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altramarine blue of the Cynoglossum Om- Towards the close of the vernal season phalodes, and of the Veronica Chamaedrys, the weather gets warmer, and is generally which covers every bank in May, and the fine and dry, or else refreshed by showers ; blue harebell, is as common as the yellow it is, however, seldom hotter than what crowsfoot. Early in the month the standard may be called temperate, and the nights, tulips are in full blow and exhibiting when the wind is northerly, are still cold. every stripe, tint, and variety of color. The blossoms of the fruit trees gradually Towards the middle of the month the rich go off, the grass in the meadows gets high, crimson of the piony and the bright lig:it and partially obscures the yellow ranunred of the monkey poppy come into blow culi which decorated them in spring, and at nearly the same time, yet there are by the first week in June the setting in of individual plants of the monkey poppy the solstitial season is manifest by the which always blow a month later than blowing of a new set of plants and the abthe rest, beginning early in June, and con- sence of dark night. tinuing far into the solstitial season. The young plants propagated from these do the same, and may be called a permanent

ALIMENTARY CALENDAR. variety, belonging to the solstitial instead Turtle, the great West Indian luxury, of the vernal Flora, and vies with the com- generally arrives about the latter end of mon garden poppy, a fine ornament of the May, or the beginning of June, though summer solstice. The yellow poppy

from the uncertainties of a sea voyage no now flowers fully, and continues to blow exact period for its first appearance can be sparingly all the summer.

fixed. In 1814 it was so unusually late E'en roads, where danger hourly comes,

that at the magnificent banquet given in Are not without its purple blooms,

Guildhall to the Emperor of Russia and Whose leaves, with threat'ning thistles round to the King of Prussia, on the 18th of Thick set, that have no strength to wound, June, there was no turtle to be had. A Shrink into childhood's eager hold

supply was announced at Portsmouth on Like hair ; aud, with its eye of gold

the very day, but as this civic dignitary, And scarlet-starry points of flowers,

like other great personages, requires much Pimpernel, dreading nights and showers, time to dress, he could not possibly be Oft called “the Shepherd's Weather-glass,"

present on the occasion.

Great was the That slecps till suns have dried the grass, Then wakes, and spreads its creeping bloom

disappointment of the corporation. An Till clouds with threatening shadows come

alderman might have apostrophised with Then close it shuts to sleep again :

as much fervor as Macbeth did on the Which weeders see, and talk of rain ;

absence of Banquo at supper, and with And boys, that mark them shut so soon,

more sincerityCall“ John that goes to bed at noon : Here had we now our table's honor roof'd, And fumitory tooma name

Were the grac'd person of our turtle present. That superstition holds to fameWhose red and purple mottled flowers

Consolation, however, was probably deAre cropped by maids in weeding hours,

rived from the satisfactory assurance that To boil in water, milk, and whey,

the arrival of the long-expected guest, For washes on a holiday,

after he had braved the perils of the sea, To make their beauty fair and sleek,

would afford another festival, for the exAnd scare the tan from summer's cheek;

press purpose of welcoming, and beholdAnd simple small “Forget-me-not,"

ing him in all his glory. Eyed with a pin's head yellow spot

The weight of a turtle varies from l' the middle of its tender blue,

thirty to 500 or 600 pounds, and the That gains from poets notice due:These flowers, that toil by crowds destroys,

price from 2s. 6d. tó 5s. per lb. The -Robbing them of their lowly joys,

cooking is generally performed by a proHad met the May with hopes as sweet

fessed artist," whose fee is from one to As those her suns in gardens meet;

two guineas. Epicures of note have been And oft the dame will feel inclined,

known to prefer it cut into steaks and As childhood's memory comes to mind, broiled, to be eaten with melted butter, To turn her hook away, and spare

Cayenne pepper, and the juice of a Seville The blooms it loved to gather there !

orange, and say that the flesh thus simply Clare. dressed retains more of its true flavor

than when made into callipash and cal* Dr. T. Forster, Ency. of Na'. Phenomena. lipee.

S 2

Calf's head, which is susceptible of beans, for a full crop, about the first week, as many culinary operations as the head and again towards the end of the month. of an ingenious cook can devise, forms the Scarlet and white runners, either in basis of a soup called mock-turtle, and, in drill or seed beds; in the second week. cases of emergency, may serve as an aug- Peas and beans for succession crops, as mentative ingredient to real turile soup. the earlier sowings appear above ground.

Buck venison is now introduced at po- Carrots, for drawing young; once or lite tables, and continues in season until twice. the end of September. The price of a Brocoli, purple caps, for autumnal prime haunch is from three to five guineas. supply: in the third or fourth week. The next best joint is the neck, which is Portsmouth, white and purple, for the proportionably lower in value. The following spring ; in the first week. shoulders, breast, and scrags, generally Borecole, Brussel's sprouts, and any fetch from ten to fourteen pence a pound of the brassica tribe, for succession crops; Forest venison is the smallest and finest during the month. flavored. In the choice of this rich Turnip, the Dutch, and Swedish ; once meat the principal criterion is the fat,

or twice. which in a young buck will be thick, Cucumbers, either for picklers or for bright, and clear, the cleft smooth and

late supply; about the second week. close : a wide tough clest denotes age. Onions, for drawing while young, or

Salmon, sturgeon, lobsters, turbot, had- for bulbs, to plant in the spring; in the dock, eels, and whitings, as well as crabs, third week. prawns, and shrimps, continue generally Lettuce, the coss or capuchin, for salthrough the summer season. After the lads; at any time. close of this month, the John dory and Scorzonera, salsafy, skirret; in the first the gurnet are no longer admissible. In or second week. addition to eels, carp, tench, and perch,

Plant the prince of fresh-water fish, the trout, is produced, and forms a very


Potatoes, the winter main crops; repast during the remainder of the suin

throughout the month.


Cabbages from the seed beds; and SEASONABLE, PERHAPS —

cauliflowers. An old Hebrew says, “ Every man of un- Celery into nursery rows, or some of derstanding knoweth wisdom,” and “they the strongest plants into the final trenches, that were of understanding in sayings be- for early autumnal use; in the fourth came also wise themselves, and poured week. forth exquisite parables.”

Attend to regularity, order, and neatAmong the sayings and counsels of this ancient writer, he advises to “refrain thyself from thine appetites” and he helps

Epitaph on a Gardener. a man who is “given to appetite,” with a

Beneath this sod an honest gardener's laid, reason or two_" If thou givest thy soul the desires that please her, she will make

Who long was thought the tulip of his trade; thee a laughing-stock to thine enemies

A life of many years to him was known,

But now he's wither'd like a rose o'erblown. that malign thee. — Take not pleasure in Like a transplanted flower be this his doom,, much good cheer, neither be lied to the Fading in this world, in the next to bloom. expense thereof.—Be not made a beggar by banqueting upon borrowing, when Iu a garden there is always something thou hast nothing in thy purse; for thou required to be done, which, in the doing, shalt lie in wait for thine own life, and be tendeth to compose the mind, if it be turtalked on."

moiled ; or affordeth pastime, if it be weary There is much, and better matter, to the of calmness. Therefore it is that the bupurpose, in the Book with which the pre-siness of a garden is a quiet and pleasant ceding writer's work is occasionally bound. recreation to all who are over-fatigued

with thought, or disturbed with the cares VEGETABLE GARDEN DIRECTORY. of the world; and hence the wisest actors Sow

in human affairs, and the best benefactors Indian corn, the dwarf variety, as early 10 mankind, have in the ending of life in the month as possible; dwarf kidney sought gardening as a solace.



Arise, ye true lovers, arise! Of your love
Think only, and let the glad spirits be gay :
This bright month of May, from your bosoms remove
Every care-bringing thought, nor permit it to stay.
Be joyful, be faithful : never allowing
One bitter remembrance the joys to outweigh
Of those sweet recollections the season's bestowing ;
"Tis the mandate of love, and the claim of the May.
Then look to yourselves, those glad pleasures enjoying
In the hearts of the good that may blamelessly stay ;
To smile, and to sport, and to sing, none denying,
While grief takes his flight from your spirits to-day;
Array'd in the green festive robe of the season,
At the seast quick and ready the fair to obey,
Each true to his vows, never dreaming of treason;
'Tis the mandate of love, and the call of the May.

Christinç de Pisan.

May 1.

Swedes and Goths, that are very far from May Day.

the Pole, have a custom, that on the fir: t

day of May, when the sun is in Taurus, In Shakspeare's play of King IIenry VIII. there should be two horse troops apthere is a grand procession to the christen- pointed of young and lusty men, as if ing of the princess Elizabeth. The ap

they were to fight some hard conflict. One proach of the pageant attracts into the of these is led on by a captain, chosen by palace yard a multitude, who are desirous lot, who has the name and habit of winof catching a glimpse of the spectacle : ter. He is clothed with divers skins, and their noise and tumult distract the porter armed with fire-forks; and casting about at the palace gate—"an army cannot rule snow-balls and pieces of ice, that he may 'em”-he scolds and rates in vain; and prolong the cold, he rides up and down his man says to him

in triumph, and be shows and makes Pray, sir, be patient; 'lis as much impossible himself the harder, the more the icicles (Unless we sweep them from the door with

seem to hang from their stoves. The chiefcannons)

tain of the other troop is for summer, and To scatter em, as 'tis to make 'em sleep

is called captain Florio, and is clothed On May day morning ; which will never be.

with green boughs and leaves, and sumIt were needless to require evidence be

mer garments that are not very strong. yond this record, by our great observer of

Both these ride from the fields into the men and manners, that our ancestors

city, from divers places, one after another, -rose up early, to observe

and with their fire-spears they fight, and The rite of May,

make a public show, that summer hath There is “ more matter for a May-morn- conquered winter. ing," and the afterpart of a good May- Both sides striving to get the victory, day," in our old chroniclers and best that side more forcibly assaults the other poets, than could be compressed into which on that day seems to borrow more such 'a volume as this. Great were the force from the air, whether temperate or assemblages and outgoings from the city, sharp. If the winter yet breathes frost, on a May-day morning to fetch in May. they lay aside their spears, and, riding up

and down, cast about npon the spectators - More than 130 columns, and fourteen

ashes mingled with live sparks of fire taken engravings, describe and illustrate this from the graves, or from the altar; and festival in the Every-Day Book and Table they who in the same dress and habit are Book, and yet there still remains some

auxiliary troops cast fire-balls from their seasonable information concerning May- horses." Summer, with his band of horse, day merriments and usages.

shows openly bis boughs of birch, or tiel

tree, which are made green long before by Olaus Magnus, who wrote in the six. art, as by the heat of their stoves and teenth century, relates that the southern watering them, and privately brought in as

if they newly came from the wood. But, instead of the “ May," and the old ones because Nature is thus defrauded, those hung up in the chapel of St. Anne." that fight for winter press on the more, that the victory may not be got by fraud ; In the Every Day Book there is Stow's yet the sentence is given for summer by ample account of « Ill May Day,” or the the favorable judgment of the people, who rising of the London 'prentices into fatal are unwilling to endure the sharp rigor of fray, on May-day, 1511, which occasioned winter any longer; and so summer gets the the setting up of that great May-pole, or victory with the general applause of them “shaft," from which the adjoining parish all, and he makes a gallant feast for his com- and church of St. Andrew were called St. pany, and confirms it by drinking cups, Andrew Undershaft. It appears from the which he could scarcely win with spears. following ballad, that, to prevent a similar

This sport is spoken of by Olaus Mag- occurrence by reason of the great crowds nus as “the custom of driving away the on the festival, the old armed watch of winter, and receiving of summer." the city was thenceforth set up on May

eve. On account of the former popularity

of this almost forgotten “garland,” it is Our neighbours of France were great here inserted verbatim. observers of May-day. In the journal of Charles VI., who commenced his reign in

THE STORY OF ILL MAY DAY, in the reign 2380, it is recorded that the “May” plant

of king HENRY the Eighih, and why it was

80 called; and how Queen KATHERINE begged ed annually at the gate of the palace was

the lives of two thousand LONDON Appreneut from the Bois de Boulogne, a wood

tices.---To the Tune of Essex Good Night. in which the sovereigns of the first race,

Peruso the stories of this land, when they dwelt in the palace of Clichy,

And with advisement mark the same, were accustomed to sport, and in which

And you shall justly understand the troops of Charles X. bivouacked the

How Ill May Day first got the name. night before his departure into exile from

For when king Henry th' eighth did reign, the palace of St. Cloud.

And rul'd our famous kingdom here,
His royal qucen he had from Spain,

With whom he liv'd full many a year
In 1449 the fraternity of master gold-
smiths of Paris agreed, as an act of devo-

Queen Katherine nam'd, as stories tell,

Some time his elder brother's wise; tion, to present, annually, in the church

By which unlawful marriage fell of Notre Dame, to the Virgin, on the first

An endless trouble during life : of May, at midnight, a " May,” or May- But such kind love he still conceiv'd bough, before the principal door of the Of his fair queen, and of her friends, church of Notre Dame. They elected a Which being by Spain and France perceiv'd, prince for one year only, who was to settle Their journeys fast for England bends. the expenses of the “ May.”

And with good leave were suffered The May'' was placed on a pillar, or Within our kingdom herc to stay, shrine, in the form of a tabernacle, in the Which multitude made victuals dear, several faces of which were small niches, And all things else from day to day ; occupied by different figures of silk, gold, For strangers then did so increase, and silver, representing certain histories, By reason of king Henry's queen, and below them were explanatory inscrip- And privileg'd in many a place tions in French verse. The“ May"

To dwell, as was in London seen. remained at the great door from midnight Poor tradesmen had small dealing then, till after vespers the next day, when it And who but strangers bore the bell ? was transported, together with the pillar, which was a grief to English men, before the image of the Virgin, near the

To see them here in London dwell : choir, and the old “ May" of the preced- Wherefore (God-wot) upon May-eve, ing year was removed into the chapel of

The 'prentices a-maying went, St. Anne, to be kept there also a year.

Who made the magistrates believe, This ceremony was regularly observed till

At all to have no other intent: 1607, when the goldsmiths presented to

But such a May-game it was known, the church a triangular tabernacle of wood,

As like in London never were; very curiously wrought, in which three For by the same full mauy a one paintings were enclosed ; these paintings

With loss of life did pay full dear : were presented and changed annually,

History of Paris, i. 577.

For thousands came with Bilboe blade, The lives of them I freely give,
As with an army they could meet,

No means this kindness shall debar,
And such a bloody slaughter made

Thou hast thy boon, and they may live Of foreign strangers in the street,

To serve me in my Bullen war:

No sooner was this pardon given, That all the channels ran with blood,

But peals of joy rung through the hall, In every street where they remain'd;

As though it thundered down from heaven, Yea, every one in danger stood,

The queen's renown amongst them all.
That any of their part maintain'd :
The rich, the poor, the old, the young,

For which (kind queen) with joyful heart, Beyond the seas though born and bred,

She gave to them both thanks and praise, By 'prentices they suffer'd wrong,

And so from them did gently part, When armed thus they gather'd head.

And lived beloved all her days :

And when king Henry stood in need Sach multitudes together went,

Of trusty soldiers at command, No warlike troops could them withstand, These 'prentices prov'd men indeed, Nor could by policy prevent,

And fear'd no force of warlike band. What they by force thus took in hand :

For, at the siege of Tours, in France, Till, at the last, king Henry's power

They show'd themselves brave Englishmen; This multitude encompass'd round,

At Bullen, too, they did advance Where, with the strength of London's tower,

Saint George's ancient standard then; They were by force suppress'd and bound.

Let Tourine, Tournay, and those towns And hundreds hang'd by martial law,

That good king Henry nobly won, On sign-posts at their masters' doors,

Tell London's 'prentices' renowns, By which the rest were kept in awe,

And of their deeds by them there done. And frighted from such loud uproars ; For III May-day, and Ill May-games, And others which the fact repeated

Perform'd in young and tender days, (Two thousand 'prentices at least)

Can be no hindrance to their fames,
Were all unto the king presented,

Or stains of manhood any ways :
As mayor and magistrates thought best, But now it is ordain'd by law,
With two and two together tied,

We see on May-day's eve, at night,
Through Temple-bar and Strand they go,

To keep unruly youths in awe, To Westminster, there to be tried,

By London's watch, in armour bright, • With ropes about their necks also :

Still to prevent the like misdeed, But such a cry in every street,

Which once through headstrong young men Till then was never heard or known, By mothers for their children sweet,

And that's the cause that I do read, Unhappily thus overthrown;

May-day doth get so ill a name. Whose bitter moans and sad laments,

Possess'd the court with trembling fear; Whereat the queen herself relents,

The old May-pole was painted with Though it concern'd her country dear : various colors. On the next page is an What if (quoth she) by Spanish blood, engraving of one as it appears in Mr. Have London's stately streets been wet,

Tollett's painted glass window, at Betley Yet will I seek this country's good,

in Staffordshire, “which exhibits, in all Aod pardon for these young men get;

probability, the most curious as well as Or else the world will speak of me,

the oldest representation of an English And say queen Katherine was unkind, May-game and morris dance that is any And judge me still the cause to be,

where to be found."* Concerning this These young men did these fortunes find : dance and the window further particulars And so, disrob'd from rich attires,

will be stated hereafter. Upon Mr. TolWith bair hang'd down, she sadly hics, lett's May-pole are displayed St George's And of her gracious lord requires

red cross, or the banner of England, and A boon, which hardly he denies.

a white pennon, or streamer, emblazoned The lives (quoth she) of all the blooms with a red cross, terminating like the Yet budding green, these youths I crave;

blade of a sword, but the delineation O let them not have timeless tombs,

thereof is much faded.,
For nature longer limits gave :
In saying so, the pearled tears
Fell trickling from her princely eyes ;

• Mr. Douce's Illustrations of Shakspeare, Whereat his gentle queen he cheers,

ü, 445. And says, stand up, sweet lady, rise ;

Malopc's Shakspeare, 1821 xvi. 425

came :

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