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It was aided by several visitors who were upon him what surname, and as many attracted by the intelligence of the terri- surnames, as he pleases, without an act of fying accident which dispersed the con- parllament.” The same opinion has been gregation.

lately expressed by Lord Tenterden in the case of Doe v. Yates, 5 Barn and Ald.

544.: “A name assumed by the voluntary april 19.

act of a young man,” said his lordship, On the 19th of April, 1710, four Ame

at his outset into life, adopted by all rican leaders or chieftains of the Six

In- who know him, and by which he is condian Nations, between New England and stantly called, becomes, for all purposes Canada, were conveyed, under the digni- that occur to my mind, as much and effecfied title of kings, from their lodgings attually his name as if he had an act of an upholsterer's, in two of queen Anne's parliament.” It is proper to observe that coaches, to an audience of her majesty al

the case of Barlow v. Bateman, 2 Bro. court; when they professed the strongest

Parl. Ca. 272., although it reversed Sir attachment to the English interest, in op- Joseph Jekyll's decision, does not interposition to that of France, and requested fere with this principle, but was decided the queen to send them troops for their ypon its special circumstances. See defence, and missionaries to instruct them Leigh v. Leigh, 15 Ves. 100, 111; 1 in the Christian religion. They were Roper on Legacies, 725. graciously received, and as graciously re

It may therefore be laid down, that any ceived such presents as were thought most person who chooses to change his name acceptable to their liking. There is a

may do so; and, if he do it when young, mezzotinto engraving of their portraits by

so much the more complete will be the Faber, and another in the same style by

alteration. Simon. The Spectator contains a paper,

Concerning names derived from local pretended to have been left by one of residence, see Camden's Remains, ed. them at his lodgings, expressing his ob- 1637, 141; 3 B. and A. 552 n. A sinservations upon our manners and customs, gular custom exists to this day in Wales, St. Paul's Church, the animals called amongst the lower orders. If John Thowhig and tory, and many other circum- mas have a son named David, he is called stances. It is highly entertaining and David John, and not David Thomas, in Addison's happiest manner.

after the Christian name of his father.


(For the Year Book.] By the accident of birth, or by some other capricious circumstance, many per- tious.

1. Cuvendo tutus-Safe in being causons undergo much mortification and

William Spencer Cavendish, Duke of annoyance, from bearing some absurd or

Devonshire. unpronounceable surname. An act of parliament, or licence, to change a name,

2. Templa quam dilecta—How beloved

are thy temples ! may be necessary in certain cases, where it is distinctly directed by deed or will to

Richard Temple, &c., Duke of Buckbe obtained; but in all other cases a name ingham, &c., and Earl Temple, &c. may be changed at pleasure, without any shield is the safety of commanders.

3. Forte scutum salus ducum--A strong expense whatever. In the case of Barlow

Hugh, Earl Fortescue. v. Bateman, 3 P. Will. 66; Sir Joseph Jekyll, M. R., says, « Surnames are not

4. Ne vile fano-Offer no disgrace to

the shrine, or fane. of very great antiquity, for, in ancient

John Fane, Earl of Westmorland. limes, the appellations of persons were by their christian names, and the places of

5. Pie repone te-Rest in pious con

fidence. their habitations, as Thomas of Dale; viz., the place where he lived. I am satisfied

Charles Herbert Pierrepont, Earl Manthe usage of passing acts of parliaments for the taking upon one a surname is but prudence; or (a more literal translation)

6. Festina lente-Temper haste with modern, and that any person may take

Go on slow.


. Noble.

• Legal Observer, Feb, 5, 1831.

h, m.



Earl of Onslow.
7. Manus justa nardus—The just hand April 19. Day breaks

2 43 is as precious ointment.

Sun rises.

4 59 Viscount Maynard.


7 1 8. Ver non, semper viret—The spring

Twilight ends 9 17 does not always flourish; or Vernon Narrow-leaved Narcissus flowers. always flourishes.

The snake appears. Lord Vernon.

9. At spes non fracta-But my hope is unbroken.

April 20. John Hope, Earl of Hopetoun. 10. Fare fac-Speak, act.

On the 20th of April, 1721, died Louis Lord Fairfar.

Laguerre, an artist of note in his days; 11. Numini et patriæ asto—I stand by his remains were interred in the cemetery my God and my Country.

of St. Martin's in the fields.

He was a Lord Aston.

Catalan by descent, a Parisian by birth, a 12. Tov a orpeveiv Evera-In order to excel. god-son of Louis XIV., and a favorite This is a motto round the garter in the with William III. He had been educated crest of Lord Henniker. To those who for the priesthood, but an impediment in are not Greek scholars it is necessary to

his speech occasioned him to follow the remark, that the last Greek word in this arts to which he was devoted, as his motto is pronounced in the same way as

father-in-law, John Tijore, the iron balusthe name of Henniker.

trade founder, had been, who said, “ God 13. Ne vile velis—Wish for nothing had made him a painter, and there left

him ;" alluding to that simplicity of Henry Neville, Earl of Abergavenny.

character which forbade his seizing ad14. Deum cole, regem serva

-Worship vantages that presented themselves to God, honor the King.

him. Laguerre studied under Le Brun, John Willoughby Cole, Earl of Ennis- came to England in 1683, with Ricard, killen.

and both were employed by Verrio. Ai 15. I dare — Robert Alexander Dalzell, the age of twenty he obtained considerable Earl of Carnwath. A favorite and near reputation, by executing the greater part of kinsman of Kenneth I., having been taken the painting at St. Bartholomew's Hospital. prisoner by the Picts, was slain, and ex

Much of his work still remains on the ceilposed hanging on a gibbet. The King, ings and stair-cases of several noblemen's exceedingly grieved at this indignity, houses, and particularly in the saloon at offered a great reward to any one who Blenheim. His principal works are, thie would undertake to recover the body; but Labors of Hercules, in chiaro oscuro, in the danger of the attempt was so immi- the apartments at Hampton Court, allotted dent that, for some time, no one could be to him by William III., for whom he refound to adventure it, till the ancestor of paired the valuable picture, the Triumph this family came forward, and said to the of Julius Cæsar, by Andrea Mantegna ; King, “ Dall Zell,which, in the ancient which he did in a masterly manner, by Scottish language, signified, “ I dare," and, imitating the original, insiead of newhaving successfully performed his under clothing them with vermilion and ultrataking, took Dalzell for his surname, and marine, as Carlo Maratti did the works of a naked body suspended on a gibbet for Raphael. His son John relinquished his armorial ensigns.

the pencil to sing upon the stage, and 16. Vero nil, verius—Nothing is more Laguerre, then declining with dropsy, certain than truth, or nothing is more true

went to the theatre in Drury Lane to hear than Vere.

him, and there died before the “ Island Vere Beauclerk, Lord Vere. This title Princess” began. He seems to have been is now extinct.

an obliging unoffending man.

As memThe authority for these mottoes is De- ber of a society of virtuosi, who met in brett's Peerage.

Drury Lane, he painted around their J. K.

a Bacchanalian procession, in chiaro oscuro. His mode of ornamenting the grand apartments of palaces and noblemen's houses was satyrized by Pope's well-known lines .


“ On painted ceilings you dovontly stare, footed beasts. And the storks have Where sprawl the saints of Verrio and La- another certain, excellent, natural quality, guerre.”

For when the parents are grown old, and The younger Laguerre is supposed, by

are not able to fly, their children, on every lord Orford, to have become a scene- side, carry them upon their wings from painter; but he died very poor, in March, place to place, and also maintain them; 1746. His set of prints of “ Hob in the and, if they be blind, their children feed Well " had a great sale.*

them: this retribution, and due gratitude from children to parents, is called antipe

Jargia, i. e. stork-gratitude. And, if any CURIOSITIES AND SECRETS OF NATURE.

one take the heart of a stork, conqueror (For the Year Book.]

in war, and tie it up in the skin of a The following extracts are from a book hawk, or of a vulture, that is conquered, in my possession, entitled “The Magick and write on the heart, because I have of Kirani, King of Persia, and of Ilarpo- conquered mine enemies,' and shall tie cration ;” printed in the year 1685,

“ a it to his right arm, he that carries it will work much sought for by the learned, but be invincible by all, and admirable in seen by few,” and “ published from a war, and in all controversies, and his copy found in a private band."

victory will be irrefragable and great." An account of the medical virtues of Perhaps it would be as well, before the stork, which is described as being “a proceeding further, to speak a little of the very good bird,” contains this account of book which furnishes these particulars. a bird-battle. “ Presently, when the Harpocration describes himself as travellspring comes, they (the storks) proceed ing in the country of Babylon, and as all together, like an army, and fly in divers coming to little Alexandria, a city sevenfigures, as wild geese and ducks; and all teen Persian miles distant from Seleutica, sorts of birds fly out of Egypt, Lybia, and near Babylon, where he met with an and Syria, and come into Lycia, to a old man, a Syrian captive, skilled in foriver (called Zanthus, and in the same reign learning, who showed him every place they engage in battle with ravens thing remarkable." And when we came and crows, and magpies, and vultures, to a certain place, about four miles distant and with all carnivorous fowl; for they from the city, we saw a pillar, with a great know the time aforehand, and all come tower, which the inhabitants say they hither. The army of storks put themselves brought from the edifice of Solomon, and in battalia on one side of the river; and placed it there for the health and cure of the crows, and vultures, and all the carni- ihe men of that city. Looking, therefore, vorous birds tarry on the other side of the well upon it, I found it was written in river. And they tarry the whole sixth strange letters; the old man, therefore, month for battel, for they know the days agreed to interpret the letters to me, and whereon they are to engage. And then expounded them to me in the Eolich a cry is heard to the very heavens, and tongue." The receipts of this book, then, the shedding of the blood of the wounded are from this pillar; those of Kirani are birds is seen in the river, and the plucking supposed to have been the great gift of off of many feathers, of which the Lycians the Agarenes to him. make feather beds. And after that the The descriptions of natural history are, field is cleared they find the crows, and in some instances, very singular.-" There all carnivorous birds, torn in pieces; like- is a tree in India called peridexion, whose wise storks and pelicans, and no small fruit is sweet and useful, so that doves also number of such as are of their side ; for delight to tarry in it; and the serpent many of the birds fall down dead in the fears this tree, so that he avoids the shabattel. And this contention among them, dow of it; for, if the shadow of the tree and victory, on whether side soever it go towards the east, the serpent flies falls, is a sign to all men. For, if the towards the west ; and if the shadow of army of storks be conquerors, there will the tree reach towards the west, the serpent be riches, and abundance of bread-corn, flies towards the east: and the serpent and other fruits on the earth ; but, if the cannot hurt the doves, because of the crows get the better, there will be a mul- virtue of the tree; but if any of them ljude of sheep and oxen, and other four- straggle from the tree, the serpent, by its

breath, attracts it and devours it. Yet, Noble.

when they fly, or go together, neither the serpent nor the spar-hawk can, or dares ones of a woodpecker are, he shall carry hurt them. Therefore the leaves or bark the herb which he knows, and, touching of the tree, suffumigated, avert all evil that it, it opens ; for, if it be made of clay is of venomous beasts.”

or chalk, the dirt will fall; if of stone, Every person is acquainted with the it bursts; if a wooden board or an iron popular notion that the pelican feeds her plate be so fastened with nails, all things young with her blood, but it was affirmed, cleave and break in pieces, upon the anciently, to have been for a much more touch of the herb, and the woodpecker wonderful purpose, “ Pauploo is a bird, opens and takes out her young ones. It by the river Nile, which is called a pelican any one, therefore, have got this herb, he and lives in the fens of Ægypt; she loves will do many things which are not now her brood extremely well, when, therefore, lawful to mention, as of the most divine the young ones are hatched, and grown nature, which man cannot perform. If, a little, they continually beat the old ones therefore, any man engrave a woodpecker in the face; but they, not being able to on the stone dendrites, and a sea-dragon endure it, cuff their young ones, and kill under its feet, and enclose the herb underthem; then, moving the bowels of com- neath it which the woodpecker found passion over them, they lament their and carried, every gate will open to him, young ones, which they killed; the same and bolts and locks; savage beasts will day, therefore, the mother, to get her chil- also obey him, and come to tameness; he dren, tears open her sides, and shedding shall also be beloved and observed of all, her own blood over her children, she and whatever he hath a mind to he shall revives them, and they rise again, in a acquire and perform. Thus far nature : certain natural manner." Heralds should but he that carries it shall learn those be aware of this, on account of its differ- things that are in the gods; shall open ent signification on certain coats of arms. locks, and loose chains, shall pacify all

But a Peacock is a more sacred bird. wild beasts by the will which is in heaven Its eggs are good to make a golden color, shall assuage the waves of the terrible and so are goose eggs; and when a pea- sea, shall chase away all devils, and shall cock is dead, his flesh does not decay, nor appear good to all men.” So, then, this yield any stinking smell, but continues as secret in the tale of master Peter Block, it were embalmed in spices."

in the German tale of “ the Treasure To continue the extracts—“A swallow Seeker," which was thought a novelty, which, in the spring, raises all people by has been known for centuries. There is singing ; and it has such actions as these : a tale, of a tub being made a receptacle If any one take its young ones, and put for the dresses of succeeding generations, them in a pot, and when it is luted up, and at the end of a century turned upside bake them, then, opening the pot, if he down, opened at the bottom, and lo! they considers, he will find two young ones are new fashions. kissing one another; and two turning one But, to return: the description of a from the other. If therefore, you take hyena is remarkable.—“ The hyena is a those two that kiss one another, and dis- four-footed animal, savage, and ambigusolve them in oil of roses, or give the ous; for this creature is born female, and, ashes in drink, it is a love potion; but after a year, turns male, and then, for the you may dissolve this, if you give a little next year, turns female again, and brings of the ashes of those that turn one from forth, and gives suck: and the gall of this another in oyntment or drink. If any one animal, being sweet, has efficacy for a cut out the tongue of a goose alive, and lay it miracle; and a great miracle is made of upon the breast of a man or woman asleep, it: and this is the composition :- Take they will confess all that ever they have the eyes of the fish glaucus, and the right done.- For love between a man and his eye of the said hyena, and all that is liquid wife. If a man carry the heart of a male of the said hyena; dissolve all together, crow, and a woman ihe heart of a female, and pot it up in a glass vessel, covering they will agree between themselves all it well. If, therefore, you will show a their life-time; and this miracle is certain. great miracle, when you have set a light, -To open locks, doors, bolts, and to tame mix the fat of any creeping thing, or wild beasts, and to be beloved of all, and four-footed beast, you please, with a little to acquire all things, that whatever you of the foresaid composition ; if you anoint please may be done for you. If you stop the wick of the lamp or candle, they will the hole of a tree, in which the young think it is the beast of which it is the fat,

h, m.






whether of a lion, bull, serpent, or any

Heloisa died on the 7th of May, 1163, other creature. If, therefore, you will and, in conformity to her will, was buried work a miracle, or a phantom, put a little in the same tomb as her husband. In fat of what animal or wild beast you 1497 their bodies were placed in separate please, with a little quantity of the con- coffins, transferred to the grand church of fection, upon burning coals, in the middle the abbey, and deposited in tombs at the of the house, and the beast will appear entrance of choir. In 1630 the abbess whose fat you mixed with it. And you may

Marie de la Rochefoucauld caused the do the same with birds. And if you mix two tombs to be placed in the chapel de a little sea-water with the composition, Trinité. Madame Catherine de la Rocheand sprinkle among the guests, they will foucauld formed the project of erecting a all fly, thinking that the sea is in the new monument to ihe memory of the midst of them."

founder and first abbess of her monastery ; These extracts were designed to extend it was executed in 1779, and consisted of 10 other curious receipts, but they may figures, formed of a single block of stone, be deferred without inconvenience, per representing the three persons in the Trihaps, to a future period.

nity, upon an equal base. At the dissoF. W. FAIRHOLT. lution of the monasteries, in 1792, the

principal inhabitants of Nogent-sur-Seine April 20. Day breaks

2 40 went in grand procession to the Paraclete, Sun rises .

4 57 to transfer the remains of Abelard and

7 3 Heloisa to a vault in their church, and the Twilight ends 9 20 rector pronounced an address adapted to British snowflake flowers.

the occasion. Martin, hirundo urbica, arrives; but is In 1799, M. Lenoir, keeper of the Musée

till the second week in des Monumens Français, obtained perMay.

mission to transport the remains of Abe

lard and Heloisa to Paris. For this purApril 21.

pose he repaired to the church of Nogent,

on the 23rd of April, 1800, aecompanied 'On the 21st of April, 1142, died Peter by the magistrates of the city, and the reAbelard, whose story in relation to Eloisa mains were surrendered to him. They is rendered familiar by the versification of were in a leaden coffin, divided by a parPope.

tition, and bearing on the sides the names Abelard had some religious opinions of Abelard and Heloisa. Upon opening at variance with those of the church, and, the coffin many of the bones of both being condemned by a council held at were found in good preservation. The Sens, set out for Rome, in 1139, to appeal tomb built for Abelard for Pierre le Veto the pope. Upon reaching the abbey of Derable at the priory of Saint Marcel was Cluny, Pierre le Venerable received him at that time in the possession of a physiwith distinction, and dissauded him from cian at Châlons, who sent it to M. Lenoir, prosecuting his journey. He spent two In this tomb, from which the body of years at this abbey in exemplary piety, Abelard had been removed nearly seven wlien, being attacked by an acute disease, centuries before, the remains were depo he removed for change of air to the priory sited, and placed in a sepulchral chapel, of Saint Marcel, near Châlons-sur-Saone, constructed from the ruins of the Parawhere he died on the 21st of April, 1142, clete. This chapel is now the most picat the age of sixty-three years, and was in- turesque and interesting ornament in the lerred in the chapel of the priory, in a

cemetery of Père la Chaise. tomb built by Pierre le Venerable.

h. m. The remains of Abelard did not repose April 21. Day breaks

2 37 long in this situation. Heloisa acquainted

Sun rises

4 56 the abbot of Cluny that her husband had

7 4 promised that his body should be depo

Twilight ends 9 23 posited at the abbey of the Paraclete, Narrow waved Narcissus, Narcissus which he himself had founded. Pierre augustifolius, flowers. le Venerable caused the body to be disin- The cuckoo is commonly heard. terred, and conveyed to the Paraclete, The wryneck, or cuckoo's mate heard, where it was deposited in a chapel, called daily. Petit Moustier.

History of Paris, iii. 36.


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