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(For the Year Book.]
In draperies of many-colored, cloud ;
Pipe forth their hearty welcomes long and loud;
And every flower his laughing eye beguiles--
He courts and wins them with effulgent smiles-
And all of life beneath its glory straying
JOIN CLARE. Among the additions to “The Countess Wanstead, 'in honor of queen Elizabeth, of Pembroke's Arcadia, written by sir Phi- which begins by stating that “ Jler most exlip Sidney, knight," we have an account of cellent Majestie walking in Wanstead Gara rural mask, or May-game, performed at den, as she passed down into the grove there
came suddenly, among the train, one ap- them startle aside and gaze upon her : till parelled like an honest man's wife of the old father Lalus stepped forth (one of the countrie ; where crying out for justice, substantiallest shepherds) and, making a and desiring all the lords and gentlemen leg or two, said these few words:to speak a good word for her, shee was "May it pleas your dignitie to give a litbrought to the presence of her Majestie, tle superfluous intelligence to that which, to whom upon her knees shee offered a with the opening of my mouth, my tongue supplication, and used this speech :"- and teeth shall deliver unto you. So it is,
Most fair ladie! for as for other your right worshipful audience, that a certain titles of state statelier persons shall give shee creature, which wee shepherds call a you, and thus much mine own eies are wit- woman, of a minsical countenance, but nesses of, take here the complaint of mee (by my white lamb) not three-quarters so poor wretch, as deeply plunged in miserie beauteous as yourself, hath disannulled as I wish to you the highest
point of hap- the brain-pain of two of our featioust piness.
young men. And will you wot how? By “ Onely one daughter I have, in whom I my mother Kit's soul, with a certain franhad placed all the hopes of my good hap, sical ma-ladie they call love; when I was so well had shee with her good parts re- a young man they called it flat follie. compensed my pain of bearing her, and But here is a substantial schoolmaster can care of bringing her up: but now, alas! better disnounce the whole foundation of that shee is com to the iime I should reap the matter, although in sooth, for all his my full comfort of her, so is shee troubled, loquence, our young men were nothing with that notable matter which we in the dutious to his clarkship; com on, com on countrie call matrimonie, as I cannot master schoolmaster, bee not so bashless ; chuse but fear the loss of her wits, at we say that the fairest are ever the gentlest: least of her honestie. Other women think tell the whole case, for you can much they may bee unhappily combred with one better vent the points of it than 1.” master husband; my poor daughter is Then came forward master Rombus, and oppressed with two, both loving her, both in the manner of “Lingo,” in the “ Agree equally liked of her, both striving to able surprise". (a character undoubtedly deserve her. But now lastly (as this derived from this Rombus), he made “a jealousie forsooth is a vile matter) each learned oration" in the following words: have brought their partakers with them, “ Now the thunderthumping Jove transand are at this present, without your pré- fund his dotes into your excellent formosence redress ii, in some bloodie contro- sitie, which have with your resplendant versie; now sweet Ladie help, your own beams thus segregated the enmitie of these way guides you to the place where they rural animals: I am Potentissma Domina, encomber her. I dare stay here no longer, a schoolmaster, that is to say, a pedagogue, for our men say in the countrie, the sight one not a little versed in the disciplinating of you is infectious.”
of the juvenal frie, wherein (to my laud I The speech, &c., was delivered by a say it) I use such geometrical proportion female called “ the Suitor," who finally as neither wanted mansuetude nor corpresented the queen with a written sup rection ; for so it is described, Parcare plication, in verse, and departed.
Subjectos et debellire Superbos. Yet hath “ Herewith the woman-suitor being gon, not the pulcritude of my virtues protected there was heard in the wood a confused mee from the contaminating bands of these noise, and forthwith there came out six plebeians; for coming, solummodo, to have shepherds, with as many forresters, haling parted their sanguinolent fray, they yielded and pulling to whether side they should mee no more reverence than if I had been draw the Ladie of May, who seemed to som Pecorius Asinus. I, even I, that am, incline neither to the one nor the other who am I? Dixi, verbus sapiento satum side. Among them was master Rombus a est. But what said that Trojan Æneus, schoolmaster of a village thereby, who, when bee sojourned in the surging sulks being fully persuaded of his own learned of the sandiferous seas, Hæc olim memcwisdom, came thither with his authoritie to nasse juvebit. Well, Well, ad propositos part their fray ; where for answer hee re- revertebo; the puritie of the veritie is, that ceived many unlearned blows. But the a certain Pulcra puella profecto, elected Queen coming to the place where she was and constituted by the integrated determiseen of them, though they knew not her nation of all this topographical region, as estale, yet something there was which made the sovereign ladie of this dame Maie's month, hath oeen quodammodo hunted, as At the close of this contest between you would say, pursued by two, a brace, a Therion and Espilus, they jointly supcouple, a cast of young men, to whom the plicated the queen's determination. “ But craftie coward Cupid had inquam delivered as they waited for the judgment her his dire-dolorous dart."
Majestie should give of their deserts, the Here the “ May-Ladie" interrupted his shepherds and forresters grew to a great speech, at which master Rombus in a great contention, whether of their fellows had chafe, cried out-"O Tempori, 0 Moribus ! sung better, and so whether the estate of in profession a childe, in dignitie a woman, shepherds or forresters were the more worin years a ladie, in cæteris a maid, should shipful. The speakers were Dorcas an thus turpifie the reputation of my doctrine, old shepherd, and Rirus a young forrester, with the superscription of a fool, 0 Tem- between whom the schoolmaster Rombus pori, 0 Moribus !",
came in as a moderator." Then the May-Lady said again,“ Leave To the shepherd Dorcas, who achieved off good latine fool, and let mee satisfie his best, the forester Rirus answered, the long desire I have had to feed mine –"The shepherd's life had som goodness eies with the onely sight this age hath in it, becaus it borrowed of the countrie granted to the world."
quietness something like ours, but that is The poor schoolmaster went his way not all; for ours, besides that quiet part, back, and the May-Ludy kneeling down, doth both strengthen the bodie, and raise thus concluded a speech to lier Majesty : up the minde with this gallant sort of “ Indeed so it is, that I am a fair wench, activitie. O sweet contentation ! to see or els I am deceived, and therefore by the the long life of the hurtless trees, to see consent of all our neighbuors have been how in streight growing up, though never chosen for the absolute ladie of this merrie so high, they hinder not their fellows; they month. With me have been (alas I am only enviously trouble which are crookashamed to tell it) fwo young men, the one edly bent. What life is to bee compared a forrester named Therion, the other Espi- to ours, where the very growing things are lus, a shepherd, very long even in love ensamples of goodness ? wee have no forsooth. I like them both, and love hopes but we may quickly go about them, neither ; Espilus is the richer, but Therion and going about them we soon obtain the livelier. Therion doth mee many them." pleasures, as stealing me venison out of The May-Lady submitted to the decithese forrests, and many other such like sion of the queen in a short speech, and prettie and prettier services, but withal hee “it pleased her majesty to judge that grows to such rages, that sometimes hee Espilus did the better deserve her." strikes mee, sometimes hee rails at mee. Upon this judgment, “the shepherds This shepherd Espilus of a milde disposi- and forresters made a full concert of their tion, as his fortune hath not been to mee cornets and recorders, and then did Espilus great service, so hath hee never don mee sing." any wrong, but feeding his sheep, sitting Finally, at the end of the singing and under som sweet bush, somtimes they say the music, the May-Lady took her deparhee records my name in doleful verses. ture with this speech to her majesty : Now the question I am to ask you, fair "Ladie, yourself, for other titles do rather ladie, is, whether the many deserts and diminish than add unto you, I and my many faults of Therion, or the very small little coinpanie must now leav you. I deserts and no faults of Espilus, bee to should do you wrong to beseech you to be preferred. But before you give your take our follies well, since your bountie is judgment (most excellent ladie) you shall such as to pardon greater faults. Therehear what each of them can say for them- fore I will wish you good night, praying selves in their rural songs."
to God, according to the title I possess, Here Therion in six verses challenged that as hitherto it hath excellently don, so Espilus to sing with him. And“ Espilus, henceforward the flourishing of May may as if hee had been inspired with the muses, long remain in you, and with you." began forthwith to sing, whereto his fel- And so ended this May-game at Wanlow Shepherds set in with their recorders, stead. which they bare in their bags like pipes; and so of Therion's side did the forresters,
The MaideNS' PORTION. with the cornets they wore about their
[To Mr. Hone.) encks like hunting horus in baudrikes." Sir-The following particulars of a
singular bequest, under the above title, I away on the first of May. There are have for some years past heard of, but usually eight or ten applicants, whose rea few weeks ago I visited the place pur- spective merits are tried by the warden posely to get some information respecting and corporation, by whose decision the it, wbich I obtained very readily from the sums are awarded. clerk of the Parish, on telling him that it Natives of the place are of course prewas for you.
ferred; but if four cannot be found of good It appears that John Herman, a native character and with other qualifications then of Sutton Coldfield, and a prelate in the the longest residents are taken. reigu of Henry VIII., was promoted by
Yours respectfully, that monarch to the see of Exeter, in the
WILLIAM PARE. eleventh year of his reign; and in conse- Birmingham, December 1826. quence of this part of the kingdom being but thinly inhabited at that time, owing, to its having been the resort of William
It is mentioned by a correspondent that the Conqueror and several kings after him, a girl of Raine's charity school, at St. for indulging in their favorite diversion Georges in the East near London, is seof hunting, this bishop of Exeter was ex
lected annually on May-day, and married tremely desirous to increase its population,
with £100 for her portion, from the funds as will appear from his having established of the school, according to ancient custom. the “ Maidens' Portion," as recorded upon his tomb, in Sutton Coldfield church-So
'WARE Hawk. great was his affection for this his native place that he spared neither cost nor pains On the first of May 1826, in a field to improve it and make it flourish. He called the Hollies, belonging to Sir Edward procured it to be incorporate by the name Smythe, Bart., of Acton Burnell in Shropof a warden and society of the king's town shire, a flock of pigeons, and eight or ten of Sutton Coldfield, granting to them and crows, were all busily seeking food. A to their successors for ever the chase; park, hawk, sailing in the air over them, and manor. He built two aisles to the pounced on one of the pigeons, and dischurch, and an organ; he erected the moot persed both crows and pigeons. In the (or town) hall, with a prison under it, and course of a few seconds one of the crows a market place; also fifty-one stone houses, seemed to recollect himself, and flew swifttwo stone bridges (one at Curdworth, and ly at the hawk with the courage and one at Water-Horton); paved the whole daring of a game cock. The hawk was town, gave a meadow to poor widows, compelled to defend himself, and forced and for the improvement of youth founded to release his prey, which, with the loss of and endowed a free grammar school. He a few feathers, Alew after its company, built Moor Hall, where he spent the latter while a furious engagement for about two part of his life in hospitality and splendor, minutes ensued, in which the crow sucsaw for many years the good effect of his ceeded in driving off the adversary. At munificence, and died in the 103rd year the close of the conflict the hero joined of his age, in the year of our Lord 1555." his brother crows, who, from their seats on
Bishop Herman directed that upon his the surrounding trees, had witnessed the death a certain sum of money should be combat: with a few croaks be seemed to so invested and the interest be equally di. say." I have rescued the captive," and the vided and given annually to four poor sable company all set up a loud cawing, maidens, natives or long residents of as if singing " Io Pæan" to the victor! Sutton, of unexceptionable good character, All this passed under the eye of a steady who soould have been married in the young man, who happened to be in the past year. This latter condition was next meadow, and was struck mute with obviously to encourage wedlock in order astonishment. to increase the population.
The interest at first was £20, and consequently it was £5 each; but subsequent
HAWTHORN. ly, owing to its having lain dormani and
A few years ago Mr. Taylor, of Morton, money having risen, the interest is increas. received the silver medal of the Society of ed 10 f100 or £25 each.
The bequest is announced in the parish church annually by the clerk, and is given
hedges may be formed, in a more expedi- Red campion flows plentifully. Arts, for having discovered that bawthorn Bugle, yellow rattle, male orchis, and tious manner than usual, by cutting the female orchis, flower. roots of this shrub into small pieces, and May, or whitethorn, flowers sparingly. planting them with the top one-fourth of Gardens, fields, and meadows begin to an inch above the ground ; the upper end assume their richest liveries. The trees of each piece may be marked when cut- are in young green leaf, and every hedge ting, by giving it iwo cuts, and the lower and bush seems in flower. The orchards end but one. The spring is the best time are delightful, when in full blossom at this 10 plant the sets; of those planted by Mr. time. Taylor, not five in one hundred were lost.
This is the bird-month. Swallows and ST. PHILIP AND Sr. James.
martins have all arrived. The nightingale The first of May stands in the church
and thrush continue to delight the ear by calendar as the festival day of these night, the voice of the cuckoo is heard by apostles, respecting whom, and for large night and by day, and all the birds are in accounts of the celebration of May-day, fuit song. reference may be had to the Every-Day Book.
William Camden, the illustrious ex-
plorer of our antiquities, who was born For winter is gone :
in the Old Bailey, on the 2d of May, And the flowers are springing, And little birds singing,
1551, relates concerning the objects of Their soft notes ringing,
worship with our forefathers, as follows,And bright is the sun!
Alercury whom they called Woodan, his
sacrifices were men, and the day conseThere grass is growing With dew-drops glowing
crated to him the fourth of the week, And flowers are seen
which we therefore at this day call WedOn beds so green.
nesday. The sixth they consecrated to All down in the grove,
Vepus, whom they called Frea and Frico, Around, above,
whence we call that day Friday, as TuesSweet music floats ;
day is derived from Tuisco, the founder As now loudly vying,
of the German nation. They also worNow sofuy sighing,
shipped the goddess Herthus, i. e. their The nightingale's plying
mother earth, imagining that she interested Her tuneful notes,
herself in the affairs of men and nations. And joyous at spring
In a temple (called in their vulgar tongue Her companions sing.
Ubsola, the furniture whereof is all of Up, maidens, repair
gold) the people worshipped the statues of To the meadows so fair
three gods. . Thor, the most powerful of And dance we away
them, has a room by himself in the middle; This mery May !
on each side of him are Woodan and Godfrey of Nifen, 13th Century.* Frico; the emblems of them are these :
Thor they take to be the ruler of the air,
and to send as he sees convenient thunder May 1.—Day breaks
2 7 and lightning, winds and showers, fair Sun rises
4 37 weather and fruit. Woodan, the second, is
7 23 more valiant; it is he that manages Twilight ends
9 53 wars, and inspires people with courage Bulbous crowsfoot flowers beautifully against their enemies. Frico, the third, in the meadows.
presents men with peace and pleasure, and Lords and ladies, or the flowers of the his statue is cut with a terminus, as some Arum maculatum, are under the hedges' times seen in representations of ihe god of and shady places.
gardens. They engrave Woodan armed,
as Mars is with us. Thor seems to be • Lays of the Minnesingers.
represented with the sceptre of Jupiter.