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March, month of “ many weathers,” wildly comes
In hạil, and snow, and rain, and threatening hums,
And floods ;--while often at his cottage-door
The shepherd stands, to hear the distant roar
Loosed from the rushing mills and river-locks,
With thundering sound and overpowering shocks.
From bank to bank, along the meadow lea,
The river spreads, and shines a little sea;
While, in the pale sun-light, a watery brood
Of swopping white birds flock about the flood.

Clare's Shepherd's Calendur.


VOL. I.-9

In “ The Book of the Seasons, By Wil- and many other fresh and early bursts of liam Ilowitt”—which appeared since the greenery. All unexpectedly, too, in some former portions of the Yeur Book—there embowered lane, you are arrested by the is the following character of this month, delicious odor of violets, those sweetest which may tempt readers to afford them- of Flora's children, which have furnished selves the pleasure of possessing Mr. so many pretty allusions to the poets, and llowitt's work; it is a volume of delight which are not yet exhausted : they are to lovers of nature, as may be conceived like true friends, we do not know half from what its author says:

their sweetness till they have felt the sunMARCH.

shine of our kindness : and again, they are March is a rude and boisterous month,

like the pleasures of our childhood, the

earliest and the most beautiful. : Now, possessing many of the characteristics of lowever, they are to be seen in all their winter, yet awakening sensations perhaps

glory, blue and white, modestly peering more delicious than the two following

through their thick, clustering leaves. spring months; for it gives us the first announcement and taste of spring.

The lark is carolling in the blue fields of What

air ; the blackbird and thrush are again can equal the delight of our hearts at the

shouting and replying to each other, from very first glimpse of spring, the first

the tops of the highest trees. As you pass springing of buds and green herbs. It is

cottages, they have caught the happy inlike a new life infused into our bosoms.

fection : there are windows thrown open, A spirit of tenderness

, a burst of freshness and doors standing ajar. The inhabitants and luxury of feeling possesses us : and,

are in their gardens, some clearing away let fifty springs have broken upon us, this

rubbish, some turning up the light and joy, unlike many joys of time, is not an atom impaired. Are we not young? Are

fresh-smelling soil amongst the tufts of

snow-drops and rows of bright yellow we not boys? Do we not break, by the

crocuses, which every where abound; and power of awakened thoughts, into all the

the children, ten to one, are peeping into rapturous scenes of all our happier years ?

the first bird's-nest of the season, the There is something in the freshness of the

hedge-sparrow's, with its four sea-green soil-in the mossy bank—the balmy air —the voices of birds—the early and deli

eggs, snugly, but unwisely, built in the

pile of old pea rods. cious flowers, that we have seen and felt

In the fields, laborers are plashing and only in childhood and spring.

trimming the hedges, and in all directions There are frequently mornings in March

are teams at plough.

You smell the when a lover of nature may enjoy, in a

wholesome, and, I may truly say, aromatic stroll, sensations not to be exceeded, or

soil, as it is turned up to the sun, brown perhaps equalled, by any thing which the

and rich, the whole country over.

It is full glory of summer can awaken: mornings which tempt us to cast the memory

delightful, as you pass along hollow lanes, of winter, or the fear of its return; out of ling gears of the horses, and the clear

or are hidden in copses, to hear the tinkour thoughts. The air is mild and balmy, with now and then a cool gush, by no

voices of the lads calling to them. It is

not less pleasant to catch the busy caw of means unpleasant, but, on the contrary,

of the rookery, and the first meek cry of contributing towards that cheering and

the young lambs. The hares are hopping peculiar feeling which we experience only

about the fields, the excitement of the in spring. The sky is clear; the sun flings abroad not only a gladdening splen

season overcoming their habitual timidity.

The bees are revelling in the yellow catdor, but an almost summer glow. The

kins of the sallows.* world seems suddenly aroused to hope and enjoyment. The fields are assuming a vernal greenness—the buds are swelling

BEES.-The Rev. Mark Noble says, in the hedges—the banks are displaying,

“ Few persons have seen more of bees amidst the brown remains of last year's

than the inhabitants of my rural resivegetation, the luxuriant weeds of this. dence; but, after great expense, incurred There are arums, ground ivy, chervil, the in endeavouring to forward their operaglaucus leaves, and burnished flowers of tions, perhaps the cottager's humble methe pilewort,

thod is the best for profit." The first gilt thing That wears the trembling pearls of spring;

Howitt's Book of the Seasons.

Awriter, in former times, of “ Handsome

ALIMENTARY CALENDAR. Descriptions,” gently entreats us in spring

_“ Weep no more, faire weather is re- March begins with a festival--the anni. turned; the sunne is reconciled to man- versary of St. David, the patron saint of kind, and his heat hath made winter find Wales, which is kept by the natives of the his leggs, as benumb’d as they were.- principality dining together, and spending The aire, not long since so condens’d by the day convivially. The 17th of the the frost that there was not room enough month, St. Patrick's day, is celebrated by for the birds, seems now to be but a great the sons of Erin, with a rapture of feeling imaginary space, where shrill musicians and height of spirit which only Irishmen (hardly supported by our thoughts) ap- know. No particular national dish is peare in the sky like little worlds, bal- brought forward on these occasions, though lanced by their proper centre : there were Irish pork and Welch mutton are menno colds in the country whence they tioned with the same kind of distinction came, for here they chatter sweetly. Na- as English beef. ture brings forth in all places, and her Turbot, though in season all the year, children, as they are borne, play in their is now in great request, and large quanticradles. Consider the Zephyrus which ties are brought by Dutch fishermen from dares hardly breathe in feare, how she the sandbanks on the coast of Holland, playes and courts the corn. One would which are most congenial to the breed of think the grassé the haire of the earth, this fine fish. The fishing boats are proand this wind a combe that is carefull to vided with wells in which the fish are kept ustangle it. I think the very sun wooes

alive. The vast sums paid annually, by this season; for I have observed that, the citizens of London, for turbot, afford wheresoever he retires, he still keeps close proof of their taste and spirit in maintainto her. Those insolent northern windsing the glory of the table. Turbot is also that braved us in the absence of this brought occasionally from Scotland packed god of tranquillity (surprised at his in ice. coming), unite themselves to his rayes

The delicate whiting is now in great to obtain his pardon by their caresses, perfection, and smelts during this and the and those that are greater offenders hide iwo following months are in high request. themselves in his atomes, and are quiet

The best smelts are taken in the Thames : for fear of being discovered: all things that when perfectly fresh they are stiff

and are hurtfull enjoy a free life; nay, our very

smell like a fresh cit cucumber. They soul wanders beyond her confines, to

are sold by tale, and vary in price from show she is not under restraint."

six to fifteen shillings a hundred. They

are usually fried, and served up with ON SPRING.

melted butter, and a Seville orange or

lemon. My sense is ravish'd, when I see

The John Dory makes his first appearThis happie season's Jubilee.

ance this month, and, notwithstanding the What shall I term it? a new birth :

uncouthness of his physiognomy and the The resurrection of the earth,

ugliness of his person, is a welcome guest Which hath been buried, we know, In a cold winding-sheet of snow,

at the most elegant tables until the end of The winter's breath bad pav'd all o'er

June. He is indebted for this gracious With crystal marble th' world's great floor; reception to his intrinsic merits, which Bat now the earth is livery'd

more than atone for the disadvantages of In verdant suits, by April dy'd;

his exterior, and are of so high an order And, in despight of Boreas' spleen,

that Quin-an eminent judge-who first Deck'd with a more accomplish'd green, brought John Dory into fashion, bestowed The gaudy primrose long since bath

on him the title of “ king of fish.” The Disclos'd her beauty, by each path.

gurnet is in season for the same period ; The trees, robb’d of their leafie pride,

as also is the jack. With mossie frize hath cloath'd each side ;

Leverets are fit for table from this month Whose hoary beards seem'd to présage

until about midsummer. Dovecote and To blooming youth their winter's age : But now invite to come and lie,

wood-pigeons, together with a variety of Under their guilted canopie.

wild fowl, are in great request, as well as

wild and tame rabbits. • Bergerac's Satyrical Characters. 1658. The approach of spring begins to be + Daniel Cudmore's Sacred Poems, 1655. marked by an increasing supply of vege

tables for sallads. Early radishes form an Asparagus-beds; artichokes from suckagreeable accompaniment to the new cheese ers, in rows, each plant 4 or 5 feet apart. now introduced; the most noted is from Slips of balm, pennyroyal, sage, thyme, Bath and York, but there are delicious savory, marjoram, rosemary, and lavender. cream cheeses manufactured in the environs of the metropolis. Custard and

Transplant tansy puddings, stewed eggs, with spinach, Lettuces, to thin the seed-beds; and all and mock green peas, formed of the tops other crops that require transplanting. of forced asparagus, are among the lighter Sea-kale from beds of young plants, or dishes which characterise the season. The from cuttings of roots, with iwo or three strong winter soups are displaced by the eyes or buds. soups of spring, flavored with various

Fork and Dress esculent and aromatic herbs.

Asparagus beds as early as possible, if

that work remain to be done. VEGETABLE GARDEX DIRECTORY. Sow

Dig Beans; the long pod, Sandwich, Wind- Artichoke plantations, after removing sor, or Toker; also,

the suckers. Peas; imperial, Prussian, or marrow

Hoe and Thin fat, once or twice; or whenever the last sown crops appear above ground.

Spinach, and all other drilled crops. Cabbages; savoys, red-cabbage, Brus

Earth-up sels sprouts, borecole, about the first or second week.

Rows of peas, beans, and other crops, Beet-root, early in the month; carrots,

when two or three inches high. parsnips, about the second week, for main

Stick crops ; or for succession, if the chief crops

Peas before they incline to fall. were sown last month. Lettuce, small salads, and spinach, for

Hoe succession.

Between all crops, and eradicate weeds Onions ; the Spanish for main crop; the

with the band, where hoeing cannot be silver for drawing young.

practised. Leeks and cardoons. Celery and celeriac, in a warm spot of ground.

Destroy Brocoli; the different sorts, once Slugs and snails ; they are most enemies twice ; and the purple-cape, by M‘Leod's

to young lettuces, peas, brocoli plants, method, to obtain an early autumn supply; &c. ; seek for them early and late; and

Cauliflower; about the third week, and sprinkle quick-lime dust, and a little comall the sweet herbs; also nasturtium, pars- mon salt, about or around drills and ley, and turnips.

patches. Radishes; the tap, and turnip-rooted, twice or thrice. Kidney-beans ; scarlet-runners, for the

In those vernal seasons of the year first crops, during the fourth week; and when the air is calm and pleasant, it were salsafy, scorzonera, and skirrets.

an injury and sullenness against Nature Plant

not to go out and see her riches, and parPotatoes for the summer and autumn take in her rejoicings with heaven and supply.




The flow'rs that, frighten'd withi sharp winter's dread,

Retire unto their mother Tellus' womb,
Yet in the spring in troops new mustered,
Peep out again from their unfrozen tomb:

The early violet will fresh arise,

Spreading liis flower' purple to the skies;
Boldly the little elf the winter's spite defies.

The hedge, green satin pink'd and cut arrays;

The heliotrope to cloth of gold aspires ;
In hundred-colored silks the tulip plays;
The imperial flower, his neck with pearl attires ;

The lily high her silver grogram rears ;

The pansy, her wrought velvet garment bears ;
The red-rose, scarlet, and the provence, damask wears.
The cheerful lark, mounting from early bed,

With sweet salutes awakes the drowsy light;
The earth she left, and up to heav'n is ded;
There chants her maker's praises out of sight.

Earth seems a mole-hill, men but ants to be ;

Reaching the proud that soar to high degree,
The further up they climb, the less they seem and see.*

March 1.

The following is the method of manu

facturing the grateful beverage before St. David's Day.

mentioned under the denomination. On this great festival of the patron of

Swio. Wales, there is a very curious Latin poem in excessive praise of the saint and Put into a bowl half a pound of Lisbon his country, entitled “ Martis Calenda, sugar; pour on it a pint of warm beer; sive landes Cambro-Britannica."

grate into it a nutmeg and some ginger; add four glasses of sherry and five addi

tional pints of beer; stir it well; sweeten On March 1, 1666-7, Mr. Pepys says, it to your taste; let it stand covered up " In Mark Lane I do observe (it being two or three hours; then put into it three St. David's Day) the picture of a man, or four slices of bread cut thin and dressed like a Welcbman, hanging by the toasted brown, and it is fit for use. A neck upon one of the poles that stand couple or three slices of lemon, and a out at the top of one of the merchant's few lumps of sugar rubbed on the peeling houses, in full proportion, and very hand- of a lemon, may be introduced. somely done; which is one of the oddest

Bottle the liquor, and in a few days it sights I have seen a good while."

may be drank in a state of effervescence.*

At Jesus College “swig" is called the Swig Day, AT CAMBRIDGE.

wassail bowl, or wassail cup; but the

true wassail drink, though prepared in On St. David's Day an immense silver nearly the same way, instead of the gilt bowl, containing ten gallons, which toasted bread, contained roasted apples, or was presented to Jesus College, Oxford, more properly crabs, the original apples of by Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, in 1732, England ; an allusion to which is ir is filled with “swig,” and handed round Midsummer Night's Dream. to those who are invited to sit at the festive and hospitable board.t

Sometimes lurk I in a gossip's bowl, The punch-bowl has been often de- In very likeness of a roasted crab, scribed; but the ladle, its companion,

And, when she drinks, against her lips I bob,

And on her wither'd dewlap pour the ale. which holds a full Winchester half-pint, has been always unjustly, for what reason we know not, overlooked ; though it is an established custom, when strangers Another “pleasant tipple” at Oxford visit the bursary, where this bowl is kept, is said to derive its name from one of the to fill the ladle alone to the memory of fair sex, a bed-maker, who invariably rethe worthy donor. 1

commended the potation to Oxonians who availed themselves of her care ; it is

called Phineas Fletcher's Purple Island, 1633.

+ Oxford Night Caps. * A Companion to the Guide.

Oxford Night Caps.

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