« ZurückWeiter »
Tord Byron's extempore Farewell to Carmen quiddam valedicens a Domino Thomas Moore.
Byron ad Thomam Morum 'a 'vtoyviov
conscriptum. My boat is on the shore
Me ad littus manet cymbaAnd my bark is on the sea
Stat in alto navis :-ibo.But, before I go, Tom Moore,
Priùs autem, me sodalis, Here's a double health to thee.
Tibi bisque terque bibo. Here's a sigh for those that love me,
Qui amâstis me valeteAnd a smile for those that hate;
Valeant et qui oderunt-And, whatever sky's above me,
Pectus en! quod forte feret Here's a heart for every fate.
Fata cæli quævis erunt. Tho' the ocean roar around me,
Circa licèt mare fremat, Yet it still shall bear me on
Trans undosos ferar montesTho' the desert should surround me, Circa pateat eremus,
It hath springs that may be won : Dulcis aquæ tenet fontes :Wer't the last drop in the well,
Ima modò restet gutta, As I gasp'd upon the brink,
Repå jacens sicco ore, Ere my fainting spirit fell,
Tibi, animâ languente, 'Tis to thee that I would drink.
Bibam ultimo humore. In that water, as this wine,
Cordis hoc vocisque votum The libation I would pour
Æquâ illâ hôc ceu vino Should be “ Peace to thine and nine,
Siet-"“ Tuis Pax meisque Here's a health to thee, Tom Moore." Tibi, Thoma mi propino."
From Shakspeare's Passionate Pilgrim
Crabbed age and youth
Quid senectæ cum juventâ,
Gentleman's Magazine. It was anciently
an achievement from the steeple of old STEEPLE FLYING.
St. Paul's cathedral, and of great amuse
ment to the populace during royal proDecember 19, 1735.--A feat of this cessions through London. kind in Wiltshire is thus recorded in the
From Bromham in Wilts came the high flying stranger,
It is related elsewhere that on the 27th
a common term among our modern slight of September, 1731, a sailor slid on a of hand men. The origin of this is, rope from the top of Hackney steeple in probably, to be found among the old less than half a minute, with a streamer Roman Catholics. When the good people in each hand.
of this island were under their thraldom, their priests were looked up to with the greatest veneration, and their presence
announced in the assemblies with the Hocus Pocus.
terms hic est doctus! hic est doctus! and Ady, in his “Candle in the Dark,” this probably is the origin of the modern speaking of common jugglers, that go up corruption hiccius doctius.* M. F." and down to play their tricks in fairs and markets, says, “ I will speak of one man more excelling in that craft than others, December 19.-Day breaks 6 1 that went about in king James's time and
8 7 long since, who called himself the king's
3 53 majesties most excellent Hocus Pocus,
5 59 and so was he called, because that at the playing of every trick, he used to say hocus pocus tontus, talontus, vade celeriter
December 20. jubeo-a darke composition of words to
REMARKABLE DWARF. blind the eyes of beholders." Butler, in his Hudibras, has the fol
December 20, 1735. The Gentlemen's lowing
A dwarf from France arrived in town, with a slight
Measuring but inches twenty-one, Convey men's interest, and right,
At court a wonder great was shown. From Stiles's pocket into Nokes's
Where he, though aged forty-six, As easily as hocus pocus.
Performed twenty childish tricks. Archbishop Tillotson, in his “Discourse on Transubstantiation,” says that “in all
MOLES. probability those common juggling words
In “The Husbandman's Practice; or of hocus pocus are nothing else but a corruption of hoc est corpus,” used in the Prognostication for ever," 1658, there is catholic ceremony of consecration.
much to show what Moles on several Vallency, speaking of hocus pocus, de- parts of the body denote. For example: rives it with less probability from the If a man have a mole on the place right Irish “Coic an omen, a mystery; and against the heart, it doth denote him, bais, the palm of the hand: whence is “ undoubtedly to be wicked.” If a mole formed coiche-bas, legerdemain ; persice, in either man or woman appear on the choko-baz: whence the vulgar English
place right against the spleen, it doth sighocus pocus." Another phrase, “ Hiccius doctius" is
nify that he or she shall be “much pas- of Hainalt Forest, in the county of Essex. sionated and oftentimes sick.”
a distance of about sixteen miles from the In “ A Thousand notable Things,". we Metropolis. Perhaps a more singular find that moles on the arm and shoulder, being was never known : for the last denote great wisdom; on the left, debate
twenty years of her life she resided in and contention. Moles near the armpit her wretched abode, accompanied by a riches and honor. A mole on the neck leat ten or twelve goats: these animals is commonly a sign that there is ano- were her constant companions; if any of ther near the stomach, which denotes them were sick she aitended them with strength. A mole on the neck and throat the anxious solicitude of a parent. Some denotes riches and health. A mole on of the neighbouring gentry, from motives the chin, that there is another near the of humanity as well as curiosity, freheart, and signifies riches. A mole on quently paid her a visit; she was, in the right side of the forehead is a sign general, any thing but communicative, a of great riches both to men and wo- few incoherent and barely civil sentences men; on the other side quite the con- usually escaped her in answer to their trary. Moles on the right ear denote enquiries. It is supposed that a love riches and honor; on the left, they signify affair, in the time of her youth, caused the reverse.
this strange alteration in her habits and The signification of moles is derivable
At the time of her decease from the mole books still published for she had a brother living in affluent cirthe satisfaction of the curious in secret cumstances, who took care while his upmatters.
fortunate sister was living she should be placed beyond the reach of poverty, and
who also gave her remains a decent interDecember 20.—Day breaks 6 1 ment. She used, during the winter, to Sun rises
8 7 sit crouching with her goats before a huge sets
3 53 wood fire ; her skin was completely Twilight ends
5 59 changed to a yellowish brown from the
filth and smoke of her dwelling: she
chiefly lived on the produce of her goats, Becember 21.
their milk. She at length died, worn out
by extreme old age, and a few years ago St. Thomas's Day.
was buried in the church yard of the vilIn London, on this day, the common lage church, where she for years resided. councilmen and other officers of the Her remains were attended to their last respective city wards are chosen by the resting place by nearly the whole populafreemen inhabitant householders, at their tion of the place, very few of whose wardmotes.
inhabitants but remember “Mother Balls
the goat woman.” In Herefordshire this is called “mump
J. W. B ing day," and the poor go round their parishes begging corn and other doles.*
From a dissertation on the Gipsies, by « Mother Balls."
Grellman, and the authorities he cites, [For the Year Book.]
together with some striking proofs derived Perhaps some short account of this from the language of the Gipsies, it is eccentric old duchess will not be unac- presumable that they came originally from ceptable to some of your readers. I live Hindostan, where they are supposed to but a very short distance from her late have been of the lowest class of Indians, cottage (hovel, I should say), and have namely Parias, or, as they are called in gathered the following from her near Hindostan, Suders. They are thought to neighbours :- Elizabeth Balls, or, as she have migrated about A. D. 1408, or 1409, was more commonly called, mother Balls, when Timur Beg ravaged India for the resided for some years in a wretched purpose of spreading the Mahometan hovel in the peaceful and retired village religion, and so many thousands were of Havering at the bower, on the borders made slaves and put to death, that a
universal panic took place, and a great Fosbroke's British Monachism, number of the terrified inhabitants ended
voured to save themselves by flight. As tained from Sigismund the Emperor, that every part towards the north and east was they first came out of Lesser Egypt, that beset by the enemy, it is most probable having turned Apostates from Christianity that Zinganen, the country below Multan, and relapsed into Pagan rites, some of to the mouth of the Indus, was the first every family were enjoined this penance, asylum and rendezvous of the fugitive to wander about the world. Aventinus Suders. Here they were safe, and re- tells us, that they pretend, for this vagamained so till Timur returned from his bond course, a judgment of God upon victories on the Ganges, when they first their forefathers, who refused to entertain entirely quitted the country, and probably the Virgin Mary and Jesus, when she fled with them a considerable number of the into their country. Their first appearance natives, which will explain the meaning was in Germany since the yeur 1400.” of their original name. By what track Nor were they observed before in other they came to us cannot be ascertained. parts of Europe, as is deducible from If they went straight through the southern Munster, Genebrard, Crantsius, and Or. Persian Deserts of Sigistan, Makran, and telius." Kirman, along the Persian Gulf to the In “ The Art of Jugling and Lemouth of the uphrates, from thence they gerdemaine, ". by S. R. 4to. 1612, is might get, by Bassora, into the great the following account : “These kinde of deserts of Arabia, afterwards into Arabia people about an hundred yeares agoe, Petræa and so arrive in Egypt by the about the twentieth yeare of king Henry Isthmus of Suis. If they had not been the Eight, began to gather an head, at the in Egypt before they reached us, it is in- first heere about the southerne parts, and comprehensible how the report arose that this, (as I am informed) and as I can they were Egyptians. Harrison, in his gather, was their beginning. Certaine description of England prefixed to Holin Egyptians, banished their cuntry (belike shed's Chronicle, 1587, describing the not for their good conditions,) arrived various sorts of cheats practised by the heere in England, who being excellent in voluntary poor, after enumerating those quaint tricks and devises, not known heere who maimed or disfigured their bodies by At that time among us, were esteemed sores, or counterfeited the guise of la- and had in great admiration, for what with bourers or serving men, or mariners seek. strangeness of their attire and garments, ing for ships which they had not lost, to together with their sleights and legerdeextort charity, adds: “It is not yet full mains, they were spoke of farre and neere, three score years since this trade began; insomuch that many of our English loybut how it hath prospered since that time terers joyned with them, and in time it is easy to judge, for they are now sup- learned their crafte and cosening. The posed of one sex and another to amount speach which they used was the right unto above ten thousand persons, as I Egyptian Language, with whom our Enhave heard reported. Moreover, in coun- glishmen conversing with, at least learned terfeiting the Egyptian Roges, they have de- their language. These people continuing vised a language among themselves which about the cuntry in this fashion, practising they name Canting ; but, by others, ped- their cosening art of fast and loose and lers French, a speech compact thirty years legerdemaine, purchased themselves great since of English, and a great number of credit among the cuntry people, and got odd words of their own devising, without much by palmistry and telling of fortunes, all order or reason; and yet such is it as insomuch they pitifully cosened the poor none but themselves are able to under- cuntry girls, both of money, silver spones, stand. The first deviser thereof was and the best of their apparell, or any hanged by the neck, a just reward no good thing they could make, onely to doubt for his deceits, and a common end heare their fortunes." Further, “ Giles to all of that profession.”
Hather (for so was his name) together Browne, in his Vulgar Errors, gives this with his woman, Kit Calot, in short space general account of the Gipsies : “ They had following them a pretty traine, he are a kind of counterfeit Moors, to be terming himself the king of the Egipfound in many parts of Europe, Asia, and tians, and she the queene, ryding about Africa. They are commonly supposed to the cuntry at their pleasure uncontrolld.” have come from Egypt, from whence they The author then "mentions the Statute derive themselves. Munster discovered against them of the 1st and 2d of Philip in the letters and pass, which they ob- and Mary, on which he observes : “B* what a number were executed presently cord-sash, and under it a poor petticoat upon this Statute, you would wonder: or shift. In short they were the poorest yet, notwithstanding, all would not pre- wretches that had ever been seen in vaile ; but still they wandered as before, France; and, notwithstanding their poup and down, and meeting once in a verty, there were among them women yeere at a place appointed-sometimes at who, by looking into people's hands told the Devils
Ain Peake in Darbishire, their fortunes et meirent contens en plaand otherwhiles at Ketbroke by Black- sieurs mariages; for they said, thy wife heath, or elsewhere, as they agreed still has played thee false (Ta femme i'a fait at their Meeting.” Speaking of his own coup) and what was worse they picked time, he adds: “These fellowes, seeing people's pockets of their money and got it that no profit comes by wandring, but into their own by telling these things by hazard of their lives, do daily decrease art, magic, or the intervention of the and breake off their wonted society, and devil, or by a certain knack.” Thus Pasbetake themselves, many of them, some quier. It is added that they were exto be pedlers, some tinkers, some juglers, pelled from France in 1561. and some to one kinde of life or other." The Gipsies were banished from Eng.
The Gipsies spread into every country land by Act of Parliament, so early as of Europe. It would occupy too much 22d Henry VIII. By statutes in 1st and space to follow them beyond France, 2d Philip and Mary, and 5th Elizabeth, where they appear to have settled very persons importing them were to forfeit early. Pasquier, in his “ Recherches de £40; and if the Egyptians remained one la France," says,
“ On August 17, 1427, month in the kingdom, or if any person came to Paris twelve penitents (penan- fourteen years old, whether natural-born ciers) as they called themselves, viz. a subject or stranger, were seen or found in duke, an earl, and ten men, all on horse- the fellowship of such Egyptians, or had back, and calling themselves good chris- disguised him or herself like them, for one tians. They were of Lower Egypt, and month at one or several times, it was gave out that, not long before, the chris- felony without benefit of clergy. And tians had subdued iheir country, and sir Matthew Hale says, that at one Sufobliged them to embrace Christianity, or folk assize, no less than thirteen persons put them to death. Those who were were executed upon these Statutes a few baptized were great lords in their own years before the Restoration. country, and had a king and queen there. In Scotland they seem to have enjoyed Some time after their conversion, the some indulgence : for a writ of Privy Saracens overran their country and obliged Seal, dated 1594, supported John Faw, them to renounce Christianity. When the lord and earl of Little Egypt, in the emperor of Germany, the king of Poland, execution of justice on his company and and other christian princes, heard this, folk, conformable to the laws of Egypt
, upon them and obliged them all
, and in punishing certain persons there both great and small, to quit their named, 'who rebelled against him, left country, and go to the pope at Rome, him, robbed him, and refused to rewho enjoined them seven years' penance turn home with him. James's subjects to wander over the world without lying were commanded to assist in apprehendin a bed; every bishop and abbot to give ing them, and in assisting Faw and his them once ten livres tournois, and he gave adherents to return home. There is a like them letters to this purpose, and his writ in his favor from Mary queen of blessing. They had been wandering five Scots, 1553; and in 1554 he obtained a years when they came to Paris . They pardon for the murder of Nunan Small
. were lodged by the police out of the So that it appears he had staid long in city, at Chapel St. Denis. Almost all Scotland. The Faws had been previously had their ears bored, and one or two for some time in England, and from him silver rings in each, which they said was this kind of strolling people might receive esteemed an ornament in their country. the name of “ Faw Gang,” which they The men were very black, their hair afterwards continued to retain. curled; the women remarkably ugly and There is a well-known Scottish song back, all their faces scarred (deplayez) entitled “ Johnny Faa, the Gypsie Ladtheir hair black, like a horse's tail, their die.” An advertisement appeared in the only habit an old shaggy garment (flossoye) Newcastle Courant, July 27, 1754, offertied over their shoulders with a clothor ing a reward for the apprehending of