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breach of your privileges, and such a govern, ment tyrannical ? and yet you are about to put yourselves' under that tyranny, when you run intu debt for such dress! Your creditor has authority at his pleasure to deprive you of your liberty, by confining you in a jail for life, or by selling you for a servant, if you should not be able to pay him. When you have got your bargain you may, perhaps, think little of payment; but •Creditors,' as poor Dick tells us, have better memories than debtors, and, in another place he says, ' Creditors are a superstitious sect, great observers of set days and times.' The day comes round before you are aware, and the demand is made before you are prepared to satisfy it. Or if you bear your debt in mind, the term which at first seemed so long, will, as it lessens, appear extremely short. Time will seem to have added wings to his heels as well as his shoul. ders. • Those have a short Lent,' says poor Richard, 'who owe money to be paid at Easter.' "Then since,' as he says,' the borrower is a slave to the lender, and the debtor to the creditor,' disdain the chain': preserve your freedom, and maintain your independency; be industrious and free, be frugal and free. At present, perhaps, you may think yourself in thriving circumstances, and that you can bear a little extravagance without injury; but,
For age and want save while you may ;
As poor Richard says.-Gain may be temporary and uncertain, but ever while you live, expense is constant and certain ; and, 'it is easier to build two chimneys, than to keep one in fuel,' as poor Richard says; • So rather go to bed supperless than rise in debt.'
. Get what you can, and what's got fairly bold; • 'Tis the stone that will turn all your lead into gold.' As poor Richard says.—And when you have got the philosopher's stone, surely you will no longer complain of bad times, or the difficulty of paying taxes.
* This doctrine, my friends, is reason and wisdom; but, after all, do not depend too much upon your own industry, frugality, and prudence, though excellent things, for they may be all blasted without the blessing of heaven, and therefore ask that blessing humbly, and be not uncharitable to those that seem at present to want it, but comfort and help them. Remember Job suffered, and was afterwards prosperous.
« And now to conclude, Experience keeps a dear school, but fools will learn in no other, and scarcely in that; for it is true, we may give advice, but we cannot give conduct,' as poor Richard says : however remember this:
They that will not be counselled cannot be helped,' as poor Richard says; and farther, . That if you will not hear reason, she will surely rap your knuckles.”
Thus the old gentleman ended his harangue. The people heard it, and approved the doctrine ; but immediately practised the contrary, just as if it had been a common sermon ; for
extravagantly, notwithstanding all his cautions, and their own fear of taxes.- I found the good old man had thoroughly studied my almanacs,
and digested all I had dropt on these topic during the course of five-and-twenty years The frequent mention he made of me must have tried any one else, but my vanity was wonderfully delighted with it, though I was conscious that not a tenth part of the wisdom was my own which he ascribed to me, but rather the gleaning I had made of the sense of all ages and nations. However I resolved to be the better for the echo of it; and though I had at first determined to buy stuff for a new coat, I went away, resolving to wear my old one a little longer. Reader, if thou wilt do the same, thy profit will be as great as mine.
I am, as ever,
When I was a child about seven years of age, my friends, on a holiday, filled my pocket with halfpence. I went directly towards a shop where toys were sold for children, and being charmed with the sound of a whistle, that I met by the way in the hands of another boy, I voluntarily offered him all my money, for it; I then came home, and went whistling over the house, much pleased with my whistle, but disturbing all the family. My brothers and sisters, and cousins, understanding the bargain I had made, told me I had given four times as much for it as it was worth. This put me in mind what good things I might have bought with the rest of the money; and they laughed at me so much for my folly, that I cried with vexation. My reflections on the
gave me pleasure. This little event, however, was afterwards of use to me, the impressions continuing on my mind : so that often, when I was lempted to buy some unnecessary thing, I said to myself, do not give too much for the whistle ; and so I saved my money.
As I grew up, came into the world, and observed the actions of men, I thought I met with many, very many, who gave too much for their whistles.
When I saw any one too ambitious of courtfavour, sacrificing his time in attendance on levees, his repose, his liberty, his virtue, and perhaps his friends, to attain it, I said to myself, this man gives too much for his whistle.
When I saw another fond of popularity, constantly employing himself in political bustles, neglecting his own affairs, and ruining them by that neglect; he pays indeed, said I, too much for his whistle.
If I knew a miser, who gave up every kind of comfortable living, all the pleasures of doing good to others, all the esteem of his fellow citizens, and the joys of benevolent friendship for the sake of accumulating wealth: Poor man, said I, you indeed pay too much for your whistle.
When I met a man of pleasure, sacrificing every laudable improvement of mind, or of fortune, to mere sensual gratifications; Mistaken man ! said I, you are providing pain for yourself, instead of pleasure; you give too much for your whistle. .
If I saw one fond of fine clothes, fine furniture, fine equipages, all above his fortune, for which he contracted debts, and ended his ca