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Levinus Lemnius, speaking of the ring- “ As your Wedding Ring wears, finger, says, that "a small branch of the Your cares will wear away." artery and not of the nerves, as Gellius thought, is stretched forth from the heart unto this finger, the motion whereof you
Formerly rings were given away at may perceive evidently in all that affects weddings. Authony Wood relates of Ed. the beart in women, by the touch of your Queen Elizabeth's days, that'« Kelley,
ward Kelly, a “ famous philosopher" in fore finger. I used to raise such as are fallen in a swoon by pinching this joint,
who was openly profuse beyond the and by rubbing the ring of gold with a modest limits of a sober philosopher, did little saffron; for, by this, a restoring give away in gold-wire-rings (or rings force that is in it passeth to the heart, and twisted with three gold-wires), at the refresheth the fountain of life, into which marriage of one of his maid-servants, to this finger is joined. Wherefore antiquity the value of £4000.”. thought fit to compass it about with gold."
Davison, in his “Poetical Rhapsody,"
has the following beautiful According also to the same author, this finger was called “ Medicus;" for, on account of the virtue it was presumed to Upon sending his Mistress a Gold-Ring derive from the heart," the old physicians
with this poesie : would mingle their medicaments and po
“ PURE and ENDLESS." tions with this finger, because no venom
If you would know the love which I you bear, can stick upon the very outmost part of Compare it to the ring which your fair hand it, but it will offend man, and commu- Shall make more precious, when you shall it nicate itself to his heart."
So my Love's nature you shall understand.
Is it of metal pure ? so you shall prove To a question, "Why is it that the per- My Love, which ne'er disloyal thought did son to be married is enjoined to put stain. ring upon the fourth finger of his spouse's Hath it no end ? so endless is my Love, left hand ?" it is answered, “there is no- Unless you it destroy with your disdain. thing more in this than that the custom Doth it the purer grow the more 'tis tried ? was handed down to the present age from
So doth my love ; yet berein they dissent, the practice of our ancestors, who found That whereas gold the more 'tis purified the left hand more convenient for such or
By growing less, doth show some part is naments than the right, because it is less My love doth grow more pure by your more
spent ; employed. For the same reason they
trying, chose the fourth finger, which is not only
And yet increaseth in the purifying. less used than either of the rest, but is more capable of preserving a ring from bruises, having this one peculiar quality, Petrarch, speaking of beautiful pictures, that it cannot be extended but in com- says " If these things that are counterfeited, pany with some other finger, while the and shadowed with fading colors, do so rest may be singly stretched to their full much delight thee, cast thine eyes up to length and straightness.”
him that hath made the originals; who Some married women are so super- adorned man with senses, his mind with stitiously rigid, in their notions concerning understanding, the heaven with stars, and their wedding ring, that neither when they the earth with flowers; and so compare wash their hands, nor at any other time, real with visionary beauties." will they take it off their finger; extending, it should seem, the expression of January 13.-Day breaks 5 52 “ till death us do part,” even to this
7 54 golden circlet, the token and pledge of
4 6 matrimony.
Twilight ends 6 8 There is an old proverb on wedding The wall speedwell flowers. rings, which has no doubt been many a The throstle sings. time quoted for the purpose of encouraging and hastening the consent of a diffident or timorous mistress :
.. THE COLLEGE, MANCHESTER. Manchester, the seat of cotton mill.3, college was erected the present fabric of manufactories, and mechanical and musi- Christ Church, which, being the pa. cal science, is a place of great antiquity. rish church, is now usually called the Old It is surrounded by old halls of curious Church, to distinguish it from other structure, and contains within itself many churches in the town. It is a fine Gothic vestiges that excite peculiar admiration in structure, ornamented with sculpture on lovers of literature and ancient remains. the outside, and contains several chapels By the munificience of one of its mer- belonging to considerable families in the chants, Humphrey Chetham, there exists neighbourhood. It is enriched with a Public Library in the full meaning of curious tabernacle work over the stalls, the term. With merely an incidental and very grotesque carvings under the mention of the noble collegiate or parish foldings of the seats. church, and wholly passing by other edi- The college was dissolved by act of fices and institutions, some notices are Parliament in the first year of Edward subjoined of Humphrey Chetham's endow- VI., and the land and revenues taken by ments and of the edifice in wbich his the king, and by him demised to Edward liberality is still fostered and dispensed. earl of Derby. Queen Mary afterwards
Thomas West, lord de la Warre, therefounded the college, and restored almost last male heir of that family, who was first all the lands. The house called the colrector of Manchester and then succeeded lege 'remained in the Derby family until to the peerage, procured a license in the the civil wars, when, with the rest of the ninth year of Henry V., 1422, for making property of James earl of Derby, it was the parish church of Manchester collegiate. sequestrated by the parliament. At that The college consisted of a warden and time it was greatly dilapidated; some eight fellows, of whom two were parish parts were useJ as private dwellings, others priests, two canons, and four deacons, were employed as magazines for powder with two clerks and six choristers. The and arms, and the greater part was devoted building of the house cost at that time to the purposes of a prison. After the £5000. The value of twelve lordships was restoration it returned once more to the bestowed by the founder on the college Derby family, and was ultimately destined and 10 other pious uses.
to its present use. About the time of the foundation of the Humphrey Chetham, by his will dated
16 December, 1051, made provision for betook themselves to the trading of this the foundation and endowment of an county, dealing in Manchester commodihospital and library in Manchester. The ties, sent up to London; and Humphrey hospital was to maintain and educate signally improved himself in piety and forty poor boys to the age of fourteen, outward prosperity. He was a diligent when they were to be bound apprentice reader of the Scripiures, and of the Works or otherwise provided for. He directed of sound Divines; a respecter of such that they should be elected out of various Ministers as were accounted truly godtownships named in the will, and recom- ly, upright, sober, discreet, and sincere. mended the trustees to purchase the old He was High Sheriffe of this County, college for a place of residence for the 1635, discharging the place with great children, and for the use of the library: honor; insomuch that very good gentleFor commencing the library he bequeath- man of birth and estate did wear his cloth ed £1000 to be expended in books, and at the assize, to testify their unfeigned afgave the residue of his personal estate fection to him; and two of the same proto augment the collection. The college fession with himself, viz. John Hartly and was accordingly purchased of the celebrat- H. Wrigley, Esquires, have since been ed Charlotte de Tremouille countess of Sheriffes, of the county. Grudge not, Derby, the gallant defender of Lathom Reader, to go through so long a porch; house, and in 1665 the trustees were in- for I assure thee it leads unto a fair palace! corporated by charter. In a short time to as great a master-piece of bounty, as the trustees were enabled to extend the be- our age hath afforded. This Mr. Chetham, Deficence of the founder to sixty boys, by his will, bearing date the 16th Decemand, since 1780, eighty boys have been ber, 1651, gave £7000 to buy a fee-simsupported and educated in this establish- ple estate of £420 for ever, for the educament. They are clothed in the same tion of forty poor children, in Manchester, fashion as at the first foundation, in long at school, from about six till fourteen years blue vests with a petticoat of yellow, blue of age, when they are to be bound out apworsted stockings, with a blue cap or bon- prentices. They must be of poor but net, and linen bands at the neck. The honest married parents, not diseased at make of this dress is similar to that of the the time wherein they are chosen, not children in Christ's hospital, London. lame or blind; in regard the town of
Humphrey Chetham resided at Clayton Manchester hath ample means already (if Hall near Manchester, and Turton Tower, so employed) for the maintenance of such uear Bolton, in Lancashire. He was born impotents. Indeed, he intended it for a on the 10th of July, 1580, realised a large seminary of religion and ingenuity, where property in trade, and died unmarried on the aforesaid boys were to have diet, ihe 12th of October 1653, in the seventy- lodging, apparel, and instruction. He fourth year of his age. This, and what is gave £1000 for books to a library, and related by Dr. Fuller, who places him £100 to prepare a place for them. He among his “Worthies,” is all, perhaps, bequeathed £200 to buy books (such as that is known of this beneficent man. he bimself delighted in) for the Churches
Fuller says “ Humphrey Chetham, of Manchester, Bolton, and other Chapels third son of Henry Chetham, of Cromp thereabouts. He gave the remainder of sall, gentleman, is thought (on just ground) bis estate (debts and legacies first paid) to descend from Sir Geffery Chetham, cf to the increase of the books in the library--Chetham, a man of much remark in for- Now, as the loaves in the Gospel multimer days, and some old writings in the plied in the breaking, so Mr. Chetham's hands of worshipful persons, not far re- estate did not shrink, but swelled, in the mote from the place, do evidence as much; calling of it in : insomuch that the surbut the said Sir Geffery falling, in trouble- plusage is known to be the better part of some times, into the King's displeasure, two thousand pounds. Dying a batchelor, his family in effect) was long since ruin- he appointed George Chetham, Esq., ciated. It seems his posterity was unwil- tizen and grocer, of London (whereof he ling to fly far from their old (though de- was chosen alderman, 1656, and fined for stroyed) nest, and got themselves the same) and Edward Chetham, gentlehandsome habitation at Crompsall, hard man, executors of his will and testament: by, where James, elder brother of this « Gód send us more such men, that we Humphrey, did reside. The younger may dazzle the eyes of the Papists with brethren, George, Humphrey, and Ralph, the light of Protestant good works.”—And
know, reader, I am beholden for my ghost stories, ballads, prophecies, christexact information herein, to my worthy mas carols, and other wonders and defriend Mr. Johnson, late preacher of the lights, published at suitable seasons, and Temple, and one of the Feoffees ap- oftener if need be, by the flying stationers, pointed by Mr. Chetham, for the uses “at the small price of one halfpenny." aforesaid."
The public library founded at ManchesWhere the college was erected by Tho great attraction in Manchester to a bookish
ter college by Humphrey Chetham is the mas West, lord de la Warre, formerly stood the old manor house, called the dom in which every person has the liberty
man. It is the only library in the king“ Baron's Hall,” which for many centu- of unlicensed reading. It is open to the ries had been the chief residence of public daily, from nine in the morning the Gresleys, and De la Warres, lords of till one, and from two till five in the afterthe manor of Manchester. More anciently noon; except in the interval from Octoit was the pleasing impregnable site of ber to Easter, when it is closed at four the summer camp of the Romans, lined with tall impregnable precipices, covered
o'clock. Any one that chooses, whether with a fosse enormously deep and broad
resident or not, on going to Chetham's before, and insulated by three lively cur
library, and requiring to read, is requested rents of water around it. There, where
by the sub-librarian to write his name and
address in a hook kept for that purpose, and, for more than eight successive centuries, the public devotions of the town were re-.
having done this, he is at liberty to read
on that and every other day, in a room gularly offered-where, for more than
provided with requisites for writing. In twenty successive generations, the plain
1791 a catalogue of the collection of forefathers of the town were regularly re
books and MSS. was printed in two ocposited in peace--where the bold barons
tavo volumes, and in 1826 a third volume of Manchester spread out the hospitable
containing subsequent additions. Several board, in a rude luxurious magnificence, or displayed the instructive mimicry of the printed books are, in general, the best
of the MSS. are exceedingly curious; war, in a train of military exercises-where the fellows of the college studied silently
works in history, philosophy, and science,
with good editions of the classics. The in their respective apartments, or walked
liberality which has provided, and thrown conversing in their common gallery-where the youthful indigent now daily receive
open to unrestricted use, so vast a library,
is without example. the judicious dole of charity, and fold their little hands in gratitude to Godwhere peaceful students may now peace- In a gallery, which leads to the library, ably pursue their inquiries--there arose there is a collection of what formerly the spreading pavilions of the Romans, were deemed "curiosities." This is and there previously glittered the military shown and described to visitors who deensigns of the Frisians. The site of the sire it for a trifling acknowledgment. college was the site of the Roman præ- The boys of the college are exhibitors in torium. The old approach to the camp turn, and, except! perhaps to natives of was by a military gateway, and probably Lancashire, the show-boy is the greatest with a light bridge of timber across the curiosity. With a loud voice, and in a ditch, drawn up then (as it certainly was dialect and intonation so peculiar as to in after ages) for the security of the man. be indescribable, the boy directs the atsion. Hence it acquired the appellation tention of the rustic and genteel alike, to of the hanging bridge, and communicated the objects he exhibits. Happily, of to the fosse the abbreviated name of the what he says there exists a report, which, “ Hanging Ditch,” which still adheres to however seemingly ludicrous, is literally a street constructed along the course of faithful. the fosse, and skirting the cemetery of As soon as the show-boy enters the Christ Church.
gallery of curiosities, he points at the arBe it remembered, by seekers of street ticles, and describes them as follows:literature who visit Manchester, that at “ That's th' Skeleton of a Man- that's Hanging Ditch lives the celebrated a Globe — that's a Telescope — that's a “ Swindells,” the great Manchester printer Snake - over th' snake's back's two of murders, executions, marvellous tales, Watch Bills — those are four ancient Swords—that with a white haft wonst be traits of Chetham the founder, and cerlonged to General Wolfe—that's th' Whip tain other worthies of Manchester, long that th’ Snake was kilt with—that top- since deceased, not forgetting an old inmost's a Crocodile-that bottomost's an laid oak table. In conclusion, he claims Alligator—that boot wonst belonged to attention to the figure of a cock, carved in Queen Elizabeth-that's an Indian Pouch wood, as the last curiosity, by saying,
- that's an ancient Stiletto-that's part“ This is the Cock that crows when he of Humphrey Cheetham's Armour—that smells roast beef.” Many of the country with th' white face is a Monkey—under people are far greater “curiosities” to a th' anonkey's a green Lizard—side o' th? bystander, than any in the collection they monkey's a Porpus's Skull — under th' come to see. They view all with gravity porpus's skull’s an Alligator—under th' and solemn surprise, and evidently with alligator's a Turtle—those Bows and Ar- conviction that they are at length witrows belonged to the Indians—that's a nessiug some of the most wonderful wonPorpus's Head—those are various kinds ders of world. B of Adders, Worms, Snakes, Fishes, and The following ballad, in the Lancashire venemous creatures that Albine Piece dialect, contains an account of a holiday was taken from th' dead body of a French- trip to see the “curiosities,” and is chaman that was killed at th' Battle of Wa- racteristic of the provincial manners. terloo, that was fought i' th' year eighteen
Johnny Green's WeddiNG, AND DEhundert and fifteen - those are a pair of
SCRIPTION OF MANCHESTER COLLEGE. Eagle's Claws — that Arrow belonged to
Neaw lads where ar yo beawn so fast, one o' th' legions that fought under th'
Yo happun ha no yerd whot's past; Duke of Richmond, at the battle of Bos
Au gettun wed sin au'r here last, worth Field, in th' year 1485, when Just three week sin come Sunday. King Richard the Third, king of England, Au ax'd th' owd folk, an aw wur reet, was slain-those Arrows wonst belonged So Nan an me agreed tat nect, to Robin Hood—that's a Sea Hen-that's Ot if we could mak both eends meet, a Sea Weed - that's a Unicorn Fish - We'd wed o' Easter Monday. that's part of an Indian's Skull-that's That morn, as prim as pewter quarts, th' top part of it--that's part of Oliver Aw th' wenches coom an browt th' sweetCromwell's Stone and Tankard those
hearts Balls are took out of a Cow-that's part
Au fund we'r loike to ha three carts, of a Load Stone—those two Pieces of
'Twur thrunk as Eccles Wakes, mon : Wood was Almanacks before printing We don'd eawr tits i' ribbins too, was found out that's a Hairy Man
One red, one green, and tone war blue,
So hey! lads, hey! away we few, under th' hairy man's a Speaking trum
Loike a race for th' Ledger stakes, mon. pet - side o' th' speaking trumpet's a Shark's Jaw Bone — that that's leaning An eh! heaw Duke and Dobbin swat;
Reet merrily we drove, full bat, 'gainst th’speakingtrumpet's Oliver Owd Grizzle wur so lawm an fat, Cromwell's Sword--that's a Leathern Bag Fro soide to soide hoo jow'd um :
- side oʻth' leathern bag' two Cokey Nut Deawn Withy-Grove at last we coom, Shells--side o' the cokey nut shells' a An stopt at Seven Stars, by gum, Porpus's Skull — side o'th' porpus's An drunk as mich warm ale and rum, skull's a Pumpkin-side o' th' pumpkin's As'd dreawn o'th' folk i' Owdham, an American Cat - over th' pumpkin's a When th' shot wur paid an drink wur done, Turtle-side o' th' turtle's a Sea Weed - Up Fennel-Street, to th' churcb, for fun, that top one's a Crocodile-under th' ero- We donc'd loike morris-dancers dun, codile's an Alligator--under th' alligator's
To th' best of aw meh knowledge : a Woman's Clog that was split by a
So th' job wur done i' hoave a crack, thunder bolt, and hoo wasn't hurt-side
Boh eh! whot fun to get th' first smack ! o'th' crocodile's tail's a Sea Hen-side o'
So neaw meh lads 'fore we gun back,
Says au, we'll look at th' college. th' sea hen's a Laplander's Snow ShoeThat in a bos is th' Skeletou ef a Night- We seed a clock-case, first, good laws !
Where death stons up wi' great lung claws,
His legs, and wings, and lanteru jaws, At the termination of this account, it
They really look'd quite fearink. is usual for the show-boy to enter the
There's snakes, an watch-bills just loike poikes reading-room, with his company, and, to Ot Hunt an aw the reformink toikes, the annoyance of readers, point out, with An thee an me, an Sam o Moiks, the same loud showmanlike voice, the por- Onc't took a blanketeerink,