Abbildungen der Seite
PDF

-Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan, when there was yet a space of land to come to Ephrath; and I buried her there in the way to Ephrath.'

49. 1. And Jacob called unto his sons, 29 and he charged them, and said anto them, I shall be gathered to my people: bury me unto my fathers, in the cave which is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, se in the cave which is in the field of Machpelah, which is east of Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite, for a possession of a burying-place. 31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife ; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah. $2 The purchase of the field, and of the cave which is in it, was from the sons of Heth.' 33 And Jacob ended to charge his sons, and he gathered his feet into the bed, and he expired and was gathered unto his people.

50. ' And his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Mach pelah, which Abraham bought with the field for & possession of a burying-place from Ephron the Hittite, east of Mamre.

212

CHAPTER XVIII.

THE SUCCESSIVE ADDITIONS TO THE ELOHISTIC NARRATIVE IN GENESIS.

THE FIRST SET OF JEHOVISTIC INSERTIONS (EG OR J'),

in the latter part of Sawis reign. 20. ' And Abraham journeyed from thence * to the land of the South (Negeb), and dwelt between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

? And Abraham said of Sarah his wife,' She is my sister'; and Abimelech king of Gerar sent and took Sarah.

3 And Elohim came unto Abimelech in a dream of the night and said to him, · Behold! thou art dead about the woman whom thou hast taken ; (and) for she is (lorded by a lord) oroned by a husband.' And Abimelech had not come-near unto her; and he said, 'My Lord! wilt thou kill a nation though righteous also ? 5 Did he not say to me, She is my sister and she, she also said, He is my brother. In the perfectness of my heart and in the innocency of my hands I did this.'

And Elohim said unto him in a dream, 'I also know that in the perfectness of thy heart thou didst this, and I also withheld thee from sinning against me ; therefore I did not allow thee to touch her. ? And now, restore the man's wife, for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, so live ; but, if there restore not, know that thou shalt surely die, thou and all which thou hast.'

8 And Abimelech rose-early in the morning, and called to all his servants, and spoke all these words in their ears; and the men feared greatly. And Abimelech called to Abraham and said to him, 'What hast thou done to us? and what have I sinned against thee, that thou hast brought upon me and upon my kingdom a great sin? Deeds, which are not done, hast thou done with me.' 10 And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What hast thou seen that thou hast

* The beginning of these insertions is abrupt—Abraham journeyed from thence," —there being no place mentioned in the immediate context to which these words can be referred. But this difficulty remains on any supposition, -upon the traditionary view, as well as upon that of Hupfeld and BOEHMER,—and seems to be best explained by our own view :, viz. that E, has used them rather loosely, without reference to any particular place, but merely as a means of introducing his episode. They might, however, be referred to xiii.12-, 'Abram dwelt in the land of Canaan

done this thing' 11 And Abraham said, ' For 1 said, (Only) Surely, there is no fear of God in this place, and they will slay me because of my wife. 13 And also, in truth, she is my sister, the daughter of my father, only not the daughter of my mother, and she became wife to me. 13 And it-came-to-pass, (as) when Elohim caused-me-to-wander from my father's house, then I said to her, This is the mercy which thou shalt do with me at every place whither we shall go : say of me, He is my brother.'

14 And Abimelech took flocks and herds, and gave to Abraham and restored to him Sarah his wife. 15 And Abimelech said, · Behold! my land is before thee: dwell in what is good in thine eyes.' 16 And to Sarah he said, 'Behold! I give a thousand of silver to thy brother. Behold! it is to thee a covering of the eyes for all offence) which is with thee and with everyone ; 80 thou art made-right.'

17 And Abraham prayed unto ELOHIM, and Elohim healed Abimelech and his wife and his maidens, and they bare.

E(21,2–5). 8 And the child grew and was weaned, and Abraham made a great feast on the day of Isaac's weaning. And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she bare to Abraham, (laughing) mocking. 10 And she said to Abraham, ' Drive-out this maiden and her son ; for this maiden's son shall not inherit with my son, with Isaac. 11 And the thing was very evil in the eyes of Abrahan on account of his son. 12 And Elohim said unto Abraham, Let it not be evil in thine eyes for the boy and for thy maiden ; as to all which Sarah says unto thee, hearken unto her voice: for by Isaac shall a seed be called to thee. 13 And also the maiden's son I will place him for a nation ; for thy seed is he.'

14 And Abraham rose-early in the morning, and took bread and a skin of water, and gave (them) unto Hagar, placing (them) upon her shoulder, and the child, and he put her forth; and she went and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba. 15 And the water was finished out of the skin, and she cast the child under one of the bushes. 16 And she went and sat-her-down over-against, making-a-distance as drawers of the bow; for she said, ' Let me not see at the death of the child'; and she sat-down over against, and lifted-up her voice and wept.

17 And Elohim heard the voice of the hoy; and the angel of Elohim called unto Hagar out of heaven and said to her, ' What hast thou, Hagar? Fear not ; for Elohim hath hearkened unto the voice of the boy where he is. 18 Arise, liftup the boy, and fasten thy hand upon him ; for I will place him for a great nation.' 19 And Elohim opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water, and she filled the skin with water, and made the boy drink. 20 And Elohim was with the boy, and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and was great in the bow.

22 And it came to pass at that time that Abimelech said, and Phichol the captain of his host, unto Abraham, saying, ' Elohim is with thee in all thut thou art doing. 23 And now swear to me by Elohim here, that thou wilt not be-false to me and to my son and to my grandson ; according to the mercy which I hare done with thee, shalt thou do with me, and with the land where thou hast sojourned.'24 And Abraham said, 'I will swear.' 25 And Abraham set-right Abimelech on account of the well of water which Abimelech's servants had takenby-force. 26 And Abimelech said, 'I know not who has done this thing : and thout also didst not tell me ; and I also have not heard it, except to-day.' ** And Abraham took flocks and herds, and gave to Abimelech ; 32 and they (cut) made a covenant at Beersheba. And Abimelech arose, and Phichol the captain of his host, and they returned unto the land of the Philistines.

E(23.1-20,25.7-11°,12–17,19,20,216,24-26.)

26. 18 And Isaac dug again the wells of water, * which they dug in the days of Abraham his father ; (and) for the Philistines had stopped them after Abraham's death. And he called to them names, as the names which his father had called to them.

E(28,1-9,29,24,29, &c., 30.1“,4", &c., 31.18,35.9–15, &c., 36.1-19, &c., 37.1,22,284,36).

40. ? And Pharaoh was wroth (upon) at two of his officers, upon the chief of the butlers and upon the chief of the bakers.f 3 And he put them in ward, in the house of the chief of the executioners ; * and the chief of the executioners appointed Joseph with them, and he ministered to them; and they were (many) days in ward.

5 And they dreamt a dream, both of them, each his dream, in one night, each according to the interpretation of his dream. 6 And Joseph came unto them in the morning and saw them, and behold! they were gloomy. ? And he asked Pharaoh's officers, who were with him in the ward of his master's house, saying, Why are your faces (evil) sad to-day?' 8 And they said unto him, We have dreamt a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.' And Joseph said unto them, ' Are not interpretations Elohim's? Recount them, I pray, to me.'

9 And the chief of the butlers recounted his dream to Joseph, and said to him, * In my dream, (and) behold! a vine before me! 10 And in the vine were three branches ; and it was as if sprouting; its blossoms came-up, its clusters ripened grapes. "1 And Pharaoh's cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh's cup, and gave the cup upon Pharaoh's hand.'

* E, seems here to have chiefly in view the well at Beersheba, on which he has laid stress in Abraham's life above, xxi. 24-26, if he does not also allude to it in xxi.19.

† E, says always chief of the butlers,' chief of the bakers,' not .butler' and 'baker,' as in xl. Joseph also in E, is merely a servant or slave of the chief of the executioners,' xli. 12, and, as such, he is appointed to serve the high officers in the 'ward of his master's house,' xl.4. But he was not a prisoner, as in xxxix. 20, &c.; and E, says nothing about the house of the tower,' xxxix.20, &c.

[ocr errors]

- 12 And Joseph said to him, This is its interpretation. The three branches, they are three days. 13 In three days more Pharaoh will lift-up thy head, and restore thee (upon) to thy (nest) place; and thou shalt give Pharaoh's cup into his hand, according to the former custom when thou wast his butler. 14 But remember me with thee, (as) when it shall be well to thee, and do with me mercy, I pray, and make-remembrance of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house. 15 For I was indeed stolen * out of the land of the Hebrews ; and also here I have not done anything for which they have put me in this (pit) dungeon.'t

18 And the chief of the bakers saw that he interpreted good, and he said unto Joseph, 1, too, in my dream, (and) behold! three baskets of white-bread upon my head! 17 And in the topmost basket was some of all Pharaoh's meat, the bakers' work; and the birds were eating them out of the basket from off my head.'

18 And Joseph answered and said, This is the interpretation. The three baskets, they are three days. 19 In three days more Pharaoh shall lift-up thy head from off thee, and hang thee upon a tree, and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.'

20 And it came-to-pass on the third day, the day of Pharaoh's birth, that he · made a feast to all his servants. And he lifted-up the head of the chief of the

butlers and the head of the chief of the bakers in the midst of his servants. 91 And he restored the chief of the butlers (upon) unto his butlership; and he gave the cup upon Pharaoh's hand. 22 And the chief of the bakers he hanged, as Joseph had interpreted to them.

23 And the chief of the butlers remembered not Joseph, but forgat him.

41. 1 And it came-to-pass at the end of two years of days, that Pharaoh wus dreaming, and behold! he was standing by the river. ? And behold! out of the river were coming seven kine, fair of appearance and fat of flesh ; and they fed in the marsh. 3 And behold! seven other kine coming after them out of the river, evil of appearance and thin of flesh; and they stood by the kine on the brink of the river. And the kine, evil of appearance and thin of flesh, ate-up the seven kine, fair of appearance and fat. And Pharaoh awoke.

5 And he slept and dreamed a second (time), and behold! seven ears coming up on one stalk, fat and good. And behold seven ears, thin and blasted with the east-wind, sprouting after them. And the thin ears devoured the seven ears, the fat and the full. And Pharaoh awoke, and behold! it was a dream.

8 And it came-to-pass in the morning that his spirit was disturbed. And he sent and called the diviners of Egypt and all her wise-men ; and Pharaoh

* 'Stolen' - kidnapped by the Midianites, as told (we suppose) by E in xxxvii. 24,28*.

† He means to say, 'though here I am shut-up with you in this dungeon, I am not a prisoner, I have done nothing for which I should be kept here in prison.'

« ZurückWeiter »