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ALCHEMY.

To pass our tedious hours away,

January 3.
We throw a merry main;
Or else at serious ombre play;

Jan. 3, 1805, Charles Townley, Esq., of
But why should we in vain

Townley, in Lancashire, died at the age of Each other's ruin thus pursue ?

67. He had formed a valuable collection We were undone when we left you. of ancient statuary bronzes, medals, and With a fa, &c.

manuscripts, and coins, which, by a parBut now our fears tempestous grow,

liamentary grant of £20,000, were purAnd cast our hopes away ;

chased and deposited in the British Whilst you, regardless of our woe, Museum, and form that portion of the Sit careless at a play :

national property in the British Museum Perhaps permit some happier man usually called the Townley collection. To kiss your hand, or birt your fan. The Etruscan antiquities had been deWith a fa, &c.

scribed some years before, in two vols. 4to., When any mournful tune you hear, by M. D'Ancarville.*

That dies in every note ;
As if it sigh'd with each man's care,

On the 3rd of January, 1652, Mr.
For being so remote ;
Think how often love we've made

Evelyn, being at Paris, visited a certain To you, when all those tunes were play'd,

Marc Antonio, an ingenious enameler. With a fa, &c.

“He told us great stories,” says Evelyn,

“ of a Genoese jeweller who had the great In justice you cannot refuse To think of our distress;

arcanum, and had made projection before When we for hopes of honor lose

him several times. He met him at Cyprus Our certain happiness;

travelling into Egypt, on his return from All those designs are but to prove

whence he died at sea, and the secret Ourselves more worthy of your love.

with him-all his effects were seized on, With a fa, &c.

and dissipated by the Greeks in the vessel, And now we've told you all our loves,

to an immense value. He also affirmed And likewise all our fears ;

that, being in a goldsmith's shop at In hopes this declaration moves

Amsterdam, a person of very low stature Some pity from your tears ;

came in and desired the goldsmith to Let's hear of no inconstancy,

melt him a pound of lead, which done, We have too much of that at sea. he unscrewed the pummel of his sword, With a fa, &c.

and taking out of a little box a small

quantity of powder, and casting it into Tenth wave.

the crucible, poured an ingot out, which, There is a common affirmation that the when cold, he took up, saying, Sir, you tenth wave is the greatest and most dan- will be paid for your lead in the crucible, gerous. This is noticed by Sir Thomas and so went out immediately. When he Browne, as averred by many writers, and was gone, the goldsmith found four ounces plainly described by Ovid ; " which not- of good gold in it, but could never set eye withstanding is evidently false,” adds Sir again on the little man, though he sought Thomas, “nor can it be made out by all the city for him. This Antonio observation, either upon the shore, or the asserted with great obtestation; nor know ocean; as we have with diligence explored I what to think of it, there are so many both."

impostors, and people who love to tell Tenth Egg.

strange stories, as this artist did, who had Of affinity to the notion of the tenth been a great rover, and spake ten different wave is another, that the tenth egg is

languages." bigger than the rest. “For the honor

The most celebrated history of transwe bear the clergy, we cannot but wish mutation is that given by Helvetius in this true,” says Sir Thomas, “ but herein his “ Brief of the golden calf; diswill be found no more verity than the covering the rarest Miracle in Nature, other."

how, by the smallest portion of the Philo

sopher's Stone, a great piece of common January 2.-Day breaks

5 59

lead was totally transmuted into the purest Sun rises

8 4 transplendent gold, at the Hague in 1666." 3 56

The marvellous account of Helvetius is Twilight ends 6 1

thus rendered by Mr. Brande. The rising of Gemini, achronically, takes

Gents. Mag. lxxv. place.

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“ The 27th day of December, 1666, in most noble substance, the value of which the afternoon, came a stranger to my might be somewhat about twenty tons of house at the Hague, in a plebeian habit, gold ; and, having drawn from the owner of bonest gravity, and serious authority, many rare secrets of its admirable effects, of a mean stature, and a little long face, I returned him this treasure of treasures, black hair, not at all curled, a beardless with most sorrowful mind, humbly bechin, and about forty years (as I guess) seeching him to bestow a fragment of it of age, and born in North Holland.

upon me, in perpetual memory of him, After salutation he beseeched me, with though but the size of a coriander seed. great reverence, to pardon his rude ac- No, no, said he, that is not lawful, though cesses, for he was a lover of the Pyro- thou wouldst give me as many golden technian art, and having read my treatise ducats as would fill this room; for it against the Sympathetic powder of Sir would have particular consequences; and, Kepsulm Digby, and observed my doubt if fire could be burned of fire, I would about the pliilosophic mystery, induced at this instant rather cast it into the fiercest him to ask me if I was really a disbeliever flame. He then asked if I had a private as to the existence of a universal medi- chamber whose prospect was from the cine which would cure all diseases, unless public street; so I presently conducted the principal parts were perished, or the him to my best room, furnished, backpredestinated time of death come. I wards, which he entered," says Helvetius, replied, I never met with an adept, or in the true spirit of Dutch cleanliness, saw such a medicine, though I had fer- “ without wiping his shoes, which were vently prayed for it. Then I said, surely full of snow and dirt. I now expected you are a learned physician. No, said he would bestow some great secret upon he, I am a brass-founder and a lover of me, but in vain. He asked for a piece of chemistry. He then look from his bosom- gold, and opening his doublet showed me pouch a neat ivory box, and out of it three five pieces of that precious metal, which ponderous lumps of stone, each about the he wore upen a green riband, and which bigness of a walnut. I greedily saw and very much excelled mine in flexibility an handled, for a quarter of an hour, this color, each being the size of a smr l'ol. I.-2

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trencher. I now carnestly again craved a crumb of this stone; and, at last, out of January 3.—Day breaks. 5 59 his philosophical commiseration, he gave

Sun rises

8 3 me a morsel as large as a rape seed; but,

sets ..

3 57 I said, this scanty portion will scarcely

Twilight ends 6 1 transmute four grains of gold. Then, The laurentinus flowers, if mild. said he, deliver it me back ; which I did, The Persian fleur de lis flowers in the in hopes of a greater parcel; but he, house. cutting off half with his nail, said, even this is sufficient for thee. Sir, said I,

January 4 with a dejected countenance, what means this? And he said, even that will trans

Tennis, &c. mute half an ounce of lead. So I gave On the 4th of January 1664, Mr. Pepys him great thanks, and said I would try it, went “ to the tennis-court, and there saw and reveal it to no one. Ile then took his the king (Charles II.) play at tennis. leave, and said he would call again next But," says Penys, " to see how the king's morning at nine.--I then confessed that play was extolled, without any cause at while the mass of his medicine was in my all, was a loathsome sight; though somehand, the day before, I had secretly scraped times, indeed, he did play very well, and off a bit with my nail, which I projected deserved to be commended; but such on lead, but it caused no transmutation, open flattery is beastly." Afterwards to for the whole flew away in fumes. Friend, St. James's park, seeing people play at said he, thou art more dexterous in com- pall mall." mitting theft than in applying medicine ;

Pall-Mall. hadst thou wrapt up thy stolen prey in yellow wax, it would have penetrated,

The most common memorial of this and transmuted the lead into gold. i diversion is the street of that name, once then asked if the philosophic work cost appropriated to its use, as was likewise much, or required long time; for philoso- the Mall, which runs parallel with it, in phers say that nine or ten months are

St. James's park. From the following required for it. lle answered, their quotations, Mr. Nares believes that the writings are only to be understood by the place for playing was called the Mall, and adepts, without whom no student can pre- the stick employed, the pall-mall. “ If pare this magistery; fling not away,

one had a paille-maile, it were good to therefore, thy money and goods in hunting play in this ally; for it is of a reasonable out this art, for thou shalt never find it. good length, straight, and even.”+ Again, To which I replied, as thy master showed

a stroke with a pail-mail bettle upon a it to thee, so mayest thou, perchance, dis- bowl makes it fly from it.” | Yet, Evelyn cover something thereof to me, who know speaks twice of Pall-mall, as a place for the rudiments, and therefore it may be playing in ; although he calls such a place easier to add to a foundation than begin at Toms' a mall only. anew. In this art, said he, it is quite otherwise ; for, unless thou knowest the thing from head to heel,thou canst not break

On the 4th of January, 1667, Mr. Peopen the glassy seal of Hermes. But pys had company to dinner ; and “ at enough,to-morrow, at the ninth hour, I of all, to have a flaggon of ale and apples,

night to sup, and then to cards, and, last will show thee the manner of projection. drunk out of a wood cup, as a Christmas Bat Elias never came again; so my wife, draught, which made all merry.” who was curious in the art whereof the worthy man had discoursed, teazed me to

Cups. make the experiment with the little spark of bounty the artist had left me; so I Pepys took his Christmas draught "out

About thirty years before Mr. Secretary melted half an ounce of lead, upon which my wife put in the said medicine; it hissed

* For Tennis, &c., see Strutt's Sport and and bubbled, and in a quarter of an hour the mass of lead was transmuted into fine

Pastimes of the People of England, by W.

Hone, 8vo., p. 93. gold at which we were exceedingly amazed. I took it to the goldsmith, who judged it

+ French Garden for English Ladies, 1621.

# Digby on the Soul. most excellent, and willingly offered fifty Concerning the Sport called Pall-Mall, florins for each ounce."

sce Strutt's Sports, 8vo. p. 103.

of a wood cup," a writer says, “ Of mary is for married men, the which, by drinking cups divers and sundry sorts we name, natúre, and continued use, man have; some of elme, some of box, some challengeth as properly belonging to himof maple, some of holly, &c.; mazers, self. li overtoppeth all the flowers in the broad-mouthed dishes, noggins, whiskins, garder, boasting man's rule: it helpeth piggins, crinzes, ale-bowls, wassell-bowls, the brain, strengtheneth the memory, and court-dishes, tankards, kannes, from a is very medicinal for the head. Another poutle to a pint, from a pint to a gill. property is, it affects the heart. Let this Other bottles we have of leather, but they'ros marinus, this flower of man, ensign are most used amongst the shepheards and of your wisdom, love, and loyalty, be harvest-people of the countrey: small carried, not only in your hands, but in jacks we have in many ale-houses of the your heads and hearts." citie and suburbs, tip't with silver, besides At a wedding of three sisters together, the great black jacks and bombards at the in 1560, we read of " fine flowers and court, which, when the Frenchmen first rosemary strewed for them, coming home; saw, they reported, at their returne into and so, to the father's house, where was a their countrey, that the Englishmen used great dinner prepared for his said three to drinke out of their bootes : we have, bride-daughters, with their bridegrooms besides, cups made out of hornes of beasts, and company." Old playst frequently of cocker-nuts, of goords, of the eggs of mention the use of rosemary on these ocostriches; others made of the shells of casions. In a scene immediately before a divers fishes, brought from the Indies and wedding, we have other places, and shining like mother of Lero. Pray take a piece of rosemary. pearle. Come to plate; every taverne can Mir.

I'll wear it. afford you fat bowles, French bowles, But, for the lady's sake, and none of prounet cups, beare bowles, beakers : and yours. I private householders in the citie, when In another we find “ the parties enter they make a feast to entertaine their friends, with rosemary, as from a wedding="$ can furnish their cupboards with flagons, Again, a character speaking of an intended tankards, beere-eups, wine-bowles, some bridegroom's first arrival, says, “ look, an white, some percell gilt, some gilt all the wenches ha' not found un out, and do over, some with covers, others without, of present un with a van of rosemary, and sundry shapes and qualities."* From this bays enough to vill a bow-pot, or trim the it appears that our ancestors had as great head of my best vore-horse.” | It was an a variety of drinking vessels as of liquors, old country custom to deck the bridal-bed in some of which they were wont to infuse with sprigs of rosemary. I rosemary. Rosemary.

Rosemary denoted rejoicing. Hence In a popular account of the manners of Elizabeth into the city of London, on the

in an account of a joyful entry of queen an old country squire, he is represented 14th of January, 1558, there is this passage : as stirring his cool-tankard with a sprig of

“ How many rosegays did her grace rerosemary. Likewise, at weddings, it was usual to dip this grateful plant in the cup; often-times stayed she her chariot, when

ceive at poor women's hands?. How and drink to the health of the new-married she saw any simple body offer to speak to couple. Thus, a character in an old her grace? A branch of rosemary, given play,t says,

to her grace, with a supplication by a poar Befort we divide

woman, about Fleet Bridge, was seen in Our army, let us dip our rosemaries In one rich bowl of sack, to this brave girl, minster."

her chariot till her grace came to WestAnd to the gentleman. Rosemary was borne in the hand at

It is a jocular saying, among country marriages. Its virtues are enhanced in a

people, that, where the rosemary-bush floucurious wedding sermon: “ The rose

* Stow's Survey, by Strype. Heywood's Philocothonista, 1635, Brand,

+ Cited by Brand. + Nares.

Elder Brother, a Play, 1637, 4to. The City Madam.

♡ Woman's Pride, by Fletcher, V A Marriage Present by Roger Hackett, D. D. || Ben Jonson's Tale of a 'tub. 1607, 4to., cited by Brand.

Brand,

near

rishes in the cottage garden, “ the grey servant presents the company with sprigs mare is the better horse;" that is, the wife of rosemary: every one takes a sprig, manages the hushand.

and carries it in his hand till the body is Shakspeare intimates the old popular put into the grave, at which time they all applications of this herb. It was esteemed throw their sprigs in after it."* A characas strengthening to the memory; and to ter in an old play,t requests that end Ophelia presents it to Laertes.

If there be “ There's rosemary, that 's for remem

Any so kind as to accompany brance; pray you, love, remember.” In

My body to the earth, let there not want allusion to its bridal use, Juliet's nurse For entertainment. Prithee, see they have asks Romeo, “Doth not rosemary and A sprig of rosemary, dipt in common water, Romeo both begin with a letter ?” And To smell at as they walk along the streets. she intimates Juliet's fondness for him, by

In 1649, at the funeral of Robert saying, “ she hath the prettiest sensations of it, of you and rosemary, that it would Lockier, who was shot for mutiny, the do you good to hear it.” The same play corpse was adorned with bundles of rosedenotes its use at funerals. When friar mary on each side, one half of each was

stained with blood. At the funeral of a Laurence and Paris, with musicians, on Juliet's intended bridal, enter her cham country girl, it is said, that, ber, and find her on the bed, surrounded To show their love, the ncighbours far and by the Capulet family, mourning for her death, he sympathises with their affliction, Follow'd with wistful looks the damsel's bier; and concludes by directing the rosemary Sprigg'd rosemary the lads and lasses bore, prepared for the wedding to be used in While dismally the parson walk'd before ; the offices of the burial :

Upon her grave the rosemary they threwStick your rosemary On this fair corse, and, as the custom is, The funeral use of this herb, and its In all her best array, bear her to church. budding in the present month, are the

Of a bride who died of the plague on subject of a poem, transcribed from a her wedding-night it is said, “Here is a fugitive copy, without the author's name. strange alteration ; for the rosemary that was washed in sweet water, to set out the

1. bridal, is now wet in tears to furnish her

Sweet-scented flower! who art wont to bloom burial."*

On January's front severe, It was usual at weddings to dip the And o'er the wintry desert drear rosemary in scented waters. Respecting To waft thy waste perfume ! a bridal, it is asked in an old play, “ Were Come, thou shalt form my nosegay now, the rosemary branches dipped ?"† Some And I will bind thee round my brow; of Herrick's verses show that rosemary at

And, as I twine the mournful wreath, weddings was sometimes gilt.

I'll weave a melancholy song; The two-fold use of this fragrant herb

And sweet the strain shall be, and long, is declared in the Hesperides by an apos

The melody of death.

2. trophe.

Come, funeral dow'r! who lov'st to dwell To the Rosemary Branch.

With the pale corse in lonely tomb, Grow for two ends, it matters not at all,

And throw across the desert gloom Be 't for my bridal or any burial.

A sweet decaying smell. One of a well-known set of engrav.

Come, pressing lips, and lie with mo

Beneath the lonely alder tree, ings, by Hogarth, represents the com- And we will sleep a pleasant sleep, pany assembled for a funeral, with sprigs And not a care shall dare intrude, of rosemary in their hands. A French To break the marble solitude, traveller, in England, in the reign of So peaceful and so deep. William III., describing our burial so

3. lemnities and the preparation of the

And bark! the wind-god, as he flies,

Moans hollow in the forest trees, mourners, says, “ when they are ready to set out, they nail up the coffin, and a

And, sailing on the gusty breeze,

Mysterious music dies. Dekker's Wonderful Year, 1603, 410. + Beaumont and Fletcher's Scornfu Lady, Misson, p. 91. + Cartwrights' Ordinary. 1616, 410.

Gay's Shepherd's Week.

TO THE HERB ROSEMARY.

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