Natural and Artificial Rockslide Dams

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Stephen G. Evans, Reginald L. Hermanns, Alexander Strom, Gabriele Scarascia-Mugnozza
Springer, 26.08.2011 - 644 Seiten

In the last one hundred years, a number of catastrophic events associated with rockslide dam formation and failure have occurred in the mountain regions of the world. This book presents a global view of the formation, characteristics and behaviour of natural and artificial rockslide dams. Chapters include a comprehensive state-of-the-art review of our global understanding natural and artificial rockslide dams, overviews of approaches to rockslide dam risk mitigation, regional studies of rockslide dams in India, Nepal, China, Pakistan, New Zealand, and Argentina. Rockslide dams associated with large-scale instability of volcanoes are also examined. Detailed case histories of well-known historic and prehistoric rockslide dams provide examples of investigations of rockslide dam behaviour, stability, and characteristics. The formation and behaviour of rockslide-dammed lakes ("Quake Lakes") formed during the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China are also comprehensively summarised. The formation, sedimentology and stability of rockslide dams is examined in several analytical papers. An analysis of break-out floods from volcanogenic lakes and hydrological methods of estimating break-out flood magnitude and behavior are reviewed. The use of remote sensing data in rockslide-dammed lake characterisation is explored and a new approach to the classification of rockslide dams is introduced. Finally, a unique section of the book summarises Russian and Kyrgyz experience with blast-fill dam construction in two papers by leading authorities on the technology. The volume contains 24 papers by 50 authors from 16 countries including most of the recognised world authorities on the subject.

 

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Inhalt

1 The Formation and Behaviour of Natural and Artificial Rockslide Dams Implications for Engineering Performance and Hazard Management
1
2 Engineering Measures for the Hazard Reduction of Landslide Dams
77
3 Technical and Human Aspects of Historic RockslideDammed Lakes and Landslide Dam Breaches
101
4 Rockslide and Rock Avalanche Dams in the Southern Alps New Zealand
123
5 Landslide Dams in the Central Andes of Argentina Northern Patagonia and the Argentine Northwest
147
A Survey of Late Quaternary Events and HazardRelated Characteristics
177
7 Rockslide Dams in the Northwest Himalayas Pakistan India and the Adjacent Pamir Mountains Afghanistan Tajikistan Central Asia
205
8 Stability and Life Span of Landslide Dams in the Himalayas India Nepal and the Qin Ling Mountains China
243
15 The Flims Rockslide Dam
407
16 Usoi Rockslide Dam and Lake Sarez Pamir Mountains Tajikistan
423
17 RockAvalanche Size and Runout Implications for Landslide Dams
441
18 Prospects for Prediction of Landslide Dam Geometry Using Empirical and Dynamic Models
463
Implications for Natural Dam Stability
479
20 Incorporating the Effects of Groundwater and Coupled HydroMechanical Processes in Slope Stability Analysis
499
21 Paleohydrology of Volcanogenic Lake BreakOut Floods in the Taupo Volcanic Zone New Zealand
519
22 Characterization of the 2000 Yigong Zangbo River Tibet Landslide Dam and Impoundment by Remote Sensing
543

Textural and Sedimentological Constraints on Their Stability
279
10 Formation and Treatment of Landslide Dams Emplaced During the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake Sichuan China
295
The Case of Scanno Lake Central Italy
323
12 Formation Characterisation and Modeling of the Val Pola RockAvalanche Dam Italy
347
13 The 1786 Dadu River Landslide Dam Sichuan China
369
14 La Josefina Landslide Dam and Its Catastrophic Breaching in the Andean Region of Ecuador
389
Source Area Debris and Life Cycle of Associated RockslideDammed Lake Central Taiwan
561
24 The Classification of Rockslide Dams
581
25 Russian Experience with BlastFill Dam Construction
595
26 Utilisation of Data Derived from LargeScale Experiments and Study of Natural Blockages for BlastFill Dam Design
617
Index
639
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