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ters and servants, rich and poor, humble When the sweet hawthorn bower is bare, and lofty, all mingle together without re- And bleak and cheerless is the air ; straint-all cares are forgotten—and each

When all seems desolate around, one seems to glory in his own enjoyment CHRISTMAS advances o'er the ground. and in that of his fellow-creatures. It is When Tom at eve comes home from plough, pleasant to find ourselves in such society, And brings the misletoe's green bough, especially as it is rarely in one's life that With milk-white berries spotted o'er, such opportunities offer. Cast your eyes And shakes it the sly maids before, towards the side board, and there see that Then hangs the trophy up on high, large bowl of punch, which the goodwife Be sure that CHRISTMAS-TIDE is nigh. is inviting her guests to partake of, with

When Hal, the woodman, in his clogs, apples, oranges, biscuits, and other agree

Bears home the huge unwieldy logs, able eatables in plenty. The hospitable That, hissing on the smould'ring fire, master welcomes us with a smiling coun- Flames out at last a quiv'ring spire ; tenance and requests us to take seats and When in his hat the holly stands, join one of the tables.

Old CHRISTMAS musters up his bands. In due time some one enters to tell the

When cluster'd round the fire at night, company that supper is waiting in the

Old William talks of ghost and sprite, next room. Thither we adjourn, and find

And, as a distant out-house gate the raised and mince pies, all sorts of Slams by the wind, they fearful wait, tarts, and all cold-except the welcomes While some each shadowy nook explore, and entreaties—with cream, ale, &c., in Then CHRISTMAS pauses at the door. abundance; in the midst of all a large

When Dick comes shiv'ring from the yard, goose pie, which seems to say

come and

And says the pond is frozen hard, cut again."

While from his hat, all white with snow, After supper the party returns to the

The moisture trickling drops below; card room, sit there for two or three hours While carols sound, the night to cheer, longer, and afterwards make the best of Then Christmas and his train are here. their way home, to take a good long nap, and prepare for the same scene the next night. At these “ feasts” intoxication is entirely out of the question—it never

December 24.–Day breaks 6 1 happens.

Sun rises

8 7 Such are the innocent amusements of

3 53 these people; and, hoping that you may

Twilight ends

5 59 some time have an opportunity of visiting this part of the country, and of being present in reality at the scenes I have de

December 25.
I remain,

Sir, Yours respectfully,
A. W. R.

To the large accounts in the EveryDay Book concerning the modes of celebrating this festival very little can be

added. There is a pleasant little two-shilling volume, entitled “ Christmas and the New Year; a masque for the fire side; by

25th December, 1676, Sir Matthew Edwin Lees; second edition,” printed at Hale died. He was born at Olderlay, Worcester. It contains the following- in Gloucestershire, the first of November,

1609. On entering life he thought upon SIGNS OF CHRISTMAS.

seeking his fortune in the army, but was When on the barn's thatch'd roof is seen persuaded to relinquish his purpose, and The moss in tufts of liveliest green ;

follow the law, by Mr. Serjeant Grenville, When Roger to the wood pile goes,

who was conducting a suit for him at the And, as he turns, his fingers blows;

time. On the 8th of November, 1629, When all around is cold and drear,

he was admitted a student at Lincoln's Be sure that CHRISTMAS-TIDE is near.

Inn, and, by indefatigable industry and When up the garden walk in vain

attention, he attained the highest honours We seek for Flora's lovely train;

of the profession.

h, m.


Sir Matthew Hale was a judge of other cares and thoughts as unseasongreat ability and inflexible integrity. able interruptions. Two soldiers were tried before him for 6thly. That I suffer not myself to be premurder under the following circumstances. possessed with any judgment at all, -An inhabitant of Lincoln who had till the whole business and both parties been of the king's party was met with a be heard. fowling-piece in his hand, by one of the 7thly. That I never engage myself at the soldiers. The soldier told him that the beginning of any one cause, but reserve protector's orders were that none of the myself unprejudiced, till the whole king's party should be allowed to carry be heard. arms, and proceeded to force the fowling- 8thly. That in business capital, though piece from him ; they wrestled, till the my nature prompt me to pity, yet to man threw his opponent, and then walked consider that there is also a pity due away. The soldier met a comrade, to to my country. whom he related the circumstance, and 9thly. That I be not too rigid in matters they set off in search of the man, for the purely conscientious, where all the purpose of revenge. They found and harm is diversity of judgment. attacked him; and, whilst one of the 10thly. That I be not biassed with comsoldiers was struggling to get possession passion to the poor, nor favour for the of the arms, the other went behind the rich, in points of justice. stranger, and ran him through the body. 11thly. That popular or court applause, The jury found one of the soldiers guilty or distaste, have no influence in any of manslaughter, and the other ot' murder.

thing I do in point of distribution of Colonel Whaley, the coinmander of the justice. garrison, attended in court, and stated 12thly. Not to be solicitous what men that the Lincoln man had been killed in will say or think, so long as I keep consequence of disobedience to the pro- myself exactly according to the rules tector's orders, and therefore the soldier

of justice. had merely performed his duty. But 13thly. If in criminals it be a measuring Hale was neither convinced by the cast, to incline to mercy and acquittal. colonel's arguments, nor daunted by his 14thly. In criminals that consist merely threats : he passed sentence of death on in words, where no harm ensues, modthe culprit, and ordered speedy execution eration is no injustice. lest a reprieve might be granted, and the 15thly. In criminals of blood, if the fact ends of justice defeated.

be evident, severity is justice. Hale's Rules.

16thly. To abhor all private solicitations,

of what kind soever, and by whom Sir Matthew Hale, upon his becoming soever, in matters depending. judge, prescribed to himself the following 17thly. To charge my servants, 1, not to rules, which Bishop Burnet copied from interpose in any business whatsoever; his holograph, viz.

2, not to take more than their known Things necessary to be had continually in

fees; 3, not to give any undue preceremembrance.

dence to causes; 4, not to recommend

counsel. 1st. That in the administration of jus- 18thly. To be short and sparing at meals,

tice I am intrusted for God, the king, that I may be the fitter for business.

and my country, and therefore 2ndly., That it be done first, uprightly;

secondly, deliberately; thirdly, reso- In Swan's Journal of a Voyage up the lutely.

Mediterranean, 1826, is the following ac3rdly. That I rest not on my own under- count of a Greek Christmas.—“Thursday

standing and strength, but implore and January 6th, this being Christmas day rest upon the directoin and strength of with the Greek Catholics, their churches God.

are adorned in the gayest' manner, I en4thly. That in the execution of justice I tered une, in which a sort of raree-show

carefully lay aside my own passions, had been set up, illumed with a multitude and not give way to them however pro- of candles: the subject of it was the birth voked.

of Christ, who was represented in the 5thly. That I be wholly intent upon the back ground by a little waxen figure

business I am about, remitting all wrapped up in embroidery, and reclining

upon an embroidered cashion, which "gloria in excelsis.The shepherds, hearrested upon another of pink satin; this ing this, advanced to the stable, singing was supposed to be the manger where he "peace, good will,&c. As soon as they was born. Behind the image two paper entered it, two priests in dalmaticks, as if bulls' heads looked unutterable things. women (quasi obstetrices) who were staOn the right was the virgin Mary, and on tioned at the stable, said “Whom seek the left one of the eastern Magi. Paper ye?” The shepherds answered, accordclouds, in which the paper heads of num- ing to the angelic annunciation, “Our berless cherubs appeared, enveloped the Saviour Christ.” The women then openwhole ; while from a pasteboard cottage ing the curtain exhibited the boy, saying, stalked a wooden monk, with dogs, and “ The little one is here as the prophet sheep, and camels; goats, lions, and Isaiah said." They then showed the lambs; here walked a maiden upon a mother, saying, “Behold the Virgin,” &c. stratum of sods and dried earth, and Upon these exhibitions, they bowed and there a shepherd Aourishing aloft his pas worshipped the boy, and saluted his toral staff. The construction of these mother. The office ended by their returnaugust figures was chiefly Dutch : they ing to the choir, and singing, Alleluia, were intermixed with china images and &c. miserable daubs on paper. In the centre a real fountain, in miniature, squirted forth water to the ineffable delight of

In catholic times, at Christmas, people crowds of prostrate worshippers." presented loaves to the priest on the au

thority of the direction in Leviticus xxü.

“You shall offer two loaves to the priest," At Rouen, after the Te Deum, in the

&c. At feasts a whole boar (whence nocturnal office or vigil of Christmas, the brawn at this season) was put upon the ecclesiastics celebrated the “office of the table, sometimes it was richly

, gilded. shepherds” in the following manner :- The custom of bringing in the boar's

The image of the virgin Mary was head is well known, and to this day it is placed in a stable prepared behind the al- practised with much ceremony at Queen's tar. A boy from above, before the choir, College, Oxford. The following extract in the likeness of an angel, announced the from the “Oxford Sausage” may be nativity to certain canons or vicars who relished. entered as shepherds, through the great door of the choir, clothed in tunicks and amesses. Many boys in the vaults of the * Fosbroke's British Monachism. church, like angels, then began the † Ibid.


“ Tam Marti


I sing not of Roman or Grecian mad games,
The Pythian, Olympic, and such like hard names;
Your patience awhile, with submission I beg;
I strive but to honor the feast of Coll, Reg.

Derry down, down, down, derry down.
No Thracian brawls at our rites ere prevail,
We temper our mirth with plain sober mild ale;
The tricks of old Circe deter us from wine;
Though we honor a BOAR, we wont make ourselves swine.

Derry down, &c.
Great Milo was famous for slaying his ox,
Yet he prov'd but an ass in cleaving of blocks;
But we had a hero for all things was fit,
Our motto displays both his valor and wit.

Derry down, &c.

Stout Hercules labor'd, and look'd mighty big,
When he slew the half-starved Erymanthian pig;
But we can relate such a stratagem taken,
That the stoutest of BOARS could not save his own bacon.

Derry down, &c.
So dreadful this bristle-back’a foe did appear,
You'd have swom he had got the wrong pig by the ear,
But instead of avoiding the mouth of the beast,
He ramm'd in a volume, and cried-Græcum est.

Derry down, &c.
In this gallant action such fortitude shown is,
As proves him no coward, nor tender Adonis ;
No armour but logic, by which we may find
That logic's the bulwark of body and mind.

Derry down, &c.
Ye 'squires, that fear neither hills nor rough rocks,
And think you're full wise when you out-wit a fox;
Enrich your poor brains and expose them no more,
Learn Greek, and seek glory from hunting the boar.

Derry down, &c.

[To Mr. Hone.)

longing for swine's flesh. None could be The following is a brief extract concerning obtained ; the cook therefore at the bidthe festivities formerly observed on Christo ding of an old knight mas day at the Inner Temple. Service "Takes a Saracen, young, and fat, in the church being ended, the gentlemen And sodden full hastily presently repaired into the hall and break- With powdeer and with spicery, fasted on brawn, mustard, and Malmsey. And with saffron of good colour." At the first course, at dinner, was served and made a dainty dish for the royal inup a fair and large boreshead upon a sil- valid, who “eat the flesh and gnawed the ver platter, with minstralsye.* This cus- bone," and when he had satisfied his tom is still observed at Queen's College longing.– Oxford, and tradition represents this usage as a commemoration of an act of

“ His chamberlain him wrapped warm, valor performed by a student of the college

He lay and slept, and swet a stound, who while walking in the neighbouring

And became whole and sound." forest of Shotover and reading Aristotle Presently after Richard hearing with aswas suddenly attacked by a wild boar. tonishment and indignation the cries of The furious beast came open mouthed the enemy who seemed making their way upon the youth, who, however, very to his tent, he flung himself on his steed, courageously, and with a happy presence and rushing among the Paynims, felled of mind, is said to have rammed in the every opponent with his fearful battle-ax. volume,' and cried Græcum est, fairly Saladin retreated with loss, and the king choking the savage with the sage. returned triumphantly to his camp, and

While king Richard I. lay before Acre, when he had rested awhile, he craved his he was attacked by an ague so grievous “sou pere" even “ the head of that ilke that none of the leeches could effect its swine,” which he “ of ate." Quoth the cure; when owing to the prayers of his cook, “ that head I ne have.” Then said loyal army he became convalescent, his the king, first symptom of recovery was a violent “ So God me savę. 'But I see the head of

that swine, This paragraph is in the Every-Day Forsooth, thou shalt lessen thine !": Book, but it could hardly have been omitted The cook saw none other might be, here without the narration :appearing incom

He fetch'd the head, and let him see ; plete. J. F. R.

He fell on knees, and made a cry, + Wade's Walks in Oxford, vol. i. p. 128. "Lo bere the head ! my lord, mercy !"

The swarte vis • when the king seeth
His black beard, and white teeth,
How his lippes grinned wide,
“ What devil is this ?” The king cried,

And gan to laugh as he were wode.
" What! is Saracen's flesh thus good ?
That, never erst, I nought wist !
By Godes death, and his up-rist,
Shall we never die for default,
While we may in any assault,
Slee Saracens, the flesh may take,
And seethen, and rostem, and do hem bake,
Gnawen her flesh to the bones!
Now I have it proved once,

For hunger ere I be wo,
I and my folk shall eat mo!"

This right pleasaunt history" may be found at full in “ Webers's Metrical Romances, vol. ii. p. 119, and abridged in Ellis's Specimens of early English Romances, vol. ii. p. 233;" the which books be chiefly read by antiquaries and poets.

J. F. R.

Black face. + See the comic picture of a boars-head in the Every-Day Book.

Mr. Ritson, in bis Observations on Warton's History of English Poetry, give the following from a MS.

Ancient Boar's head Carol.

In die natiuitat.
Nowell, nowell, nowell, nowell,

Tydyng' gode y thyngke to telle.
The borys hede that we bryng here,
Betokeneth a p’nce with owte pere,
Ys born this day to bye v dere,

Nowell, &c.
A bore ys a souerayn beste,
And acceptab(l)e in eu'y feste,
So mote thys lorde be to mosle & leste

Nowell, &c.
This borys hede we bryng with song,
In worchyp of hym that thus sprang
Of a virgine to redresse all wrong.

Nowell, &c.

TEMPLE Revels.

terrible that it darkened the whole air." In the fourth year of the reign of

There belonged to the office of the queen Elizabeth, a magnificent Christ- constable marshal a suit of gilt armour mas was kept at the Inner Temple in with a nest of feathers in the helm, and a which the lord Robert Dudley, afterwards fair pole-axe to bear in his hand.' Dugearl of Leicester, was chief, under the dale sets forth the orders for making a title of Palaphitos, Prince of Sophie, Lord of Misrule, with feasting and High Constable Marshal of the Knights dancing “ round about the coal fire," and Templars, and Patron of the honourable hunting in the hall with nine or ten order of Pegasus. Christopher Hatton, couples of hounds a fox and a cat, both afterwards lord chancellor of England, tied at the end of the pole, until they was master of the game, with four mas

were killed beneath the fire. ters of the revels, besides other officers to conduct the burlesque, and fourscore persons forming a guard. Gerard Leigh, In the ninth year of King Charles I. who was present, and created a knight of the four inns of court provided a ChristPegasus, describes, in his “Accidence of mas mask, which cost £2400, and the Armorie,” the mock solemnity within king invited a hundred and twenty genthe hall, and the public firing of double tlemen of the four inns to a mask at cannons," in so great a number and so Whitehall on Shrove Teusday following.

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