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2. The heedless boy', plays', with thoughtless mirth', upon the very verge of evil', and dips bis finger deep', and steeps his senses', until', at last', he drops in intamy' and ruin'.

3. The summer insect that flies about the evening lamp', is a thing so frail, so lender', that the slightest touch", crushes it to powder Hence', it is the last of the winged tribe', that should dare the candle's blaze'.

4. Thedazzling rays of light', which', as a food poured on the evening gloom', seems', like a friend', to court the insect near', betray the guest', and work its litter ruin'.

5. O'! thoughtless boy', beware'; let not the dazzle of gay things deceive you. Vice', in its most appalling shape', and gangrene state', lies covered in a gilded dress', and fuir, inviting form'.

6. The fairest leaves the rose adorn',

And yet, beneath them', lurks the thorn'.
Though green and flowery grows the brake',

Yet, near it lies the deadly snake'.
SUBTRACTION OF COMPOUND TERMS.-LESSON 19.

Avoirdupois Weight.
(1) cwt. 14 1 19 (2) T. 118 18 2 17 11
6 3 12

78 19

22 14 4

3

3. From T. 16 16 1 6 np. 8 tako T. 14. - 14 3- 14 - 14 - 14, and add the remainders.

Apothecaries Weight. (1) lbs.9

1 2 2 12 (2) lbs.28 · 10 - 4 1 10 6 10 1 1 19

17 6 7 2 8

3. From lbs. 59 - 1 2, take 53 7 5. From lbs. 69, take lbs. 14 - 9. 1, and add the results into one sum.

Cloth Measure.
(1) yds. 1766 1 2 (2) E. E. 166 4 1
1276 2 3

77 0 2

(3) E. Fr. 144

87

1
2

(4) E. Fl. 63 - 1 - 2

36 2 3

3

5. A. Bo't. yds. 33 - 2 of crape, and sold yds. 19 what had he loft?

2,

GRAMMAR.--LESSON 20.

Of the Articles. The article is placed before the noun to limit its application. There are two articles; a or an, and the. A is called the indefinite article, for it does not limit its noun to a specific object; but merely to one of a kind, as: a man, a bird; that is, one of the species of men or birds, but no particular one.

The, is called the definite article, for it limits its noun to a known object, as: the man, the bird; that is, some man or bird which is known and of which mention has been made.

The article a, is generally put before the noun singular, and limits it to one of a kind; but the, is put before nouns of both numbers; as: a man, the man or the men, a bird, or the bird, or the birds.

RULE 6. The article refers to the noun either expressed or implied in limitation, as; a man walks.

In this example; a is the indefinite article and refers to the noun man in limitation, Rule 6. Man is a noun common, third person, singular number, masculine gender, and the subject of The verb walks; walks is an intransitive verb, third person, singular number, and agrees with its subject man, Rule 1.

A bird sings. A horse runs. The river flows. The sun shines. The grass grows.

Obs. 1. When a noun is used without an article, expressed, or implied, it is taken in its most exiensive meaning; as: man goes to his long home, that is, all mankind.

Obs. 2. When the article a, comes before another vowel or a silenl h, then it is changed into an, as; an ox, an ant, an apple, an hour. But when a comes before the vowel u, having the long sound, it is not changed into an, as: a unit, a unicorn, a useful man, a union of minds.

Deer run on the hill. Youth fly to pleasure. Man is born to die. Hope keeps the heart whole.

SPELLING.-LESSON 21. în-ship' in-tone' lă.ment mis-shape în-shrine in-tòrt' lă m-pôôn' mis-tāke' in-siť

in-trust' măm-ma mis-stāte in-snare' in-twine mă-nūre' mis-těrm' in-spire' in-vāde' mă-tūre mis-t'hink in-stall in-věnt' mis-dēēd' mis-time in-stāte' În-věst' mis-dēēm mis-told

in-těnd' in-těnse' in-těnt' in-těr' in-tire'

in-vite' în-võke, in-ure' in-wâll' jă-pă n'

mis-hăp'
mis-jòin'
mis-like
mis-nāme'
mis-sēēm'

mis-took'
mis-trust
mis-ūse'
mỏn-sốôn?

READING.-LESSON 22.

Philosophy. 1. Joseph', Moses', and Mary', were one day talking of the rays of light, and the warmth of the sun' Joseph took four pieces of cloth', of one size but of different colours'; one black', another blue', a third brown', and a fourth white', with a view to make an experiment'.

2. It was a clear', cold day'; the ground was covered with clean snow, and the sun shone bright'. Joseph spread the pieces of cloth upon the snow', quite near each other', where they were left for some hours!.

3. In the afternoon', the little folks went out to see the pieces of cloth'. They found the black piece had sunk some way below the surface of the snow'; the blue had dropped almost as faro; the brown had sunk some', but the white piece lay fairly upon the surface where it was first placed.'

4. Now', observe', said Joseph', the rays of light act upon the particles of matter in the atmosphere', and produce heat. Black receives and retains all the rays', and', consequently', the greatest share of heat'; hence, it has melted the snow', and sunk down'.

5. The blue has produced nearly the same effect', while that of the brown is sensibly less'. At the same time, the white has remained stationary'; hence, we may conclude that no warmth has been imparted to this piece'.

6. We may learn from this experiment, that dark clothes', are best for winter,' and white for summer! But in warın climates', white may be worn the year round'; also, that while hats with brown linings', are the best to guard the complexion'.

7. Knowledge and virtue', are like the rays of light', and should act upon the heart in a similar manner' the heart', like the piece of black cloth', should receive and retain every good and useful impression', and like the white', reflect them upon all around us'. Then we shall be esteemed and beloved by others', and be happy in ourselves'.

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SUBTRACTION OF COMPOUND TERMS.LESSON 23.

Long Measure. (1) L37

1 2 9 (2) L155 2 2 13
2 3 13

76
6

19

16

25.

3. Subtract m. 43 5 - 22 from m. 125 , 3

3. Subtract y. 15 1 3 from y. 37 - 0 8, and add all 'the remainders into one sum.

Land Measure. (1) a. 192 2 2

(2) a. 325 2 1 124 3 2

177 3 13

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3. Take a. 32 3 14 from a. 800; and (4) a. 83 from a. 365 - 1 - 30, and add the remainders into one sum.

Cubic Measure. (1) T. 29

36 - 1229 (2) T. 142 29 1412 12 42 1064

88 38 666

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3. From T. 76 - 2 - 29 - 2, take T. 19 - 3 - 19 - 3 - 0, add the remainders.

GRAMMAR.-LESSON 24.

Of the Adjective. Adjectives refer to nouns to express their quality or property. The quality of objects differ only by comparison, and adjectives express the shades of difference by a difference in their ending

The adjective expresses a positive state, a comparative degree, and a superlative degree.

The positive state is expressed by the simple adjective, as: a wise man, a sweet apple, a high tree, &c.

The comparative degree, an increase or decrease of the positive state, and is formed by annexing r, or er to the simple adjective, as: a wiser man, a sweeter apple, a higher tree, &c.

The superlative degree implies the greatest increase or decrease of the positive state; it is formed by affixing, st or

est to the simple adjective, as: the wisest man, the sweetest apple, the highest tree, &c.

The adverbs more and most, and less and least, may be used to express the degrees, as: a wise man, a more wise man, a most wise man; a wise man, a less wise man, a least wise

inan.

1

Simple adjective. Comparative degree. Superlative degrec. wise wiser

wisest sweet sweeter

sweetest high higher

highest wise more wise

most wise sweet more sweet

most sweet Note. Some adjectives admit of no comparison; such as round, square, white, black, &c. a state of these some thing below the positive state, may be expressed by the termination ish, as: roundish, squareish, whiteish, blackish, &c.

SPELLING.-LESSON 25. ob-lāte pēr-fūse răt-tēēn'

súb-těnsc öb-těnd' per-hăps' rắt-tôên? súb-vērt' öb-těst'

pěr-mit să-lüte' súf-fūse' ob-tund' pěr-müte shă-grēēn' sūp-plant õb-tûse pěr-sist shă1-lôên. sup-port' ob-vērt pēr-spire súb-jdin' sur-mount' of-fend' pěr-túrb'

sūb-lime' sūr-ròûnd' pă-pà' pěr-väde sūb-mit' súr-vine' pă-rõle' pěr-věrse

sub-òrn' sur-vive' pă-trõl pěr-věrt sub-side' sus-pense' pěr-form' põl-lūte

súb-sist' sús-pire' pēr-fumo ră-bāte' súb-těnd'

READING.-LESSON 26.

Philosophy. 1. “I can hear the scratch of a pin',” says Moses', " at the distance of fifty feet.” “That is impossible'," says Ralph'; " no one can hear it half fifty feet'.” “ Joseph”,” says Ralph', “ do you believe that Moses can hear the scratch of a pin ten feet'?"

2. “I do not imagine'," says Joseph', " that Moscs has any better ears than we have'; yet I do not approve of your hasty decision'. It is neither wise' nor prudent to affirm a thing impossible of which we have little or no knowledge'. You do not understand the nature of sounds', nor the various ways in which its progress may be quickened'.”

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