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collections of his poetical disappoint- anthem, the listening and bewildered poet, ments are we to attribute this unsettled carried out of himself by the solemn state of his mind, and the perplexity of strains, and his own too susceptible imahis studies, To these he was perpetually gination, moaned and shrieked, and awoke reverting, as after a lapse of several years a sadness and a terror most affecting he showed, in burning his ill-fated odes. in so solemn a place; their friend, their And what was the result of his literary kinsman, and their poet, was before them, life? It is known that he returned to an awful image of human misery and his native city of Chichester in a state ruined genius! ** almost of nakedness, destitute, diseased, and wild in despair, to hide himself in the arms of a sister. The cloud had long The worthy historian of “ English been gathering over his convulsed intel- Poetry,' 'further relates, that in 1754, lect; and the fortune he acquired on the Collins was at Oxford, " for change of air death of his uncle served only for personal and amusement,” and staid a month. indulgences which rather accelerated his “I saw him frequently, but he was so disorder. There were, at times, some weak and low, that he could not bear conawful pauses, in, the alienation of his versation. Once he walked from his lodmind—but he had withdrawn it from gings opposite Christ-church, to Trinitystudy. It was in one of these intervals college, but supported by his servant. that Thomas Warton told Johnson that The same year, in September, I and my when he met Collins travelling, he took brother visited him at Chichester, where up a book the poet carried with him, from he lived in the cathedral cloisters, with his curiosity, to see what companion a man sister. The first day he was in high of letters had chosen—it was an English spirits at intervals, but exerted himself so Testament. “I have but one book," said much that he could not see us the second. Collins, “but that is the best.” This cir- Here he showed us an Ode to Mr. John cumstance is thus recorded on his tomb. Home, on his leaving England for Scot

land, in the octave stanza, very long and “ He join'd pure faith to strong poetic powers, And, in reviving Reason's lucid hours,

beginning Sought on one book his troubled mind to rest, Home, thou return'st from Thames! And rightly deem'd the Book of God the best.”

I remember there was a beautiful descripDr. Warton says—“ During his last tion of the spectre of a man drowned in malady he was a great reader of the Bible, the night, or in the language of the old I am favored with the following anecdote Scotch superstitions-seized by the angry from the Rev. Mr. Shenton, vicar of St spirit of the waters, appearing to his wife Andrews, at Chichester, by whom Collins with pale blue cheeks, &c. Mr. Home was buried. “Walking in my vicarial has no copy of it. He also showed us garden one Sunday evening, during Col- another ode, of two or three four-lined lins' last illness, I heard a female (the stanzas, called the Bell of Arragon; on a servant I suppose) reading the Bible in tradition that, anciently, just before a king his chamber. Mr. Collins had been ac- of Spain died, the great bell of the cathecustomed to rave much, and make great dral of Sarragossa, in Arragon, tolled moanings; but while she was reading, or spontaneously. It began thus :rather attempting to read, he was not only silent but attentive likewise, correcting

The bell of Arragon, they say, her mistakes, which indeed were very fre

Spontaneous speaks the fatal day, &c. quent, through the whole of the twenty- Soon afterwards were these lines :seventh chapter of Genesis.'”

There is another touching feature of Whatever dark aërial power, Collins's distracted mind—“At Chichester Commission'd, haunts the gloomy tower. tradition has preserved some striking and

The last stanza consisted of a moral tranaffecting occurrences of his last days; he would haunt the aisles and cloisters of the

sition to his own death and knell, which cathedral, roving days and nights together,

he called some simpler bell.'”

Dr. Drake observes, “ Of this exquisite loving their

poet, who, in his genius, and in his perDim religious light. And, when the choristers chaunted their

* Calamitics of Authors.

sonal fate bears a strong resemblance to the celebrated Tasso, it is greatly to be regretted that the reliques are so few. I must particularly lament the loss of the ode, entitled “The Bell of Arragon,' which from the four lines preserved in this paper seems to have been written with the poet's wonted power of imagination, and to have closed in a manner strikingly moral and pathetic. I rather wonder that Mr. Warton, who partook much of the romantic bias of Collins, was not induced to fill up the impressive outline.” *

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The imagined resemblance of Collins to Tasso suggests insertion, in this place, of a poem by Mrs. Hemans.—There is an Italian saying, that “ Tasso with his sword and pen was superior to all men."


And sounds of breeze, and fount, and leaf,

Came sweet each pause between,
When a strange voice of sudden grief

Burst on the gentle scene.
The mother turn'd-a way-worn man

In pilgrim-garb stood nigh,
Of stately mien, yet wild and wan,

Of proud, yet restless eye :
But drops, that would not stay for pride,

From that dark eye gush'd free,
As, pressing his pale brow, he cried

Forgotten ev'n by thee !"
“ Am I so chang'd ?-and yet we two

Oft hand in hand have play'd ;
This brow hath been all bath'd in dew,

From wreaths which thou hast made ! We have kuelt down, and said one prayer,

And sang one vesper strain; My thoughts are dim with clouds of care

Tell me those words again? “ Life hath been heavy on my head;

I come, a stricken deer, Bearing the heart, 'midst crowds that bled,

To bleed in stillness here !” She gaz'd-till thoughts that long had slept

Shook all her thrilling frame,-
She fell upon his neck, and wept,

And breath'd her Brother's name.
Her Brother's name and who was He,

The weary one, th' unknown,
That came, the bitter world to fee,

A stranger to his own ?
He was the Bard of gifts divine

To sway the hearts of men :
He of the song for Salem's shrine,

He of the sword and pen.

She sat where, on each wind that sighed,

The citron's breath went by, While the deep gold of eventide

Burn'd in th' Italian sky.
Her hower was one where day-light's close

Full oft sweet laughter found,
As thence the voice of childhood rose

To the high vineyards round.
But still and thoughtful at her knee,

Her children stood that hour-
Their bursts of song, and dancing glee,
Hush'd as by words of power.
With bright, fix'd, wondering eye, that gaz'd

Up to their mother's face,
With brows through parting ringlets rais'd,

They stood in silent grace.
While she-yet something o'er her look

Of mournfulness was spread
Forth from a poet's magic book

The glorious numbers read:
The proud undying lay which pour'd

Its light on evil years ;
His of the gifted pen and sword,

The triumph-and the tears.
She read of fair Erminia's Aight,

Which Venice once might hear
Sung on her glittering seas, at night,

By many a gondolier;
Of Him she read, wbo broke the charm

That wrapt the myrtle grove,
Of Godfrey's deeds--of Tancred's arm,

That slew his Paynim-love.
Young cheeks around that bright page glow'd;

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Young holy hearts were stirrd, And the meek tears of woman flow'd

Fast o'er each burning word;

*Dr. Drake's Gleaner.

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The subsequent communication, ac

Croydon Palace. companied by a drawing of the carving represented in the engraving

Dr. Ducarel says, the oldest part of

Croydon Palace, which is entirely of brick, (For the Year Book.]

was one of the earliest brick buildings in

the reign of Henry VI. Here, in 1573, An escutcheon surmounted by a canopy, archbishop Parker entertained Elizabeth on the eastern wall of the old archiepis- and her court for seven days. Under the copal palace of Croydon, fell down, toge- commonwealth the palace was let to the ther with the wall, on the 8th of June Earl of Nottingham at £40 a year; and last year. In a few days afterwards, the afterwards to Sir William Brereton, coescutcheon having been removed with the lonel general of the Cheshire forces, who rubbish on which it lay, I took the ac- resided in it, and turned the chapel into companying sketch of it. The wall is a kitchen. On the restoration archbishop reinstated without this ancient ornament. Juxon repaired and fitted it up; and many I forward the drawing in the hope that of his successors repaired it at a great exit may find a place in the Year Book. pense ; most of them occasionally re

The arms are party per pale--Dexter sided here except archbishops Secker and division—az: a cross patence, or : be- Cornwallis. In 1780, after remaining tween five martlets,or.-Sinister quarterly, uninhabited for twenty years, it was sold first and fourth, az: three fleurs-de-lis, under an act of parliament to Abraham or; for France. Second and third, gules : Pitches, Esq., afterwards Sir Abraham three lions passant guardant, or ; for Pitches, for £2520, and the proceeds England. The dexter division bare the were applied towards the expense of arms of Edward the Confessor.

building Westminster Bridge. The cha

G, S. S. pel is now used for the Sunday school; Croydon, April 1831.

and, in the week, for the school of industry. The palace itself is converted medicine, nor been visited with any kind into a calico-printing manufactory and a of illness, except the measles when a child, bleaching ground. In 1412, v:hen James and the hooping-cough when above one I. king of Scotland was a prisoner in hundred years of age. During the course England, he dated a grant of Drumlanrig of his long life he was only once intoxifrom Croydon, where he was probably cated, which was at a wedding; and he under the care of archbishop Arundel. never used tea or coffee, his principal A vineyard is mentioned to have been food having been bread, potatoes, hastyhere in the time of Edward II.

pudding, broth, and occasionally a little Vineyards.

Hesh meat. He scarcely ever tasted ale or Upon the authority of many ancient spirits, his chief beverage was water; or writers, Mr. Pegge affirmed the existence milk and water mixed. This abstemiousin early times of vineyards in England

ness arose partly from a dislike to strong for the culture of grapes, and that they liquors, but more from a saving disposiwere introduced by the Romans about tion, being remarkably careful of his 280. The Hon. Daines Barrington de- money, and strongly attached to the things nied it, and disputed Mr. Pegge's inter- of this world. For the same reason, as pretation of some of the passages be had he himself acknowledged, he never used cited. Mr. Gough learnedly replied to

snuff or tobacco. With these views, his Mr. Barrington, and adduced two in- habits of industry, and disregard of perstances from ancient authors who men- sonal fatigue, were extraordinary; he tion vineyards and orchards as distinct having often been up for two or three things.*

nights in a week, particularly when bring

ing home coals or lime. In his younger June 13.

days he was rather robust, excellent in

bodily strength, and was considered a June 13, 1823, Mr. Robert Bowman

master in the art of wrestling-an exercise of Irthington, near Carlisle, died, at the to which he was particularly attached. age of one hundred and eighteen years. He was of a low stature, being not above

Dr. Barnes published some account of five feet five inches in height, with a large this Cumberland patriarch, in the Edin- chest, well-proportioned limbs, and weighburgh Philosophical Journal, 1820. He ing about twelve stone. His vigor never says his birth-day is not known; and, forsook him till far advanced in life; for, « as some doubts have been entertained

in his hundred and eighth year, he walked with respect to his age, to put it beyond to and from Carlisle (sixteen miles), dispute, I have examined the register of without the help of a staff, to see the his' baptisın, in the parish church of workmen lay the foundation stone of Hayton. His name, and place of nativity, Eden bridge. In the same year he actuas well as the year of baptism, which was ally reaped corn, made hay, worked at 1705, are very legible, but, from his name

hedging, and assisted in all the labors of having been placed at the foot of the page, the field, with, apparently, as much enthe month and day are worn out." He

ergy as the stoutest of his sons. As was born at Bridgewood-foot, a small might be expected, his education was farm-house, and hamlet, about two miles very limited, lut he possessed a consifrom Irthington, in the month of October, derable share of natural sense, with much 1705, in the house where his grandfather self-denial, and passed a life of great had resided, and where his father also

regularity and prudence, without troubling was born, both of whom were brought himself by much thought or reflection. up to husbandry. His ancestors were His memory was very tenacious : he reRoman Catholics, and in the early part membered the rebellion in 1715, when of his life he professed that religion ;- he was ten years of age, and witnessed a but, many years ago, he became a member

number of men running away from the of the church of England, and was a con- danger. In the second rebellion, in stant and orderly attendant upon its the year 1745, he was employed in worship, until prevented by age and cutting trenches round Carlisle, but filed infirmity. From early youth he had been from his disagreeable situation as soon a laborious worker, and was at all times an opportunity afforded for escaphealthy and strong, having never taken ing. He did not marry till he was

fifty years of age, and his wife lived with • Manning and Bray's Surrey. him fifty-two years, dying in 1807, aged


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eighty-one. In 1810 one of his brothers that I did not stir out of my house at died at the age of ninety-nine ; and in Twickenham, and that the same is a ma1818 a cousin died, aged ninety-five; licious and ill-grounded report. another cousin, eighty-seven years old,

ALEXANDER Pope.” survived him. He left six sons, the youngest fifty years of age, and the eldest sixty-two; his grand-children were twenty

June 14. Sun rises

3 44 in number; his great grand-children only


8 16 eleven : he never had any daughters. Viper buglos flowers. About the year 1799 he lost all his teeth, but no mark of debility appeared about his person before 1813, when he took to

June 15. his bed, and never was able to use his

FROST. limbs afterwards. During the first nine

On the 15th of June, 1791, a remarkyears of his confinement his health and able change in the weather took place, spirits continued good, and he was free within a few days. The thermometer, from corporeal pain; but for the last

which stood at seventy-five, fell to twentytwelve months his intellects became rather

five degrees. The hills of Kent and impaired. On the day before his death he was seized with illness; the next day Surrey were covered with hoar frost, and

whitened with snow. he grew weaker, and weaker as the day there was ice of the thickness of a shilling.

In many places declined, but experienced no sickness. At about eight in the evening he slept silently away in the arms of death.

June 15. Sun rises

3 44 Mr. Bowman resided, during the latter

8 16 part of his life, with one of his sons, upon Grass is now long, and nearly ready to his own estate, and died possessed of

cut. considerable property--the fruit of unwearied perseverance and active industry, through a longer portion of time than

June 16. usually falls to the lot of man.

This is the anniversary of the death of To this account the editor of the Wake- the great John, duke of Marlborough ; field Journal adds, “We understand from and also of the famous battle of Dettingen, a grandson of Mr. Bowman, residing at when the British and allied troops, comWakefield, that he had attained his manded by king George II. in person, hundred and eighteenth year and some obtained a decisive victory over the French months."


Thomas Brown, or Bland's REGIMENT. June 13. Sun rises

3 45

[To Mr. Hone.] Sets

8 15 Sir,—You notice under this day, both Portugal blue squill flowers.

in your first volume, and also in your Hairy dandelion flowers.

second volume of your Every-Day Book, Rough dandelion in blow every where. the death of the most able, and most sucWhite orchis flowers.

cessful chieftain that our British Islands ever produced, with the exception of one

now living, as happening in 1722. ExJune 14.

actly twenty-cne years afterwards, an POPE IN PLAIN PROSE.

English dragoon signalized himself in a

way which proved to the world that, from In a life of Pope, written by Ayres, the general to the private soldier, England and published by Curll, is the following

was as unmatched in the last century as advertisement:

she is in the present. Daily Post of Friday, 14th of June, On the 16th of June, 1743, was fought 1728.

the battle of Dettingen. In this battle “ Whereas there has been a scandalous served a private dragoon, in Bland's paper cried about the streets, under the regiment, of the name of Thomas Brown; title of ' A Popp upon Pope,' insinuating he was about twenty-eight years of age, that I was whipped in Ham-walks, on and had not been one year in the army. Thursday last;- This is to give notice The French gen-des-arms, in a charge,

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