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CONTENTS

Wednesday, September 10, 1975-"Popular Perceptions of Foreign

Policy".

Monday, November 10, 1975-"Global Resources: Supply and
Access"

Monday, December 8, 1975–“National Goals and Values",
Wednesday, January 21, 1976-"National Goals and Values--The

131

193

View From the Pulpit".

237

Monday, April 12, 1976-“Do People Really Care?" -

297

Wednesday, May 5, 1976-"World Environment: The Foreign
Policy Issues".

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Meany, George, president, American Federation of Labor and Con-
gress of Industrial Organizations, accompanied by Andrew Bie-
miller, director, Department of Legislation, AFL-CIO; and Thomas
Kahn, assistant to the president, AFL-CIO...

Randall, Dr. Claire, general secretary, National Council of Churches
of Christ...

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Statement-Continued

Redding, Jay Saunders, Ernest I. White professor of American
studies and humane letters emeritus, Cornell University.
Roper, Burns W., The Roper Organization, New York, N. Y.
Salk, Dr. Jonas, director, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies,
San Diego, Calif..

Schneider, Dr. Stephen H., Deputy Head, Climate Project, National
Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colo----

Sindlinger, Albert E., chairman of the board, Sindlinger & Co., Inc.,
Swarthmore, Pa.-

Tanenbaum, Rabbi Marc, national director of interreligious affairs,
American Jewish Committee___

Terkel, Studs, broadcast interviewer, and author.

Train, Russell E., Administrator, Environmental Protection Agency.
Watts, William, president, Potomac Associates, Washington, D.C..
Welty, Gordon A., The Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C.___
Yankelovich, Daniel, Daniel Yankelovich, Inc..

Statements by: volume 2

Beame, Hon. Abraham D., mayor of the city of New York, N. Y.......
Butz, Hon. Earl L., Secretary of Agriculture_-_.

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309

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356

342

17

267

307

325

102

443

76

659

595

Dukakis, Hon. Michael S., Governor of Massachusetts.
Evans, Hon. Daniel J., Governor of Washington

726

697

Freeman, Orville L., president, Business International Corp., New
York, N. Y.

631

Hatcher, Hon. Richard G., mayor of the city of Gary, Ind

687

Kissinger, Hon. Henry A., Secretary of State, accompanied by Robert
McCloskey, Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Rela-

tions_

460

Lamm, Hon. Richard, Governor of Colorado--

703

Landrieu, Hon. Moon, mayor of the city of New Orleans, La., and president of the U.S. Conference of Mayors-

653

Morton, Hon. Rogers C. B., Secretary of Commerce_

562

Rusk, Dean, Samuel H. Sibley professor of international law, University of Georgia__

626

Schlesinger, Hon. James R., former Secretary of Defense

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Prepared statement and charts of Albert E. Sindlinger _ .

22

Prepared statement of Burns W. Roper, with supporting documents_
Prepared statement of Mervin D. Field..
Prepared statement of Robert D. Coursen.
Prepared statement of Richard L. Lesher.

50

68

81

138

International Federation of Agricultural Producers, Dec. 15, 1972

Report of the Working Party on the International Grains Arrange-
ment, 1974.

149

Statement of Robert G. Lewis, national secretary of the Farmers
Union

154

Prepared statement of Tony T. Dechant.

159

Prepared statement of the American Farm Bureau Federation, presented by John C. Datt

167

Responses of Tony T. Dechant to additional questions by Senator
Sparkman for the record.

188

Responses of Richard L. Lesher to additional questions by Senator
Sparkman for the record..

192

Prepared statement of Andrew J. Biemiller, AFL-CIO.

208

Prepared statement of Claire Randall__.

243

Prepared statement of Father Evagoras Constantinides.

251

Prepared statement of the Most Reverend Peter L. Gerety.

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Insertions for the record-Continued

Status reports on implementation of the 109 Stockholm Recommenda-
tions for National Action and National Pledges and Contributions
UNEP. Submitted by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.
Responses of Russell E. Train to additional question by Senator
Sparkman...

Statement by Samuel B. Wallace.

Prepared statement of Dr. George Gallup.
Prepared statement of Kent H. Collins.

Prepared statement of Dr. Gordon A. Welty

Excerpt from the Washington Post entitled "First Global Survey
Demonstrates Gulf Between Rich, Poor," by Austin Scott, dated
Sept. 19, 1976...

Prepared statement of Dr. Henry Kissinger....
"U.S. Support of Any Revolutionary Movement”.
Letter to Senator John L. McClellan, Chairman, Subcommittee on
Defense, Committee on Appropriations, from James R. Schlesinger,
Secretary of Defense, dated October 23, 1975.

Memo to Senator Symington from Ed Braswell, chief of staff, Armed
Services Committee, dated October 24, 1975.

Prepared statement of Rogers C. B. Morton...

Details of the Brazil-West German Nuclear Power Agreement.
U.S. trade balance (table) - - -

Page

385

404

421

433

440

445

449

471

503

528

535

562

576

578

U.S. trade in manufactured goods (table)

579

Proportion of military goods in our exports

581

Concessional sales, AID financial programs in U.S. exports.

581

U.S. export business, trade balance with oil-exporting countries.

582

Article from the New York Times entitled "Sadat Seen Asking U.S.

for 10-Year Arms Aid," by Drew Middleton_

593

Prepared statement of Earl L. Butz..........

601

Department of Agriculture responses to additional questions submitted by Senators Symington, Case, and Javits.

Department of Agriculture answers to additional questions submitted by Senator Javits..

611

612

Responses of Dean Rusk to additional questions for the record.
Prepared statement of Mayor Moon Landrieu....

Department of Commerce responses to additional questions submitted by Senator Symington

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Letter to Senator Sparkman from Walter B. Wriston, chairman,
First National City Bank of New York, dated February 4, 1976..
Prepared statement of Governor Daniel J. Evans-

689

701

Remarks of Louis Harris before the National Conference of State
Legislatures- - -

716

Prepared statement of Governor Michael S. Dukakis.

726

Appendix:

Summary statement based on Foreign Policy Association "Great
Decisions" opinion ballot returns..

729

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The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10:38 a.m., in room 4221, Dirksen Senate Office Building, the Honorable John Sparkman (chairman of the committee) presiding.

Present: Senators Sparkman, Symington, Clark, Case, and Javits. The CHAIRMAN. Let the committee come to order, please.

OPENING STATEMENT OF SENATOR SPARKMAN

This is the 10th in a series of educational hearings being conducted by the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that we have entitled: "Foreign Policy Choices for the 1970's and 1980's."

To date we have heard from current and former cabinet officers, leaders from American business, agriculture, labor and religious communities as well as prominent mayors and governors.

The next hearing in this Bicentennial series will feature the views of labors leaders Leonard Woodcock and Jerry Wurf. That will be on March 31. In later sessions we expect to investigate the possible foreign policy issues involved in preserving the world's environment. We will look at possible issues arising from the information explosion and mass communications. We also expect to find out more about the main concerns of American citizens and citizens of other nations. The committee hopes through these proceedings to develop a full spectrum of opinion concerning our Nation's future relations among the family of nations. At the conclusion, when all the opinions are in, we shall have the basis for continuing an informed public discussion of foreign policy.

We believe that as the Nation approaches its third century and passes beyond the post-World War II and Vietnam eras, it is appropriate and necessary for the American people to reexamine our country's foreign policy goals, while also reaffirming the traditional values of our constitutional democracy.

At the first hearing in this series we heard from a distinguished panel of public opinion analysts. While they reported some evidence the public was concerned about too much commitment to other nations, most of the panel agreed that the dominant public attitude on foreign affairs was internationalist.

Nearly all cited the experience of Vietnam and possibly the oil embargo on the international scene-and Watergate domestically

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