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Lear, Nothing can come of nothing; speak again.

Cor. Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave
My heart into my mouth. I love your Majesty
According to my bond, no more nor less.
Lear. How, how, Cordelia ? mend your speech a

Lest you may mar your fortunes.

Cor. Good my Lord,
You have begot me, bred me, lov'd me. I
Return those duties back, as are right fit,
Obey you, love you, and most honour you.
Why have my lifters husbands, if they say,
They love you, all ? haply, when I shall wed,
That Lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall

Half my love with him, half my care and duty.
Sure, I shall never marry like my sisters,
* To love my father all. -

Lear. But goes thy heart with this?
Cor. Ay, my good Lord.
Lear. So young, and so untender?
Cor. So young, my Lord, and true.

Lear. Let it be so, thy truth then be thy dower
For by the facred radiance of the sun,
The mysteries of Hecat, and the night,
By all the operations of the orbs,
From whom we do exist, and cease to be,
Here I disclaim all my paternal care,
Propinquity and property of blood,
And as a stranger to my heart and me
Hold thee, from this, for ever. The barb'rous Scy-

Or he, that makes his generation messes
To gorge his appetite, Thall to my bosom



6 To love my father all.] first edition, without which the These words restored from the sense was not compleat. Pope.


Be as well neighbour'd, pitied, and reliev'd,
As thou, my sometime daughter.

Kent. Good my Liege

Lear. Peace, Kent !
Come not between the dragon and his wrath.
I lov'd her most, and thought to fet my Rest
On her kind nurs’ry. Hence, avoid my sight! -

[To Cor.

So be my grave my peace, as here I give
Her father's heart from her ;-Call France-Who stirs ?
Call Burgundy.-- Cornwall and Albany,
With my two daughters' dowers digest the third.
Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her.
I do invest you jointly with my Power,
Preheminence, and all the large effects
That troop with Majesty. Our self by monthly course,
With reservation of an hundred Knights,
By you to be sustain'd, shall our abode
Make with you by due turns ; ? only retain
The name and all th'addition to a King,
The sway, revenue, execution of the rest,
Beloved fons, be yours; which to confirm,


only retain the whole is,-) will only retain The name, and all th' addition the name and all the ceremonito a King ;

ous observances that belong to a I be sway, revenue, execution, King; the effentials, as sway,

Beloved fons, be yours ;). The revenue, administration of the old books read the lines thus, laws, be yours. The fuar, revenue, execution


Execution of the roj] I do not Beloved fons, be yours.

see any great difficulty in the This is evidently corrupt, and words, execution of the rest

, which the editors not knowing what to are in both the old copies. The make of of the rest left it execution of the rejl is, I supThe true reading, without · pose, all the other bufiness. Dr.

Warburton's own explanation of The fway, revenue, execution his amendment confutes it; if OF TH' HEST,


best be a regal command, they Beloved fons, be yours.

were, by the grant of Lear, to Heft, is an old word for regal have rather the hejt than the excommand : so that the sense of eca:iin,

doubt, was,

This Coronet part between you. [Giving the Crown.

Kent. Royal Lear,
Whom I have ever honour'd as my King,
Lov'd as my father, as my master follow'd,
As my great patron thought on in my pray’rs —
Lear. The bow is bene and drawn, make from the

Kent. Let it fall rather, though the fork invade
The region of my heart ; be Kent unmannerly,
When Lear is mad. What wouldft thou do, old man?
* Think’lt thou, that duty shall have dread to speak,
When pow'r to flatt’ry bows ? To plainness honour's

When Majesty falls to folly. Reserve thy state,
And in thy best consideration check
This hideous rashness; answer my life my judgment,
Thy youngest daughter does not love thee lealt;
Nor are thofe empty hearted, whose low found
Reverbs no hollowness.

Lear. Kent, on thy life no more.
Kent. My life I never held but as a pawn
* Think's thou, that duty fhall be arfernble for my judgment,

kave dread to fpak,) have or I wiljake ny life on my opini.n.
given this passage according to The reading which, without
the old folio, from which the any right, has possessed all the
modern editions have filently modern copies is this,
departed, for the sake of better

10 pluinness Honour numbers, with a degree of in- Is bound, when Majeliy 10 folly fincerity, which, if not fome- falls. umes detected and censured, Referve tby fate; with better muit impair the credit of antient

judgment check books. One of the editors, and Tb s hideous raftness; with my perhaps only one, kne:v how life I answer, much mischief may be done by T by loungefi dau brer, &c. foch clandeftine alteracions.

I am inclined to ihink that reThe quarto agrees with the ve' se iry doom was Shakespeare's folio, except that for refer ie thy fift reading, as more apposite Bare, it gives, rete le iby don, to the p:esent o cafion, and that and ha ft ceps initead of falls to he changed it afterwards to re

Jerve thy flate, which conduces The meaning of anf ver my more to the progress of she aclife they judgment is, Let my iifė Lion.


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To wage against thine enemies, nor fear to lofe it,
Thy safety being the motive.

Lear. Out of my fight!

Kent. See better, Leor, and let me still remain 9 The true blank of thine eye.

Lear. Now by Apollo

Kent. Now by Apollo, King, Thou swear'st thy gods in vain. Lear. O vaffal! miscreant!

(Laying bis band on bis sword. Alb. Corn. Dear Sir, forbear.

Kent. Kill thy physician, and thy fee bestow
Upon the foul disease; revoke thy doom,
Or whilft I can vent clamour from my throat,
I'll tell thee, thou doft evil.

Lear. Hear me, recreant !
Since thou haft sought to make us break our vow,
Which we durft never yet; and with strain'd pride,
* To come betwixt our sentence and our power;
Which nor our nature, nor our place, can bear ;


ep me

9 The true blank of thine eye ] stood before he corrupted the The blink is the white or exact words, was this: “ You have mark at which the arrow is shot. “ endeavour'd, says Lear, to See berter, says Kent, and k “ make me break my oath, always in your view.

you have presumed to stop the - siraind pride, ] The “ execution of my fentence: oldest copy reads, firayed pride;

" the latter of these attempts that is, pride exorbitant; pride “ neither my temper nor bigha passing due bounds.

6 station will suffer me to bear ; : To come betwixt our fentence " and the other, had I yielded

and our power ;] Power, for to it, my power could not execution of the sentence. “ make good, or excuse."

WARBURTON. Which, in the first line, referring 3 k'hich nor our nature, nur our to both attempts : But the amplace can bear,

biguity of it, as it might refer Our potency make good;] Mr. only to the latter, has occasioned Tbeobald, by putting the first all the obscurity of the paffage. line into a parenthesis and al

WARBURTON. tering make to made in the fee Theobald only inserted the cond line, had destroyed the parenthesis ; he found made good lenfe of the whole ; which, as it in the best copy of 1623. Dr.


Our potency made good, take thy reward.
Five days we do allot thee for provision,
To shield thee from disasters of the world ;
And, on the sixth, to turn thy hated back
Upon our Kingdom ; if, the tenth day following,
Thy banish'd trunk be found in our dominions,
The moment is thy death. Away! + By Jupiter,
This shall not be revok'd.
Kent. Fare thee well, King; sith thus thou wilt

Freedom lives hence, and banishment is here.
The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid,

(To Cordelia. That justly think'st, and hast most rightly said. And your large speeches may your deeds approve,

(To Reg. and Gon. That good effects may spring from words of love. Thus Kent, O Princes, bids you all adieu ; s He'll shape his old course in a country new. (Exit. Warbu: ton has very acutely ex- Mr. Davies thinks, that our plained and defended the read- potency made good relates only to ing that he has chosen, but I am our place.—Which our nature cannot certain that he has chosen not bear, nor our place, without sight. If we take the reading departure from the potency of that of the folio, our potency made place. This is easy and clear. good, the sense will be less pro- Lear, who is characterized as found indeed, but less intricate, hot, heady and violent, is, with and equally commodious. As very juft observation of life, made thou hast come with unrenfonable to entangle himself with vows, pride between the sentence which upon any sudden provocation to I had poljed, and the power by vow revenge, and then to plead which I jrall execute it, take thy the obligation of a vow in dereward in another sentence which fence of implacability. fall make good, shall efta'lib, 4 By Jupiter. ] Shakeficare pall maintain, that power.

makes his Lear too much a myIf Dr. Warburton's explana- thologist: he had Hecate and Ation be chosen, and every reader pollo before. will wish to choose it, we may

s He'll shape his old course-] better read,

He will follow his old maxims; Which nor our nature, nor cur he will continue to act upon the ftate can bear,

same principles. Or potency make good.


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