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This is all I remember of the custom, more, of different sizes, some big, some and probably I should not have recol- small, then shall so many corpses pass lected so much, had not the frolic, and the together and of such ages or degrees. If hobgoblin face of Laithwaye Oates been two candles come from different places, connected with it. I left Longridge Fell and be seen to meet, the corpses will do a few months after, and Lancashire the same ; and if any of these candles be altogether within the year, and never had seen to turn aside, through some by-path, another opportunity of seeing or hearing leading to the church, the following of it, for even in Preston it was unknown. corpse will be found to take exactly the But there are some old women about the

same way.

Sometimes these candles Fell, as well as young ones, who will re- point out the places where persons shall member somewhat of this. Ailce Becketh sicken, and die. They have also preindeed, who might be termed the reviver dicted the drowning of persons passing a of the custom that perhaps died with ford. All this is affirmed by Mr. Davis. her, is dead; and even Laithwaye, poor Another kind of fiery apparition peLaithwaye Oates, he too has

culiar to Wales is what is called the • Passed from earth away."

tan-we or tanwed. This appeareth, says

Mr. Davis, to our seeming, in the lower Perhaps the custom may be more pre- region of the air, straight and long, not valent than I have hitherto imagined it to

much unlike a glaive. It moves or shoots have been, but I have heard my uncle

directly and level (as who should say I'll speak of it as one of which he had heard

hit), but far more slowly than falling in his childhood that it had long gone by, and, but for him and Ailce Becketh, I where it passeth, lasteth three or four

stars. It lighteneth all the air and ground might never have seen it at the Fell; for

miles or more, for aught is known, bethe old woman firmly believed in its pre- cause no man seeth the rising or beginning vailing efficacy against witches, and my

of it; and, when it falls to the ground, it uncle loved to encourage her and the

sparkleth and lighteth all about. These custom, while he laughed at both as in

commonly announce the death or denocent and absurd.

cease of freeholders by falling on their I am, Sir,

lands; and you shall scarce bury any Your obedient servant,

such with us, says Mr. Davis, be he but ANNIE MINER.

a lord of a house and garden, but you June, 1831.

shall find some one at his burial that hath seen this fire fall on some part of his


According to the same worthy „Mr. Mr. Brand says, on the authority of Davis, these

appearances have been captain Grose, that corpse candles are seen by the person whose death they very common appearances in the counties foretold: two instances of which Mr. of Cardigan, Caermarthen, and Pem- Davis records as having happened in his broke, and also in some other parts of own family. Also, in the “ Cambrian ReWales. They are called candles, from gister, 8vo., 1796," p. 431, we read of their resemblance not of the body of the "A very commonly-received opinion, that candle, but the fire; because that fire says

within the diocese of St. David's, a short an honest Welshman, Mr. Davis, in a space before death, a light is seen proletter to Mr. Baxter, doth as much re- ceeding from the house, and sometimes, semble material candle lights, as eggs do

as has been asserted, from the very bed eggs: saving that, in their journey, these where the sick person lies, and pursues candles are sometimes visible and some- its way to the church where he or she is times disappear, especially if any one

to be interred, precisely in the same comes near to them, or in the way to

track in which the funeral is afterwards meet them. On these occasions they

to follow. This light is called canuyll vanish, but presently appear again behind corpt, or the corpse candle." the observer and hold on their course. If a little candle is seen, of a pale bluish

h, m. colour, then follows the corpse, either of October 31.--Day breaks 5 15 an abortive, or some infant: if a larger

Sun rises

7 9 one, then the corpse of some one come to


4 51 age. If there be seen two, three, or

Twilight ends

6 45


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The ploughman hears its humming rage begin,

And hies for shelter from his naked toil;
Buttoning his doublet closer to his chin,
He bends and scampers o'er the elting soil,
While clouds above him in wild fury boil,
And winds drive heavily the beating rain;
He turns his back to catch his breath awhile,

Then ekes his speed and faces it again,
To seek the shepherd's hut beside the rushy plain.
The boy, that scareth from the spiry wheat

The melancholy crow-in hurry weaves,
Beneath an ivied tree, his sheltering seat,
Of rushy flags and sedges tied in sheaves,
Or from the field a shock of stubble thieves.
There he doth dithering sit, and entertain
His eyes with marking the storm-driven leaves;

Oft spying nests where he spring eggs had ta'en,
And wishing in his heart 'twas summer-time again.

Clare's Shepherd's Calendar. In tne“ Raven's Almanacke for 1609," From these amusing conceits we turn by Thomas Decker, there is a quaint for better thoughts to the following indescription" Of Autumne, or the fall of structive passages by Dr. Drake in his the leafe”- the season which continues “ Evenings in Autnmn":into this month—“Autumne, the Barber

No period of the year is better entitled of the yeare, that sheares bushes, hedges, to the appellation of The Season of Philoand trees; the ragged prodigall that con- sophic Enthusiasm, than the close of sumes al and leaves himself nothing; the Autumn. There is in the aspect of every arrantest beggar amongst al the foure

thing which surrounds us, as the sun is quarters, and the most diseased, as being sinking below the horizon, on a fine evenalwaies troubled with the falling sick- ing of October (or November), all that nesse ; this murderer of the Spring, this can hush the troubled passions to repose, theef to Summer, and bad companion to yet all which, at the same time, is calculated Winter; seemes to come in according to to elevate the mind, and awaken the imagihis old custome, when the Sun sits like nation. The gently agitated and refreshing Justice with a pair of scales in his hand, state of the atmosphere, though at interweying no more houres to the day then vals broken in upon by the fitful and prohe does to the night, as he did before in tracted moaning of the voiceful wind; the his vernall progresse, when he rode on a deep brown shadows which are gradually Ram; but this bald-pated Autumnus enveloping the many-coloured woods, wil be seen walking up and down groves, and diffusing over the extended landscape medows, fields, woods, parks and pas. a solemn and not unpleasing obscurity; tures, blasting of fruites, and beating the faint and farewell music of the latest leaves from their trees, when common warblers, and the waning splendor of the high-wayes shall be strewed with boughes western sky, almost insensibly dispose in mockery of Summer and in triumph the intellectual man to serious and subof her death ; and when the doores of lime associations. It is then we people Usurers shall be strewed with greene the retiring scene with more than earthly hearbs, to doe honour to poor Brides that forms; it is then we love have no dowrie (but their honestie) to their marriage : when the world lookes

to listen to the hollow sighs like olde Chaos, and that Plentie is turned Through the half-leafless wood that breathes into Penurie, and beautie into uglinesse : the gale. when Men ride (the second time) to For at such hours the shadowy phantom pale Bathe-and when unthriftes Ay amongst Oft seems to fleet before the Poet's eyes ; Hen-sparrowes, yet bring home all the Strange sounds are heard, and mournfal feathers they carried out: Then say that

melodies Autumne raignes, then is the true fall of

As of night-wanderers who their woes bewail

. the leafe, because the world and the yeare

Charlotte Smith. turne over a new leafe.'

It is scarcely possible not to prostrate has been ever felt as more peculiarly the ourselves with deep humility before the Season of Religious Hope. Amid vicisthrone of that Almighty being who situde and decay, amid apparent ruin and wields, directs, and limits the career of destruction, we behold the seeds of life an element which, if let loose on this and renovation; for he who pervades and firm globe, would winnow it to dust. dwells with all things, the unchangeable

When we behold the birds that wing and immortal Spirit, has so ordained the their way through this immeasurable void, course of organized nature, that not only through what vast tracts and undiscovered is life the precursor of death, but the paths they seek their distant food; with latter is essential to the renewal of exwhat love and gratitude should we not istence, a chain and catenation, a cycle, as reflect, that if he in mercy has become it were, of vitality, which tells us, in the their pilot and their guide, how much strongest language of analogy, that if such more will he prove to us a sure and never seem the destiny of irrational nature, if failing protector.

thus she die to live again, how assured And when we turn our eyes from earth, should be the hope of intellectual being. its falling leaves and fading aspect, its To him who views the temporary desogathering gloom and treacherous meteors, lation of the year with no consolatory to that great and glorious vault where thought—who sees not, in the seeming burn the steady lamps of heaven, or

ruin which surrounds him, any hope or where, shooting into interminable space, emblem of a better world, who hears flow streams of inextinguishable lustre, not the accents of dying nature responding we are almost instinctively reminded, that to the voice of revelation, and telling of here our days are numbered, that on this a Spring beyond the grave-to him low planet brief is the time the oldest who is insensible to reliances such as being lives, and that, passing from this these, to hopes which can whisper peace, transitory state, we are destined to pur- and soothe the evils of mortality, how sue our course in regions of ever-during stale, flat, and unprofitable must appear light, in worlds of never-changing beauty. all the uses of this feverish existence.

It is owing to these, and similar re- He may be told, in the language of the flections, which it has been the business poet, in the language of faith and heartof this paper to accumulate, that autumn felt consolation,

To you the beauties of the autumnal year
Make mournful emblems, and you think of man
Doom'd to the grave's long winter, spirit broke,
Bending beneath the burden of his years,
Sense-dulld and fretful, full of aches and pains,
Yet clinging still to life. To me they show
The calm decay of nature, when the mind
Retains its strength, and in the languid eye
Religion's boly hopes kindle a joy
That makes old age look lovely. All to you
Is dark and cheerless; you in this fair world
See some destroying principle abroad,
Air, earth, and water full of living things
Each on the other preying; and the ways
Of man, a strange perplexing labyrinth,
Where crimes and miseries, each producing each,
Render life loathsome, and destroy the hope
That should in death bring comfort. Oh, my friend,
That thy faith were as mine! that thou could'st see
Death still producing life, and evil still
Working its own destruction; could'st behold
The strifes and tumults of this troubled world
With the strong eye that sees the promised day
Dawn thro' this night of tempest ! all things then
Would minister to joy; then should thine heart
Be healed and harmonized, and thou should'st feel
God, always, every where, and all in all.


Trke up

Though November is proverbially the

Beet-roots, carrots, parsneps, and some gloomiest month in the year, it is conspi- celery ; remove them to a dry cellar, or

bury them in sand. cuously rich in beef, mutton, veal, pork, and house-lamb, as well as in fish,

Dress poultry, game, and wild fowl. Thus, by Artichoke and asparagus beds. an admirable provision in the economy

Routine culture. of nature, at the season when the human

Dig and trench vacant ground in the appetite is increasing in strength, the

driest weather that the season will afford. means of gratifying it are multiplied. Remove and protect endive, celery, also Among the infinite variety of dishes Cape brocoli and autumnal cauliflowers

, formed, or compounded of these elements, by placing them in an out-house, imit is difficult to distinguish any one which

mersed in sand to the lower extremities of peculiarly belongs to this division of the the flower stems, where they ramify from year; the difference of taste or choice the stalk. By such means, these choice being most observable at the period when its objects are most diversified. Yet pork of winter.

vegetables may be had during the depth during the winter months is in universal request, not only as being of itself an excellent plain dish either roast or boiled,

November 1. but as affording the chief ingredient in the composition of sausages, &c. When All Saints, OR ALL HallowS. boiled its usual escort is peas-pudding:

Mr. Britton observes, in his “ CatheHare-soup may be noticed as a rich and

dral Antiquities," that many popish superseasonable luxury. There is now also a

stitions are visible throughout all the great consumption of oysters, as well in principality of Wales. In the county of their simple state as scolloped, stewed, Monmouth, more particularly, 'a custom roasted, or served up in sauce for fowls, prevails among the lower classes of the beef-steaks, &c.

inhabitants, both catholics and protestants, The season for sprats commences on Lord Mayor's day, the 9th of November, departed on the first of November, or

of begging bread for the souls of the which is more eminently distinguished by All Saints day: the bread thus distributed the magnificent and sumptuous dinner

is called dole bread. Another ancient given in Guildhall, in honor of the new chief magistrate of the city of London, shire, that of strewing the graves of the

custom is still prevalent in Monmouthwhen the choicest dishes in season, and departed and the church-yard with flowers every delicacy which wealth can procure, and evergreens, on festive and holy days. or culinary skill devise, are produced in

November 1, 1726, died Lewis Maxia style worthy the great occasion.

milian Mahomet, a Turk, who had been taken by the Imperialists in Hungary,

with Mustapha, his countryman. MaVEGETABLE GARDEN DIRECTORY. homet was supposed to be the son of a

bashaw. They both went into the service Sowo

of George Lewis, then electoral prince of Early peas and mazagan beans; also Hanover, whose life they are supposed to short-topped radish; to be covered with have saved, at the raising of the siege of litter during hard frosts.

Vienna, in 1685, when the prince was Plant


This mussulman became a For seed, cabbage-stalks, also beet-root christian, and received his baptisma! and carrot.

name of Lewis from his patron, who was Transplant

one of his godfathers, and Maximilian,

from the prince Maximilian, who also August-sown cabbage plants.

honored him as a sponsor. When prince

George Lewis ascended the British throne Brocoli, cauliflower, and cabbage as George I., Mahomet and Mustapha clants effectually, drawing the earth close came with him to England, and the about the stems, and placing it ridge- former was always about the royal perways, but not so high as to bury any leaf- son. By some they are called pages of stalks.

the back stairs; by others, attendants in

Earth up

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