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that thou be for a company of peoples, and give thee the blessing of Abraham, to thee and to thy seed with thee, to thy inheriting the land of thy sojourn. ings, which Elohim gave to Abraham!' 5 And Isaac put-forth Jacob, and he went to Padan-Aram, unto Laban, the son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.

6 And Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob, and had sent-him-away to Padan-Aram, to take to him from thence a wife,-in blessing him too he charged him, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife out of the daughters of Canaan,'-' and Jacob hearkened unto his father and unto his mother, and went to Padan-Aram. 8 And Esau saw that the daughters of Canaan were evil in the eyes of Isaac his father. And Esau went unto Ishmael, and took Mahalath, the daughter of Ishmael, the son of Abraham, the sister of Nebaioth, (upon) over-and-above his wives, to him to wife. *

29. 24 And Laban gave to her Zilpah his maid, to Leah his daughter as maid. ... 29 And Laban gave to Rachel his daughter Bilhah his maid for maid. ... 32ab And Leah conceived and bare a son, ... and she called his name Reuben. 33ad And she conceived again and bare a son ... and she called his name Simeon. 348 And she conceived again and bare a son.x ... Idad And she conceived again and bare a sonx ... and she stood from bearing.

30. ls And Rachel saw that she bare not to Jacob, ha and she gave to him Bilhah her maid for wife. 5 And Bilhah conceived and bare to Jacob a son. Ba And Rachel said, Elohim hath judged (dan) me.'* ...' And Bilhah, Rachel's maid, conceived again, and bare a second son to Jacob. Bac And Rachel said, With wrestlings (naphtulim) of Elohim have I wrestled 'with my sister,'' and she called his name Naphtali.

And Leah saw that she had stood from bearing; and she took Zilpah her maid, and gave her to Jacob for wife. 10 And Zilpah, Leah's maid, bare to Jacob a son. "And Leah said, 'A troop (gad)!' and she called his name Gad.

* There occurs here the first hiatus, as we suppose, in the Elohistic document, the original statement of the marriage of Jacob (which was, probably, as brief as that of Isaac's marriage by the same writer in xxv.19) having been removed, to make way for the more circumstantial narrative of the Jehovist in xxix. Still, it would seem, some fragments of the older story have been retained, as below, and that the births of all Jacob's sons, including Benjamin, were here given, and their names derived or played-upon by this writer; just as in xvii.5,15, he has alluded to the meaning of Abraham and Sarah,-in xvii.17,20 to those of Isaac ('Abraham laughed'), and Ishmael ('I have heard thee'),-in xx. 25,26 to those of Edom and Jacob, in Xxxv.10,11,15, to those of Israel and Bethel. But here the E. derivations have been much overlaid by J. insertions. It is plain that in v.20 the name Zebulun is twice derived, viz. from zabad, dower,' and zabal, .dwell’; and so in Joseph in v.23,24, (from asaph, ' gather'='take away,'and yasaph, 'add’;) while in v.14–16 a different explanation is implied of the name Issachar (from sachar, ‘hire,') from what was intended by the writer of v.9,18. We may suppose that the Jehovist disapproved of some of the Elohistic derivations, thinking them, perhaps, far-fetched or indistinct ; and he has consequently sometimes added his own, and sometimes substituted his own for that of the Elohist.

12 And Zilpah, Leah's maid, bare a second son to Jarob. 13 And Leah said, • My blessing ! for daughters will bless (ashar) me': and she called his name Asher.

"And Elohim hearkened unto Leah, and she conceived, and bare to Jacob a fifth son. Mae And Leah said, Elohim hath given me my hire (sachar); '* and she called his name Issachar. 19 And Leah conceived (yet) again, and bare a sixth son to Jacob. 20nc And Leah said, Elohim hath presented (zabad) me with a good present,'* and she called his name Zebulun. 21 And afterwards she bare a daughter, and she called her name Dinah.

22 And Elohim remembered Rachel, and Elohim hearkened unto her, and opened her womb. 23 And she conceived and bare a son, and she said, Elohim hath gathered (asaph) my reproach !' 24"And she called his name Joseph.

31. 18* And he led-away all his cattle, and all his gain which he had gotten, the cattle of his property, which he had gotten in Padan-Aram, to go unto Isaac his father, to the land of Canaan. Ze

35. ' And Elohim appeared unto Jacob again t at his coming from Padan. Aram, and spake with him: 10 and Elohim said to him, Thy name (is) Jacob: thy name shall not be called any longer Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name': and He called his name Israel. " And Elohim said to him, I am El-Shaddai: fructify and multiply: a nation and a company of nations shall be out of thee; and kings shall go-forth out of thy loins. 12 And the land, which I gave to Abraham and to Isaac, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed after thee I will give the land.'

13 And Elohim went-up from him in the place where He spake with him. 14 And Jacob erected a pillar in the place where He spake with him,-a pillar of stone; and he dropped upon it a drink-offering, and poured oil upon it. 15 And Jacob called the name of the place, where Elohim spake with him, Beth-El.

Ira And they set off from Beth-El, and it was still a space of land to come to Ephrath. 19 And Rachel died, and was buried in the way of Ephrath. 20* And Jacob erected a pillar upon her grave.

2. And the sons of Jacob were twelve : 23 the sons of Leah, Jacob's firstborn, Reuben, and Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Zebulun; 24 the sons of Rachel, Joseph and Benjamin ; 25 and the sons of Bilhah, Rachel's maid, Dan and Naphtali; 26 and the sons of Zilpah, Leah's maid, Gad and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob, which were born to him in Padan-Aram.

27 And Jacob came unto Isaac his father, to Mamre, the city of Arba, 4 where Abraham sojourned, and Isaac. 28 And the days of Isaac were an hundred and eighty years. 29 And Isaac expired, and died, and was gathered unto his people, old and full of days; and Esau and Jacob, his sons, buried him.

36. ' And these are the generations of Esau—that is, Edom. ? Esau took his wives out of the daughters of Canaan, Adah, daughter of Elon the Hittite,

* Some few words of the Elohistic story seem to be wanting here, similar to thuse in xii,ő or xxxvi.6,--.g. And Jacob took his wires, and his sons, and his daughters, and he led-away all his cattle &c.,'—for which v.17 has been substituted by the later writer.

+ Does this mean that the appearance to Jacob was the second time of God's appearing to the Patriarchs, as that to Abraham, xvii.1, was the first? Sec Anal.(252). and Aholibamah, daughter of Anah, son of Zibeon the Hivite, Sand Bashemath, daughter of Ishmael, sister of Nebaioth.

4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz, and Bashemath bare Reuel, 5 and Ahollbamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.

These are the sons of Esau, which were born to him in the land of Canaan.

* And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the souls of his house, and his cattle and all his beasts, and all his gain which he had gotten in the land of Canaan, and went unto the land of Seir from the face of Jacob his brother. For their gain was plentiful above living together, and the land of their sojourning was not able to bear them because of their cattle. & And Esau dwelt in Mount Seir: Esau, he is Edom.

9 And these are the generations of Esau, the father of Edom, in Mount Seir. 10 These are the names of the sons of Esau.

Eliphaz, the son of Adah, Esau's wife: Reuel, the son of Bashemath, Esau's wife.

11 And the sons of Eliphaz,--Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz. 12 And Timnah was concubine to Eliphaz, Esau's son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek.

These were the sons of Adai, Esau's wife. 13 And these the sons of Reuel-Nahath and Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. These were the sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife.

" And these were the sons of Aholibamah, daughter of Anah, (daughter=) granddaughter of Zibeon, Esau's wife.

And she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah. 15 These were dukes (? clans) of the sons of Esan.

The sons of Eliphaz, Esau's firstborn-duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz, 18 duke Korah, duke Gatam, duke Amalek.

These were the dukes of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.

17 And these the sons of Reuel, Esau's son--duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah.

These were the dukes of Reuel in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Bashemath, Esau's wife.

18 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, Esau's wife-duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah.

These were the dukes of Aholibamah, daughter of Anah, Esau's wife. 19 These were the sons of Esau, and these their dukes : he is Edom.

31 And these were the kings who reigned in the land of Edom, before the reigning of a king over the children of Israel.

32 And there reigned in Edom Bela the son of Beor, and the name of his city was Dinhabah.

33 And Bela died, and there reigned in his stead Jobab the son of Zerah, out of Bozrah.

31 And Jobab died, and there reigned in his stead Husham, out of the land of the Temanite.

35 And Husham died, and there reigned in his stead Hadad the son of Bedad, and the name of his city was Avith.

36 And Hadad died, and there reigned in his stead Samlah, out of Masrekah, 37 And Samlah died, and there reigned in his stead Saul (E.V. Shaul), out of Rehoboth of the River ( =Broadways on Euphrates).

ss And Saul died, and there reigned in his stead Baal-Hanan, son of Achbor.

* And Baal-Hanan, son of Achbor, died, and there reigned in his stead Hadar, and the name of his city was Pau, and his wife's name was Mehetabel, daughter of Matred, (daughter) granddanghter of Mezahab.

49 And these are the names of the dukes (? clans) of Esap, according to their families, according to their places, by their names :- duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth, 4 duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon, 42 duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar, 43 duke Magdiel, duke Iram.

These are the dukes of Edom, according to their dwellings in the land of their possession : he is Esau, the father of Edom.

37. 'Apd Jacob dwelt in the land of his father's sojournings in the land of Canaan. 2. These are the generations of Jacob.

Joseph, a son of seventeen years, was tending with his brethren among the flocks, and he was a lad with the sons of Bilhah and with the sons of Zilpah, his father's wives. * . . . 8e And there passed-by Midianites, merchantment ... 36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt, to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, Captain of the Guard.

46. 6 And they took their cattle and their gain which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and they came to Egypt, Jacob and all his seed with him. ? His sons and his sons' sons with him, his daughters and his sons' daughters, and all his seed, brought he with him to Egypt.

* And these are the names of the sons of Israel that came to Egypt, Jacob and his sons : Jacob's firstborn, Reuben: 'And the sons of Rouben, Enoch

* It would seem that no part of the dramatic history of Joseph's being sold into Egypt, and of his adventures there, is from the hand of the Elohist. Indeed, it would be strange if this writer, who has given us so little out of Abraham's life, still less out of Jacob's, and scarcely anything out of Isaac's, should have expatiated at so great length in the history of Joseph. But the Analysis shows that no part of this narrative belongs to him, except, perhaps, v.24284, 36, which we assign to him, as above, though with some hesitation. As he knows nothing of any ill-blood between Sarah and Hagar, Ishmael and Isaac, Esau and Jacob, Leah and Rachel, so he probably knew of none between Joseph and his brothers, and may have represented Joseph here as merely kidnapped and carried off by the Midianites, while out one day, with only four of his brethren, tending his father's sheep. It is observable that these sons of Bilhah and sons of Zilpah' appear no more in tho. story. The Elohist may in a very few words have described the carrying-off of Joseph, e.g. ‘and there passed-by Midianites, merchantmen, (and they saw Joseph and seized him), and the Midianites sold him into Egypt, &c.' The Elohist may then have stated briefly how he came to be high in office under Pharaoh, and how Jacob and his sons became aware of his still being alive, and were induced to go down and settle in Egypt, all which has been removed, and replaced by the narrative which now stands in xxxvii,xxxix-xlv.

VOL. III.

(E.V. Hanoch) and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. 10 And the song of Simeon, Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Saul (E.V. Shaul) son of the Canaanitess. And the sons of Levi, Gershon, and Kohath, and Kerari. 12 And the sons of Judah, Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah. " And the sons of Issachar, Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron. 14 And the sons of Zebulun, Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel. Is These are the Sons of Leah, which she bare to Jacob in Padan-Aram, and Dinah his daughter -all the souls of his sons and his daughters, thirty-three.

* And the sons of Gad, Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. 7 And the sons of Asher, Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister; and the sons of Beriah, Heber and Malchiel. 18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and she bare these to Jacob, sixteen souls.

19 The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife, Joseph and Benjamin. 2dae And there were born to Joseph in the land of Egypt,* Manasseh and Ephraim. 21 And. the sons of Benjamin, Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. 22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob—all the souls, fourteen.

23 And the sons of Dan, Hushim. 24 And the sons of Naphtali, Jabzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem. 25 These are the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bare these to Jacob-all the souls, seven.

26abd All the souls of Jacob that came to Egypt, coming out of his loins, all the souls were sixty-and-six. * And the sons of Joseph, which were born to him in Egypt, were two souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob, that came to Egypt, were seventy.

47. 'And Joseph brought Jacob his father, and stationed him before Pharaoh, and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, · About what are the days of the years of thy life?' And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, • The days of the years of my sojournings are a hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not come-up-with the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their sojournings.' 10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went forth from before Pharaoh.

Habd And Joseph settled his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt+ in the land of Rameses ;* 270 and they fructified and multiplied exceedingly. 28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years, and Jacob's days of the years of his lifo were a hundred and fortyseven years.

48. 'And Jacob said unto Joseph, El Shaddai appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, and said unto me, Behold! I will fructify thee and multiply thee, and (give) make thee for a company of peoples; and I will give this land to thy seed after thee, a perpetual possession.' * And now, thy two sons, which were born to thee in the land of Egypt (until) before my coming unto thee to Egypt, they are mine, Ephraim and Manasseh : even as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. And thy progeny, which thou hast begotten after them, shall be thine; by the names of their brothers shall they be called in their inheritance. And I, at my coming from Padan

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