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died in the arms of M. Very, a priest eth his back above the water, sailors with whoin he was intimate.
taketh it to be nothing else but an island, and land upon it, and they strike piles
into it, and fasten them to their ships : August 26. Day breaks 2 49
they kindle fires to boil their meat, until, Sun rises
at length, the whale, feeling the fire, dives 6 58
down suddenly into the depth, and draws Twilight ends 9 11
both man and ships after him, unless the anchor breaks.”
Olaus tells of fish on the coast of Nor
way, of horrible forms, having very black August 27.
square heads, of ten or twelve cubits, Huge Fish.
with huge eyes, eight or ten cubits in cir
cumference; the apple of the eye being · Very like a whale."
of one cubit, and red and fiery colored, Olaus Magnus, archbishop of Upsal, which, in the dark nights, and in the deep cites a certain noble Englishman as saying waters, appears to fishermen like a burn_“ In the month of August, 1532, our ing lamp; and on the head there being seas cast upon the shores of Tinmouth a bair like long goose-feathers hanging dead beast of a vast magnitude, now down in manner of a beard : the rest of greatly wasted, yet there remains still as the body, small in proportion, not being much of it as 100 great waggons can more than fourteen or tifteen cubits long. draw. It was about ninety feet long as “ One of these sea-monsters,” says Olaus, it lay in the sands, about twenty-five feet “will easily drown many great ships with in thickness; some conjecture that his their mariners. The long and famous back was nine feet or more under the sand. epistle of Ericus Falchendorf, metropoli
- I came thither the 27th of August. He tan archbishop of Norway to Leo X., had thirty ribs of a side, most of them about the year 1520, confirms this strange twenty-one foot long a-piece; three bellies novelty: and to this epistle was fastened lihe vast caves, and thirty throats, whereof the head of another monster seasoned five were very great; and two fins, each with salt." of fifteen foot long; ten oxen could In another chapter, “Of the whirlpool, scarcely draw one of them away. He had and his cruelty against the mariners, no teeth; there grew to his palate above Olaus treats of this “ whirlpool ” as a 1000 plates of horn; hairy on one side; the stupendous fish. He says, " the whirllength of the head, from the crown to the pool, or prister, is of the kind of whales, chaps, was twenty-one feet: his eyes and 200 cubits long, and very cruel. This nostrils were like to an ox's, and far too beast hath a large and round mouth like a small for so great a head, which had two lamprey, whereby he sucks in his meat or great holes, whereby it was supposed this water, and will cast such floods above his monster cast up water. A man rending head, that he will often sink the strongest away his share of the prize, and falling hips. He will sometimes raise himinto the inside of the animal, was nearly self above the sail-yards, and cruelly drowned."
overthrow the ship like any small vessel, The archbishop has a marvellous chap- striking it with his back or tail, which is ter“ Of the many kinds of whales.” He forked, wherewith he forcibly binds any says, “some are hairy, and of four acres part of the ship when he twists it about.” in bigness; the acre is 240 feet long, and Olaus affirms that a trumpet of war is the 120 broad.” Another kind “ hath eyes fit remedy against him, by reason of so large that fifteen men may, sit in the the sharp noise which he cannot endure, room of each of them, and sometimes or the sound of cannon with which he is twenty, or more; his horns are six or more frightened, than by a cannon-ball, seven feet long, and he hath 250 upon “ because this ball loseth its force by the each eye, as hard as horn, that he can water, or wounds but a little his most vast stir stiff or gentle, either before or behind.” body, being hindered by a mighty ramlle has another chapter, “ of anchors part of fat." fastened upon whales' backs,” in which These relations of the worthy prelate he tells, “ The whale hath upon his skin are for the reader to determine upon, aca superficies like the gravel that is by the cording to liking ; but it must not be forsea-side; so that, oft-times, when he rais- gotten that the archbishop concludes his account of the last described “beast,” as of Kingston, a woman celebrated for he calls him, by saying, “ Also I inust beauty and protligacy. She was a native of add that, on the coasts of Norway, both Devonshire. Her father, a colonel in the old and new monsters are seen,” which English army, died whilst she was very usually inhabit“ the inscrutable depth of young. Her mother, supported solely by the waters ;" and that in these great deeps a slender pension from government, fre“ there are many kinds of fishes that sel- quented the heartless society of fashionable dom or never are seen by man.”
life, and through Mr. Pulteney, afterwards
earl of Bath, procured her daughter to be Among the wonderful inhabitants of appointed lady of honor to the princess the ocean, observed upon its surface, are of Wales. Miss Chudleigh attracted snakes or serpents. Olaus Magnus says, many admirers. The duke of Hamilton “ There is on the coasts of Norway a obtained the preference, and it was fixed worm of a blue and gray color, above that, upon his return from a continental forty cubits long, yet hardly so thick as tour, the marriage should be celebrated. the arm of a child. He goes forward in Mrs. Hanmer, aunt to Miss Chudleigh, the sea like a line, that he can hardly be intercepted the letters addressed to her perceived how he goes. He hurts no man, niece by the duke, and succeeded in perunless he be crushed in a man's hand; for, suading her to privately marry captain by the touch of his most tender skin, the Hervey, afterwards earl of Bristol. Oa fingers of one that touches him will swell. the day after the nuptials, Miss Chudleigh When he is vexed and tormented by resolved never to see her husband again, crabs, he twines himself about, hoping to and they separated. The duke, upon reget away but cannot; for the crab with turning to England, offered his hand to his claws, as with toothed pincers, takes Miss Chudleigh, of whose marriage he was so fast hold at him, that he is held as fast ignorant, and to his astonishment was reas a ship is by an anchor. I oft saw this fused. To escape his reproaches, and the worm,” says Olaus, “ but touched it not, resentment of Mrs. Chudleigh, who was being forewarned by the mariners." likewise a stranger to the secret engage
Again, he says, They who employments of her daughter, she embarked for themselves in fishing or merchandize on the continent in a style of shameless dissithe coasts of Norway, do all agree in this pation; and, as Miss Chudleigh, so wrought strange story, that there is a serpent there upon Frederick the Great that he dispensed which is of a vast magnitude, namely 200 with all etiquette, in consequence of her refeet long, and twenty feet thick, which is quest, that “she might study at her ease a wont to live in rocks and caves towards the prince who gave lessons to all Europe, and sea-coast, and will go in a clear night in who might boast of having an admirer in summer, and devour calves, lambs, and every individual of the British nation." hogs; or else he goes into the sea to feed. During her residence at Berlin she was He is black, hath hair hanging from his treated with the highest distinction. She neck a cubit long, sharp scales, and afterwards went to Dresden, where she flaming eyes. This snake disquiets the obtained the friendship of the electress
, sailors : he puts up his head on high like who loaded her with presents. Upon a pillar, and catcheth away men, and he returning to England she resumed her devours them. There is also another ser- attendance upon the princess of Wales ; pent, of an incredible magnitude, that lifts and continued to be the attraction of the himself high above the waters, and rolls court. Her marriage with Captain Hervey himself round like a sphere."
perpetually annoyed her, and to destroy all If these things be credible, so may the
trace of it she went with a party to the pasaccounts of the American sea-serpent. ish, where the marriage was celebrated,
and, having asked for the register-book, August 27. Day breaks
2 52 tore out the register of her marriage, while Sun rises
the clergyman was in conversation with sets
6 56 the rest of the party. Shortly afterwards, Twilight ends. 98 captain Hervey becoming earl of Bristol
by the death of his father, and a rumor
prevailing that he was in a declining state august 28.
of health, Miss Chudleigh, now countess 28 August, 1788, died at Paris, aged of Bristol, hoping to be soon a wealthy sixty-eight, Elizabeth Chudleigh, duchess dowager, oblained the restoration of the
register in the vestry-book. To her femmes de chambre, a physician, an apothesevere disappointment the earl recovered, cary, her secretary, and six counsel. She while the duke of Kingston, still igno- addressed the peers with energy, but was rant of her marriage, solicited her hand. declared guilty. But, although her marriage She made unavailing efforts 10 prevail on with the duke was declared bad, his will the earl of Bristol to agree to a divorce, was decided to be good: she lost the title till at length he became enamoured of but retained the property. Upon this another lady, and a divorce by mutual issue of the affair, the adversaries of lady consent was pronounced at Doctors' Com- Bristol took measures to prevent her mons. She had now reached the summit quitting the kingdom; but, whilst the writ of her wishes, and was publicly married ne exeat regno was preparing, she emon the 8th of March, 1769, to Evelyn barked for Calais and proceeded to Rome. Pierrepont, duke of Kingston, with whom After remaining there for some time she she lived till his death, in 1773. The returned to Calais, and hired a spacious duke bequeathed to her his entire pro- mansion which she splendidly furnished ; perty, upon condition that she should but, the monotony of the town not suiting never marry again; and the duchess her volatile and turbulent disposition, she plunged into a course of licentiousness made a voyage to St. Petersburgh, in a which exposed her to public censure, and magnificent yacht, and was received with in consequence of which she went to Italy. the highest distinction by the Empress A magnificent yacht, built and ornamented Catherine, to whom she presented the at an immense expense, conveyed her to valuable collection of pictures formed by Rome, where she was received by the the Kingston family. She afterwards pope and cardinals with great pomp, and went to Poland, where prince Radzivil treated as a princess. During her resi- gave sumptuous entertainments in honor dence at Rome, she was on the eve of of her visit, particularly a bear-hunt by bestowing her hand and fortune upon an torch-light. Upon returning to France adventurer, who represented himself to be she purchased ihe beautiful château de the prince of Albania, when he was Sainte Assize, two leagues from Fontaineapprehended as a swindler, and committed bleau, and the mansion in the rue Coqsuicide in prison. Soon afterwards she Héron, at Paris, where she died, after learned that the heirs of the duke of, executing a will, made by two attorneys Kingston sought to establish against her who came from England on purpose. the charge of bigamy, in order to invali- She bequeathed a set of jewels to the date ber marriage with the duke, and set Empress of Russia, a large diamond to aside his will. She instantly repaired to the pope, and a costly pearl necklace and her hanker, who, having been gained over ear-rings to the countess of Salisbury, by the other party, concealed himself, to because they had belonged to a lady who avoid giving her the sum requisite for a bore that title in the reign of Henry IV. journey to London. She placed herself Her property in France was estimated at at his door, and, pistol in hand, com- £200,000 sterling, besides which she had pelled him to comply with her demand. valuable possessions in England and Upon her arrival in England she found Russia. * that her first marriage bad been declared The character of this female is easily valid, upon the ground of incompetency explained. She had a foolish fashionin the court which had pronounced it void. able mother, who taught her to covet the Public opinion was against her; and, under vanity of distinction. She acquired it by the character of lady Kitty Crocodile, she nefarious arts, becaine rich and ostentawas ridiculed by Foote, in A Trip to tious, lived flagitiously, died dishonored, Calais, which she succeeded in obtaining and is only remembered for her vices. to be prohibited. The validity of her first marriage being established, preparations were made to try her for bigamy, and Westminster_Hall was fitted up with great August 28. Day breaks 2 55 state. The trial was attended by most
5 6 of the members of the royal family, the
6 54 foreign ambassadors, members of par
Twilight ends. 95 liament, and other distinguished per- Blackberries ripen. sonages. The duchess, in deep mourning, took her seat unmoved, attended by two
Paris iii. 221.
away through the garish light, to seek some Milton's winds "rushing abroad from the other congenial resort. There yet re- four hinges of the world, and falling on mains the mitred archway very fair and the vext wilderness," shrinks into insignifilarge, of wrought stone, which separated cance, when compared with this mighty the chancel from the body of the Church, conqueror “breaking his band,” roaring apparently of more recent workmanship and raving up the land, and daring even than the rest of the building. One of the a“ King of Scots” to take the field against gable ends having suffered considerable him. Then there is the sweet blending of injury, the roof in many places stands off high and manly dignity with all the genfrom it, and the light thus admitted strikes tleness of love supposed, in the name 30 vividly on the eye as to produce a bestowed on this valorous personage-the painful etfect. When Hasted saw it, there greatness and majesty couched under the was a breach made in the uorth side, wide appellation “ Arthur," combined with the enough for cattle to go in for shelter, and soft and soothing considerations insepar10 receive ploughs, harrows, and other ably connected with his title “ of the implements of husbandry; it is now bower !" repaired."
Take as a contrast to this busy bustling A little boy went into a barn,
hero, a piece of “still life" transplanted And lay down on some hay:
from p. 11 An owl came out and few about,
Hickory, dickory, dock,
The mouse ran up the clock,
The clock struck one,
And the mouse came down, sery” endeared to us by association with
Hickory, dickory, dock! . our brightest and most pleasurable days. It is culled from a collection published in Think, gentle reader, of the “grim and 1825, by William Darton, Holborn-hill, breathless hour of noon,” and transport who is entitled to our best thanks for car- yourself to a cottage in the country, with rying us back to those scenes of infancy its door standing ajar, and the window and boyhood which the mist of years Stands within a few minutes of the “ very
thrown open to the widest. The clock cannot shroud, but on the contrary serves only to invest with an air of sanctity and witching hour of day," but the good beauty. These verses are different in their housewife, not having read Milton, knows character, and display a variety of talent. nothing of the “ fear lest dinner cool,” Some are instructive, some amusing, some and has dropped into her neighbour's to traditionary, but all, with one or two ex- hear the news. A poor mouse steals out ceptions, are just what they should be. into the quiet sunshine and clambers up The mens conscia recti is admirably illus- the varnished case of this appendage, for trated in the little narrative of
what purpose this deponent saith not,
when lo !
The clock strikes one,
And the mouse comes down,
Hickory, dickory, dock !
Some of the descriptive touches of these
Songs” are excellent-
One misty moisty morning, From this listory it will be at once evi- When cloudy was the weather-dent that the complacency of Little Jack puts to silence all the “ towery dimness" arises, not from his simple and undivided of Mr. Robert Montgomery. The witch's interest in the pie, but from a conscious- exploit too is quite in character :ness that he had acted uprightly,--the Whither, oh whither, oh whither so high? pastry being very possibly the reward of To sweep the cobwebs off the sky ! his honorable behaviour.
Crabbe never did any thing finer than For sublimity of conception I know of the Poor-house Paralytic, and the Village nothing that excels the following :
plain, He comes roaring up the land
Went gobble, gobble, gobbleKing of Scots, with all his power, The man on the hill, that could not stand still, Cannot turn Arthur of the bower.
Went hobble, hobble, hobble.