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STATISTICS.

PART IX.

STATISTICS.

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By statistics is meant a collection of facts respecting the state of society, the condition of the people in a nation or country, their health, longevity, domestic economy, arts, property, and political strength, the state of the country, &c.

Although the ancients appear to have had some practical knowledge of this subject, yet it was extremely limited, and doubtless very imperfect. As a science, statistics is of very recent origin, having for its founder Achenwall, a professor of Gottingen University. In 1748, he published a valuable work on statistics, the plan of which has served as the basis of several other, still more valuable and later treatises.

Hitherto, individuals have paid more attention to statistical information than governments; yet it would obviously be for the advantage of every regular government to provide for detailed reports, on those subjects, which would elicit a view of the statistical condition of the countries where they are established. Most governments provide for an enumeration of their inhabitants and the revenue; but, in respect to a periodical census, extending to all the important branches statistical knowledge, it is believed that England and the United States are the only two governments which have made legal provision. In the former country, the first census of the above kind was made in 1811. In the latter in 1790. In both countries, the census is repeated every ten years.

STATISTICS OF THE UNITED STATES.

POPULATION OF THE AMERICAN COLONIES IN 1701.

SOULS

Massachusetts

70,000 New York Connecticut

30,000 East and West Jersey Rhode Island

10,000 Pennsylvania New Hampshire

10,000 Maryland

Virginia New England

120,000 North Carolina, Middle and So. Colonies 142,000 South Carolina

SOULS. 30,000 15,000 20,000 25,000 40,000 5,000 7,000

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STATISTICS.

DATES OF THE FIRST SETTLEMENT OF THE SEVERAL COLONIES.

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During the war of the revolution, commerce being interrupted, no revenue was raised from this branch of industry, nor had the Continental Congress the power to lay a general tax on commerce, this being the exclusive prerogative of the several States. Resort was therefore necessarily had to loans and paper money. Owing to various causes the precise amount of expenditures for the war cannot be ascertained. The following estimate is supposed to approximate to the expense incurred. Estimated expenditures

Doll's. 90ths. of 1775 and 1776, in specie,

20,064,666 66 1777

24,986,646 85 1778

24,289,438 26 1779

10,794,620 65 1780

3,000,000 00 1781

1,942,465 30 1782

3,632,745 85 1783

3,226,583 45 To Nov. Ist, 1784

548,525 63

Forming an amount total of $92,485,693 15 To which should be added

Doll's. 90ths. Army debt upon Commissioners certificates,

11,080,576 1 Supplies furnished by citizens of the several States, 3,723,625 21 Supplies furnished from the quarter-master's department, commissary, &c.

1,159,170 5 Other supplies, certificates for which were issued by Register,

744,638 49 The foreign expenditures, civil, military, &c. *5,000,000 00 Estimated expenditures of the several States, 21,000,000 00 Estimated expense of the war in Specie,

$135,193,703 00

New Emission.

Doll's. 90ths,

EMISSIONS OF CONTINENTAL MONEY.
Old Emission.

Doll's. 90ths,
In 1776 20,064,666 66

1777 26,426,333 1
1778 66,965,269 34
1779 149,703,856 77
1780 82,908,320 47
1781 11,408,095 00

891,236 80 1,179,249 00

$357,476,541 45

$2,070,485 80

STATISTICS.

LOANS AND GRANTS OF MONEY FROM FRANCE.

Livres. Dollars. 1778. February 6-Cash received from sundry indi.

viduals up to this day, including a loan from
the Farmers General,

3,000,000 555,555 Loan by the Court o France for this year, 3,000,000 555,555 1779.–Loan for this year,

1,000,000 185,185 1780.–Loan,

4,000,000 740,740 1781.-Loan,

4,000,000 740,740 Subsidy from the Court of France

6,000,000 1,111,111 Loan granted by the Court in Holland 10,000,000 1,851,851 1782.-Loan,

6,000,000 1,111,111 1783.- Loan,

6,000,000 1,111,111

43,000,000 7,962,959

TROOPS EMPLOYED DURING THE REVOLUTION.

[From Dr. Holmes's Annals.] Land Forces employed by Great Britain in America, 1774-1780. 1774 6,884 | Died and deserted 19,381 | Lost of the army 24,717 1775 11,319 Prisoners

5,336. Lost of the navy 4,314 1776 45,865 1777 48,616

24,717

29,031

Naval Force for the above Four Years.
Men of war and armed vessels,
Complement of men,
Of which were lost by death,

83 22,337 4,314

Men and Marines employed by Great Britain during the American IPar. Raised for his Majesty's navy, marines included, from September 29 1774. to September 29, 1780,

175,990 Of whom in 5 years, beginning with 1776 and ending with 1780, Died

18,545
Were killed
Deserted

42,069

1,343 } 19,788 total.

Troops raised in Great Britain and Ireland for his Majesty's Land Service

(Militia and Fencible Men in North Britain not included) from September 29, 1774, to September 29, 1780.

76,885 Of which died in North America and the West Indies

10,012
Taken prisoners, including those under the Convention
of Saratoga

8,629
Deserted

3,801 Discharged the service

3,885 26,327

STATISTICS. British Corps and Recruits sent from Great Britain or Ireland to North

America or the West Indies. 1778

3774 1779

6871 Total 20,882. 1780

10,237

26

Account of the Ships of the Line and Frigates, taken or destroyed during the

War of the Revolution.
French ships of the line taken by the British 13
Do.
lost

13
Spanish ships of the line taken by do.
'Do.
lost

12

5 Dutch ships of the line taken by do.

3 Do.

lost American ship of the line taken by do.

1

Taken 23, lost 23. Total 46 French frigates taken 27, American 12, Spanish 11, and Dutch 2 ;-beside

which, 5 Spanish and 4 American frigates were lost. Total 61. British, one 64 and two fifties taken by the French

32 Do. ships of the line lost

15

18 British frigates taken by the French 6, by the Americans 1, and 17 lost.

Total 24.

NAVAL FORCE OF THE UNITED STATES.

Names and Rate. When built. | Names and Rate.
Ships of the Line. Guns.

Sloops of War.
Independence 74 1814 Erie
Franklin

74 1815 Ontario Washington

74 1816 Peacock Columbus

74 1819 Boston Ohio

74 1820 Lexington North Carolina 74 1820 Vincennes Delaware

74 1820

Warren Frigates of 1st class.

Natches United States

44 1797 Falmouth Constitution

44 1797 Fairfield Guerrier

44 1814 Vandalia Java

44 1814 St. Louis Potomac

44 1821 Concord Brandywine

44 1825 Schooners, &c. Hudson

1826 Dolphin Frigates of 2d class.

Grampus Congress

36 1799 Porpoise Constellation

36 1797 Shark Macedonian

36 1812+ | Fox Sloops of War.

Alert (store ship,) John Adams

24 1799 Sea Gull (galliot,) Cyane

24 181571
* Purchased in. + Captured.

When built. Guns.

18 1813 18 1813 18 1813 18 1825 18 1825 18 1826 18 1826 18 1827 18 1827

1828 1828 1828 1828

44

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STATISTICS.

ADOPTION OF THE FIRST STATE CONSTITUTIONS.

New Hampshire, January 5,

1776 South Carolina, March 24,

1776 Virginia, June 29,

1776 New Jersey, Jaly 2,

. 1776 Maryland, August 14,

1776 Pennsylvania, September,

1776 Delaware, September,

1776 North Carolina, December,

1776 New York, April,

1777 Massachusetts, March,

1780 Vermont, July 4,

1786 Georgia, May,

1789 2. Amount of Money expended in each State and Territory, by the United

States, upon Works of Internal Improvement, from the Adoption of the

Federal Constitution to the 1st day of October, 1828. Maine $11,724 22 Tennessee

4,200 00 Massachusetts 104,042 46 Ohio

390,159 03 Connecticut 2,069 97 Indiana

108,623 88 Rhode Island 195 19 Mississippi

49,385 52 New York 68,138 45 Illinois

8,000 00 Pennsylvania 39,728 32 Alabama

81,762 78 Delaware 307,104 01 Missouri

22,702 24 Maryland 10,000 00 Arkansas

44,690 00 Virginia 150,000 00 Michigan

48,607 95 North Carolina 1,000 00 Florida

799,002 01 Kentucky

90,000 00

Total $2,341,136 03 Road from Cumberland to the Ohio

1,662,246 75 Continuation of the Cumberland Road

453,547 86 Repairs of the Cumberland Road

55,501 00 Road from Nashville to Natchez

8,000 00 Road from Wheeling to the Mississippi river

10,000 00 Road from Missouri to New Mexico

30,000 00 Road from Mississippi to the State of Ohio

5,539 35 Road from Georgia to New Orleans

5,500 00 Roads in Tennessee, Louisiana, and Georgia

15,000 00 Road from Nashville to New Orleans

7,920 00 Surveys of Roads and Canals

166,681 49 Surveys of Maps and Charts of the Ohio and Mississippi rivers 4,185 24 Improving the Navigation of the Ohio and Mississippirivers 103,409 72 Military Roads

10,218 43 Surveys of the water courses of the Mississippi river 11,122 04 Road through the Creek Nation

3,621 01 Opening the old Natchez road

5,000 00 Breakwater at the mouth of Delaware Bay

5,000 00

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