, ! taken out, and filled again with

in which I think he deceived a part of Sponge, with Vinegar many a Man. Then, going in- " and other Confections against

to his Chamber again, he de- peftilent Airs, the which he • manded of some of his Ser- . most commonly held to his

yants, if they were in readiness, • Nose when he came to the Pres

and had furnished his Cham- ? seș, or when he was peltered I ber of Presence, and waiting ' with many Suitors : And be

Chamber; he then, being ad- 'fore him was borne the broad vertised, came out of his Pri- • Seal of England, and the Carvy Chamber about eight of 'dinal's Hat, by some Lords, the Clock, ready apparelled, ? or fome Gentlemen of War

and in red like a Cardinal, ! ship right folemnly; and as ? his upper Vesture was all of soon as he was entered into his

Scarlet, or else of fine Crimson · Chamber of Presence, where Taffata, or Crimson Sattin in- ! there were daily attending on



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often dress the Wounds of poor People with her own Hands, with many other manual Acts of Charity, frequently performed by the greatest Personages in those Days, tho' now much neglected. And, which was very extraordinary,when a Proposal was made for divers Princes to join in a War against the common Enemy of the Christian Faith, this Princess, to encourage them in so glorious an Expedition, offered even herself to attend them as a Laundress.

The following Epitaph, composed by Erasmus, was inscribed upon her Tomb.






This By GEORGE CAVENDISH, Esq; ! him as well Noblemen of this when he was mounted, his two • Realm, as other worthy Gen- • Cross-bearers, his two Pillar• tlemen of his own Family, ' bearers, all upon great Horses, • his two great Crosses were • all in fine Scarlet ; then he • there attending upon him ; ( marched on with a Train of • then cry the Gentlemen Ushers • Gentry, having four Foot-men that go

before him bare-head- • about him, bearing every one ed, on Masters before, and • of them a Pole-ax in his Hand; make Room for my Lord! Thus • and thus passed he forth till

went he down into the Hall, • he came to Westminster, and with a Serjeant of Arms before • there alighted and went in him, bearing a great Mace of • this Manner up to the ChanSilver, and two Gentlemen cery, and staid a while at a carrying two great Plates of • Bar, made for him beneath • Silver; and, when he came to the Chancery, and there he : the Hall-door, there his Mule • communed sometimes with • stood trapped all in Crimson Judges, and sometimes with ? Velvet, with a Saddle of the • other Persons, and then went fame.

up to the Chancery, and fat • Then was attending him, there till eleven of the Clock,


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This Princess was a great Encourager both of Religious and Learned Men, and frorn time to time preferred them in her Family, and afterwards recommended them to her Son Henry the VIIth, who generally indulged her Requests. Among them Hugh Oldham, Dr. in Divinity, and one of this Princess's Chaplains, was preferred to the See of Exeter; and of her Will she made Sir John St. John and others Executors, who faithfully executed the Trust reposed in them.

Sir John was of a very antient Family, being paternally descended from the Ports, Lords of Basing in Hampshire, who were great Barons at the Tine of the Conquest; and by maternal Descent he derived the Sur-name of St. John, in lineal Succession from William de St. John, and entered England with William (by some called) the Conqueror.

Sir* John's Mother, Margaret, the Relict of Sir Oliver St. John, married John Beaufort, Duke of So

merThe SECRET HISTORY of the CARDINAL, " to hear Suits, and to deter- • fort to the Court, being at • mine Causes; and from thence Greenwich, with his former re• he would go into the Star- • hearsed Train and Triumph,

chamber as Occasion served taking his Barge at his own • him; he neither spared High · Stairs, furnished with Yeomen nor Low, but

did judge

standing upon the Sails, and every one according unto • his Gentlemen within and a

• bout, and landed at the Three . Every Sunday he would re- Cranes in the Vine-tree, and

« from



· Right.

* From this Gentleman, Henry Lord Viscount St. John, Lord St. John of Bletso, and Sir Francis St. John, Bart. are descended. The first named Lord served his Country in Parliament for the space of 21 Years, and was, on the 2d of July, in the 2d of K. Geo. I. created Baron St. John of Battersea, and Viscount St. John.

Henry, his eldest Son by his first Lady, was a Gentleman of so great Learning and prightly Parts, that he had but few Equals in the Kingdom; and, having diftinguith'd himself in the House of Commons, was made Secretary of War, and one of the Priyy


merfet, by whom she had Margaret, Countess of Rich-
mond, Mother to Henry the VIIth, who conferred on
him the Honour of Knighthood. Sir John died be-
yond Sea the first of Sept. in the fourth Year of Henry
the VIIIth.
The Fame of the young King's Cou-

The King's

Fame, &c. rage, and Magnanimity of Temper was

spread. now spread abroad, which foon drew over to England a great Concourse of learned Men from different Parts of the World, with Expectations to partake of the King's Liberality and Generosity among whom the famous Erasmus was not wanting. And the reigning Princes of Europe as usual, on his Majesty's Acceffion to the Throne, sent Ambassadors to compliment him, and renew severally the Treaties of Alliance and Commerce, fubsisting between them and the late King his Father.

On the other hand, the King fent Ministers abroad to the several Courts, to notify his Accession to the

Throne By GEORGE CAVENDISH, EJq; " from thence he rode upon his tained of the Lords in the ! Mule with his Crosses, his Pil- King's House, being there with • lars, his Hat, and his broad • Staves in their Hands, as the • Seal carried before him on Treasurer, Comptroller, with

Horseback along Thames-street, many others, and conveyed • until he came to Billinsgate, • into the King's Chamber, and f and there he took his Barge, • fo went home again in the like • and fo went to Greenwich, Triumph. I where he was nobly enter

c H A P.

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Council, by her late Majefty Queen Anne'; fome time after he was made Secretary of State, and on the r7th of July, 1712; he was created a Baron, and also Viscount Bolingbroke; but, in the oft of K. Geo. I. he retired Abroad, and his Honours were forfeited by his Atrainder. However, his Lordship has obtained fo much Fayour, by Act of Parliament, 12 K. Geo. I. notwithstanding his Attainder, to enjoy çertain Estates, &c. in Great Britain, and which likewise permitted him (after he had continued several Years in Foreign: Parts) to return to kis native Country, where we wish he may enjoy the Sweete of a quiet Retreat from the troublesome Affairs of State,

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