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Swcet Rower! that requiem wild is mine, lodorus bad obtained to be esteemed. It warns me to the lonely shrine,
Zeuxis invented the disposition of light The cold turf altar of the dead ;
and shadow, ar:d was distinguished fo My grave shall be in yon lone spot, Where as I lie, by all forgot,
coloring. He excelled in painting females:
his most celebrated production was a picA dying fragrance thou wilt o'er my ashes shed.
ture of Helen, for which five of the loveliest virgins of Crotona in Italysat to him by
order of the council of the city. Yet he is
h. in. January 4.-Day breaks . 5 58
said to have lost the prize for painting in
a contest with Parrhasius. The story runs, Sun rises
that Zeuxis's picture represented grapes sets.
3 57 Twilight ends 6 2
so naturally that the birds flew down to The screw moss fructifies.
peck at them; and that Parrhasius's picture represented a curtain, which Zeuxis
taking to be a real one desired to be drawn January 5.
aside to exhibit what his adversary had
done : On finding his mistake, he said that Paul Van Somer, an artist of great he had only deceived birds, whereas Parrmerit, born at Antwerp in 1576, died in hasius had deceived a master of the art. London, and was buried at St. Martins in To some who blamed his slowness in the fields on the 5th of January 1621. working, he answered, that it was true he His pencil was chiefly employed on por- was long in painting his designs, but they traits of royal, noble, and eminent person- were designed for posterity. One of his ages. He painted James 1. at Windsor, best pieces was Hercules in his cradle and Hampion Court; the lord chancel- strangling serpents in the sight of his aflor Bacon, and his brother Nicholas, at frighted mother; but he himself preferred Gorhambury; Thomas Howard earl of his picture of a wrestler, under which he Arundel, and his lady Alathea Talbot, at wrote, “It is more easy to blame than to Worksop; William earl of Pembroke, at imitate this picture." He is the first St. James's; and the fine whole-length of paiuter we read of who exhibited the prothe first earl of Devonshire in his robes, ductions of his pencil for money.* “equal,” says Walpole “ to the pencil of Zeuxis was succeeded by Apelles, who Vandyke, and one of the finest single never passed a day without handling his figures I have seen.”
pencil, and painted such admirable likeVan Somer seems to have been the first nesses, that they were studied by the pbyof those artists who, after the accession of siognomists. James I., arrived and established themselves in England and practised a skilful management of the chiaro-scuro. His We speak of the Romans as ancients ; portraits were admired for great elegance the Romans spoke of the Greeks as of attitude, and remarkable
ancients; and the Greeks of the Egyptians blance.
as their ancients. It is certain that from It was fortunate for the arts that king them they derived most of their knowledge James had no liking towards them and in art and science. If the learning of let them take their own course ; for he Egypt were now in the world, our attainwould probably have meddled to intro
ments would dwindle into nothingness. duce as bad a taste in art as he did in The tombs and mummies of the Egyptians literature.* Hayley says,
show their skill in the preparation of co
lors and that they practised the arts of James, both for empire and for arts unfit, design and painting. Vast monuments of
His sense a quibble, and a pun his wit,
their mighty powers in architecture and But happy left the pencil undisgraced.
sculpture still remain. We derive from them, through the Greeks, the signs of
the zodiac. Zeusis, the renowned painter of an- The Greeks painted on canvas or linen, tiquity, flourished 400 years before the placed their pictures in frames, and debirth of Christ, and raised to great perfec- corated their walls with designs in fresco. tion the art which the labours of Apol. Their sculpture contained portraits of dis
tinguished personages, in which they were fection of the apothecaries can equal their imitated by the Romans. The frieze of excellent virtue. But these delights are in the Parthenon is supposed to represent the outward senses; the principal delight portraits of Pericles, Phidias, Socrates, is in the mind, singularly enriched with and Alcibiades. Nero caused to be exhi- the knowledge of these visible ibings, bited a portrait of himself on a canvas selling forth to us the invisible wisdom 120 feet high
and admirable workmanship of Almighty God.".
The Anglo-Saxons illuminated their man
h. m. ascripts with miniatures; from this prac. January 5.—Day breaks .
5 58 tice of illuminating we derive the word
8 2 kimning, for painting. The term illumina
3 58 tor was corrupted to limner, The Anglo
Twilight ends. 6 Normans decorated our churches with pictures. In the cathedral of Canterbury,
The bearsfoot, Helleborus fatidus, flowers. built in the eleventh century, their pictures were esteemed very beautiful. The art of painting in oil is ascribed in many works io Van Eyck of Bruges, who died
January 6. in 1442, but oil was used in the art long
EPIPHANY—TWELFTH Dar. before he lived. Our Henry III. in 1236 issued a precept for a wainscoated room In addition to the usage, still continued, in Windsor Castle to be "re-painted, with of drawing king and queen on Twelldi the same stories as before,” which order night, Barnaby Googe's versification deWalpole parallels with the caution of the scribes a disused custom among the Roman Mummius, to the shipmasters who people, of censing a loaf and themselves transported the master-pieces of Corinthian as a preservative against sickness and sculpture to! Rome-If you break or witchcraft throughout the year. spoil them," he said, “ you shall find others in their room."*
Twise sixe nightes then from Christmasse,
they do count with dilligence, Wherein eche maister in his house
doth burne by franckensence : Our old herbalist John Gerard, in dedi- And on the table settes a loafe, cating his “Historie of Plants” to the when night approcheth nere, great Secretary Cecil, Lord Burleigh, thus
Before the coles and frankensence eloquently begins: "Among the manifold to be perfumed there : creatures of God, that have in all ages
Pirst bowing downe his heade he standes,
and nose and cares, and eyes diversely entertained many excellent wits, and drawn them to the contemplation of Hc smokes, and with his mouth receyves the divine wisdom, none have provoked Whom followeth streight his wife, and doth men's studies more, or satisfied their de
the same full solemly, sires so much, as plants have done; and And of their children every one, that upon just and worthy causes. For, if and all their family: delight may provoke men's labor, what Which doth preserue they say their teeth greater delight is there than to behold the and nose, and eyes, and eare, earth apparelled with plants, as with a robe From caery kind of maladie, of embroidered work, set with orient pearls,
and sicknesse all the yeare. and garnished with great diversity of rare
When every one reccyacd hath and costly jewels? If variety and perfec. Then one takes up the pan with coales,
this odour great and small, tion of colors may affect the eye, it is
and franckensence and all, such in herbs and Howers, that no Apelles,
An other takes the loafe, whom all no Zeuxis, ever could by any art express the reast do follow here, the like : if odors or if taste may work And round about the house they go, satisfaction, they are both so sovereign in with torch or taper clere, plants, and so comfortable, that no con. That neither bread nor meat do want,
nor witch with dreadful charme,
Hanc power to hurt their children, os * Andrews Forbroke,
to do their cattell harme.
There are that three nightes onely do
shall come for it with their staves in their perfourme this foolish geare,
hands; the king's sewer and the queen's To this intent, aad thinke themselues
having fair towels about their necks, and in safetie all the yeare*
dishes in their hands, such as the king and It appears that in the reign of Alfred a the queen shall eat of: the king's carvers law was made relative to holidays which and the queen's shall come after with ordained the twelve days after the nativi- chargers or dishes, such as the king or the ty to be kept as festivals.t
queen shall eat of, and with towels about their necks. And no man shall bear any
thing unless sword for three months. And The grand state of the Sovereign, on the steward, treasurer, comptroller, and Twefth day, and the manner of keeping fes- marshal of the hall shall ordain for all the tival at court, in the reign of king Henry hall. And, if it be in the great chamber, VII., are set forth in Le Neve's MS. then shall the chamberlain and usbers orcalled the Royalle Book," to the following dain after the above form ; And if there be effect:
a Bishop, bis own squire, or else the As for Twelfth Day the king must go king's, such as the officers choose to assign, crowned in his royal robes, kirtle, surcoat, shall serve him: Add so of all the other his furred bood about his neck, his mantle estates, if they be dukes or earls ; and so with a long train, and his cutlas before of duchesses and countesses. And then him; his armills upon his arms, of gold set there must come in the ushers of the chamfull of rich stones; and no temporal man ber with the pile of cups, the king's cups to touch it, but the king himself; and the and the queen's, and the bishop's, with the squire for the body must bring it to the king butlers and wine to the cupboard, and then in a fair kercheif, and the king must put them a squire for the body to bear the cup, and on himself; and he must have his sceptre another for the queen's cup, such as is in his right hand, and the ball with the
sword for hire. cross in the left hand, and the crown upon The singers of the chapel] may stand at his head. And he must offer that day the one side of the hall: and when the gold, myrrh, and sense; then must the steward cometh in at the hall door, with the dean of the chapel send unto the arch- wassail, he must cry thrice" Wassaile,"&c., bishop of Canterbury by clerk or priest the and then shall the chapel answer it anon king's offering that day; and then must with a good song: and thus in like wise the archbishop give the next benefice that if it please the king to keep the great chamfalleth in bis gift to the same messenger. ber. And then when the king and queen And then the king must change his mantle
have done they will go in to the chamber. when he goeth to meat, and take off his And there belongeth, for the king, two hood and lay it about his neck, and clasp lights with the void, and two lights with it before with a great rich ouche; and this the cup; and for the queen as many.* must be of the same color that he offered in. And the queen in the same form when she is crowned.
Few are unmoved by either agreeable The same day that he goeth crowned or painful feelings, on account of ancient he ought to go to matins ; to which array customs coming to their notice. We are belongeth his kirtle, surcoat, tabard, and in general similarly, and more affected his furred hood slyved over his head, and by recollections of sports familiar and rolled about his neck; and on his head his lear to our childhood, which man, more cap of estate, and his sword before him. than time, has changed, sometimes really,
At even-song he must go in his kirtle, and and always to our thinking, for the worse. surcoat, and hood laid about his shoulders, In this place it is convenient to arrange and clasp the tippet and hood together for an engraving on the next page, and before his breast with a great rich ouche, there not being a subject appropriate to a and his hat of estate upon his head. design for the day under notice, I pre
As for the Voil on the Twelfth night sume, under favor, upon introducing a the king and the queen ought to have it in brief notice, with an engraving of an old the hall. And as for the wassail, the place which I knew when a child, and steward, the treasurer, and the controller, which when I see or think of it, associates
with some of my fondest remembrances. Naogeorgus, Popish Kingdome. # Collier's Eccles. Histo
These premises are at the corner of the alone," with spacious gardens in the rear Hampstead Road, and the New Road to and at the sides, and a fore-court with Paddington, which is the site of the old large timber trees, and tables and benches manor house of Toten Hall. This was a for out-of-door customers. In the gardens lordshir belonging to the deans of St. were fruit-trees, and bowers, and arbours, Paul's Cathedral at the time of the Nor. for tea-drinking parties. In the rear man conquest. - In 1560 it demised to there were not any houses; now there is the crown, and has always since been a town. held on lease. In 1768 the manor vested At that time the “ Adam and Eve Tea in Lord Southampton, whose heirs pay Gardens" were resorted to by thousands, an annuity, in lieu of a reserved rent, to as the end of a short walk into the counthe prebendary of Tottenham. Contigu- try; and the trees were allowed to grow ons to the Adam and Eve, and near the and expand naturally, unrestricted by art reservoir of the New River Company, in or fashion, which then were unknown to the Hampstead road, there was lately many such places as this, and others in standing an ancient house, called, in va- the vicinage of London. At that time, rious old records, King John's Palace. too, there was only one Paddington stage.
The Adam and Eve is now denomin. It was driven by the proprietor, or, raated a coffee-house, and that part which ther, tediously dragged, along the clayey has been built of late years, and fronts road from Paddington to the city, in the the Paddington New road, with the sign- morning, and performed its journey in board at the top corner, is used for tavern about two hours and a-half, “ quick time.” purposes, and connects with the older It returned to Paddington in the evening, part of the building; the entrance to which within three hours from its leaving the is through the gateway with the lamp city; this was deemed “ fair time," consiover it, in the Ilampstead road. Within dering the necessity for precaution against my recollection it was a house standing the accidents of " night travelling!”
Twelfth Day resumed.
The Carnival commencez on TwelfthSome notion may be formed of the great day ; but its public festivities are reserved revelries in all ranks of society, on Twelfth for the last week or ten days. Formerly, night, from this fact that in 1622 the they commenced with an execution, a gentlemen of Grays Inn, to make an end of criminal being reserved for the purpose. Christmas, shot off all the chambers they But this custom Cardinal Gonsalvi, to his had borrowed from the tower, being as
great honour, abolished. The Carnival many as filled four carts. The king holds out some most favorable traits of (James I.) awakened with the noise started the actual condition of the Italians ; for, if out of bed and cried “Treason! Treason !" the young and profligate abuse its days of The court was raised and almost in arms, indulgence, a large portion of the middle the earl of Arundel with his sword drawn and inferior classes are exhibited to public ran to the bed chamber to rescue the king's observation in the touching and respectperson, and the city was in an uproar.** able aspect of domestic alliance and family
enjoyment; which under all laws, all reliOn January 6th, 1662, being Twelfth gions, and all governments, those classes night, Mr. Evelyn records in his diary as best preserve. A group of three generafollows :—This evening, according to cus- tions frequently presents itself, crowded tom, his majesty (Charles II.) opened the into an open carriage, or ranged on hired revels of that night by throwing the dice chairs along the Corso, or towering emuhimself in the privy chamber, where was a lously one above the other in galleries table set on purpose, and lost his £100 erected near the starting-post of the course; (the year before he won £1500). The ladies taking no other part in the brilliant tumult also played very deep. I came away when than as the delighted spectators of a most the duke of Ormond had won about £1000 singular and amusing scene. For several and left threm still at passage, cards, &c., at days before the beginning of these festiviother tables : both there and at the groom ties, “ the city of the dead” exhibits the porter's, observing the wicked folly and agitation, busile, and hurry of the living. monstrous excess of passion amongst some
The shops are converted into wardrobes ; losers; sorry I am that such a wretched whole streets are lined with masks and custom as play to that excess should be dominos, the robes of sultans and jackets countenanced in a court which ought to of pantaloons; canopies are suspended, be an example to the rest of the kingdom.” balconies and windows festooned with Passage.
hangings and tapestry; and scaffolds are This game, called in French Passe dir, who have not the interest to obtain admis
erected for the accommodation of those was played with dice, is still a mil- sion to the houses and palaces along the itary game, and mentioned by the late whole line of the Corso. Capt. Grose as “A camp game with three At the sound of the cannon, which, dice: and doublets making up len or more, fired from the Piazza di Venezia, each day to pass or win; any other chances lose.” It announce the commencement of the is more largely described, in the “Com
amusements, shops are closed, palaces plete Gamester, 1680,” thus:- “Passage is deserted, and the Corso's long and narrow a game at dice to be played at but by two, defile teems with nearly the whole of the and it is performed with three dice. The Roman population. The scene then excaster throws continually till he hath hibited is truly singular, and, for the first thrown doublets under ten, and then he is day or two,' infinitely amusing. The out and loseth, or doublets above ten, and whole length of the street, from the Porta then he passeth and wins.” The stock or del Popolo to the foot of the Capitol, a fund, as also the place where the game is distance of considerably more than a mile, played, is called the Pass-hank. +
is patrolled by troops of cavalry; the
windows and balconies are crowded from On Twelfth Day the Carnival at Rome the first to the sixth story by spectators begins, and generally continues until the and actors, who from time to time descend ensuing Lent. This celebratad amusement and take their place and parts in the prois described by Lady Morgan, in “ Italy,” cession of carriages, or among the maskers as follows:
Here and there the monk's
crown, and cardinal's red skull-cap, are Nichols's Progresses, James I. iv, 751. seen peeping among heads not more fan† Nares,
tastic than their own. The chairs and