Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

Los. 36. How is the first future tense formed? How thie second? The note?

Les. 44. What the 17th rule? Exampic? Illustration?

Les. 52. What of the note at the close of this lesson? Ex-. ample? Illustration?

Obs. The questions here introduced on the subjects of arithin elic and grammar, are designed for general examinations.

The teacher will find it necessary to multiply and exterid them greatly in the recitation of lessons, and lo add a variety of explanations and illustrations, which, if introduced here, would swell the work to an unwieldly bulk.

CHAPTER 22.

SPELLING.---LESSON 1. ylor-er glúv'úr gran-ate grăn't griz-zle grizzl glui-ton glut'ta gran-deur grăn jūr griz-zly grizzle gob-ble gõb'bl gran-ite grăn'it grog-ram grog'rum goddess god'děs graph-ick grăl’ik grov-el giov-vl god-head göd'héd grap-ple grăp'pl gruff-ly grut'le god-less god'lēs grass-plot grăs'plot gruff-ness grăf'nės god-ly god'lē

gras-sy grăs'sē grum-ble grūm'bl god-son göd'sủn grim-ly grim'lē grum-ly grūm'lē gog-gle gogʻg! grim-ness grim'nės grun-ter grün'tūr gos-ling gös'iing grin-ner grin'nŭr guard-er gyõrd'úr got-ten göt'ın gris-tle gris'si gud-geon gūd'jūn gov-ern gov'ŭrn grist-ly grist'sle

guess-er gěs'sür grab-ble grăb'bl grit-ty grit'të

gug-gle gug'g! graft-er grăftūr

READING.LESSON 2. Ink, Galls, Copperas, Gum Arabic, Water and Shell Lac.

Mary. Mamma', you have told us about paper and wafers', and I know that pens are the strong, wing feathers of the goose'; now we wish to know something about ink.

Ma. There are many sorts of ink', and many ways of making it'; but the common ink', is made of galls', copperas', gum arabic', and water. Try', Jane', and explain these several materials

Jane. I believe galls are small bunches found in the leaves of the oak', and caused by the bite of an insect'. Copperas is nothing more than another name for vitriol'. And gum arabic is a kind of sap that exudes from a tree which grows in

Asia'; buť, in explaning water', I can only say that water is water'.

Ma. Water, my child', is a liquid fuid'; it is composed of eighty-five parts of oxygen, and fifteen parts of hydrogex'. You will understand these terms when you enter upon the subject of chemistry

Mary. We now understand all the materials used in writing a letter', if it is sealed with a wafer'; but should we use sealing wax', we should be ignorant of its parts

Ma. Sealing wax', is made of shell-lac), and rosin', coloured with vermilion'; the poorer kinds are coloured with red lead."

Mary. Pray, Ma, what is shell lac?

Ma. It is a substance, deposited on trees in the East Indies, by an insect', in its native state it is called stick lac', but wbon melted into a crust', it is called shell lac'.

[graphic]

All other Gold Coins of equal fineness, at 89 cents per dwt., and Silver at 111 cents per oz.

[ocr errors]

[ocr errors]

66

GRAMMAR.-LESSON 4.

Subjunctive Mood. Oes. 1. The verb in the subjunctive mood, in all the lenses, is inflected the same as in the indicatire mood, except shall, and not will, is used, in second Future time, with all the persons and numbers.

Second Future Time.
Singular Monter.

Plural Nurnber.
1
p.

If I shall bave walked, If we shall have walked. 2 * If you shall have walked, If you shall have walked. 3" If he she or it shall have If they shall have walked.

walked. Obs. 2. Correct wriiers use the present time of the sulijunc. tive mood, in two forms. In the first, the verb changes its ending in the third person singular; in the second form, it does not. Subjunctive Mood.-Present Time.

First Form.
Singular Number.

Plural Number.
1st per. If I walk,

If we walk, 2d If you walk,

If you walk, 3d If he, she or it walks.

If they walk.

Second Form.
1 st
per.
If I walk,

If we walk,
2d If

If you walk, 3d If he, she or it walk.

If they walk. Note. 3. The reason offered for this distinction is, that when future time is implied a helping verb is also implied, and the second form obtains; as, if he, she vr it shall walk, s.c.

-LESSON 5. guilt-less gilt'lės gus-ly gặs'të hand-less hăndʻlès guilt-y gil'tē gut-ter gūt'tūr hand-mill hănd'mil guin-ea gin'ne guz-zle güz'zl hand-sel hắn sẽl gul-let gülʻlit gym-nick jim'nik hand-y hănd'ē gul-ly gül'le hack-kle hăk'k] hang-er hằngũr gum-my gumomẽ hack-ney hăk nè hap-ly hắplẽ gun-nel gùn'nil had-dock hăd'dŭk hap-less hăp'lės gun-ner gün'něr hag-gle' hăg'g! hap-pen hăp'pn gun-stick gũn'stik hal-low hăllo hap py băp'pē gun-stock gun-stok ham-mer hăm mür har-row hirrõ gun-wale gùn'nib ham-per hăın'púr has-sock hăs'sūk gur-gle gür'g! hand-bill hănd' bil hat-case hăt'käse gur-net gür'nit hand-er hănd'ùr hatch-el hăk: KL gus-set gus'sit han-dle handl

f you walk,

SPELLING.L

READING.---LESSON 6. Vermillion, Read Lead, Paints, Varnish, Brushes, sc. Mary. Ma', you mentiond vermillion and red lead'; will you explain'?

Hla. Vermillion is a certain preparation of quick silver, which I do not understand'; and red lead is a preparation of lead'; of both you will obtain some knowledge when you enter upon the higher branches of study

Jane. Ma', you have mentioned two of the colours used in painting'; you will explain the others perhaps'; also how the various shades are formed'.

Ma. Some of the colours are of a mineral nature; as all the different chalks and earths'; the others are produced from vegetables', as indigo', &c!.

Jane. But the beautiful varnish which we use', can be made of neither of these substances'.

Ma. There are several kinds of varnish', adapted to different purposes!. They are all composed, however, chiefly of the several gums and spirits of wine. You will find, in some of our modern receipt books', the most approved methods of making the several kinds'.

Mary. In using paints' and varnish', we must have brushes'; of what are these made?

Ma, Brushes are of a very simple construction'; a quill is generally used, filled with camel's hair' or hog's bristles', and secured by glue'; a varnish brush', however, is made a little different; it is wide and the hair spread thin'.

REDUCTION.--LESSON 7. Exercises in the Reduction of the Currencies. 1. Bring 32 Johannes to New York currency, and then to Federal money? £6 - 8=1 Johannes, New York currency, £6X20 +-S=1289 X 32+20= £204 - 16

£204 X 20+16=8=$512 Ans: 2. In 325 Doubloons, how many £ New England currency, and how many dollars? Ans. £1430 $4766 - 67 nearly.

3. In 213 Moidores, how many £ Pennsylvania currency, and how many dollars?

Ans. £479 - 5 $1278 4. In 321 English guineas, how many £ New York currency, and how

many

dolls. Ans. L577 - 16 $1444 - 50. 5. In 132 French guineas, how many £ sterling, and how

Ans. £138 - 12 $615 - 28 - 4.

many dollars.

« ZurückWeiter »