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E. H. BARKER'S REPLY TO BOINTOX.

[See Class. Journ. L. 337. LI. 147.]

Each party having exchanged the compliments of the season, business may now be conducted between them without further ceremony. BOINTOX's answer does not require any lengthened reply; but it would be ungracious to give none, and yet in my Bibliotheca, óréyn te dían te, I do not find sufficient resources to give one at once full and satisfactory.

1. Thybris. ...Tiberis, et per sync. Tibris, is et idis, m. Tevere, Tißepis, Fluvius Hetruriæ, olim Albula dictus, postea etiam Tybris, ut Plin. 3, 5. docet, ubi et ejus cursum describit,) qui ex Apennino ortus, aliisque aucţus fluminibus Romam interluit, et in mare Tyrrhenum duobus ostiis influit. Nomen habuit a Tiberino rege, vel a Tybri rege Tuscorum, ut est ap. Virg. Æn. 8, 330. vel ánò tñs xßgews, quia Romæ imaginem præbebat illius fossæ, quam intra moenia sua Syracusani olim duxerunt, Atheniensium devictorum opera usi per vim et injuriam, ut Serv. ad Virg. 1. c. et ad 3, 500. fabulatur. Quam ob rem nonnullis Thybris, aut Tybris scribere placuit. Sed consuetudo Latina Græcas litteras abjicit, ut Lapidibus productis Manut, et Cellar. ostendunt. Et fortasse nomen regis Etrusci per thy scriptum fuit; at nomen fluvii per Lat. litteras Latini scripserunt." Forcellin. Lex. totius Latin. “Primum ab aquarum colore Albula dictus est, deinde Thybris, (unde Gr. Qúußpıs,) denique Tiberis appellatus, a rege Tusco ejus nominis, juxta eum in bello occiso. Virg. Æn. 8, 330. asperque immani corpore Thybris ; A quo post Itali fluvium cognomine Thybrin Diximus : amisit verum vetus Albula nomen. Nugatur Serv. ad h. 1. culis, dictum &tò cñs üßpews, ab injuria, propter regem Tuscorum, latrocinari circa ejus fluminis ripas, ac vastare omnia solitum. Quia tamen aliquid subesse doctrinæ solet, relinquatur, sed emendatior alter locus Servii ad Æn.3,500. Si quando Thybrim, vicinaque Thybridis arva Intrabo:-Ut autem,' inquit, • Thybris dicatur, hæc ratio est: quodam tempore Syracusani, victores Atheniensium, ceperunt Syracusis ingentem bostium multitudinem ; et eam cæsis montibus fecerunt addere niunimenta civitati. Tunc auctis muris, etiam fossa intrinsecus facta est: quæ flumine admisso repleta munitiorem redderet civitatem. Hanc igitur fossam per hostium pænam et injuriam

VOL. XXVII. Cl. Jl. NO. LIII. 1

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factam, Thybrim vocaverunt årò tñs üßpews. Postea profecti Siculi ad Italiam, eam tenuerunt partem, ubi nunc Roma est, usque ad Rutulos et Ardeam : unde est, Fines

super usque

SicaEt Albulam Auvium, ad imaginem fossæ Syracusanæ Thybrin vocarunt, quasi üßpsv. Rursus autem a Tiberino Albanorum rege in eo submerso pro Thybri dictus est Tiberis, Ovid. Fast. 2, 389. Hoc videtur posse constitui, Thybris, Búmßgis, antiquum nomen Gr. fuisse: buic successisse recentius Tiberis; quomodo in optimis quibusque monumentis et libris historicis reperitur, nisi ubi dedita opera, ut ap. Virg. Il. cc. et alios poëtas, antiquum nomen repetitur. Ac prioris generis exemplis non est opus: videamus poëtica.” Gesner. Thes. L. L. He then produces the following authorities, with the orthography Thybris, . Ovid. Fast. 1, 242. 5, 635. 637.641. Virg. Æn. 5, 83. 5, 797. 7, 242. 8, 540. Sil. 8, 369. 16, 680. Horat. Carm. 1, 2, 13. Claud. Cons. Prob. et Olyb. 226. 2. Twisting Monostrophics into Choruses and Dochmiacs.

BOINTOE asks not me in particular, but the readers of the Classical Journal generally, what Eubulus means by those words. This is knowlege, to which I cannot attain. However, as I do happen to know that the permutation of letters and the transposition of words were the simple means, by which Professor Porson was enabled satisfactorily to restore the corrupted metre and the violated sense of many passages in the ancient poets, I submit to BOINTO the propriety of following this safe rule of criticism on the present occasion, by reading the sentence thus : “Twisting choruses into monostrophics and dochmiacs.”

3. Metrical lines in Prose Writers. “I will not say with Plato, the soule is an harmony, but barmonicall, and bath its nearest sympathie unto musicke. Thus some, whose temper of body agrees, and humours the constitution of their soules, are borne Poets, though indeed all are naturally inclined unto rhythme. This made Tacitus in the very first line of his story, fall upon a verse,

Urbem Romam in principio reges habuere: and Cicero the worst of Poets, but declayming for a Poet, falls in the very first sentence upon a perfect hexameter verse, pro Archia Poeta,

qua me non inficior mediocriter esse.” Sir Th. Browne's Religio Medici, p. 156. Ed. 1645. 12mo. It may be observed that the sin is wrongly laid at Cicero's door ; for that oration cannot be considered as the composition of Ci

In

cero. Of his poetical writings we shall soon speak. Aristænetus 1, 1.

Μικρού με παρήλθεν ειπείν, ως κυδωνιώντες οι μαστοί την αμπεχόνην εξωθούσι βιαίως. ΒΟΙΩΤΟΣ will be much interested in perusing the following notes, contained in the elegant edition of Aristænetus, for which the learned world is indebted to the zeal, the diligence, and the erudition of the accomplished critic, Professor Boissonade :-“Ut hoc obiter observem, o partol Ting åpa Tezónny Ewloos Bichos, e Poeta sumtum videtur. Namque, si ulovou scribas, hexameter exibit; qualia tamen prosaicis excidunt, qualiaque in ipsis sacris Literis occurrere ostendit multis Rev. J. J. Einen ad Scripta et de Erroribus J. Clerici.” Dory. Vanno p. 600. . “ Ex hoc Dorvilli loco frustra inferebat Abreschius virum doctissimum conjecisse louri reddendum Aristæneto. Ipsa hæc observatio lectionem editam firmat. Nam Ewlowo i potius quam whoūri scripserit Auctor, ut hexametrum corrumperet. Obiter de versibus prosæ orationi intextis a scriptoribus, insciis sæpius, nonnunquam pravo numerorum sensu deceptis, lectorem monebo adeat Marklandum ad Suppl. 901. p. 184.; Bosium, Staveren. Heusinger. ad Nepotis proæmium; Dorv. ad Char. 620.; V. D., qui se Cæcil. Metellum nuncupure amat, in Classica Ephemeride T. 15. p. 181., 16. p. 334., 17. p. 349., 19. p. 328., 20. p. 345., 21. p. 278., 22. p. 171., 23. p. 43. 296. Versus in prosaicis Italis scriptoribus deprehendit T'asson. ad Petrarchæ initium. Et in nostratibus non desunt exempla. Marmontelius, qui in Narratione Morali, cui index est, Amicitiæ Schola, Laissez donc la simple amitié Doucement amuser le loisir de son âme, omnino est reprehensione dignus ; nam nimia in his est cacozelia, cum ipsa adverbii inversio ipsum de metro admoneret. Vide et Vaugelasii Animadvv. de Lingua Gallica p. 117., collato Menagio Obs. 190. Menagiana 1, 40. 77. 144.3, 382. ubi similia vitia in Molierii et Ablancurtii oratione notantur; Carpentarium de Excell. Ling. Gall. 684. Clericum Bibl. Úniv. 5, 258. Daunovium ad Boilavii Longin. 8. Neckera Miscell. 2, 15. Les vers gâtent l’harmonie de la prose ; mais un hémistiche réussit quelquefois, et tombe agréablement pour l'oreille.?Boissonade. 4. Alliteration in

prose

and in verse. Cic. de Senect. 11. Ita sensim sine sensu ætas senescit. “Iaşómovov etiam vocalium allusione insigne, in quo decorum servat in Catonis persona ; nam seculum illud figuris hujusmodi delectabatur : quale est Ennii illud,

O Tite, tute Tati, tibi tanta, tyranne, tulisti, et ejusdem ex Phænice,

Stultus est, qui cupita cupidus cupienter cupit, et Plauti in Menaechmis,

Non potui paucis plura plane proloqui. Simile ex Eur. Med. adfert Victor. 36, 20. Turnebus Advers. 7, 19. e Cic.” C. Langius. Tautodoyia, joci genus, et lepor quidam in repetitione litterarum ; sic Ennius,

Quidquam quisquam cuiquam, quod conveniat, neget. Item alibi, Nam cujus rationis ratio non extet, ei rationi ratio non est fidem habere. Ét Cato senex ap. Carisiuin c. 2.

Suapte natio sua separata seorsum. Thus Lucretius 1, 203. vivendo vitalia vincere secla, 258. pecudes pingues per pabula læta, 272. venti vis verberat, 342. 2, 653. 4, 127. 166. 859. 5, 790. 6, 507. multa modis multis, 1, 5. 30. possunt nec porro penitus penetrata, 727. magna modis multis miranda, 814. multimodis communia multis Multarum rerum in rebus primordia multa, 1023. multimodis, multis, mutata, 2, 115. multa minuta modis multis, 129. retroque repulsa reverti, 559. 5, 1002. placidi pellacia ponti, 2, 582. memori mandatum mente, 628. tympana tenta tonant, 4, 658. Multa rotunda modis multangula quædam, 1065, volgivagaque vagus venere, 1134. in voltuque videt vestigia, 5, 855. vides vesci vitalibus auris, 962. vel violenta viri vis, 991. Viva videns sepeliri viscera busto, 1063. duros durantia dentes, 6, 112. volantes Verberibus venti versant, 283. luminibus lustrans loca, 942. speluncis saxa superve, 1019. sponte sua sursum, 1946. lacrymis lassi luctuque, 1265. per populi passim loca promta. Virg. tales casus Cassandra canebat, Neu patriæ validas in viscera vertite vires, G. 1, 389. Et sola in sicca secum spatiatur arena. Soph. Ed. T. 1273. Téxy' ex TÉXYWY Téxos, 1480.

Ως τας αδελφές τάσδε τας εμας χέρας, Æsch, Pr. 733.

Στρέψασα σαυτήν στεϊχ ανηρότους γύας. Cicero,

O fortunatam natam me consule Romam.' Juvenal seeins to have ridiculed the line for the very alliteration, which Cicero, agreeably to the taste of the age, affected. But ever after monarchy had been re-established in Rome, it was fashionable and courtly to abuse the name of Cicero,-a name dear alike to liberty and to virtue. To question his oratorical talents would have been a vain attempt. The parasites of those times, therefore, directed their wit against his poetical effusions, because they are more open to attack. I am persuaded,

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however, that, if the verses of Cicero be compared with the verses of his predecessors or contemporaries and coevals, they will not be found deficient in merit. But, if they are measured by the standard of Virgil, they must sink into insignificance: let it not, however, be forgotten that not one of the other predecessors can enter the lists with Virgil.

E. H. BARKER. Thetford, Nov. 1822.

OXFORD LATIN PRIZE POEM, for 1821.

CLAUT).

ELEUSIS.
Sanctasque faces attollit Elensis.
Quisquis iter tendas, curvi prope littoris oram,
Inter Thriasii florentia jugera campi,
Siste pedem, atque ævi recolas monumenta prioris:
Ante oculos strati lapides, dejectaque passim
Fragmina templorum; leni curvamine colles,
Opposita Salamine, tument; et littore in ipso
Impendet lævi scopulo Cerealis Eleusis.

Salve! sancta domus, magnæ penetrale Parentis,
Delubrum commune orbi: licet omnia circum
Prona cadant ævo, propriamque haud nosset Eleusin
Ipsa Ceres; licet hic, prohibet neque talia coelum,
Impius Othmanides Graia dominetur in æde,
Aut prædator agens pecudem de monte, sagittas
Exacuat vigil, et raptis insidat acervis;
Saltem aliquod veteres tumulos, dilapsaque fana
Numen habet, latebrasque, et roscida littoris antra
Servat adhuc; jam nunc videor mihi cernere fulgens
Agmen, et innumero conferta satellite ferri
Sacra Deæ, ac longa fervescere littora pompa.

Unde autem magnus Sacrorum inceperit ordo,
Quo duce, quo tandem fuerint quinquennia festa
Anspice, lustralemque aram jactarit Eleusis,
Dicendum, si longa valet docuisse vetustas.
Ipsa Ceres cultum tribuit, causamque colendi:
Tempore quo procul a Matre, æqualique caterva,
Virgineos inter lusus, æstivaque rura,
Luctantem abripuit Sicula de valle puellam

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