Adobe Walls: The History and Archaeology of the 1874 Trading Post
In the spring of 1874 a handful of men and one women set out for the Texas Panhandle to seek their fortunes in the great buffalo hunt. Moving south to follow the herds, they intended to establish a trading post to serve the hunter, or “hide men.” At a place called Adobe Walls they dug blocks from the sod and built their center of operations
After operating for only a few months, the post was attacked one sultry June morning by angry members of several Plains Indian tribes, whose physical and cultural survival depending on the great bison herd that were rapidly shrinking before the white men’s guns.
Initially defeated, that attacking Indians retreated. But the defenders also retreated leaving the deserted post to be burned by Indians intent on erasing all traces of the white man’s presence. Nonetheless, tracing did remain, and in the ashes and dirt were buried minute details of the hide men’s lives and the battle that so suddenly changed them.
A little more than a century later white men again dug into the sod at Adobe Walls. The nineteenth-century men dug for profits, but the modern hunters sere looking for the natural time capsule inadvertently left by those earlier adventurers.
The authors of this book, a historian and an archeologists, have dug into the sod and into far-flung archives to sift reality form the long-romanticized story of Adobe Walls, its residents, and the Indians who so fiercely resented their presence. The full story of Adobe Walls now tells us much about the life and work of the hide men, about the dying of the Plains Indian culture, and about the march of white commerce across the frontier.
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Seeds of Unrest Flower into Violence
The Battle of Adobe Walls
Who Was Really There?
Adobe Walls after the Fight
Adobe Walls since 1874
Tools and Equipment
Unclassifiable Geologic and Zoological Artifacts
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Adobe Walls Fight Adobe Walls trading Adventures of Buffalo Amarillo Amarillo Daily Andrew Johnson Andrew Johnson Papers Andy Johnson archeological artifacts bastion Bat Masterson Battle of Adobe Billy Dixon blacksmith bottle bowl brass Buffalo Days Buffalo Hunter building buttons camp Cator Papers Charles Edward Jones Charles Rath Cheyenne Comanche Company store corner Depredation Case Files Dobe Walls Dodge City Dubbs Evetts Haley excavation feet Fight at Dobe Four-hole fragment glass Hanrahan Hathaway hide holes horses hunting Hutchinson County inch in diameter inches long inches wide interview iron James H James Langton July June June 24 Kansas KDcB Kiowa Leonard store Masterson Myers and Leonard Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum picket Quanah Rath and Company recovered Robert H saloon shank sherds Sickel specimens Story of Real Texas Frontier Veteran Texas Panhandle TxCaP U.S. Department Unidentified wagon Walls trading post warriors William Wright Mooar
Seite 1 - North Platte, and on the Republican Fork of the Smoky Hill River, so long as the buffalo may range thereon in such numbers as to justify the chase.
Seite xxx - ... were more hunters in the country than ever before or afterwards. Thus came the high tide of buffalo-hunting. More were killed that season than in all subsequent seasons combined. I feel safe in saying that 75,000 buffalo were killed within sixty or seventy-five miles of Dodge City during that time. The noise of the guns of the hunters could be heard on all sides, rumbling and booming hour after hour, as if a heavy battle were being fought.
Seite 12 - Plains and taking an easterly direction, their breaks and ravines forming a rough and, in places, impassable surface. The Canadian River passes through the Llano Estacado, its almost innumerable tributaries affording most pleasant and well-sheltered valleys, with abundant timber, excellent water and grazing.