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contract of marriage and promises of and, having let the landlady into the love; one half whereof was kept by the secret of his attachment, the object of t. woman, while the other part remained wishes is immediately sent for, who se with the man. The Dialogue between dom refuses to come. She is entertained Kitty and Filbert in the “What d'ye call with ale and whisky, or brandy; and tt it,” by Gay, illustrates the usage :- marriage is concluded on. The seco. Yet, Justices, permit us, ere we part,

day after the marriage a “creeling," as I To break this Ninepence as you've broke our is called, takes place. The young weddei

pair, with their friends, assemble ia : Filbert (breaking the ninepence)- As this convenient spot. A small creel, or basket divides, thus are we torn in twain.

is prepared for the occasion, into wh.d Kitty (joining the pieces) -- And, as this they put some stones : the young mer meets, thus may we meet again.

carry it alternately, and allow themselse In “ The Country Wake,” a comedy to be caught by the maidens, who have i by Dogget, 4to., London, 1696, Act v. kiss when they succeed. After a greu sc. i., Hob, who fancies he is dying, be- deal of innocent mirth and pleasant fore he makes his last will and testimony, the creel falls at length to the young ba as he calls it, when his mother desires band's share, who is obliged to carry him to try to speak to Mary, “ for she is generally for a long time, none of >> thy wife, and no other," answers, “ I know young women having compassion lj I'm sure to her-and I do own it before him. At last his fair mate kindly you all; I ask't her the question last lieves him from his burden; and her ce Lammas, and at Allhallow's-lide ue broke plaisance, in this particular, is considera a piece of money; and if I had lived till as a proof of her satisfaction with last Sunday we had been ask'd in the choice she has made. The creel church.” Mr. Douce's MS. Notes round again; more merriment succetus “ Analogous to the interchangement of and all the company dine together, 2 rings seems the custom of breaking a talk over the feats of the.field, piece of money. An example of this occurs in ‘Bateman's Tragedy,' a wellknown penny history, chap. v." A law.

TRUE-Lovers-KNOTS. book,

"Swinburne on Spousals,” p. 10, Among the ancient northern nations : says : "Some spousals are contracted by knot seems to have been the symbol signs, as the giving and receiving a ring, indissoluble love, faith, and friendship others by words."

Hence the ancient rúnic inscriptions

Hickes's, are in the form of a knot; as It appears to have been formerly a cus- hence, among the northern English an' tom, also, for those who were betrothed to Scots, who still retain, in a great med wear some flower as an external and con- sure,the language and manners of the 24spicuous mark of their mutual engage- cient Danes, that curious kind of knat

. ment. Spenser, in his “Shepherd's Ca- which is a mutual present between the lendar," says,

lover and his mistress, and which, beira Bring coronations and sops in wine

considered as the emblem of plighted Worn of paramours.”

fidelity, is therefore called “a true-lore Sops in wine were a species of flowers

knot :" a name which is not derived, a among the smaller kind of single gilli- words true" and " Love," but formed

may be naturally supposed, from the flowers or pinks.*

from the Danish verb “ trulofa," fidem der I plight my troth, or faith. Thus, in the

Islandic Gospels, the following passage CREELING.

in the first chapter of St. Matthew com In 1792 the minister of Galston, in firms, beyond a doubt, the sense her Ayrshire, mentions a singular custom given—“ til einrar Meyar er trulofad var there : “When a young man wishes to

einum Manne," &c.; i.e. to a virgine pay his addresses to his sweetheart, in- poused; that is, who was stead of going to her father's, and profess-had engaged herself to a man, de ing his passion, he goes to a public-house, Hence, evidently, the bride favors,

promised, or

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or the “ top-knots,” at marriages, which in his Travels in England, printed in have been considered as emblems of the 1696, says, “Formerly, in France, they ties of duty and affection between the gave Livrees de Nôces, which was a knot bride and her spouse, have been derived. of ribands, to be worn by the guests

In Davison's “Poetical Rhapsody, upon their arms; but that is practised 1611," are the following verses :

now only among peasants. In England

it is done still amongst the greatest nobleThe True Love's Knot.

men. These ribands they call “favors,' Love is the linke, the knot, the band of unity, and give them not only to those that are And all that love do love with their beloved

at the wedding, but to five hundred peoto be:

ple besides. T'other day, when the eldest Love only did decree

son of M. de Overkerque married the To change his kind in me.

duke of Ormond's sister, they dispensed For though I loved with all the powers of my a whole inundation of those little favors : mind,

nothing else was here to be met with, And though my restles thoughts their rest in from the hat of the king down to that of her did finde,

the meanest servant.” Ozell, in a note to Yet are my hopes declinde

his translation of Misson, says: “The Sith she is most unkinde.

favor was a pretty large knot, of several For since her beauties sun my fruitles hope colors, gold, silver, carnation, and white. did breede,

This is worn upon the hat for some weeks.” By absence from that sun I hop't to sterve

The only color for wedding-favors at this that weede; Though absence did, indeede,

time (1831] is white.

The bride favors have not been omitted My hopes not sterve, but feede.

in “ The Collier's Wedding," a northern For when I shift my place, like to the stricken

provincial poem :deere, I cannot shift the shaft which in my side I The blithsome bucksome country maids, beare :

With knots ribands at their heads, By me it resteth there,

And pinners flutt'ring in the wind, The cause is not else where.

That fan before and toss behind, &c. So have I seene the sicke to turne and turne The same poem, speaking of the youth againe,

attending the bridegroom, says, As if that outward change could ease his in.

Like streamers in the painted sky,
ward paine :

At every breast the favors fly.
But still, alas ! in vaine,
The fit doth still remaine.

Bridal Colors.
Yet goodnes is the spring from whence this

In a curious old book “ The fifteen For goodnes caused the love, which great introduced concerning bridal colors in

Comforts of Marriage,” a conference is respect did owe, Respect true love did show;

dressing up the bridal-bed by the brideTrue love thus wrought my woe.

maids. — “ Not, say they, with yellow

ribbands, these are the emblems of jealonsy Gay, in his Pastoral called “the Spell,” - not with · Fueille mort,' that signifies describes the rustic manner of knitting fading love-but with true blue, that the true-love-knot :

signifies constancy, and green denotes As Lubberkin once slept beneath a tree, youth-put them both together, and I twitched his dangling garter from his knee; there's youthful constancy. One proHe wist not when the hempen string I drew, posed blue and black, that signifies conNow mine I quickly doff of Inkle blue ;

stancy till death; but that was objected Together fast I tye the garters twaine,

to as those colors will never match. And, while I knit the knot, repeat this sirainThree times a true-love's knot I tye secure :

Violet was proposed as signifying religion:

this was objected to as being too grave: Firm be the knot, firm may his love endure.

and at last they concluded to mingle a In England these knots of ribands were gold tissue with grass green, which latter formerly distributed in great abundance signifies youthful jollity. For the as bride favors, even at the marriages of bride's favors, top-knots, and garters, the persons of the first distinction. They bride proposed blue, gold color, lemonwere worn at the hat, and consisted of color, &c. Gold-color was objected to ribands of various colors. M. Misson, as signifying avarice. The younger bride

ill doth grow,


maid proposed to mix willow and milk love ; but, when a man dwells in love white : the willow was excluded because then the breasts of his wife are pleasant it signified forsaken.*

as the droppings upon the bill of llermon, her eyes are fair as the light of heaven;

she is a fountain sealed, and he can A virtuous, discreet, and loving Wife.

quench his thirst, and ease his cares, and

lay his sorrows down upon her lap, and Let no man value at a little price

can retire home to his sanctuary and A virtuous woman's counsaile ; her wing'd refectory, and his gardens of sweetness spirit

and chaste refreshments. No man can Is feathered oftentimes with licavenly tell, but he that loves his children, how

words; And (like her beauty) ravishing, and pure.

many delicious accents make a man's The weaker bodie, still the stronger soule.

heart dance in the pretty conversation of When good endeavours do her powers applie,

those dear pledges; their childishness, Her love draws nearest man's felicitie.

their stammering, their little angers, their O what a treasure is a virtuous wife,

innocence, their imperfections, their de Discrete and loving : not one gift on earth cessities, are so many little emanations of Makes a man's life 80 highly bound to joy and comfort to him that delights in heaven;

their persons and society.--Jeremy Taylor. She gives him double forces, to endure And to enjoy ; by being one with him, Feeling his joies and griefes with equal sense ;

CHILDREN. And like the twines Hippocrates reports,

Oh! to my sense, there is in childhood's If he fetch sighs, she draws her breath as

kiss, short:

And in its trust, that, in a world like this, If he lament, she melts herself in teares :

Each that surrounds it is its genuine friend! If he be glad, she triumphs ; if he stirre,

Their little pranks, the which with emphasi She moves his way; in all things his sweet

Speaks of the heavens! "Tis to condescend ape :

From converse with a child, with aught on earth And is, in alterations passing strange,

to blend. Himselfe divinely varied without change. In a child's voice—is there not melody? Gold is right precious ; but his price infects

In a child's eye-is there not rapture seen With pride and avarice ; authority lifts

And rapture not of passion's revelry ? Hats from men's heads; and bows the strong

Calm, though impassion's ! durable, though est knees,

keen ! Yet cannot bend in rule the weakest hearts ;

It is all fresh, like the young spring's firs! Musick delights but one sense; nor choice

green ! ineats ;

Children seem spirits from above descended, One quickly fades, the other stir to sinne;

To whom still cleaves heaven's atmosphere But a true wife, both sense and soul delights, And mixeth not her good with any ill ;

Their very wilJnesses with truth are blended : Her virtues, ruling hearts, all powers command;

Fresh from their skiey mould, they cannot be All store without her leaves a man but poore ; amended. And with her, povertie's exceeding store ; No time is tedious with her; her true worth

Warm and uncalculating, they're Makes a true husband thinke his arms enfold More sense than extasy of theirs denotes(With her alone) a compleate world of golde.

More of the stuff have they of paradise-
Chapman, 1606.

And more the music of the warbling throat
Of choirs whose anthem round th’ Eternal


Than all that bards e'er feign ; or tuneful skill CONJUGAL FELICITY.

Has e'er struck forth from artificial notes :There is nothing can please a man Theirs is that language, ignorant of ill, without love: and if a man be weary of

Born from a perfect harmony of power and the wise discourses of the Apostles, and

will. of the innocency of an even and a private fortune, or hates peace, or a fruitful year, he hath reaped thorns and thistles from the choicest flowers of paradise; for September 8.— Day breaks nothing can sweeten felicity itself, but

Sun rises

Twilight ends # Brand.

Late crocus, and naked crocus blow,


more wise

C. Lloyd, 1821.


b. m. 3 25 5 27 6 33


8 35

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FROM THE TOWER TO WESTMINSTER, 1603-4. In a handsome three_and sixpenny Entertainments in the City of London.” tract, entitled “ London Pageants," Mr. It is printed in octavo, and embellished John Gough Nichols has compiled “ Ac- with a folding quarto plate (from which counts of fifty-five Royal Processions and the preceding cngraving is copied), after Vol. 1.-34.

2 M


one of seven very rare folio prints repre- that he bowed down when the king came, senting “ The Arches of Triumph erected and offered him the crown. There were in honor of the High and Mighty Prince other pageants, or shows, at other places James, the first of the name king of in the line of route, but this was the most England, and the sixth of Scotland, at striking. his Majesty's entrance and passage through The return of Henry V. from his vichis honorable Citty and Chamber of Lon- tory at Agincourt was welcomed with don, upon the 15th day of March, 1603. great rejoicing. The king was met at Invented and published by Stephen Har- Blackheath by the mayor and aldermen rison, Joyner and architect; and graven of London, arrayed in orient grained by William Kip.” In 1803 a set of scarlet, and 400 commoners in beautiful these prints, at Mr. Woodhouse's sale, murrey, all with rich collars and chains, produced twenty-six guineas, and there- and on horseback. At St. Thomas a fore Mr. Nichols's view of one of these Watering he was received by the Loudon coronation arches enhances the interest of clergy in solemn procession, with sumphis work. It abounds in curious know- tuous copes, rich crosses, and censers ledge, familiarly communicated upon At London bridge, on the top of the competent authority,and is consequently tower, stood a gigantic figure with an a desirable publication to all who wish to axe in his right hand, and in his left the be acquainted, at a small expense, with keys of the city hanging to a staff, in the old royal processions in the metropolis. manner of a porter ; by his side was a

On reference to Mr. Nichols's “'Lon- female figure, of scarcely less stature, don Pageants,” we find, that, from very intended for his wife : around thea early times, the kings of England made a band of trumpets and other processions through London to their coro- wind instruments : and on the towers nation.

were banners of the royal arms. On In 1236, Henry III. having solemnized each side of the drawbridge was a his marriage with Eleanor of Provence, at lofty tower; one was painted to represent Canterbury, they were met, on their way white marble, and the other green jasper; to London, by the mayor, aldermen, and they were surmounted by figures of the principal citizens, on horseback, richly king's beasts, an antelope, with a shield of arrayed in silk embroidered robés, each the royal arms from his neck, holding carrying a gold or silver cup, in token of a sceptre with his right foot; and a lion the privilege claimed by the city, of being bearing in his right paw the royal standard chief butler of the kingdom, at the king's At the foot of the bridge, next the city

, coronation ; and so they rode with the was raised a tower, having in the middle king and queen to their coronation at a splendid pavilion, under which stood a Westminster : there were set out in the beautiful image of St. George, armed, streets pompous shows, and at night the except his head, which was crowned with city was splendidly illuminated with laurel, studded with precious gems; becressets and other lights. This seems to hind him was crimson tapestry, bearing be the first coronation procession through a multitude of glittering shields, and on the city upon record.

one side of him was his triumphal helmet, The procession of Richard II. on St. and on the other his arms, a red cross Swithin's day, 1377, is remarkable. The he held in his right hand the hilt of his king, then a youth, clad in white garments, sword, girted, and in his left a scroll, ex. with a multitude of attendants, rode from tending along the turrets, and inscribed, the tower after dinner, through the city. Soli Deo Honor et Gloria. In an adjoinThe conduits ran with wine. In the ing edifice innumerable boys, representing Cheap was erected a castle spouting wine the angelic host, in white, with glittering with four towers, and in each tower a wings, and sprigs of laurel in their hair, beautiful virgin in white, of like stature on the king's approach sang an anthem, and age with the king ; 'on his approach accompanied by organs. The tower of each virgin blew in his face leaves of the Conduit on Cornhill was decked with gold, and threw on him and his horse a tent of crimson cloth, and ornamented counterfeit gold florins, and, filling wine with the king's arms, and those of St. from the castle spouts into gold cups, George, St. Edward, and St. Edmund, presented wine to the king and his nobles; Under the pavilion was a company and on the top of the castle was a golden hoary prophets, in golden coats and man, angel, holding a crown, and so contrived, tles, and their heads covered with gold


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