Abbildungen der Seite

sent to his acceptance, a volume of many leaves', full of knowledge', and full of truth'.

He reads God's glorious name inscrib'd on high',
In golden letters marshall'd round the sky.

Subtraction. Rulp. 1. Write the lesser surn under the greater, with dollars under dollars, cents under cents, and mills under mills.

2. Subtract as in whole numbers, and separate the parts by dots. Proof, as in addition of whole numbers. Thus: (1) From $53.36 5 (2) $123.19 6 (3) $362.41 3 Take 26.57 S

65.23 7 176.63 5

Ans. 26.787

Proof 53.36 5
(4) $6123.14 6 (5) $3000.06 (6) $1.0.0
1661.66 7
8368.67 5

0.1 1

(7) $100.0 0 (6) $1000.10 I (9) $100.000
0.0 1
10.10 9

99.99 9

GRAMMAR.-LESSON 8. NUMBER. In Grammar, number has reference to one or more objects that have names. Hence, names or nouns have two numbers; the singular number, and the plural number. When the noun is the name of but une object, it is of the singular number; but when it is the name of two or more objects, then it is of the plural number.

The single noun is made plural, generally, by the addition of s or es.

Thus: John, bring me the books.

In this example, John is a noun proper, for it is the name appropriated to an individual; first person, for he is spoken to; and of the singular number, for it means but one. But books is a noun common, because it as applied to many of the same kind; third person, because it is spoken of; and the plural number, because the term expresses more than one; it is formed from the singular, book, by the addition of s. books.

Mary has the pens. Ann has a new shawl. The boys bring apples. The girls get lessons. The man writes a letter.


Oes. The pupil should be directed to distinguish the prop. erties of the parts of speech and their modifications, and assign the reason, &c.

SPELLING.–LESSON 9. būť-ment dis-tănt dog -sleep drop'-lēt dăs'-tard dog'-tēēt'h


drug-gist děn'-tal dog -bäne dog'-trot

drúm'-fish děn'-tist dog -fish

dos'-sil dul-làrd děr -vis dog'-grēl đặt-tard dump'-ish dog'-gish drăg'-nět

dump-ling dim'-ish dog -hole

drăg'-ish dusk'-ish dip-t'hong dog -hdûse drėss'-ing

dust-măn dip'-săs dog'-mă

drop'-ping dip'-tote

READING.--LESSON 10. 8. The pupil of nature', casts his eyes abroad on the earth', and feasts his senses with the rich variety which ber variegated carpet presents to his view'. The forest and the field, the garden and the grove', pour out their united sweets', and regale him with full draughts of sober delight'.

9. On his right', expands the silver lake', upon whose glassy bosom', scudding before the breeze', the little sail boat laves her thirsty sides'. Beyond the distant shore', the lofty mountain', rears its shrubless head above the clouds of heaven'.

10. And on his left, the foaming cataract pours its unwasted wave', adown the giddy steep', with thundering roar, into the deep abyss', whence rises clouds of spray, upon whose front the gorgeous rainbow stretches out its arch', and spreads its vivid hues!

11. These wake his fancy', elevate his views', feast his enquiring mind', and fill his soul with strong emotions of what is truly grand', and purely sublime! These also point him to a God', the source of the sublime', whose temple is this vast creation'.


Multiplication. Rule. 1. Write the multiplier under the multiplicand, as in whole numbers.

2. Begin with the units place, and work as in the multipfication of whole numbers, except the points between the parts. The proof is by division.

Thus: (1) $13.16 5 (2) $10.22 3



$121.36 6


7)92.15 5 Ans.

[ocr errors]

$13.16 5 Proof. $627.13 0 by 7 (5) $7627.0 6 by 8

$3201. 6. 6 by 9 (7) $4536.14 4 by 10 Oes. When the multiplier is a number equal to two other numbers multiplied into cach other; first use one of those numbers; and then apply the other to the product of the first.

(8) $33.06 3 by 144 (9) $42.65 8 by 132 12X12=144


396.75 6 First product.


$4761.07 2 Ans.

GRAMMAR. LESSON 12. GENDER. Gender, as it relates to names, has reference to the sexes. Among animals there are two sexes; the masculine or male, and the feminine or female. Those objects that are neither male nor female, are said to be of the neuter gender.

To the names of animals of the male kind is given the inasculine gender; to those of the female kind, the feminine gender; while to those objects that are neither male nor female, is applied the neuter gender.

Thus: John lent a book to Ann.

In this example, John is a noun proper, third person, singu. lar number, and of the masculine gender; for it is the name of a male; lent is a verb expressing the act done by John the agent; a, is an article, and refers to the noun book, in limitation; book, is a noun common, third person, singular number, and of the neuter gender, because it is neither male nor female; to, is a preposition, referring to the noun Ann in relation; and Ann, is a noun proper, third person, singular number, and of the feminine gender, because it is the name of a female.

The boys write on paper. Mary has a brother. The boy

has a pen.


LESSON 13. fin'-like fish'-hook fish'-pond

ef'-fort éld'-ěst ély'-ish

flăt'-ish flesh-hôôk flesh'-pot

čm'-blēm ēm’-pire ěnd'-most ěn'-těr čr'-got ěr'-rănt făm'-ish făn'-něl

fig -ure


Alip-pănt flit-ting flor'-id flor'-in fond'-ling f op’-pish fos'-sil


12. Young Reader', raise your sparkling eyes',

Toward yon blue arch', and view the skies';
From east to west', 'twixt either pole',

See what vast worlds in grandeur roll!
13. Each knows its place, each keeps its sphere';

And', journeying', each performs its year'.
Who form’d these', child'? who now sustains',

And guides them through yon pathless plains'!
14. God made the worlds! the present God'!

Obedient to his potent nod',
Forth came this air suspended host',

And he assign'd to each his post'.
15. He calls these legions each by name';

Gives each the wings and trump of fame';
And each', by night, his power displays',

And each proclaims his lofty praise'.
16. High heaven expands its azure robe',

Investing this terraqueous globe';
Studded with gems which kindly say',
“Young Reader', this great God obey."

Division. RULE. 1. If the given dividend be dollars, cents and mills, work as in division of whole numbers, and cut off the right hand figure of the quotient for mills, and the two next for cents; all the rest will be dollars.

2. If the given dividend bo dollars only, then add two cyphers for cents, and one for mills, and cut off in the quotient as above. Proof, by multiplication.

Thus: (1) Divide $35.34 8 by 4.

Thus: 4)35 45 8

8.83 7 Ans.

$35,34 8 Proof.
(2) $231 36 4 by 3 (3) $524 34 2 by 5

$624 00 O by 4 (5) $6362 45 5 by 12
(6) $3426 00 O by 36 (7) $1236 04 6 by 76
(8) $31234 10 1 by 122 (9) $87629 60 5 by3261

GRAMMAR.--LESSON 16. Case. Case, in Grammar, refers to the termination or situation of nouns as connected with the other parts of speech. Nouns have three cases; the nominative case, the possessive case, and the objective case.

NOMINATIVE Case. The nominative case of a noun, is merely the name of the agent that acts, and therefore it becomes the subject of the verb; as: Mary writes.

In this sentence, Mary is a noun proper, third person, singu·lar number, feminine gender, and in the nominative case to the verb writes, or rather the subject of the verb writes, because it is the name of the agent that acts. Writes, is a verb, because it crpresses the action of an agent.

Ann reads. The boys write. The man walks. The tree falls. Time flies. The sun shines. The river runs. The horse feeds. The birds sing. The vine grows.

SPELLING.--LESSON 17. fresh'-ět găl'-lănt gob'-let

grănd'-si re fret'-ful

gõb-lia grăn'-ule frog -fish găn'-ză

god'-like grăp’-něl frõn'-tăl går-ret god'-ling


-ěl frost -ěd gěld'-ing god'-ship

grif'-fin fiūs'-trāte gět'-ting gód'-wit

gris'-kin frūs'-tum


grot'-to fun'-něl gild'-ing gos'-sip

grūm'-měl für'-bish

gim'-lēt grăm'-măr grunt'-ling

glõb'-ūle grăm-pus fur-nish

glot-tis grần-dăm

17. The spacious firmament on high,

With all the blue etherial sky',

[ocr errors]




« ZurückWeiter »