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of which I never exceeded a pint at any mestic affairs. He retired into the country, meal, except in cold weather, when I al. and could not bear solitude,-expended lowed myself a third more. I rode his means on planting his grounds,-laor walked every day, except in rainy wea- mented that his house was not fit to ther, when I exercised for a couple of receive polite friends," were they dishours. So far I took care of the body; posed to visit him,-and courted, as he and, as to the mind, I endeavoured to pre- tells us, the society of " persons who will serve it in due temper by a scrupulous despise you for the want of a good set of obedience to the divine commands, and chairs, or an uncouth fire-shovel, at the keeping, as the apostle directs, a same time that they cannot taste any excelscience void of offence towards God and lence in a mind that overlooks those man. By these innocent means I have things." He forgot that a mind which arrived at the age of a patriarch with less overlooks those things must also afford injury to my health and constitution than to overlook such persons, or its prospect many experience at forty. I am now, of happiness is a dream. He writes of like the ripe corn, ready for the sickle of himself an irrefutable truth :-"One loses death, and, by the mercy of my Redeemer, much of one's acquisitions in virtue by an have strong hopes of being translated into hour's converse with such as judge of his garner.*

merit by money ;” and, he adds, “ I am Age.

now and then impelled by the social pas

sion to sit half-an-hour in my own The greatest vice the sages observe in kitchen.” Johnson says, “ his death was us is, “ that our desires incessantly grow probably occasioned by his anxieties. He young again ;, we are always beginning

was a lamp that spent its oil in blazing." again to live." Our studies and desires

It has been said of Shenstone, that "he should sometimes be sensible of old age; should have burnt most of what he wrote, we have one foot in the grave, and yet our

and printed most of what he spoke." appetites and pursuits spring up every From such a conflagration, Charles Lamb, day. If we must study, let us follow that and Crabbe, would have snatched Shenstudy which is suitable to our present con- stone's “Schoolmistress.” dition, that we may be able to answer as he did, who, being asked to what end he studied in his decrepid age, answered,

Economy, and Epicurism. “ That I may go the better off the stage, In a letter from lady Luxborough to

- Montaigne. at greater ease.”—

her friend Shenstone, concerning the poet's money affairs, there is a capital anecdote

of king George I. She says, “ Had February 10. Day breaks .

5 17 Shakspeare had to gather rents, he would Sun rises

7 11 not have said,
4 49

For who so firm that cannot be seduced ? Twilight ends. 6 43 since your half day in endeavouring to Frogs breed, and croak.

seduce your tenant into paying you for half-a-year was ineffectual, and as my

labors that way are as vain. My success February 11.

in recovering money is very similar to 1763. February 11. William Shen- yours; and, if what you say about the stone, the poet of the Leasowes" in War- butter-dish and sluice is true, as to you, wickshire, and author of “the School

it is no less so as to me. The parallel mistress,” died, aged 49, broken-spirited, I am as backward as you, at wringing

between us may be carried farther : for and, perhaps, broken-hearted. He wrote pastoral poetry for fame, which was not

from the hard hands of peasants their vile awarded to him by his contemporaries,– trash; nor could I ever be forced, even received promises of political patronage, by experience, into a proper veneration which were not fulfilled, -omitted, from for sixpence; or have the foresight to prudential motives, to marry a lady whom

nurse fortune; but, however, to eat one's he loved,—was seduced into a passion for cake when one is a hungered is most landscape gardening-and ruined his do sweet. The late king George was fond of

peaches stewed in brandy, in a particular

manner, which be had tasted at my Gents. Mag.

father's; and erer after, till his death, my

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mamma furnished him with a sufficient brass, must have been an able chemist; quantity to last the year round-he eating for it is impossible to work on this metal two every night. This little present he without first knowing the art of refining it. took kindly; but one season proved fatal The physicians who were ordered to to fruit-trees, and she could present bis embalm the body of the patriarch Jacob majesty but with half the usual quantity, were skilled in medicinal chemistry. desiring him to use economy, for they Cleopatra proved to the royal Anthony would barely serve him the year at one her knowledge of the science by dissolving each night. Being thus forced by neces- a pearl of great value in his presence. sity to retrench, he said he would then We are informed by Pliny, that Caius, eat two every other night, and valued the emperor, extracted gold from orpiment. himself upon having mortified himself An author of the fourth century speaks less than 'if he had yielded to their of the science of alchemy as understood at regulation of one each night; which, I that time.--The learned “ Baron Rothssuppose, may be called a compromise child ” appears to be one of the greatest between economy and epicurism, followers of this delightful employment

in our days.

The attempt to make gold was prohiFebruary 11. Day breaks 5 15

bited by pope John XXII. If we may Sun rises

7 10

judge from certain episcopal manipulasets.

4 50

tions, it is not in our days considered culTwilight ends. 6 45

pable. Rooks build.

Hippocrates was assiduous in his cultivation of chemistry.

Helen (how I should love the science

if it had such followers now !) is introduced February 12.

by Homer as administering to Telemachus FONTHILL.

a medical preparation of opium.

Geber in the seventh century wrote seAs relating to this day, a newspaper of veral chemical works. 1793 contains the following paragraph : Roger Bacon in the thirteenth century

* Feb. 12, 1775—Fonthill burnt, with cultivated chemistry with great success. a loss, on the lowest computation, of Why does not Hogg follow in the foot£30,000 sterling. When old Beckford, steps of his great ancestor ?” who was an odd compound of penury and It is said that the Hottentots know how profusion, immediately,— with as little to melt copper and iron; a curious fact, emotion as the duke of Norfolk at Work- if true, as it indicates more civilization in sop,-ordered it to be rebuilt with mag- science than in manners. nificence, more expensive than before ;. The science was introduced by the and yet the same person, when he had Spanish Moors of Spain into Europe. the gout, and though he had studied John Becher laid the foundation of the medicine under Boerhaave, literally suf- present system. fered his case to fail, through parsimonious Miss Benger tells of a professor in a self-denial, in mere Madeira wine ! Northern university who, in making a Resolve me—which is worse,

chemical experiment, held a phial which Want with a full, or with an empty purse ?” blew into a hundred pieces. “Gentlemen,"

said the doctor, “I have made this expe

riment often with this very same phial, CHEMISTRY.

and it never broke in this manner before.”. (For the Year Book.]

A chemical operation serves the turn of The primitive meaning and origin of Butler in his Hudibras : the word chemistry are not known. Some Love is a fire that burns and sparkles conjecture it to have been derived from In men as nat'rally as in charcoals, the name of one of the first professors of Which sooty chemists stop in holes this interesting science, Cham, an eminent When out of wood they extract coals ; Egyptian. The word, we find from

So lovers should their passions choke, Suidas, was used by the Greeks very soon

That though they burn they may not smoke. after the death of our Saviour.

Chemistry received a noble compliAs respects the science, Tubal-Cain, ment from M. Le Sage, who makes the who found out the art of working in devil upon two sticks inform Don Cleofas

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that he is the god Cupid, and the intro- the heavier, and he broke down under it. ducer of chemistry into the world. - That which helps one man may hinder

Ladies who deign to read so far-bright another. eyes !—I cry you mercy : I have done. Be cautious in giving advice; and con

XX. sider before you adopt advice.

Indolence is a stream which flows February 12. Day breaks . 5 14 slowly on, but yet undermines the foundaSun rises

7 8 tion of every virtue. - Spectator.
4 52

Let us manage our time as well as we
Twilight ends 6 46

can, there will yet remain a great deal that The toad makes a noise.

will be idle and ill employed.- Montaigne.

A necessary part of good manners is a

punctual observance of time, at our own February 13.

dwellings, or those of others, or at third places: whether upon matters of civili'y,

business, or diversion. If you duly obAbout this time all nature begins to

serve time, for the service of another, it revivify.

doubles the obligation : if upon your own The green woodpecker is heard in the account, it would be manifesi folly, as well woods.

as ingratitude, to neglect it: if both are The woodlark, one of our earliest and concerned, to make your equal or inferior swee'est songsters, renews his note. to attend on you, to his own disadvantage, Rooks begin to pair.

is pride and injustice.-Swift. Missel-thrushes pair.

Lord Coke wrote the subjoined distich, The thrush sings.

which he religiously observed in the disThe Yellowhammer is heard.

tribution of his time : The chaffinch sings.

Six hours to sleep-to law's grave study six ; Turkeycocks strutt and gobble.

Four spend in prayer—the rest to nature fix. Partridges begin to pair.

Sir William Jones, a wiser economist of The house pigeon has young.

the fleeting hours of life, amended the Field crickets open their holes.

sentiment in the following lines :Moles are busy below the earth.

Seven hours to law-to soothing slumber seven; Gnats play about, and insects swarm under sunny hedges.

Ten to the world allot : and all to heaven.

Keep an exact account of your daily NOTE.

expenses, and, at the end of every week, Knowledge is treasure, but judgment is consider what you can save the next. the treasury

Send your son into the world with good Want of knowledge, and due consider. principles, a good temper, a good educaation, cause all the unhappiness a man

tion, and habits of industry and order,

and he will work his way. brings upon himself.

Nature supplies what it absolutely A man void of sense ponders all night needs. Socrates, seeing a heap of trealong, and his mind wanders without sure, jewels, and costly furniture, carried ceasing ; but he is weary at the point of in pomp through the city, said, “How day, and is no wiser than he was over

manythings do I not desire!"— Montaigne. night.- Runic. Form is good, but not formality.—Penn.

February 13. Day breaks . 5 12 Pause before you follow example. A

Sun rises

7 6 mule laden with salt, and an ass laden


4 54 with wool, went over a brook together.

Twilight ends 6 48 By chance the mule's pack became wetted, Scotch crocus flowers, with pale whitish the salt melted, and his burden became petals striped with purple. lighter. After they had passed, the mule Polyanthus flowers, if mild. The many told bis good fortune to the ass, who, hundred varieties of this plant are supthinking to speed as well, wetted his pack posed to come from the common primat the next water; but his load became rose, or from that and the cowslip.

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On information that some curious sub- apartment which is represented in the terranean remains existed in the premises above engraving, from a drawing taken of Messrs. Holt and Rolls, at their whole- on the spot by my friend while we resale grindery and nail warehouse, No. 1, mained. Old Fish Street, permission was asked The legend concerning the apartment there, to inspect the place, and obligingly shown by the print is, that in the catholic allowed.

times it was used for a place of worship; The house forms the south-west corner and, though now below the surface of the of the street. In the floor of the shop is earth, was level with the grass or lawn of a trap-door, which, on being pulled up, a garden, which is at this time covered allowed a friend who is an artist to de- with old buildings. scend with me, by a step ladder, into a On going into the apartment from the large cellar, through which we went with only entrance, which is behind the figure lighted candles, southerly, to another holding the torch, and could not be shown cellar about fourteen feet wide, brick- in the engraving, it appeared to be a arched from the ground, and used as a handsome grotto with a recess on both depository for old packing cases and the right and left hand side. The enother lumber, but artificially groined and trance to the recess on the right is shown ornamented from the bottom to the roof in the print on the right hand of the torchwith old shell work, discolored by damp bearer. These recesses withinside widen and the dust of age. At the end we came to the width of the grotlo. The back of to a doorway, to which a door had at one the grotto is occupied by a projecting time been attached, and entered the kind of arched shrine work, covered with Vol. 1.-7.


different shells. The space under and Mr. Leigh Hunt's paper in the “ Inwithin the sides of the canopy is curiously dicator” contains the following verses by inlaid with small shells, cowries, and Draytonothers of different kinds, and small peb

To his Valentine. bles; a formal ornament of this kind in the centre is supposed to represent a Muse, bid the morn awake, crucifix, but the arms of the cross are ill

Sad winter now declines, defined, and not clear to make out. The Each bird doth choose a mate, apartment thus fitted up is about eight

This day's St. Valentine's; feet square and six feet high, and is co

For that good bishop's sake vered at the sides and top entirely with

Get up, and let us see,

What beauty it shall be, shells fancifully disposed. In different

That fortune us assigas. parts there are several niches, and a few small indented circles, similar to that But lo, in happy hour, between the entrance to the right hand

The place wherein she lies, recess and the wall, as shown in the

In yonder climbing tow'r,

Gilt by the glittering rise ; print: these circles probably contained

O Jove! that in a show'r, looking-glasses. There are rich bosses of

As once that thund'rer did, shell-work, in the form of clusters of

When he in drops lay hid, grapes, tastefully depending from different

That I could her surprise. parts of the ceiling, and so firmly at

Her canopy I'll draw, tached to it as not to be detached without

With spangled plumes bedight, great force. The place is surprisingly

No mortal ever saw perfect : by cleaning, and a few needful

So ravishing a sight ; reparations, it might be restored to its

That it the gods might awe, original appearance.

Anå pow'rfully transpierce It is not easy to determine the precise The globy universe, age of this very interesting structure.

Out-shooting ev'ry light. There is scarcely room to believe that

My lips I'll softly lay such a place escaped the ravages of the

Upon her heav'nly cheek, great fire of London in 1666; yet its ap- Dy'd like the dawning day, pearance is of earlier date : and, if the

As polish'd ivory sleek : story be true that its floor was on a

And in her ear I'll say, level with a grass plat, such a garden

“ O thou bright morning-star, could only have existed before that

'Tis I that come so far, period, and the ground must afterwards

My valentine to seek. have been raised to the level of the houses “ Each little bird, this tide, now erected, which render the grotto

Doth choose her loved pheer, subterranean. It is worthy of remark Which constantly abide that, at one part, water oozes, and forms

In wedlock all the year, stalactytes, or icicle-shaped petrifactions :

As nature is their guide :

So may we two be true, one or two in an incipient state crumbled between the fingers.

This year, nor change for new,

As turtles coupled were.As a mere artificial curiosity, though not perhaps as a work of antiquity, this

“Let's laugh at them that choose

Their valentines by lot. grotto, in the heart of the city, seemed so remarkable as to deserve the present ac

To wear their names that use,

Wbom idly they have got : count. Being upon private business

Such poor choice we refuse, premises it cannot be inspected, and

Saint Valentine befriend; therefore the public must rest satisfied We thus this morn may spend, with this notice of its existence.

Else, Muse, awake her not."

February 14.

The earliest poetical valentines are by VALENTINE's Day.

Charles, duke of Orleans, who was taken

prisoner at the battle of Agincourt, in 1415. Relating to the origin and usages of The poems were chiefly written in EnSt. Valentine's day, there is so much in gland, and during his confinement in the the Every Day Book, that little of that Tower of London. They are contained kind remains to add.

in a large, splendid, folio MS., among the

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