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recounted to them his dream; and there was none interpreting them to Pharaoh. 9 And the chief of the brulers spake unto Pharaoh, saying, My sins do I remember this day. 10 Pharaoh was wroth (upon) at his servants, and pro me in ward in the house of the chief of the executioners, me and the chief of the bakers. 11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he, each according to the interpretation of his dream we dreamed. 12 And there with us was a Hebrew boy, slave to the chief of the executioners ; and we recounted to him, and he interpreted to us, our dream,to each according to his dream he interpreted. 18 And it came-to-pass as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored (upon) unto my (nest) place, and him he hanged.'

14 And Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they made him run out of the (pit) dungeon, and he shaved and changed his garments, and went-in unto Pharaoh. 15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, anil there is none interpreting it : and I have heard about thee, saying, thou hearest a dream to interpret it.' 16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, Not I! Elohim will answer the peace of Pharaoh.

17 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, ' In my dream, (and) behold me standing by the brink of the river! 18 And behold! ord of the river coming seven kine, fat of flesh and fair of form; and they fed in the marsh. 19 And behold! seven other kine coming-up after them, feeble and very evil of form and meugre of flesh: I have not seen such as these in all the land of Egypt for evil. 20 And the kine, the meagre and the evil, ate-up the first kine, the fat (ones). 21 And they went into their inside, and it was not known that they had gone into their inside, (and) for their appearance was evil as at the beginning. And I awoke. 22 And I saw in my dream, and behold! seven ears coming-up upon one stalk, full and good. 23 And behold! seven ears, withered, thin, parched with the eastwind, sprouting after them. 24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears. And I (said) spake unto the diviners, and there is none telling me.'

25 And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, Pharaoh's dream is one : what ELOHIM is doing, he has told to Pharaoh. 26 The seven good kine, they are seven years, and the seven good' ears they are seven years : the dream is one. 27 And the seven kine, the meagre and the evil, coming-up after them, they are seven years; and the seven empty ears, parched with the east-wind, will be seven years of famine. 28 This is the thing which I speak unto Pharaoh : what ELOHIM is doing, he muketh Pharaoh to rre. 29 Behold! seven years are coming of great plenty in all the land of Egypt 30 And there shall arise seven years of famine, after thens, and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt, and the famine shall finish the land.* 82 And about the dream being repeated twice unto Pharaoh, it is that the thing is determined from ELOHIM, and ELOHIM is hastening to do it. 33 And now let Pharaoh (see) look-out a man prudent

* v.31(J?) merely expands and explains more fully the statement in v.30; and the phrase, 'for it shall be very heavy,' is that of J in xii.10, xliii.l, xlvii.4,13.

nd the thingugh the faminehall be in the land for a store front Egypt in

and wise, and place him over the land of Egypt. 34 Let Pharaoh do (it), and let him appoint officers over the land, and tax-to-the-fifth the land of Egypt in the seven years of plenty.* . 88 And the food shall be for a store for the land for the seven years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt, and the land shall not be cut-off through the famine.'

37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants. 38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, "Shall we find, like this, a man in whom is the spirit of Elohim?' 89 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, After Elohim's making thee to know all this, there is none prudent and wise as thou.'t 44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, 'I am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift his hand or his foot in all the land of Egypt. 45 And Pharaoh called Joseph's name Zaphnath-Paaneah (revealer of secrets); and he gave to kim Asenath, daughter of Potipherah, priest of On, for wife. And Joseph went-out over the land of Egypt.

47 And the land made in the seven years of plenty by handfuls. 56 And the famine was upon all the face of the land: and Joseph opened all wherein was (store of food), and sold to the Egyptians; and the famine was strong in the land of Egypt. 67 And all the earth, they came to Egypt unto Joseph to buy : for the famine was strong in all the earth.

42, ' And the children of Israel came to buy among those coming; for the famine was in the land of Canaan. Bo And Joseph he was the vizier over the land ; he was the seller to all the people of the land. 16 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he recognised then..

45. 16 And the (voice) rumour was heard in the house of Pharaoh, saying, Joseph's brethren have come; and it was good in the eyes of Pharaoh and in the eyes of his servants. 17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, "Say unto thy brethren, This do ye : lade your beasts, and go, get you to the land of Canaan. 18 And take your father, S and your houses, and come unto me x and I will give to you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land.'

318 And the children of Israel did 80: E(46.6-12°,&c., 50.13).

* v.35(J?) contains corn' as in xli.35,49, xlii.3,25, xlv.23,—'under the hand of,' as in xxxix.23,--collect,' as in xlix.2,—which are not used by Ey; and it speaks of collecting all the corn, instead of taking only one-fifth of it, as in v.34(E,).

† The reasons for not giving 0.40-43 to E, are explained in the Analysis, and so in other cases, where no note of explanation is here appended.

Perhaps, a few words of E,, the apodosis to v.33,34(E), may have been here struck out, and replaced by v.48(J), corresponding to v.35(J).

§ It must be supposed, of course, that, before Pharaoh said this, he had spoken with Joseph, and heard from him about his father &c. This, indeed, must be understood in any case, even on the traditionary view, which supposes that the whole context is by one writer; since neither Pharaoh himself, nor any of Pharaoh's house, had been present when Joseph made himself known to his brethren, xlv.1-15.


in the second decade of David's reign.

E(1.1-31, &c. 19.29), J'(20.1-17).

E(21.2–5). And Sarah said, Laughter has Elohit made for me! every one that heareth shall laugh for me.' "And she said, “Who would have announced to Abraham, Sarah has suckled children ! for I have borne a son to his old-age.'

J'(21.8-20). And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran; and his mother took for him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

J'(21.22-27“). 270 And they cut a covenant both of them. 28And Abraham stond seren ewes of the flock apart-by-themselves. "And Abimelech said unto Abraham, “What are these seven ewes, which thou hast stood apart-by-themselves ? 30 And he said, 'For seven ewes shalt thou take out of my hand (for the sake of) in order that it may become a witness for me that I have dug this well.' 31 Therefore (he) one called to that place Beer-sheba (=well of seven): for there they sware both of them. J'(v.32).

33 And he planted a tamarisk in Beer-sheba, and he called there upon the Dame of Jehovah, El Everlasting. "And Abraham sojourned in the land of the Philistines many days.

22. 'And it came to pass after these things that ELOHIM proved Abraham, and said unto him, “Abraham !' and he said, “Behold me!' ?And He said, "Take, I pray thee, thy son, thy only son, whom thou lovest, Isaac, and get thee unto the land of (Moriah) Moreh, and offer him there for a burnt-offering upon one of the mountains which I will (say unto thee) tell thee of.'

And Abraham rose-early in the morning, and (bound) saddled his ass, and took two of his lads with him, and Isaac his son, and clave the wood of the burntoffering; and he arose and went unto the place which Elohim had (said to him) told him of. In the third day then Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place from afar. "And Abraham said unto his lads, “Stay (dwell) you here with the ass, and I and the lad will go as far as there, and we will worship, and return unto you. And Abraham took the wood of the burnt-offering, and placed it upon Isaac his son; and he took in his hand the fire and the knife; and they went both of them together.

'And Isaac said unto Abraham his father, and he said, “My father!' and he said, “Behold me, my son!' and he said, 'Behold the fire and the wood! and where is the lamb for a burnt-offering?' And Abraham said, “Elohim will see for himself the lamb for a burnt-offering, my son.' And they went both of them together.

"And they came unto the place which Elohim had (said to him) told him of; and Abraham built there the altar, and laid-out the wood, and bound Isaac his son, and placed him upon the altar above the wood. And Abraham put forth his

hand, and took the knife to slay his son. "And the angel of Jehovah called unto him out of the heaven and said, “Abraham! Abraham!' and he said. Behold me!" 12 And he said, "Put not forth thy hand unto the lad, and do not to him anything: for now I know that thou fearest Elohim, and hast not withheld thy son, thy only son, from me.' And Abraham lifted up his eyes and saw, and behold a ram behind him, caught in the thicket by his horns! and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him for a burnt-offering instead of his son.

19And Abraham returned unto his lads, and they arose and went together into Beersheba, and Abraham dwelt in Beersheba.


28. 1•And Jacob went forth from Beersheba, and went to Charran. "And he reached the place, and spent-the-night there; and he took out of the stones of the place, and placed it as his pillow, and he slept in that place. And he dreamed, and behold a ladder standing earthward and its head touching heavenward !, and behold angels of Elohim going-up and going-down by it! and behold Jehovah standing by him! and He said, 'I am Jehovah, the Elohim of Abraham thy father, and the Elohim of Isaac; the land which thou liest upon, to thee will I give it and to thy seed. "And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt break-forth seaward, and eastward, and northward, and southward; and by thee shall all families of the ground be blessed, (and by thy seed).* *And behold! I am with thee, and will keep thee in all the way which thou goest, and will return thee to this ground; for I will not leave thee until that I have done what I have spoken to thee.'

"And Jacob awaked from his sleep and said, "Truly there is Jehovah in this place, and I knew it not.' "And he feared and said, 'How fearful is this place ! This is no other than the House of Elohim and this the Gate of Heaven !' 18And Jacob rose-early in the morning, and took the stone which he placed as his pillow, and placed it as a pillar, and poured oil upon its head. "And he called the name of that place Beth-El: however, Luz was the name of the city at the first.

20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, "If Elohim will be with me, and will keep me in this way in which I am going, and will give to me bread for food and raiment for wearing, 21 and I return in peace unto the house of my father, then Jehovah shall become for me Elohim; 22 and this stone, which I have placed as a pillar, shall be a House of Elohim ; and all which Thou shalt give to me I will surely tithe to Thee.'

29. 'And Jacob lifted up his feet, and went unto the land of the sons of the east. ?And he saw, and behold a well in the field! and behold three flocks of sheep there couching by it,- for out of that well the flocks drank,-and the great stone upon the mouth of the well ! : And all the flocks were gathered thither, and they rolled the stone from off the mouth of the well, and watered the flock, and put-back the stone upon the mouth of the well to its place.

* These words and by thy seed,' are, perhaps, a Deuteronomistic interpolation : see Analysis, (186.xiv.N.B.).

"And Jacob said unto them, “My brethren, whence are ye?' And they said, *From Charran are we.' 'And he said to them, “Know ye Laban the son of Nahor ?' And they said, “We know him.' And he said to them, 'Is it peace to him?' And they said, It is peace; and behold Rachel his daughter coming with the flock !! 'And he said, Behold ! (the day is still great) it is still high day; it is not time for the cattle to be gathered: water the flock, and go, feed.' And they said, “We cannot, until all the flocks are gathered, and they roll the stone from-off the mouth of the well; then we water the flock.'

He still speaking with them, then Rachel came with the flock which belonged to her father, for she was feeding them. 1° And-it-came-to-pass when Jacob saw Rachel, the daughter of Laban, his mother's brother, and the flock of Laban, his mother's brother, then Jacob came-near, and rolled the stone from-off the mouth of the well, and watered the flock of Laban his mother's brother. 11 And Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted-up his voice, and wept. 2And Jacob told Rachel that he was her father's brother and that he was Rebekah's son; and she ran, and told her father. 18And-it-came-to-pass, at Laban's hearing the report of Jacob his sister's son, that he ran to meet him, and embraced him, and kissed-him heartily, and brought him in into his house ; and he recounted to Laban all these things. "And Laban said unto him, "Just my bone and my flesh art thou!' and he dwelt with him a (month of days) full month.

15 And Laban said to Jacob, 'Is it because thou art my brother, that I shall make-thee-to-serve gratis ? Tell me, what shall be thy pay.' 16And to Laban there were two daughters, the name of the (great) elder Leah, and the name of the (little) younger, Rachel. "And Leah's eyes were tender; and Rachel was fair of face, and fair of form. 18And Jacob loved Rachel, and he said, 'I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy (little) younger daughter.' And Laban said, It is good that I give her to thee rather than that I give her to another man: dwell with me.' 2And Jacob served for Rachel seven years, and they were in his eyes as some days, for his loving her.

21 And Jacob said unto Laban, 'Give-here my wife, for my days have-been-fulfilled, and I will go-in unto her.' And Laban gathered all the men of the place, and made a feast. And-it-came-to-pass in the evening, that he took Leah his daughter, and brought her unto him, and he went in unto her. E(v.24). 25 And itcame-to-pass in the morning, and behold! it was Leah : and he said unto Laban, • What is this thou hast done to me? Have I not served with thee for Rachel ? and wherefore hast thou tripped-me-up?' 26And Laban said, “It is not done thus in our place to give the younger before the firstborn. 27Fulfil the week of this-one (Leah),* and we will give to thee also this-one (Rachel), for the service which thou shalt serve with me yet seven other years.' 28 And Jacob did so, and fulfilled

**Fulfil the week of this-one,' i.e. apparently, fulfil the marriage-festival of Leah, which lasted a week: comp Ju.xiv.12, where Samson's wedding-feast lasted seven days,' and Tob.xi.19, •And Tobias' wedding was kept seven days with great joy.'

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