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E*(v.164); 16" and Rachel (bare) gave-birth, and she (made-hard) had a hard time in her bearing. ?And it came-to-pass, at her having a hard time in her bearing, that the midwife said to her, Fear not! this son also shall be thine.' 18And it came-to-pass, at the giving-forth of her soul, for she died, that she called his name “Benoni' (='son of my sorrow'); (and) but his father called to him * Benjamin' (=son of the right-hand). EJ?(v.19,20); 200 that is the pillar of Rachel's tomb unto this day. EJ?(2.21-29)


20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, 2land Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the clans of the Horite, the sons of Seir, in the land of Edom.

22 And the sons of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan's sister was Timnah.

23 And these were the sons of Shobal, Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho and Onam.

24And these were the sons of Zibeon, Veayyah and Anah; this was the Anah who found the hot-springs in the wilderness, in his feeding the be-asses of Zibeon his father.

25 And these were the sons of Anah, Dishon, and Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah.

26 And these were the sons of Dishon, Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.

27 These the sons of Eser, Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan. 22 These the sons of Dishan, Uz, and Aran.

29 These are the clans of the Horite; clan Lotan, clan Shobal, clan Zibeon, clan Anah, soclan Dishon, clan Ezer, clan Dishan. These are the clans of the Horite, belonging to their clans in the land of Seir.

E(v.31-35abd), 350 who smote Midian in the field of Moab. E(v.36-43).


6. 'The Nephilim (giants) were in the earth in those days; and also afterwards, when the sons of Elohim went in unto the daughters of Man, and they bare to them, these were the Mighty-Ones which were of old ; the men of a name.

10. *And Cush begat Nimrod : he began to be a Mighty-one in the earth. He was a Mighty-One in hunting before Jehovah: therefore it is said, ' A8 Nimrod, the Mighty-One in hunting before Jehovah.' And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. "Out of that

* As before, we suppose that v.9-15 was meant to have been cancelled for the reasons stated in (294).

land he went to Assyria, and built Nineveh, and Rehoboth-Ir, and Calah, and Resen, between Nineveh and Calah: that was the great city.

15. 'After these things the word of Jehovah (was) came unto Abram in the vision, saying, ' Fear not, Abram! I am a shield to thee : thy reward is very great.' ? And Abram said, · Adonai-Jehovah, what wilt thou give to me, (and) for I am going childless, and the (son of possession) possessor of my house, a Damascene is he, Eliezer.' And Abram said, Lo! to me thou hast not given seed, and behold! a son of my house is inheriting me.'

"And behold! the word of Jehovah came unto him, saying, This one shall not inherit thee : but one, who shall go-forth out of thy bowels, he shall inherit thee.' 5 And he brought him without, and said, 'Look, I pray, heavenward, and number the stars, if thou art able to number them': and He said to him, Thus shall thy seed be.' And he believed in Jehovah, and He reckoned it to him as righteousness.

'And He said unto him, I am Jehovah, which brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees to give to thee this land to possess it.' And he said, AdonaiJehovah, by what shall I know that I shall possess it?' 'And he said unto him, * Take for me a three-year-old heifer, and a three-year-old she-goat, and a threeyear-old ram, and a turtle-dove, and a young-pigeon. 10 And he took to him all these, and divided them in the midst, and (gave) set (man) each its part to meet its neighbour; and the birds he divided not. "And the fowls came down upon the carcasses, and Abram drove them off.

12 And the sun was at the (going) setting, and a deep-slumber fell upon Abram, and behold a terror of great darkness falling upon him! 3 And he said to Abram, 'Know assuredly that thy seed shall be a sojourner in a land not theirs, and they shall serve them, and they shall oppress them four hundred years. "And also the nation, whom they shall serve, I (am judging) will judge; and afterwards they shall come out with great gain. 15 And thouthou shalt go unto thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old-age. 16 And in the fourth generation they shall return hither; for the iniquity of the Amorite is not complete as yet.'

17 And the sun was gone, and it was dusk, and behold a furnace of smoke and a flame of fire, which passed between those pieces! 18 In that day Jehovah cut with Abram a covenant, saying, 'To thy seed I do give this land, from the river of Egypt as far as the great River, the River Euphrates,-1the Kenite and the Kenizzite, and the Kadmonite, w and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Rephaim, and the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Girgashite, and the Jebusite.'

18. 18 And Abraham shall surely become a nation great and strong, and by him shall be blessed all nations of the earth. For I know him that he will command his children and his house after him, and they shall keep the way of Jehovah, to do righteousness and justice, that Jehovah may bring upon Abraham what He spake concerning him.

22. "And Abraham called the name of that place Jehovah-Jireh ( = Jehovahwill-see), (which) as it is said this day, 'In the mount Jehovah-Jireh!' And the angel of Jehovah called unto Abraham a second-time out of the heaven, 16and said, * By Myself have I sworn,' saith Jehovah, 'that because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son, "(that) I will surely bless thee, and I will surely multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand which is on the lip of the sea, and thy seed shall inherit the gate of his enemies. 8 And by thy seed shall all nations of the earth bless themselves, because that thou hast hearkened unto my voice,

24. 69 And they put-forth Rebekah their sister, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his men. 60 And they blessed Rebekah, and said to her,

Our sister, become thou thousands of ten thousands !
And let thy seed inherit the gate of his enemies !!

26. “And I multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven ; and I give to thy seed all these lands; and by thy seed shall all nations of the earth bless themselves : "because that Abraham observed my charge, my statutes, my commandments, and my laws.

35. And Deborah, Rebekah's nurse, died, and she was buried beneath Bethel under the oak; and (he) one called its name Allon-Bachuth ( ='oak of weeping ').

EXPLANATORY NOTES. 14. 24 that is Zoar.' 86 that is the Salt Sea.' "that is Kadesh.'si that is Zoar.' 176 that is the king's vale.'

28. 3 that is Hebron.' 19 that is Hebron.' 35. 6 that is Bethel.' 19 that is Bethlehem.' 36. 136 that is Esau the father of Edom.' 48. that is Bethlehem.'

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316. It is plain that the Elohist has intentionally abstained from using the name "Jehovah,' till he bad given the account of its revelation to Moses in He meant, therefore, as we have said, to imply that it was literally not known till the time of Moses : and the words in,

'I appeared unto Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, by El Shaddai ; but (by) my name Jehovah was I not known to them'were really intended by him to be understood in this sense, which is their most obvious and natural meaning.

The Elohist, then, meant to teach his people that the name • Jehovah' was not the name which their great forefathers used for the Deity. It was comparatively a modern name,-at the most, only three or four centuries old—and was first revealed to living man at the time of the Exodus.

317. On the other hand, we find the Jehovist habitually using the name Jehovah' from the first, putting it into the mouth of Eve, iv.1, and saying that from the time of Seth men • began to call upon the name of Jehovab. And, in short, he represents the name as thoroughly well-known, not only to the Patriarchs and their wives and families, but to the Philistines, xxvi.28,29, and Aramcans, xxiv.31,50,51, generally. This contradiction shows us at once that the Jehovist did not believe implicitly in the Elohistic account of the origin of the Name, and for some reason thought it best to carry back that origin to the most distant ages of mankind. And from this fact alone,independently of all other considerations,—we may infer at once that the account in -7 is not to be taken as historically true.

318. But, if we come to this conclusion,—to which indeed we are compelled not by this reason only, but (as we have shown) by a multitude of others,—the question must arise, What did the Elohist mean by giving this account at all? Some special object he must have had in writing this remarkable passage, and in deliberately adapting the whole preceding part of his narrative to it, by never using the name - Jehovah'till he has introduced it in I can conceive no other reason for such a proceeding than his knowledge of the fact that the name was comparatively new to the Hebrews,—that they really did not know it before the Exodus, but had become acquainted with it in some way during or since that event,—that this name, though in use at the time when this author wrote, was not yet in very general use,--and that he wished to commend it to the people, by means of this story, which the disciples of his prophetical school would impart to them, as the Name most fitted to express the One True and Living God— HE IS '—the self-existent Being and source of life—or “The Eternal, aiórios, Bar.iv. 10,14,20,24,25,0.2, “Who WAS AND IS AND IS TO BE.'

319. Accordingly, I suggested (in Part II) that the Hebrews may have adopted the name "Jehovah,' subsequently to their entrance into Canaan, from some source or other,--that it may have been gradually getting into use more and more freely, but slowly at first, till the time of Samuel,—and by him may have been adopted with entire satisfaction, as the best Name by which to speak of the Deity, and as such may have been commended highly, by his own practice as well as by this Elohistic narrative, to the veneration of the people. I pointed out some signs which seemed to indicate that, perhaps, the Name only began to be used in Proper Names in Samuel's time, and then in the case of

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