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night, the success which attended that part of it executed by General Washington in person, was complete, and was followed by the happiest effects. About twenty of the enemy were killed, and nine hundred and nine, including officers, laid down their arms, and surrendered themselves prisoners. Others were afterwards found concealed in houses, so as to increase the number to about one thousand. Six field-pieces and a thousand stand of small arms were also taken. On the part of the Ame-' ricans, two privates were killed, two frozen to death, and one officer and three or four privates wounded.

Ilad it been practicable for the divisions under Gencrals Irvine and Cadwallader to have crossed - the river, it was intended to have proceeded from

Trenton to the posts below, at and about Bordentown; to have entirely swept the enemy from the banks of the Delaware, and to have maintained a position in the Jerseys. But finding those parts of the plan to have entirely failed, and supposing the enemy to remain in force below, while a strong corps was posted at Princeton, it was thought unadvisable to hazard the loss of the very important advantage already gained, by attempting to increase it; and General Washington re-crossed the river, with his prisoners and the military stores he kad taken. Lieutenant Colonel Baylor, liis aidde-camp, who carried the intelligence of this suc






cess to Congress, was presented with a horse, completely caparisoned for service, and recommended to be appointed to the command of a regiment of cavalry.

Nothing could surpass the astonishment of the enemy at this unexpected display of vigour on the part of the American General. His condition, and that of his country, had been thought desperate. He had been deserted by all the troops having a legal right to leave him. The regiments ordered from Ticonderoga had melted away, on returning to the neighbourhood of the country in which they had been raised ; and of his remaining regulars, nearly two-thirds would be entitled to their discharge on the first day of January. There appeared no probability of prevailing on them to continue longer in the service, and the recruiting business was absolutely at an end. The spirits of a large proportion of the people were sunk to the lowest point of depression. New Jersey appeared to be completely subdued, and some of the best judges of the public sentiment were of opinion, that immense numbers in Pennsylvania also were determined not to permit the sixty days, allowed in the proclamation of Lord and Sir William Howe, to elapse, without availing themselves of the pardon it held forth to them. Instead of offensive operations, the total dispersion of the small remnant of the American army wight well be looked


for, since it would be rendered too feeble, by the discharge of those engaged only till the last day of December, to attempt any longer a defence of the Delaware ; which would, by that time, in all p.o. bability be everywhere passable on the ice. While every appearance supported these opinions, and the British General, without being sanguine, might well have considered the war as approaching its termination, this bold and fortunate enterprise announced to him, that he had to contend with an adversary who could never cease to be formidable, so long as the possibility of resistance remained. Finding the conquest of America further removed than had been supposed, he determined, though in the depth of winter, to recommence active operations; and Lord Cornwallis, who had retired to New York, for the purpose of embarking for Europe, suspended his departure, and returned to the Jerseys in great force, for the purpose of regaining the ground that had been lost.

Meanwhile, Count Donop, who commanded the troops now posted below Trenton, and was himself at Burlington, on hearing the disaster which had befallen Colonel Rawle, immediately. commenced his retreat by the road leading to Amboy, and joined General Leslie at Princeton. The next day General Cadwallader crossed over and took post on the Jersey shore. He was ordered to harass the enemy if he could do so safely, but to


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put nothing to the hazard till he should be joined by the continental battalions, who were allowed a day or two of repose, after the fatigues of the enterprise against Trenton. General Miflin now joined General Irvine, with a detachment of Pennsylvania militia, amounting to about fifteen hundred men; and those troops were also ordered to cross the Delaware.

The General once more finding himself at the head of a force with which it was practicable to attempt something, resolved not to remain inactive. Inferior as he was to the enemy, he yet determined to employ the winter, in endeavouring to recover the whole, or a great part of Jersey.

With this view, he ordered General Heath, who was stationed at Peckskill for the defence of the Highlands, on the North River, to leave a small detachment of troops at that place, and with the main body of New England militia to move into Jersey, and approach the cantonments of the enemy on that side. General Maxwell was ordered to collect as many militia as possible, to harass their flank and rear, and to attack their out-posts, when any favourable occasion should present itself. Having made these dispositions, he again crossed the Delaware, himself, with his continental regiments, and once more took post at Trenton. Here he exerted all his influence to prevail on the troops from New England, whose terms of service



expired on the last day of December, to continue during the present exigency; and with infinite difficulty, added to a bounty of ten dollars, many of them were induced to re-engage for six weeks.

The enemy were now collected in force at Princeton, under Lord Cornwallis, where some works were thrown ip; and, from their advancing a strong corps towards Trenton, as well as from their knowledge that the continental troops from New England were now entitled to be discharged, and from some private intelligence, it was expected they would attack that place.

Generals Mitlin and Cadwalader, who lay at Bordentown and Croswix, with three thousand sis hundred militia, were ordered to march up in the night of the first of January, to join the Commander in Chief, whose whole effective force, with this addition, did not exceed five thousand men.

As had been expected, the enemy advanced upon them the next morning, and, after some slight skirmishing, with troops detached to Maidenhead to harass and delay their march, the van of their army reached Trenton about four o'clock in the afternoon; while their rear was at Maidenhead, about half way between Princeton and Trenton. On their approachi, Gencral Washington retired across the Assumpinck, a creek which runs through the town, behind which he drew up his army. The enemy attempted to cross this creek at several



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