Abbildungen der Seite


singing catches and glees. He was called says Addison, “and I hope they will “ Honest Tom," and, being a tory, was make him easy, as long as he stays among beloved by the tories ; yet his manners This I will take upon me to say, were equally liked by the whigs. The they cannot do a kindness to a more diauthor of the prologue to D'Urfey's last verting companion, or a more cheerful, play, says,

honest, good-natured man.”

D'Urfey died aged, and was buried in Though Tom the 'poet writ with ease and the cemetery of St. James's Church, pleasure,

Westminster The comic Tom abounds in other treasure. D'Urfey, and Bello, a musician, had

high words once at Epsom, and swords D'Urfey's “Pills to purge Melancholy" were resorted to, but with great caution. are usually among the "facetiæ" of private A brother wit maliciously compared this libraries. Addison was a friend to him, rencontre with that mentioned in Sir and often pleaded with the public in his Philip Sidney's Arcadia, between Clinias behalf._"He has made the world merry," and Dametas.

“ I sing of a duel in Epsom befel,
'Twixt Fa sol la D'Urfey, and Sol la mi Bell:
But why do I mention the scribbling brother?
For, naming the one, you may guess at the other.
Betwixt them there happend a terrible clutter;
Bell set up the loud pipes, and D'Urfey did sputter-
• Draw, Bell, wert thou dragon, I'll spoil thy soft note :'
* For thy squalling,' said t'other, “ I'll cut thy throat.'
With a scratch on the finger the duel's dispatch'd;

Thy Clinias, 0 Sidney, was never so match'd.” “ Tom Brown" was another of the plate, and Dryden made him a handsome wits, as they were called in a licentious present. He dissipated abilities and acage. His father was a Shropshire farmer, quirements sufficient to have raised him and Tom was educated at Newport school, to a respectable situation in any rank of and Christ Church College, Oxford. life, and died in great poverty in 1704. Taking advantage of a remittance from an His remains were interred near those of indulgent parent, and thinking he had a his intimate friend, and co-adjutress, sufficiency of learning and wit, he left Mrs. Behn, in the cloisters of Westminster Oxford, for London. He soon saw his abbey.* last “ golden Carolus Secundus" reduced to “ fractions," and exchanged the gay

h. m. metropolis for Kingston-upon-Thames, February 26. Day breaks . 4 48 wbere he became a schoolmaster; for

Sun rises

6 41 which situation he was admirably qualified


5 19 by a competent knowledge of the Latin,

Twilight ends 7 12 Greek, French, Italian, and Spanish lan- Early whitlow grass flowers. guages. But he lacked diligence, became disgusted with keeping a school, returned to London, and the wits laughed. His

February 27. “ Conversion of Mr. Bays,” related in dialogue, raised his character with the termination is usually celebrated by

Hare hunting ends to day, and this public, for sense and humor. This was sportsmen with convivial dinners, and followed by other dialogues, odes, satires, roasts of “ success to the next merry meetletters, epigrams, and numerous translations. But Tom's tavero bills were long,

ing." and he lived solely by a pen, which, as

1734-5, Died Dr. John Arbuthnot, well as his tongue, made him more enemies than friends. In company he was a wit, and man of lefters, among the choice

a physician, and a deservedly eminent railing buffoon, and he liberally scattered spirits of the reign of queen Anne. He low abuse, especially against the clergy. was of an ancient and honorable family He became indigent : lord Dorset, pitying his misfortunes, invited him to a Christmas dinner, and put a £50 note under his

* Noble.

[ocr errors]


h. m.

in Scotland, one branch of which is en- ous, except in his attacks upon great enor-
nobled. His father was an episcopal cler- mities, and then his pen was masterly.
gyman, and he was born at Arbuthnot, The condemnation of the play of “ Three
in Kincardineshire. After receiving an Hours after Marriage," written by bim,
education at Aberdeen, he came to Eng. Pope, and Gay, was published by Wilkes,
land with the degree of doctor, but with in his prologue to the “ Sultaness.”
out money or friends; for his father being
a nonjuror, and living upon a small patri-

“ Such were the wags, who boldly did advenmony, was incapable of providing for his

To club a farce by tripartite indenture ; children. The doctor went to practice But let them share their dividend of praise, physic at Dorchester, but the salubrity of And wear their own fool's cap instead of the air was unfriendly to his success, and bayes." he took horse for London. A neighbour, Arbuthnot amply retorted, in “Gulliver meeting him on full gallop, asked him decyphered." Satire was his chief weawhere he was going? “ To leave your pon, but the wound he inflicted on folly confounded place, where I can neither

soon healed : he was always playful, unlive nor die.” Mr. William Pate, “ the less he added weight to keenness for the learned woollen draper,” gave him an asylum at his house in the metropolis, works were printed in two volumes, but

chastisement of crime. His miscellaneous where he taught mathematics, without the genuineneness of part of the contents venturing on medicine. Objections which has been doubted. He wrote papers for the he urged, without his name, against Royal Society, a work on Aliments, and Dr. Woodward's Account of the Deluge, Tables of Ancient Coins, Weights, and raised him into esteem, and he resumed

Measures.* his profession, in which he soon ubtaiped celebrity. His wit and pleasantry some time assisted his prescriptions, February 27. Day break3 . 4 47 and in some cases superseded the neces

Sun rises

6 39 sity of prescribing. Queen Anne and


5 21 her consort appointed him their physician;

Twilight ends

7 13 the Royal Society elected him a member,

Gorse, upon heaths and wastes, in flower. and the college of Physicians followed. lle gained the admiration of Swift, Pope, and Gay, and with them he wrote and

February 28. laughed. No man had more friends, or fewer enemies; yet he did not want energy lisle, aged sixty-six, Mr. J. Strong, who,

In the February of 1798 died at Carof character; he diverged from the laughter-loving mood 10 tear away the mask though blind from his infancy, distinfrom the infamous “ Charitable Corpora- guished himself by a wonderful profition." He could do all things well but ciency in mechanics. At an early age he walk. His health declined, while his mind

constructed an organ, his only knowledge remained sound to the last. He long of such an instrument having been prewished for death to release him from a

viously obtained by once secreting himself complication of disorders, and declared

in the cathedral after the evening service, bimself tired withi “ keeping so much bad

and thereby getting an opportunity of excompany.” A few weeks before his de- amining the instrument.

Having discease he wrote, “ I am as well as a man

posed of his first organ, he made another, can be who is gasping for breath, and has upon which he was accustomed to play

At twenty years of age a house full of men and women

unprovided during his life. for.” Leaving Hampstead, he breathed he could make himself almost every arhis last at his residence in Cork street, that the first pair

of shoes which he made

ticle of dress, and was often heard to say Burlington Gardens. Dr. Arbuthnot was

were for the purpose of walking to Lona man of great humanity and benevolence. Swift said to Pope,– O that the world don, to “visit the celebrated Mr. Stanley,

This had but a dozen Arbuthnots in it, I would organist of the Temple church." burn my travels.” Pope no less passion- tified with the journey. He indulged his

visit he actually paid, and was much graately lamented him, and said of him ;" He was a man of humor, whose mind fancy in making a great variety of miniaseemed to be always pregnant with comic ideas."Arbuthnot was, indeed, seldom seri

Noble, &c.

1 h. m.


turc figures and machines, beside almost of the present day, at which the rising every article of household furniture. lle generation may smile when the credulous married at the age of twenty-five, and had are dead and only remembered fo their several children.

fond belief.

Fortune-telling has become rather un

fashionable since the invention of the February 28.

Day breaks 4 45 tread-mill, but still many a “cunning
Sun rises

6 37 man," and many a “ cunning woman, sets

5 23

pretends to unfold future events to viTwilight ends 7 15

sitors of every degree, from the servant Lent lily flowers.

girl, who desires to know if John will be Primroses increase in flowering. faithful, to the rich heiress, and the

wealthy matron.

There are still a few respectable trades. February 29.

men and merchants who will not travsact

business, or be bled, or take physic, on a MEMORANDUM.

Friday, because it is an unlucky day. The birthday of a person born on this There are other people who, for the same intercalary day can only be celebrated in reason, will not be married on a Friday; leap year.

others, again, who consider every child born on that day doomed to misfortune.

It is a common saying, and popular beOn the 29th of February, 1744, died lief, that, at his lodging at the Bedford Coffee-house, Covent Garden, Dr. John Theophilus De

"Fridaynights' dreams on the Saturday told

Are sure to come true be it never so old." saguliers, an eminent natural philosopher. He was the son of a French Protestant cler- Many believe that the howlings of a gyman, and educated at Christ's College, dog foretel death, and that dogs can see Cambridge. He took orders, and settled death enter the houses of people who are in London, though he held the donative about to die. of Whitchurch, in Middlesex, which he Among common sayings at present are was presented with by the duke of Chan- these—that pigs can see the wind-hairy dos. He was the first person who lec- people are born to be rich and people tured on experimental philosophy in the born at night never see spirits. metropolis, and his lectures were pub- Again, if a cat sneezes or coughs, every lished in two volumes, quarto, besides person in the house will have colds. In other philosophical works, and a thanks- the morning, if, without knowing or ingiving sermon, preached before his sove- tending it, you put on your stockings the reign. The Royal Society appointed him wrong side outwards, you will have good a salary, to enable him to exhibit before luck all day. them a variety of new experiments, and To give to, or receive from, a friend a several of his papers are preserved in their knife or a pair of scissars cuts friendship; transactions.

He was
man of real

While talking thoughtlessly with a good ability, and, when a housekeeper, usually woman, I carelessly turned a chair round had pupils at home with him. His in- two or three times; she was offended, come was considerable, and he kept an and said it was a sign we should quarrel: equipage. Ilis coachman, Erasmus King, and so it proved, for she never spoke from the force of example, became a kind friendly to me afterwards. of rival to the Doctor; for he, also, under- When your cheek burns, it is a sigu icok to read lectures, and exhibit experie some one is talking about you.

When ments in natural philosophy.

His si

your ears tingle lies are being told about ceum ” was at Lambeth Marsh; and his

you. When your nose itches, you will terms of admission were proportioned to be vexed. When your right eye itches, it the humble situation he had filled.

is a sign of good luck; or your left eye,

of bad luck; but SUPERSTITIONS, 1831.

“ Left or right (For the Year Book.]

Brings good at night." From personal observations I have col- These are every day sayings, and things lected a few of the popular superstitions of every day belief.


It is further believed that children will In Berkshire, at the first appearance of not thrive if they are not christened ; and, a new moon, maidens go into the fields, if they do not cry during the ceremony, and, while they look at it, say, that they will not live long. It is unlucky to pare your finger nails

New moon, new moon, I hail thee! on a Sunday.

By all the virtue in thy body, To prevent ill luck from meeting a

Grant this night that I may see squint-eyed person, you must spit three

He who my true love is to be. times; and when you pass under a ladder They then return home, firmly believing you must spit through it, or three times that before morning their future husbands afterwards.

will appear to them in their dreams. If a married woman loses her wedding The left seat at the gateway of the enring, it is a token that she will lose her trance to the church-yard at Yarmouth is husband's affections; her breaking of it, called the Devil's seat, and is supposed forebodes death.

to render any one who sits upon it partiA spark in the candle, is a sign of a cularly liable to misfortunes ever afterletter coming.

wards. Bubbles upon tea, denote kisses.

Divination is not altogether obsolete. Birds' eggs hung up in a house, are un- A few evenings ago. a neighbour's lacky.

daughter came to request of me the loan Upon new year's day if you have not of a Bible. As I knew they had one of something new on, you will not get much their own, I enquired why mine was all the year.

wanted. She said that one of their To cure your corns, you must steal a lodgers, a disagreeable woman, had lost very small bit of beef, bury it in the one of her husband's shirts, and, suspectground, and as that rots the corns will ing the thief te be in the house, was go away, even though you are put upon going to find it out by the Bible and the tread mill for the theft.

key; and, for this purpose, neither a There are dames in the country who, Bible nor a key belonging to any person to cure the hooping cough, pass the living in the house would do. Find a afflicted child three time before breakfast thief by the Bible and key, thought I; under a black berry bush, both ends of I'll even go and be spectator of this cerewhich grow into the ground. Other mony. So I gave the child a Bible and country women travel the road to meet a went with her. I found the people of man on a piebald horse, and ask him the house assembled together, and a what will cure the hooping cough, and young boy and girl to hold the apparatus; whatever he recommends is adopted as for it seems it can only be done properly an infallible remedy. There was one by a bachelor and a maid. The key was remarkable cure of this kind.

bound into the Bible against the first mother made an enquiry, of a man chap:er of Ruth and part of the sevenmounted as directed; he told her to put teenth verse, “the Lord do so to me and her finger, to the knuckle joint, down the more also," and strict silence and gravity cbild's throat, and hold it there twenty were then enjoined, and the ceremony minutes by the church clock. She went began. First, the boy and girl placed home, and did so, and it never coughed their left hands behind their backs, and again.

the key balanced on the middle fingers of Some persons carry in their pockets a their right hands: then, the woman who piece of coffin, to keep away the cramp. had lost the above-mentioned article

Stockings are hung crosswise at the named a person, and said, “ the Lord do foot of the bed, with a pin stuck in them, so to me and more also, has he (or she] to keep off the nightmare.

got my husband's shirt." Nearly all the To prevent dreaming about a dead names of the people in the house had body, you must touch it.

been repeated, when, upon the name of To always have money in your pocket, an old crony of the loser being mentioned, put into it small spiders, called money the urchin who held the Bible suspended spinners : or keep in your purse a bent from the key gave his hand a slight motion coin, or a coin with a hole in it; at-down went the Bible, and the scene of every new moon take it out and spit pro-ing and con-ing which ensued would upon it, return it to your pocket, and beggar description. During the disturbwish yourself good luck.

ance I thought it better to look on and

A young


I re

laugh, and retired to a corner of the to save himself the trouble of acknowledgroom, expecting every instant to see ing them. This was his practice with all them do battle. At the height of the epistles which were not of great importdisturbance the loser's husband

ance: he called it despatching business. home, and, upon learning the cause of the disturbance, said be bad removed the shirt himself, and put it into his chest.

MY LITTLE DOG BOBB! Indignation was now turned against the

An Elegy. person who had advised the mode of divin

(For the Year Book.] ng its discovery by the borrowed Bible and key; but she boldly defended it, and said My friends they are cutting me, one and all, it never failed before, nor would it have With a changed and a cloudy brow; failed then, had not the man in the

But my little dog always would come at my

call corner, meaning me, laughed ; and, she

And why has he not come now? added, with malicious solemnity, that the Bible would not be laughed at.

Oh! if he be living, he'd greet me,-but why treated from a gathering storm, and re

Do I hope with a doubtful “if ?" turned home, to note down the proceed

When I come, and there is not a joy in his

cyeings, and forward them to the Year Book. J-S-LLM-N.

When I come, and his tail lieth stiff ? January, 1831.

Ah me! not a single friend may I keep!

From the false I am gladly free,

And the true and the trusty have fallen asleep,

And sleep-without dreaming of me !
This 29th of February

I have got my own soul fastened firmly and I'll take--let's see-10 keep me merry,


And my cold heart is safe in my bosom;An Invent’ry of what I'm worth,

But I would not now trust 'em out of my In goods, and chattels, and so forth.

sightA bed, the best you ever saw,

Or I'm positive I should lose 'em !
With belly-full of hay and straw;
On which an Irish prince might sleep,

My one sole comrade is now no more !
With blankets warın from off the sheep.

And I needs must mumble and mutter, A table next, around whose coast

That he, who had lived in a kennel before, The full-charged glass has often sail'd,

At last should die in a gutter! And sparkled to the sparkling toast,

He could fight any beast from a cow to a cat, Whilst love with ease the heart assail'd :

And catch any bird for his feast : A platter thin, a large round 0,

But, ah! he was killed by a big brick-batA pot as black as any crow,

And a bat's nor a bird nor a beast !
In which we bake, as well as boil,
And melt the butter into oil,

He died of the blow !--'twas a sad hard blow And, if occasion, make a posset ;

Both to me and the poor receiver; A spigot, but we've lost the fosset;

I wish that instead 'twere a fever, I know ;A spoon to dash through thick and thin ;

For his bark might have cured a fever ! And, best of all, a rolling-pin.

His spirit, escaped from its carnal raga, A good fat hog, a cow in calf;

Is a poodle all wan and pale ; In cash a guinea and a half;

It howls an inaudible howl,--and it wags A cellar stor'd with foaming beer,

The ghost of a shadowy tail! And bacon all the livelong year ;

Old Charon will tout for his penny in vain, A hearty welcome for a friend :

If my Bob but remembers his tricks; And thus my Invent'ry shali end.

For he, who so often sprang over my cane,

Will easily leap o'er the Styx!

If Cerberus snarls at the gentle dead,
Campistron, the French poet, the favo-

He'll act but a dogged part; rite and secretary of the duke de Vendome, The fellow may, p'rhaps, have a treble head, was gay and volatile, and little fitted for

But he'll have but a base bad heart ! all a secretary's duties. One day, the Farewell my dear Bob, I will keep your skin, duke quaintly pointed him out to an- And your tail with its noble tuft; other nobleman, and observed “ There sits I have kept it through life, rather skinny ana my secretary, busy with his answers.

thin,Campistron was engaged in burning a

Now I will have it properly stuff'd. quantity of letters, addressed to the duke,


« ZurückWeiter »