« ZurückWeiter »
My lord useth and accustometh to give say) before born. Her affection to my yearly, when his lordship is at home, and mother, who waited in her privy chamber, hath an Abbot of misrule in Christmas, in her bettering the state of my father's forhis lordship's house, upon new-year's tune, her watchings over my youth, her day, in reward, 20s.
liking to my free speech, &c., have rooted To his lordship's officer of arms, herald, such love, such dutiful remembrance of or pursuivant, for crying “ Largess" before her princely virtues, that to turn askant his lordship on new-year's day, as upon from her condition with tearless eyes would the twelfth day following, for each day, stain and foul the spring and fount of grati10s.
tude.” The grieving knight wrote thus of his To his lordship's six trumpets, when “sovereign lady,” to his own wife, whom they play at my lord's chamber door, on he calls "sweet Mall,” two days after he new-year's day in the morning, 135. 4d. had dispatched the dark lantern to James, for my lord, and 6s. 8d. for my lady, if with “Lord remember me when thou she be at my lord's finding.
comest into thy kingdom."* To his lordship's footmen, when they
Dark Lantern. do give his lordship gloves in the morn
It is a persuasion among the illiterate ing, each of them 38. 4d.*
that it is not lawful to go about with a REMARKABLE NEW YEAR'S GIFTS.
dark lantern. This groundless notion is
presumed to have been derived either from Sir John Harrington, of Bath, sent to Guy Fawkes having used a dark lantern James I. (then James VI. of Scotland
as a conspirator in the Gunpowder Plot, only) at Christmas, 1602, for a New-year's or from the regulation of the curfew which gift, a curious “ dark lantern.". The top required all fires to be extinguished by a was a crown of pure gold, serving also to certain hour. cover a perfume pan; within it was a
Lanterns. shield of silver embossed, to reflect the light; on one side of which were the sun, cients. One was discovered in the sub
Lanterns were in use among the anmoon, and planets, and on the other side the story of the birth and passion of Christ
terranean ruins of Herculaneum. Some " as it is found graved by a king of Scots
lanterns were of horn, and others of [David II.) that was prisoner in Notting- bladder resembling horn. One of Stosch's ham.” Sir John caused to be inscribed in gems represents Love enveloped in draLatin, on this present, the following pas
pery, walking softly, and carrying a lansage for his majesty's perusal, “ Lord re
tern in his hand. The dark lantern of member me when thou comest into thy the Roman sentinels was square, covered kingdom." Mr. Park well observes of
on three sides with black skin, and on the this New-year's lantern, that “it was
other side white skin, which permitted the evidently fabricated at a moment when light to pass. On the Trojan column is a the lamp of life grew dim in the frame of great ship-lantern hanging before the queen Elizabeth: it is curious as a relique poop of the vessel. With us, lanterns of court-craft, but it displays a 'darkness
were in common use very early. That visible' in the character of our politic
horn-lanterns were invented by Alfred knight, and proves that he was an early is a common, but apparently an erroneous worshipper of the regal sun which rose in statement; for Mr. Fosbroke shows that the north, though his own 'notes and pri- mentioned as in use among the Anglo
not only horn, but glass lanterns were vate remembrances' would seem to indicate a different disposition.” In truth the Saxons, many years before Alfred lived. “ regal sun” of the north had not yet ap- That gentleman cites from Aldhelm, who peared above the horizon ; for Elizabeth
wrote in the seventh century, a passage to was still living, and the suppliant to her
this effect, “Let not the glass lantern expected successor was actually writing be despised, or that made of a shorn hide of her, in these terms: “I find some less and osier-twigs; or of a thin skin, almindful of what they are soon to lose, though a brass lamp may excel it." "Our
ancient hand-lantern was an oblong square, than of what perchance they may bereafter get. Now, on my own part, I cannot
carried the narrow end uppermost, with blot from my memory's table the goodness
an arched aperture for the light, and a of our sovereign lady to me, even (I will square handle.t
Nugæ Antiquæ i. 321, 325.
Barrington's Obs, on Anc. Statutes.
Lantern and Candle-light.
With crammed capons every New-year's This was the usual cry of the old Lon- Or with green cheeses when his sheep are don bellman. It is mentioned as such by
shorn. Heywood in the “Rape of Lucrece.”
A manuscript of ceremonies and ser. Lantern and candle light-here,
vices at court, in the time of king Henry Maids ha' light there,
VII., entitled a “Royalle Book," formerly Thus go the cries.
belonging to the distinguished antiquary The same writer, in “Edward IV., Peter Le Neve, Norroy king at arms, and 1626,” speaks of “no more calling of lan supposed by him to have been written by thorn and candle light." Hence two
an esquire or gentleman-usher of that sovetracts by Dekker bear the title of “Lan- reign, contains the order of regal cerethorn and candle-light: or the bellman's mony to this effect:night-walk."* Two other tracts, also by
On New-year's Day the king ought to Dekker, are entitled “ English villanies,
wear his surcoat, and his kirile, and his &c., discovered by lanthorne and candle- pane of ermine ; and, if his pane be five light, and the help of a new cryer, called ermine deep, a duke shall be but four; 0-Per-Se-0, 1648," &c.
an earl three. And the king must have
on his head his hat of estate, and his LANDLORDS' AND TENANTS' NEW-YEAR'S
sword before him; the chamberlain, the steward, the treasurer, the comp
troller, and the ushers, before the sword; In a MS. book of disbursements of sir and before them all other lords, save only John Francklyn, bart., at his house at them that wear robes; and they must Wilsden in Middlesex, is an account of follow the king: and the greatest estate to New-year's gifts in 1625.
lead the queen. This array belongs to s. d.
the feasts of New-year's Day, Candlemas To the musicians in the morning 1 6 Day, Midsummer Day, the Assumption To the woman who brought an of our Lady, and the Nativity of our
apple stuck with nuts . . .10 Lady, as it pleaseth the king. And, if two To a boy who brought two ca- of the king's brethren be there, one is to pops.
10 lead the queen, and another to go with Paid for the cup
1 6 him that beareth the train of the king; The last item is supposed to have been
and else no man in England, save the for a drink from the wassail-cup, which prince. girls were accustomed to offer at new
Also, the king going in a day of estate year's tide, in expectation of a gift. The in procession, crowned, the queen ought apple stuck with nuts may have been a not to go in that procession without the rustic imitation of the common new-year's queen be crowned; but to abide in her gift of “an orange stuck with cloves,"
closet or travers, or else where it pleaseth mentioned by Ben Jonson in his Christ- the king that she shall abide. mas Masque. The new-year's gift of ca
On New-year's Day in the morning, pons from tenants to their landlords
the king, when he cometh to his footappears from Cowley to have been cus schete, an usher of the chamber to be tomary.
ready at the chamber door, and say,
“Sire, here is a year's gift coming from Ye used in the former days to fall
the queen.” And then he shall say, “ Let Prostrate unto your landlord in his hall, it come in, sire.” And then the usher When with low legs, and in an humble shall let in the messenger with the gift, and guise,
then, after that, the greatest estate's serYe offered up a capon sacrifice Unto his worship at a New-year's tide.
vant that is come, each one after the other
according to their estate; and, after that This custom of capon-giving is also done, all other lords and ladies after their mentioned by Bishop Hall, in one of his estate. And all this while the king must satires.
sit at his foot-schete. This done, the Yet must he haunt bis greedy landlord's chamberlain shall send for the treasurer of hall
the chamber, and charge the treasurer to With often presents at each festival ; give the messenger that bringeth the queen's
• Nare's Glossary.
gift, if he be a knight, ten marks; and if the solemn foolerie of the Prince de la he be an esquire eight marks, or at the Grainge, at Lincoln's Inn, where came least one hundred shillings: and the king's the king (Charles II.), the duke, &c. It mother one hundred shillings; and those began with a grand masque, and a formal that come from the king's brothers and pleading before the mock princes, gransisters, each of them, six marks : and to dees, nobles, and knights of the sun. He every duke and duchess, each of them, had his lord chancellor, chamberlain, five marks; and every earl and countess treasurer, and other royal officers, gloriforty shillings. These be the rewards of ously clad and attended. It ended in a them that bring year's gifts. Whether the magnificent banquet. One Mr. Lort was king will do more or less, this hath been the young spark who maintained the padone. And this done the king goeth to geantry.” make him ready, and go to his service in what array he liketh.
NEW YEAR'S DAY IN FRANCE. The queen, in likewise, to sit at her As early in the morning as people can foot-schere, and her chamberlain and possibly dress themselves in proper attire, ushers to do as the king's did. Her re- they set out on a round of visits to relawards to them that bring her gifts shall tions and friends, to wish them a happy not be so good as the king's.*
new year and to present them with bon
bons. The relations are first visited, beThe receiving and giving of New-year's ginning with those nearest in affiaity, gifts by the king is discontinued.' The then those that are further removed, and only remains of this ancient custom at lastly come the friends and acquaintances. court now is, that the two chaplains in It is a contest of politeness on this occawaiting on New-year's Day have each a sion who shall start first, and anticipate crown-piece laid under their plates at the call of a relation or friend. dinner.t
The shops of the confectioners are
dressed up on the day hefore with lookPLAY AT THE GROOM PORTER's.
ing-glasses, intermixed with festoons of On New-year's Day, 1668, Mr. Pepys, silk or muslin, and bunches of ribands in his diary, says that after dinner he went
or flowers. The counters are covered to the Duke's Theatre, and “Thence to
with clean table-cloths, and set out with Whitehall, and then walked up and down cakes, sweetmeats, dried fruits, and bonthe house awhile. By-and-by I met with bons, constructed into pyramids, castles, Mr. Brisland, and having it in my mind columns, or any form which the taste of this Christmas to do, what I never can the decorator may suggest; and in the remember that I did, go to see the gaming evening the shops are illuminated for the at the Groom-Porter's, he did lead me
reception of company, who come to buy thither; where, after staying an hour, they bon-bons for the next day. Endless are began to play at about eight at night. the devices for things in which they are And to see the formality of the groom- to be enclosed ; there are little boxes or porter, who is the judge of all disputes in baskets made of satin ornamented with play, and all quarrels that may arise gold, silver, or foil; balloons, books, therein, and how his under-officers are fruit, such as apples, pears, oranges; or there to observe true play at each table, vegetables, such as a cauliflower, a root of and to give new dice, is a consideration I celery, an onion; any thing, in short, never could have thought had been in the which can be made of confectionary, with world, had I not now seen it."
a hollow within, lo hold the bon-bons. Mr. Evelyn saw Charles II. play at The most prevailing device is called a the groom-porter's on Twelfth Night, 1662. cornet, which is a small cone ornamented He speaks of the excess with reprobation. in different ways with a bag, to"draw over For lfis observations, and an account of and close the large end. In these conthe office of groom-porter, see further on, trivances, the prices of which vary from in this month.
one livre to fifty, the bon-bons are pre
sented by those who choose to be at the 1662, January 1, Mr. Evelyn says, in expense of them ; by those who do not his Diary, "I went to London, invited to they are only wrapped in a piece of paper;
but it is indispensable that bon-bons in Antiq. Rep.
some way or other be presented. In the se + Mr. Nichols, Progresses Q. Eliz. pref. visits to friends, and in gossiping at the
PRINCE OF MISRULE.
confectioners' shops, which are the great a copy to as many confectioners as chose lounge for the occasion, the morning of to purchase one. Issue hereupon was New-year's day is passed. A dinner is again joined, and another verdict in favor given by some member of the family to of the poet established his right of sellall the rest, and the evening concludes ing and réselling his mottoes for bon-bons with cards, dancing, or any other amuse. to all the confectioners in the universe. ment that may be preferred.
The decorations of the confectioners' shops remain till twelfth-day ; when there is a ceremony of drawing twelfth-cake, dif
[For the Year Book.] fering from the mode in England. The cake is very plain in its composition,
Years may roll on, and manhood's brow grow
cold, being not better than a common bun, but
And life's dull winter spread its dark’ning large, so as to cut into slices. In one
pall part a bean is introduced ; and the per
O'er cherish'd hopes ; yet time cannot withson who draws the slice with the bean is hold king or queen, according to the sex of A precious boon which mem'ry gives to the drawer. Every one then drinks to all : the health of the new sovereign, who re- Fond recollection, when the tale is told ceives the general homage of the company
Which forms the record of life's festival, for the evening. The rest of the com
Recals the pleasures of youth's opening scene, pany have no name or title of distinction. And age seems young-rememb’ring what
Even as children in their happiest hours, Two remarkable lawsuits between a Gath'ring the blossoms which around them confectioner and a poet arose out of the grow, celebration of New-year's Day.
Will sometiines turn and strew the early poet had been employed by the con- flowers fectioner to write some mottoes in verse Over the grave of one-there lying lowfor his New-year's Day bon-bons; and
Who watched their infancy-s0 we; for ours the agreement was, that he was to have Are kindred feelings : we as gently throw six livres for five hundred couplets. The
Our mem’ry garlands on the closing grave poet delivered his couplets in manu
Of joys we lov'd-yet,loving, could not save. script, according to the agreement as he understood it; to this the confectioner objected, because he understood they were to be printed, and ready for enclos- Annexed to this, and every day throughing within his bon-bons. The poet an- out the year, will be found the time of swered that not a word had passed on day-break, sun-rise and sun-set, and the the subject of printing, and that he end of twilight, derived from a series of should not have agreed to furnish the tables purposely compiled for the present mottoes at so low a price if he had under- work. stood the printing was to be included. To these daily notices are frequently Thereupon the parties joined issue, and a added the flowering of plants, the arrival verdict was found for the poet; because, and departure of birds,and other indications as no mention of printing was made, the of the time of the year, according to the aveconfectioner had no claim to expect it; rage time of their appearance,as stated in Dr. and because six livres was as little as Forster's “Encyclopædia of Natural Phecould possibly be given for such a num- nomena," upon the authority of a private ber of lines in manuscript. After this manuscript journal kept for fifty years. action against the confectioner was settled, the man of bon-bons brought an action against the son of Apollo, for that the poet had sold a copy of the same mottoes January 1.-Day breaks . 1 6 to another confectioner, whereas the
8 4 plaintiff had understood that they were to
3 56 be exclusively his. The defendant an
Twilight ends . 5 59 swered that not a word had passed indi- The black hellebore, and sweet coltscating a transfer of exclusive right; and he foot, are in full flower, if the weather be maintained that he was at liberty to sell open.
Lord Brouncker at his house in the o'clock in the afternoon,
atTuam in Ireland, with me, made from the seamen at sea, to On the 2d of January, 1756, about four piazza Covent garden. He says, “ I re
ceived much mirth with a ballet I brought appeared an unusual light, far beyond that their ladies in town, saying Sir. W. Pen, of the brightest day. It faded away by Sir G. Ascue, and Sir G. Lawson made sensible degrees, and about seven o'clock
it.” It was a production of the witty a sun of streamers crossed the sky, which undulated like the surface of a rippling fleet against Holland.
Earl of Dorset, then a volunteer in the
The sparkling water, and caused great alarm. In about eighteen minutes the streamers became
verses of this pleasant song float into a discolored. The edges were first tinc
tune in the reading. Here it is :tured with a bright cerulean, then with a fine azure, and lastly with a flame color. The phenomenon discharged itself in a blaze towards the north. It is stated that
Written at Sea, in the first Dulch War, 1665,
the night before an engagement, a very uncommon shock immediately succeeded, but no danger ensued. Some
To all you ladies now at land, of the terrified inhabitants of Tuam left the We men, at sea, indite; city, and the frightened villagers flocked But first would have you understand into it. The account adds that about the
How hard it is to write ; same time seven acres of ground were laid The muses now, and Neptune too, under water at Ballimore, and two hun- We must implore to write to you, dred head of cattle were drowned by the
With a fa, la, la, la, la. deluge.* From the description it is pre
For though the Muses should prove kind, sumable that this remarkable appearance
And fill our empty brain; was merely the aurora borealis, or northern
Yet if rough Neptune raise the wind, lights.
To wave the azure main, Oft in this season, silent from the north,
Our paper, pen, and ink, and we, A blaze of meteors starts ; ensweeping first
and down our ships at sea. The lower skies, they all at once converge
With a fa, &c.
Then if we write not by each post,
Think not we are unkind;
Nor yet conclude our ships are lost,
By Dutchmen, or by wind :
The tide shall bring them twice a-day. LINCOLN'S INN PRINCE OF MISRULE.
With a fa, &c. On the 2nd of January, 1662, king Charles II. took his pleasure in seeing the The king, with wonder and surprise, holiday pastimes of the lawyers. Mr. Will swear the seas grow bold; Pepys says of himself, in his diary, that Because the tides will higher risc while he was at Farthorne's the fine en
Than e'er they used of old :
But let him know it is our tears graver of old English portraits, whither he had gone to buy some pictures, “comes
Bring floods of grief to Whitehall stairs. by the king's life-guard, he being gone to
With a fa, &c. Lincoln's Inn this afternoon, to see the
Should foggy Opdam chance to know revels there; there being, according to an Our sad and dismal story ; old custom, a prince and all his nobles, The Dutch would scorn so weak a foe, and other matters of sport and change.
And quit their fort at Goree : This prince whom the king visited at Lin- For what resistance can they find colos' Inn was a prince of misrule, re- From men who've left their hearts behind? specting which mock-sovereign, and his With a fa, &c. merry court at Gray's Inn, there is a full
Let wind and weather do its worst, and diverting account hereafter.
Be you to us but kind ;
Let Dutchmen vapour, Spaniards curse, On the 2nd of January, 1665, Mr. Pe
No sorrow we shall find :
Or who's our friend, or who's our foe.
With a fa, &c.