Science And Human Behavior
Free Press, 1965 - 461 Seiten
The psychology classic—a detailed study of scientific theories of human nature and the possible ways in which human behavior can be predicted and controlled—from one of the most influential behaviorists of the twentieth century and the author of Walden Two.
“This is an important book, exceptionally well written, and logically consistent with the basic premise of the unitary nature of science. Many students of society and culture would take violent issue with most of the things that Skinner has to say, but even those who disagree most will find this a stimulating book.” —Samuel M. Strong, The American Journal of Sociology
“This is a remarkable book—remarkable in that it presents a strong, consistent, and all but exhaustive case for a natural science of human behavior…It ought to be…valuable for those whose preferences lie with, as well as those whose preferences stand against, a behavioristic approach to human activity.” —Harry Prosch, Ethics
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In the long run, punishment, unlike reinforcement, works to the disadvantage of
both the punished organism and the punishing agency. The aver- sive stimuli
which are needed generate emotions, including predispositions to escape or ...
the theory of punishment would lead us to expect that the rest of the extinction
curve would contain fewer responses. If we could choose a punishment which
subtracted the same number of responses as are added by a reinforcement, then
A FIRST EFFECT OF PUNISHMENT The first effect of the aversive stimuli used in
punishment is confined to the ... may have other consequences, we can single
out the competing effect of the responses elicited by the punishing stimulus.
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In order to get Walden Two published, B.F. Skinner had to agree to write an introductory text as part of the deal, and the result was Science and Human Behavior. Since he wrote the text, an empirical ... Vollständige Rezension lesen
CAN SCIENCE HELP?
A SCIENCE OF BEHAVIOR
WHY ORGANISMS BEHAVE
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