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before you come into Thame), and, at the immediate neighbourhood of the place, head of them, was Blagge, with a bloody having experienced but little change since face, and his party, with Captain Walter those eventful and unhappy times which following him. The number, as was then the interesting historian so minutely deguessed by A. Wood, and others of the scribes. family, was fifty, or more, and they all The antiquary's pen has given a sort rode under the said pale, and close by the of everlastingness to the event: and I house. They did not ride in order, but hope Mr. Hone will assist my humble each made shift to be foremost; and, one endeavours to preserve the edifice yet “a of them riding upon a shelving ground little longer,” which is associated so closely opposite to the door, his horse slipped, with it, and which, though depicted hy fell upon one side, and threw the rider an unskilful hand, will be found to be (a lusty man), in A. Wood's sight. tolerably correct in all its features. Colonel Crafford, who was well horsed,

I am, &c. at a pretty distance before his man in

J. K. pursuit, held a pistol to him, but, the Thame, April 1831. trooper crying out quarter, the rebels came up, rifled him, and took him and his horse away with them. Crafford rode on without touching him, and

June 10. ever and anon he would be discharging his pistol at some of the fagg end of 10th of June, 1735, Thomas Hearne, Blagge's horse, who rode through the west the antiquary, died at Edmund Hall, end of Thame, called Priest-end, leading Oxon, at the age of 57. He was born at towards Rycote.”

Littlefield Green, in the parish of White After relating the particulars of another Waltham, Berks. His father, George skirmish, A. Wood says, “This alarm and Hearne, was parish-clerk, and resided in onset were made by the cavaliers from the vicarage-house, for which he paid no Oxou, about break of day on Sunday, rent in consequence of his instructing September 7, before any of the rebels eight boys in reading, writing, and arithwere stirring : but, by the alarm taken metic, and the Latin grammar. Thomas from the sentinel that stood at the end of was sent as an assistant in the kitchen of the town, leading to Oxon, many of them the learned and pious Francis Cherry, Esq. came out of their beds into the market- but being uncouth in his person, clownish place, without their doublets, whereof in his manners, and having his “ nose adjutant-general Pride was one, who fought always in a book," he became the ridiin his shirt. Some that were quartered cule of his party-colored brethren.near the church (as, in the vicar's house, Complaints were frequently made that where A. Wood then sojourned, and Hearne would not even clean the knives, others) Aed into the church (some with and Mr. Cherry, whose kindness would their horses also), and, going to the top not suffer him to dismiss any servant withof the tower, would be peeping thence to out examining into the whole of his consee the cavaliers run into the houses duct, found that this scrub in his kitchen where they quartered, to fetch away their possessed a mind far above his station, goods."

upon which he boarded him at his father's, Often in my walks past the vicarage, and paid for his education at Bray, three and my visits to it, I think on the above long miles from Waltham. Hearne's impassage in Anthony a' Wood, and picture provement was rapid ; and, on the recomto myself the young antiquarian disturbed mendation of the learned Mr. Dodwell, from his dinner in the parlour, and leaning Mr. Cherry received the youth again to with his “ fellow-sojourners" over the his own house, not as a servant, but as pales (on the right of the house), behold- one whom he patronized. This worthy ing “ the brave colonel Blagge with a gentleman entered him, when seventeen bloody face,” and his “ fifty or more stout years of age, at Edmund Hall, Oxford, horsemen” coming in full speed across where he was even then able to collate the railed bridge, pursued by Crafford Greek MSS. Vulgar and unsocial, and " and the rebels ;" and I am greatly as vehement in tory principles, he abhorred sisted in these my reveries, by the circum- all who supported the line of Brunswick. stance of the bridge, the house, the road, He held an office in the Bodleian library, the shelving bank, and, indeed, all the which be lost on account of his religious She says,

and political virulence. The scholar, “ Item, for two doss' di Bosce-gurlands the historian, and the antiquary are emi- for prestes and clerks on Saynt Barnabe nently indebted to Hearne's researches. daye, js. xd.It may be said of him that he had no În explanation of “ Woodrove" garrelations but manuscripts ; no acquaint- lands Mr. Brand cites, from Gerard's ance but with books; no progeny but Herbal, - “ Woodroffe, Asperula hath edited fragments of antiquity. After a many square stalkes, full of joynts, and at life of labor, care, and perplexity, from every knot or joynt seven or eight long intense application and illiberal manners, narrow leaves, set round about like a star, he was attended on his death-bed by a or the rowell of a spurre. The flowres Roman Catholic priest, who gained ad- grow at the top of the stems, of a white mission to him, after he had refused colour and of a very sweet smell, as is the to see a nonjuring clergyman. He left rest of the herbe, which being made up behind him a considerable sum of money, into garlands or bundles, and hanging up with a great quantity of valuable MSS., in houses in the heat of summer, doth which he bequeathed to Dr. William Bed- very well attemper the aire, coole and ford, who sold them to Dr. Rawlinson. make fresh the place, to the delight and They afterwards fell into the hands of comfort of such as are therein.-WoodMoore Chester Hall, Esq., of Wickford, roofe is named of divers in Latine AspeEssex, and at his death were the property rula odorata, and of must men Aspergula of his widow: from that period no traces odorata : of others Cordialis, and Stellaria : of them could be discovered. It is be- in English, Woodrooffe, Woodrowe, and lieved that Hearne never had the curiosity Woodrowell

. It is reported to be put to visit London. His person was well de- into wine, to make a man merry, and to scribed by Mr. Cherry's daughter, the late be good for the heart and liver." Mrs. Berkley, who was as great a curiosity as even Hearne himself.

On the 11th of June, 1727, king George “Of all the lumber-headed, stupid-looking I. died at Osnaburgh, of a fit of apoplexy, beings, he had the most stupid appearance, which he was attacked with in his carnot only in his countenance (generally riage, on his way to that city, the index of the mind) but in his every limb. No neck, his head looking as if he ARGYLE SQUARE, EDINBURGH. was peeping out of a sack of corn ; his arms short and clumsy, remarkably ill

A tailor in London, named Campbell, placed on his body; his legs ditto, as, I having secured the good graces of his ibink, is evidently seen in a print which chief, the duke of Argyle, was promised my mother had of him. In short, I have the first favor which that nobleman could wondered that such a looking being should throw in his way. Upon the death of have been admitted (as a servant) into a

George I., which took place abroad, the genteel family."

duke receiving very early intelligence,

concealed it from the whole court for a h, m.

few hours, and only divulged the importJune 10. Sun rises

3 47

ant news to his friend, the tailor, who,

ere his less favored brethren in trade were

8 13 Doubtful poppy flowers.

aware, went and bought up all the black cloth in town, and forth with drove such

a trade, in supplying people with mournJune 11.

ing at his own prices, that he shortly

realised a little fortune, and laid the Sr. BARNABAS DAY.

foundation of a greater. This he afterTo the particulars under this day in the wards employed in building a few of the Every-Day Book, may be added, on the houses in Argyle-square, and conferred authority of Mr. Brand, who was minister that name on them in honor of his patron.* of the parish of St. Mary at Hill, London, the following charges in the churchwar

DRESS, Temp. GEORGE I. den's accounts of that parish, 17 and 19 Edward IV.

There was not much variation in dress “For Rose-garlondis and Woodrove- during this reign. The king was advanced garlondis, on St. Barnebes' Daye, xjd." And, under the year 1486;

Chambers's Traditions of Edinburgh, i. 44.

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in years, and seldom mixed with his sub. No longer shall the boddice, aptly lae'd jects; and the act which precluded the * From the full bosom to the slender waist, granting of honors to foreigners pre

• That air and harmony of shape express, vented many German gentlemen from

• Fine hy degrees, and beautifully less.' visiting England. There was no queen Spanish broad cloth, trimmed with gold in England, and the ladies who accom- lace, was still in use for ladies' dresses ; panied his Majesty were neither by birth, and scarfs, greatly furbelowed, were worn propriety of conduct, age, nor beauty, qua- from the duchess to the peasant, as were lified to make any impression on prevail- riding-hoods on horseback. The mask ing modes. The peace with Frarce caused continued till the following reign.* more intercourse between the two countries than had subsisted for many years;

h. m. and a slight difference was introduced in

June 11. Sun rises

3 46 the shape of the clothing, but so little as


8 14 to be scarcely worth notice. Dr. John

Garden poppy flowers. Harris published, in 1715, an elaborate

Midsummer daisy already flowers in “ Treatise upon the Modes, or a Farewell

some meadows. to French Kicks," 8vo.; and on the particular recommendation of John, Duke of this day.

Scarlet lychnis sometimes flowers about Argyle, the reverend reprobater of French fashions was made bishop of Landaff

. This clergyman endeavoured to dissuade his countrymen from applying to foreigners

June 12. in matters of dress, because we have “ a right, and power, and yenius,” to supply Farewell Aruna !-- Still,” in Fancy's ear, ourselves. The French tailors, he ob

As in the evening wind, thy murmers swell,

Th' enthusiast of the lyre, who wander'd here, served, invented new modes of dress, and

Seems yet to strike his visionary shell, dedicated them to great men, as authors

Of power to call forth Pity's tenderest tear, do books; as was the case with the roque

Or wake wild Frenzy from her hideous cell! laure cloak, which at that time displaced

Charlotte Smith..! the surtout; and which was called the

On the 12th of June, 1759, died, in roquelaure from being dedicated to the Duke of Roquelaure, whose cloak and

his thirty-seventh year, William Collins, title spread by this means throughout

one of the most unhappy of our most France and Britain. Dr. Harris says, the gifted poets. coat was not the invention of the French,

A contributor to memorials of Collins but its present modifications and adjuncts,

says his father was a hatter at Chichester, the pockets and pocket flaps, as well as

“ He lived in a genteel style, and I think

filled the office of mayor more than once; the magnitude of the plaits, which differ from time to time in number, but always his death left his affairs rather embar

he was pompous in his manners, but at agree in the mystical efficacy of an un

rassed. equal number, were entirely derived from

Colonel Martyn, his wife's broFrance.

ther, greatly assisted his family; and Yet the ladies reduced their shapes, as

supported Mr. William Collins at the if to represent insects, which seem to

university, where he stood for a fellowhave the two ends held together only by lost, and which was his reason for quitting

ship, whichi, to his great mortification, he a slender union. The consequence of this partial excision of the body was de.

that place; at least, that was his pretext.

But he had other reasons. He was in formity and ill health. In vain did the Venus de Medicis prove that there is a

arrears to his bookseller, his tailor, and due proportion observed by nature : in

other tradesmen ; but, I believe, a desire vain was it allowed that amongst un

to partake of the gaiety and dissipation of clothed Africans a crooked woman was

London was his principal motive. Coas great a rarity as a straight European regiment; and Mr. Payne, a near rela.

lonel Martyn was at this time with his of Marshal Saxe, infested us with that tion, had the management of the Collins's stiffened case which injured and destroyed affairs, and had, likewise, a commission the fine natural symmetry of the female

to supply the Collins's with small sums form. The reproach of the poet was little understood, and as little regarded


of money


The Colonel was the more without effect; for, pretending he would sparing in this order, having suffered con- alter them, he got them from me and siderably by Alderman Collins, who had thrust them into the fire. He was an acformerly been his agent, and, forgetting ceptable companion every where; and, that his wife's brother's cash was not his among the gentlemen who loved him for own, had applied it to his own his genius, I may reckon Drs. Armstrong, When Mr. William Collins came from Barrowby, and Hill; and Messrs. Quin, the university, he called on his cousin Garrack, and Foote, who frequently took Payne, gaily dressed, and with a feather his opinion on their pieces, before they in his hat; at which his relation expressed were seen by the public. He was partisurprise, and told him his appearance cularly noticed by the geniuses who frewas by no means that of a young man quented the Bedford and Slaughter's cofwho had not a single guinea to call his fee-houses. From his knowledge of Garown. This gave him great offence; but, rick, he had the liberty of the scenes and remembering his sole dependence for green-room, where he made diverting obsubsistence was in the power of Mr. servations on the vanity and false consePayne, he concealed his resentment; yet quence of that class of people; and his could not refrain speaking freely behind manner of relating them to his particular his back, and saying he thought him a friends was extremely entertaining. In

dull fellow; though this indeed this manner he lived with and upon his was an epithet he was pleased to bestow friends until the death of Colonel Maron every one who did not think as he tyn, who left what fortune he died poswould have them. His frequent demands sessed of to him and his two sisters. I for a supply obliged Mr. Payne to tell fear I cannot be certain as to dates, but him he must pursue some other line of believe he left the university in 1743. life, for he was sure Colonel Martyn Some circumstances I recollect make me would be displeased with him for having almost certain he was in London that done so much. This resource being stop- year; but I will not be so positive of the ped, forced him to set about some work, time he died, which I did not hear of of which his History of the Revival of until long after it happened. When his Learning was the first, and for which he health and faculties began to decline, he printed proposals (one of which I have), went to France, and afterwards to Bath, and took the first subscription money in hopes his health might be restored, from many of his particular friends. The but without success. I never saw him book was begun, but soon stood still. after his sister had removed him from From the freedom subsisting between us, M‘Donald's mad-house, at Chelsea, to we took the liberty of saying any thing to Chichester, where he soon sunk into a each other: I one day reproached him deplorable state of idiotism," with idleness; when, to convince me that my censure was unjust, he showed me many sheets of his translation of Aris- This brief outline might suffice for totie, which he said he had fully em- ordinary readers; and higher minds might ployed himself about, to prevent him “imagine all the rest,” in the life of him, from calling on any of his friends so fre- who more than any other of our martyrs quently as he used to do. Soon after to the lyre, has thrown over all his images this, he engaged with Mr. Manby, a and his thoughts a tenderness of mind, bookseller on Ludgate Hill, 10 furnish and breathed a freshness over the pictures him with some lives for the Biographia of poetry, which the mighty Milion bas Britannica, which Manby was then pub- not exceeded, and the laborious Gray has lishing. He showed me some of the not attained.” A few other passages, how. lives in embryo, but I do not recollect ever, may be useful as warnings to some of that any of them came to maturity. To less ability and like temperament. The raise a present subsistence, he set about incidents most interesting in the life of writing his Odes; and, having a general Collins would be those events which elude invitation to my home, he frequently the vulgar biographer ; that invisible train passed whole days there, which he em- of emotions which were gradually passing ployed in writing them, and as frequently in his mind; those passions which burning what he had written, after read- moulded his genius, and which broke it! ing them to ine. Many of them which Who could record the vacillations of a pleased me I struggled to preserve, but poetic temper; its early hope, and its late

despair; its wild gaiety, and its settled lation of “ Aristotle's Poetics,” to be illusphrenzy ; but the poet himself? Yet Col- trated by a large commentary.-But “his lims has left behind no memorial of the great fault,” says Johnson, “ was his irrewanderings of his alienated mind, but the solution ; or the frequent calls of immeerrors of his life.-At college he pub- diute necessity broke his schemes, and Tished his “ Persian Eclogues," as ihey suffered him to pursue no settled purpose." were first called, to which, when he Collins was, however, not idle, though thought they were not distinctly Persian, without application ; for, when reproached he gave the more general title of “Ori- with idleness by a friend, he showed inental:" yet the passage of Hassan, in the stantly several sheets of his version of desert, is more correct in its scenery, than Aristotle, and many embryos of some perhaps the poet himself was aware. The lives he had engaged to compose for the publication was attended with no success; Biographia Britannica; he never brought but the first misfortune a poet meets will either io perfection! What then was this rarely deter him from incurring more. He irresolution, but the vacillations of a mind suddenly quitted the University, and has broken and confounded? He had exbeen censured for not having consulted ercised too constantly the highest faculties his friends when he rashly resolved to live of fiction, and he had precipitated hinself by the pen. But he had no friends! into the dreariness of real life. None but Alive to the name of Author and Poet, a poet can conceive, for none but a poet the ardent and simple youth imagined that can experience, the secret wounds inflicted a nobler field of action opened on him in on a mind made up of romantic fancy and the metropolis, than was presented by the tenderness of emotion, who has staked flat uniformity of a collegiate life. To his happiness on bis imagination ; and whatever spot the youthful poet flies, that who feels neglect, as ordinary men might spot seems Parnassus, as civility seems the sensation of being let down into a patronage. Ile wrote his odes for a present sepulclire, and being buried alive. The supply: they were purchased by Millar, mind of Tasso, a brother in fancy to Coland form but a slight pamphlet; yet all lins, became disordered by the opposition the interest of that great bookseller could of the critics, but their perpetual neglect never introduce them into notice. Not had not injured it less. The elegant Hope even an idle compliment is recorded to of the ancients was represented holding have been sent to the poet. When we some flowers, the promise of the spring, now consider that among these odes was or some spikes of corn, indicative of apone of the most popular in the language, proaching harvest--but the Hope of Colwith some of the most exquisitely poetical, lins bad scattered its seed, and they two reflections will occur; the difficulty remained buried in the earth.—To our of a young writer, without connections, poor Bard, the oblivion which covered obtaining the public ear ; and the languor his works appeared to liim eternal, as of the poetical connoisseurs, which some. those works now seem to us immortal. limes suffers poems, that have not yet lle had created Hope, with deep and engrown up to authority, to be buried on thusiastic feeling! the shelf. What the outraged feelings of the poet were, appeared when some time

With eyes so fairafterwards he became rich enough to ex

Whispering promised pleasure,

And bade the lovely scenes at distance hail; press them. Having obtained some for

And Hope, enchanted, smil'd, and way'd her tune by the death of his uncle, he made

golden hair! good to the publisher the deficiency of the unsold odes, and, in his haughty resent

What was the true life of Collins, separment of the public taste, consigned the ated from its adventitious circumstances ? impression to the flames !- It cannot be It was a life of Want, never chequered by doubted, and the recorded facts will de- Hope, that was striving to elude its own monstrate it, that the poetical disappoint- observation by hurrying into some temments of Collins were secretly preying on porary dissipation. But the hours of his spirit, and repressing his firmest ex- melancholy and solitude were ertions. His mind richly stored with return; these were marked on the dial of literature, and his soul alive to taste, were his life, and, when they struck,, the gay ever leaning to the impulse of Nature and and lively Collins, like one of his own study-and thus he projected a “ History enchanted beings, as surely relapsed into of the Revival of Learning," and a trans- his natural shape. To the perpetual re

sure to

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