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duellist says,

(a request or challenge to drink a glass of

UNDER THE ROSE. wine with the proposer; if the party chal- This saying is stated to have taken its lenged answered nob, they were to chuse rise from the ancient conviviai entertainwhether white or red.” In Shakspeare's ments, where it was customary to wear Twelfth-Night, a character speaking of a

chaplets of roses about the head, on which “ His incensement at this occasions, when persons desired to conmoment is so implacable, that satisfaction fine their words to the company present, can be done but by pangs of death, and that they might go no farther," they sepulchre : hob, nob, is his word; giv't or commonly said " they are spoken under tak't.” Mr. Monck Mason, in a note on the Rose.” Hence the Germans have a this passage, asks, “Is not this the ori.

custom of picturing a rose in the ceiling ginal of our hob-nob, or challenge to

over the table. In Lingua, a comedy drink a glass of wine at dinner ?" Mr. 1657, Appetitus says: “Crown me no Brand observes, “In Anglo-Saxon, hab- crowns but Bacchus' crown of roses." ban is to have, and næbban to wunt. .- May

On this passage, in the first part of it not therefore be explained in this sense, Shakspeare's Henry VI. as signifying, "Do you choose a glass of wine, or would you rather let it alone?" From off this brier pluck a white rose with me, This appears to be the only reasonable Warburton says, “This is given as the oriaccount of the origin of this term of re- ginal of the two badges of the house of York quest or challenge.

and Lancaster, whether truly or not is no great

. matter. But the proverbial expres

sion of saying a thing under the Rose, I Buz.

am persuaded, came from thence. When This term signifies a ehallenge to a

the nation had ranged itself into two person to pour out all the wine in the great factions, under the white and red bottle into his glass, the challenger un

rose, and were perpetually plotting and dertaking to drink it, should it prove more

counter-plotting against one another, then than the glass would hold. It is also a

when a matter of faction was communi term commonly said to one who hesitates cated by either party to his friend in the to empty a bottle that is nearly out.


same quarrel, it was natural for him to are told of it as being a college expression; add, that he said it under the Rose; intimating a threat, in the way of plea- it was religiously to be kept secret."

meaning that, as it concerned the faction, santry, to black the person's face with a burnt cork, should he flinch or fail to

Upon Warburton's supposition, Mr. Upempty the bottle. Possibly it may have ton, another of Shakspeare's commentabeen derived froin the German “ buzzen,"

tors, says: “ This is ingenious! What sordes auferre, q. d. “Off with the Lees pity that it is not learned too! The rose at bottom."'*

(as the fables say) was the symbol of silence, and consecrated by Cupid to Harpocrates, to conceal the lewd pranks

of his mother. So common a book December 26.-Day breaks 6 0 as Lloyd's Dictionary might have inSun rises

8 7 structed Dr. Warburton in this : - Huic

3 53 Harpocrati Cupido Veneris filius parentis Twilight ends 6 0 suæ rosam dedit in munus, ut scilicet si

quid licentius dictum, vel actum sit in

convivio, sciant tacenda esse omnia. December 27.

Atque idcirco veteres ad finem convivii St. John.

sub rosu, Anglicè under the rose, transacta

esse omnia ante digressum contestabantur; There is sufficient respecting this fes- cujus formæ vis eadem esset, atque ista tival in the Every-Day Book.

Μισώμνάμονα συμπoταν. Ρrobant hanc If the reader have a dread of poisoning, rem versus qui reperiuntur in marmore: and faith in preservatives, the Every- Day Book, on St. John's Day will supply a

Est rosa flos Veneris, cujus quo furta laterent recipe for marvellous wine-manchets.

Harpocrati matris dona dicavit amor. Inde rosam mensis hospes suspendit amicis,

Convivæ ut sub ea dicta tacenda sciat." Brand.

Newton, in his “ Herball to the Bible,"

h, m.


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1587, says: “I will heere adde a com- Lithomancy, by stones. mon countrey custome that is used to be Cleromancy, by lots. done with the Rose. When pleasaunt Oniromancy, by dreams. and merry companions doe friendly meete Onomatomuncy, by names. together to make goode cheere, as soone Arithmuncy, by numbers. as their feast or banket is ended, they give Logarithmancy, by Logarithms. faithfull promise mutually one to another, Sternomancy, from the breast to the that whosoever hath been merrily spoken belly. by any in that assembly, should be Gastromancy, by the sound of, or signs wrapped up in silence, and not to be car

upon the belly. ried out of the doores. For the assur- Omphelomuncy, by the navel. ance and performance whereof, the tearme Chiromancy, by the hands. which they use, is, that all things there Pedomancy, by the feet. saide must be taken as spoken under the Onychomancy, by the nayles. rose. Whereupon they use in their par- Cephaleonomancy, by brayling of an lors and dining rooms to hang roses over asses head. their tables, to put the companie in Tuphramancy, by ashes. memorie of secrecie, and not rashly or Capnomancy, hy smoak. indiscreetly to clatter and blab

Livanomancy, by burning of frankinwhat they heare-protesting that all was spoken under the Rose." Peacham in Carromancy, by melting of wax. “The Truth of our Times, 1638,"mentions Lecanomancy, by a basin of water. this saying, and the convenient practice Catortromancy, by looking glasses. “in many places, as well in England as Chartomancy, by writing in papers ; as in the Low Countries,” of painting a rose. in choosing valentines, &c. He deduces the origin of the saying from Macharomancy, by knives or swords. the authority cited by Upton in his stric- Chrystallomancy, by glasses. ture on Warburton *

Dactylomancy, by rings.
Coseinomancy, by sieves.

A.rinomancy, by saws.

Cattabomancy, by vessels of brass or Divination is the obtaining of the other metal. knowledge of something future, oy some Roadomancy, by stars. endeavour or means designedly made use Spatalamancy, by skins, bones, &c. of for that end.

Sciomancy, by shadows. Gaule, in his Mag-astro-mancer posed Astragalomancy, by dice. and puzzel'd, p. 165, enumerates as fol- Oinomancy, by wine. lows the several species of divination : Sycomancy, by figs.

Stareomancy, or divining by the ele- Typomancy, by the coagulation of ments.

cheese. Aeromancy, or divining by the air. Alphitomancy, by meal, flour, or bran. Pyromancy, by fire.

Crithomancy, by grain or corn. Hydromuncy, by water.

Alectromancy, by cocks and hens. Geomancy, by earth.

Gyromancy, by rounds or circles. Theomancy, pretending to divine hy Lampadomancy, by candles and lamps. the revelation of the Spirit, and by the Nagomuncy, or Necromancy, by inScriptures, or Word of God.

specting, consulting, and divining by, Dæmonomancy, by the suggestions of with, or from the dead. evil dæmons, or devils.

In Holiday's “ Marriage 'of the Arts" Idolomancy, by idols, images, figures. is introduced a species of divination not

Psychomancy, by men's souls, affections, in the above ample list of them, intitled wills, religious or moral dispositions. Anthropomancie.

Antinopomancy, by the entrails of men, A writer in the Gentleman's Magazine, women, and children.

for March, 1731, introduces “a person Theriomancy, by beasts.

surprising a lady and her company in Ornithomancy, by birds.

close cabal over their coffee; the rest Ichthyomancy, by fishes;

very intent upon one, who, by her dress Botanomancy, by herbs.

and intelligence, he guessed was a tirewoman: to which she added the secret of divining by coffee-grounds; she was then in full inspiration, and with much so- triangle, the quadrangle. The thumb lemnity observing the atoms round the too, and fingers, have their “hills " given cup: ön one hand sat a widow, on the them, from the tops of which manual other a maiden lady, both attentive to the diviners pretended they had a prospect predictions to be given of their future of futurity. The little finger they call fate. The lady (his acquaintance), though the ear finger, because it was commonly married, was no less earnest in contem- used by our ancestors to make clean the plating her cup, than the other two. They ears; a practice which does no great assured him that every cast of the cup is honor to their delicacy. a picture of all one's life to come; and Gaule, in his “ Mag-astro - mancer every transaction and circumstance is de- posed and puzzled," tells us, tha the lineated with the exactest certainty.” lines spreading at the bottom joint of

* Brand.

The same practice is noticed in the the thumb signify contentions; the line Connoisseur, No. 56, where a girl is ed- above the middle of the thumb, if it meet gaged in divining of what rank her hus. round about, portends a hanging destiny; band shall be. She says, “ I have seen many lines transverse upon the last joint him several times in coffee-grounds, with of the fore-finger denoie riches by ina sword by his side; and he was once at heritance; right lines there, a jovial nathe bottom of a tea cup, in a coach and ture; lines in the points of the middle six, with two footmen behind it.”

finger (like a gridiron) a melancholy wit, In the life of Harvey, the famous con- and unhappy; if the sign on the little jurer of Dublin, 8vo, 1728, we read of finger be conspicuous, they denote a good “ Immersion of wooden bowls in water, wit and eloquent, but the contrary, if sinking incharmed and inchanted amulets obscure. Equal lines upon the first joint under water, or burying them under a of the ring-finger are made of a happy wit. stone in a grave in a church-yard." Cornelius Agrippa, in his Vanity of

Among love divinations may be reck- Sciences, says that chiromancy “fancies oned the dumb cake, so called because it seven mountains in the palm of a man's was to be made without speaking, and hand, according to the number of the afterwards the parties were to go back- seven planets; and, by the lines which are wards up the stairs to bed, and put the there to be seen, judges of the comcake under their pillows, when they were plexion, condition, and fortune of the to dream of their lovers.

person; imagining the harmonious disThere is a prodigious vari'..y of these position of the lines 10 be, as it were, divinations, alphabetically enumerated

certain celestial characters stampt upon and explained, in “ Fericii Bibliogra- us by God and nature.” Agrippa gives phia Antiquaria.” See also Potter's a catalogue of great names of such authors Grecian Antiquities.

as have written on this science falsely so John of Salisbury enumerates no fewer called, but observes that “none of them than thirteen different kinds of diviners, have been able to make any further proor fortune tellers, who (in his time) pre- gress than conjecture, and observation of tended to foretel future events, some by experience. Now that there is no cerone means, and some by another. tainty in these conjectures and observa

tions is manifest from thence, because they are figments grounded upon the will;

and about which the masters thereof of CHIROMANCY_DIVINATION BY PAL

equal learning and authority do very much differ."

Dr. Ferrand, in his Love's Melancholy,

1640, tells us that “no man professeth According to Indagine's “ Book of publickely this cheating art, but theeves

, Palmestry and Physiognomy, translated by Fabian Withers,” 8vo. 1656, the lines

rogues, and beggarly rascals; which are in the palm of the hand are distinguished Bohemians, Egyptians, and Caramaras.”.

now every where knowne by the name of by formal names, such as the table line, It may be well' to observe the date of or line of fortune, the line of life or of this reprobation of fortune-telling by the the heart, the middle natural line, the line hand. We have still fortune-tellers of of the liver or stomach, &c. &c. &c., the this class.


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MINSTER CHURCH, ISLE OF THANET, KENT. Minster, about two miles distant from Dick, fixed ladders, before day, by moonRamsgate, derives importance from its light, and hired two men of the parish to celebrated abbey for veiled virgins, found- go up and demolish the ball and crosses ed by Domneva queen of the Mercians as monuments of idolatry.” in 670. Remains of this edifice still Dr. Meric Casaubon became vicar of exist; and bear the name of Minster this parish in 1634, and held the vicarage court. This is the mansion-house of the until it was sequestered by the parliament manor of Minster. The north front has in 1644, when Richard Culmer was apa fine Gothic doorway, with its arch and pointed in his stead. ornaments entire.

Ebbs Fleet, in this parish, seems to have The church is considered the most been the usual landing-place from the ancient in Thanet. It is a very fine sea upon the isle of Thanet. At this structure : the chancel and transept are of spot the two Saxon chiefs, Hengist and pure Gothic architecture; the nave is Horsa, landed with their forces in 385, Saxon. The chancel is lighted by several when, according to Gildas“ they first fixed lancet windows, and has eighteen colle- their terrible claws on the eastern part of giate stalls in good preservation. At the the isle of Great Britain, as if they were west end is a handsome tower and leaded about to fight for the country, but in steeple, with a clock and five bells. On reality to lay siege to it and destroy it.” the top of the spire was formerly a globe, Here, in 596, Austin, called the apostle of and upon that a wooden cross covered the English, landed. Here, likewise, with lead, over which was a vane, and landed from France, St. Mildred the above that an iron cross ; until about 1647, second abbess of Minster. Richard Culmer, commonly called “ Blue


gers in different directions through the Upon the authority of certain state- land, each bearing a bent bow, and that ments in the “Cainbrian Antiquities,” peace was in a like manner announced by it is supposed that war was anciently à bow unstrung, and therefore straight. proclaimed in Britain by sending messen


There was heard the sound of a coming foe,
There was sent through Britain a bended bow,
And a voice was pour'd on the free winds far,
As the land rose up at the sign of war.

“ Heard ye not the battle horn ?
-Reaper ! leave thy golden corn!
Leave it for the birds of Heaven,
Swords must fash, and shields be riven !
Leave it for the winds to shed-

Arm! ere Britain's turf grow red !”
And the reaper arm’d, like a freeman's son,
And the bended bow and the voice pass'd on.

« Hunter! leave the mountain chase,
Take the falchion from its place!
Let the wolf go free to-day,
Leave him for a nobler prey !
Let the deer ungall'd sweep by --

Arm thee! Britain's fees are nigh !”
And the hunter arm'd ere his chasé was done,
And the bended bow and the voice pass'd on.

“Chieftain, quit the joyous feast !
Stay not till the song has ceased.
Though the mead be foaming bright,
Though the fires give ruddy light,
Leave the hearth and leave the hall

Arm thee! Britain's foes must fall."
And the chieftain arın'd, and the horn was blown,
And the bended bow and the voice pass'd on.

“ Prince ! thy father's deeds are told,
In the bower and in the hold!
Where the goatherd's lay is sung,
Where the minstrel's harp is strung !
- Foes are on thy native sea-

Give our bards a tale of thee ! ”
And the prince came arm'd, like a leader's son,
And the bended bow and the voice pass'd on.

“ Mother! stay thou not thy boy!
He must learn the battle's joy.
Sister ! bring the sword and spear,
Give thy brother words of cheer!
Maiden! bid thy lover part,

Britain calls the strong in heart!"
And the bended bow and the voice pass'd on,
And the bards made song for a battle won!



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